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Old Masters at the Top of Their Game. Photographs by essay on criticism summary, ERIK MADIGAN HECK OCT. 23, 2014. After 80, some people don’t retire. They reign. Related Article. After 80, some people don’t retire. They reign. Photographs by essays on weed, ERIK MADIGAN HECK. Frederick Wiseman, filmmaker, 84, on a walk in Paris.

Wiseman#x2019;s documentary #x2018;#x2018;National Gallery#x2019;#x2019; had its premiere at the Directors#x2019; Fortnight at on criticism Cannes this year. Is there a difference from the way you work now and the way you worked when you were first starting out? I think I#x2019;ve learned more about how to make a movie. Discursive Essay On Abortions. The basic approach hasn#x2019;t changed. The method that I follow is the same one that I#x2019;ve always followed.

I hope that I#x2019;ve learned from summary one movie to the next, at sample least enough not to make the same mistakes. What#x2019;s the most grueling part of your filmmaking then? Raising the money. Early on, did you ever think you#x2019;d still be making movies at your age? I didn#x2019;t think about it at all. Essay On Criticism Summary. I have a hard time recognizing that I#x2019;m 84, almost 85.

I#x2019;m in complete denial, which I think is extremely useful. Of course from time to time I allow myself to be aware of design space urban, it, but it#x2019;s not something that I dwell on. On Criticism Summary. I like working. I work very intensely. Any advice for young filmmakers? And what about olecranon, advice for on criticism summary your peers, filmmakers your age? Everybody complains about essays on weed, their aches and pains and all that, but my friends are either dead or are still working. Erik Madigan Heck for The New York Times. Essay by LEWIS H. LAPHAM Oct.

23, 2014. The portraits here are of men and women in their 80s and 90s, rich in essay on criticism summary, the rewards of substantial and celebrated careers, and design public thesis urban although I know none of summary, them except by osteosynthesis, name and essay on criticism summary reputation, I#x2019;m asked why their love#x2019;s labor is design urban, not lost but still to be found. Why do they persist, the old masters? To what end the unceasing effort to discover or create something new? Why not rest on the laurels and the oars? The short answer is Dr. Samuel Johnson#x2019;s, in a letter to James Boswell in 1777: #x201C;Depend upon it, sir, when a man knows he is to be hanged in a fortnight, it concentrates his mind wonderfully.#x201D; A longer answer is essay on criticism summary, that of the 19th-century Japanese artist Hokusai, who at 75 added a postscript to the first printing of essay, his #x201C;One Hundred Views of Mount Fuji#x201D;: #x201C;From the time that I was 6 years old I had the mania of drawing the form of objects. On Criticism. As I came to essays on weed, be 50 I had published an infinity of designs; but all that I have produced before the age of 70 is summary, not worth being counted.

It is at the age of 73 that I have somewhat begun to understand the structure of true nature, of animals and grasses, and trees and birds, and fishes and insects; consequently at 80 years of age I shall have made still more progress; at 90 I hope to have penetrated into the mystery of things; at 100 years of age I should have reached decidedly a marvelous degree, and rogerian essay when I shall be 110, all that I do, every point and every line, shall be instinct with life #x2014; and I ask all those who shall live as long as I do to see if I have not kept my word.#x201D; Hokusai died in summary, 1849 in conclusion, his late 80s, by all reports still far from essay summary satisfied with his work then in progress. An Essay On Meaning And Architecture. I#x2019;m not surprised. When I was 6, I delighted in the act of writing, at 12, in the expecting that by the time I turned 21, I would know how to make of it an art. The birthday came and went, and no dog showed up with the bird in on criticism, its mouth. Before I was 30, I#x2019;d written seven drafts of a first novel mercifully unpublished; I consoled myself with the thought that by the time I was 40, I would know what I was doing. Easy Resume Sample. Another dream that didn#x2019;t come true, and so when I was 45, I began to explore the uses of the essay, the term from the French essayer (to try, to embark upon, to attempt), the form experimental and provisional, amenable to multiple shifts of perspective and tone, and therefore the best of instruments on which to practice the playing with words. The essay proceeds from the question #x201C;What do I know?#x201D; and doesn#x2019;t stay for essay an answer until the author finds out what he means to say by setting it up in a sentence, maybe catching it in the net of a metaphor. On the design space thesis urban, way through my 50s I could see signs of progress, producing manuscripts that required only extensive rewriting, not the abandonment of the whole sorry mess of a dumb idea.

Revisions pursued through six or seven drafts allowed for the chance to find the right word, to control the balance of a subordinate clause, to replace the on criticism summary, adjective with a noun. I didn#x2019;t enlist the help of a computer because words so quickly dressed up in the costume of print can pretend to a meaning and discursive on abortions weight they neither enjoy nor deserve. Writing with a pen on paper, I can feel the shape and sound of the words, and I#x2019;m better able to judge how and why one goes with another, and on approaching the age of 70 I toyed with the hope that success was maybe somewhere not far away in a manger or on the near side of essay, a rainbow. Now I am 79. I#x2019;ve written many hundreds of essays, 10 times that number of misbegotten drafts both early and late, and I begin to understand that failure is plate olecranon, its own reward. It is in the effort to close the essay summary, distance between the work imagined and the work achieved wherein it is to be found that the ceaseless labor is the freedom of play, that what#x2019;s at stake isn#x2019;t a reflection in rogerian essay conclusion, the mirror of fame but the escape from the prison of the self. T. H. White, the British naturalist turned novelist to write #x201C;The Once and Future King,#x201D; calls upon the druid Merlyn to teach the lesson to the young prince Arthur: #x201C;You may grow old and trembling in your anatomies, you may lie awake at night listening to the disorder of your veins, you may miss your only love, you may see the world about you devastated by evil lunatics, or know your honour trampled in the sewers of baser minds. There is essay, only one thing for it then #x2014; to learn. Easy Resume Sample. Learn why the essay on criticism summary, world wags and what wags it.

That is the essays on weed, only thing which the mind can never exhaust, never alienate, never be tortured by, never fear or distrust, and never dream of regretting.#x201D; The lesson can also be drawn from the strength of the work done in essay on criticism summary, the dying of the light by the octogenarian and nonagenarian students of the several and resume sample various arts #x2014; by, among others in a very long list, Michelangelo, Titian, Thomas Hardy, Claude Monet, Georgia O#x2019;Keeffe, Donatello, Pablo Casals, Jasper Johns, Giuseppe Verdi, Toni Morrison and Picasso. John D. Essay On Criticism. Rockefeller in plate osteosynthesis olecranon, his 80s was known to essay on criticism summary, his business associates as a crazy old man possessed by the stubborn and ferocious will to know why the world wags and what wags it, less interested in money than in the solving of on abortions, a problem in geography or corporate combination. By sources reliably informed I#x2019;m told that Warren Buffett, 84, and Rupert Murdoch, 83, never quit asking questions. Sophocles in his early 90s wrote #x201C;Oedipus at essay on criticism Colonus#x201D;; the osteosynthesis for severe olecranon, American journalist I. F. Stone began the study of ancient Greek in his 70s in order that he might read the play in the language of its birth. Stone, the most relentless investigative reporter of his generation, had uncovered the truth known to both Hokusai and essay on criticism summary T. H. White, and the lesson I#x2019;m now almost old enough to learn: that the tree of knowledge and the fountain of youth are one and the same. T. Boone Pickens, chairman of BP Capital Management, 86, at the Lowell Hotel in Manhattan.

How does being 86 affect your work? I don#x2019;t consider myself to be this old. I just go to work like I did 10, 20, 30, 40 years ago. I work the same hours. I haven#x2019;t semiretired or slowed down. I have a trainer that comes in at 6:30 in the morning, and discursive I#x2019;m at the office at 8 o#x2019;clock. What are the advantages to on criticism summary, being your age in your business? I have a vast amount of experience. There are very few things I see that surprise me.

I#x2019;ve seen it or something close to it with each thing I come across. I was with a doctor the other day, and sample he said the reason that I#x2019;m so alert and all is probably that I do work. I go to work and essay on criticism start the meeting with my partners, 8 o#x2019;clock till 9 a.m. till commodities open, equities open and there#x2019;s discussion of world affairs and space thesis urban everything. Then everybody goes their separate ways. .#x2009;.#x2009;. We have another meeting when the market closes. We know exactly how we did that day. We know how much we made or lost. After the market closes at the end of on criticism summary, every day, we know how we stand. It seems important to you that you stay relevant. For example, you#x2019;re active on Twitter. I don#x2019;t physically do it.

My assistant does it for me. But I say what I want to say, and it gets on there. I#x2019;m interested when somebody like Drake says, #x2018;#x2018;The first million is hard,#x2019;#x2019; and I said something like: #x2018;#x2018;Yeah? Try the first billion.#x2019;#x2019; I#x2019;m guessing there is no point to asking when you plan on retiring? I#x2019;m going to retire in a box being carried out of my office. Erik Madigan Heck for The New York Times. Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg, 81, in the Lawyers#x2019; Lounge of the space, Supreme Court. What is the biggest advantage of serving a long term on the Supreme Court? What seniority means here, and by essay, the way I am not the on abortions, most senior justice even though I am the oldest, well, almost everything at the court is done by seniority. Even where we sit on the bench and at conference.

I speak earlier at conference than I did before. I#x2019;m No. 5 now. I started as No. Summary. 9. And does seniority offer any more influence? Speaking earlier, you have a chance to influence what people who speak later might say. The Kimbell On Meaning. Conceivably, after a justice has expressed his or her view, she may rethink her position. But that is uncommon. What has been the most surprising thing for summary you about moving into your 80s?

Nothing surprised me. But I#x2019;ve learned two things. One is to seek ever more the discursive on abortions, joys of being alive, because who knows how much longer I will be living? At my age, one must take things day by day. I have been asked again and again, #x201C;How long are you going to essay on criticism summary, stay there?#x201D; I make that decision year by year. The minute I sense I am beginning to slip, I will go. Easy. There#x2019;s a sense that time is precious and you should enjoy and thrive in what you#x2019;re doing to on criticism, the hilt. I appreciate that I have had as long as I have. Design Space Urban. . Essay Summary. . . It#x2019;s a sense reminiscent of the deconstructing an essay, poem #x2018;#x2018;Gather ye rosebuds while ye may.#x2019;#x2019; I had some trying times when my husband died. We#x2019;d been married for essay 56 years and conclusion knew each other for 60.

Now, four years later, I#x2019;m doing what I think he would have wanted me to do. Erik Madigan Heck for summary The New York Times. Edward O. Wilson, naturalist and public space author, 85, at Walden Pond in on criticism summary, Massachusetts. Wilson published a book, #x2018;#x2018;The Meaning of Human Existence,#x2019;#x2019; this year. Essays On Weed. It is the second in a trilogy. You are the world#x2019;s foremost expert on ants, and on criticism now you#x2019;re asking about the meaning of human existence and the kimbell the future of on criticism, humanity. Plate For Severe. Has growing older pushed you to these bigger questions?

I couldn#x2019;t have asked these questions before. I was too engaged in the hands-on research, especially in the field. So how has age contributed to your more recent books? I think age contributed a great deal to my undertaking in this recent trilogy of books. First because I feel I have enough experience to join those who are addressing big questions. Second is essay on criticism, because about osteosynthesis for severe, 10 years ago, when I began reading and thinking more broadly about the questions of what are we, where did we come from and where are we going, I was astonished at how little this was being done. Essay. I#x2019;ve come to appreciate that we#x2019;re wrecking the planet, especially in the living part of the osteosynthesis, planet. The public response and the intellectual response to on criticism summary, that particular crisis have just been unacceptably weak. Now that you#x2019;re 85, how do you see your future?

I haven#x2019;t sensed anything, and I don#x2019;t think others have sensed yet that#x2019;s an essays on weed obvious deterioration of on criticism, what I#x2019;m doing. When I feel it I#x2019;ll stop. What I#x2019;ll do then is try to rogerian essay conclusion, take more time in going back to the field with my butterfly net. Erik Madigan Heck for The New York Times. Roy Haynes, jazz drummer and bandleader, 89, in his basement practice space on essay on criticism summary Long Island. Essays On Weed. Haynes#x2019;s latest album was #x2018;#x2018;Roy-Alty,#x2019;#x2019; released in 2011. You travel a lot, and it sounds as if you have no intention of slowing down. I#x2019;ve been traveling since 1945. That#x2019;s the on criticism summary, year I moved from Boston to New York.

In doing something since I was a teenager, traveling all over the world, meeting people, having them meet me, drumming#x2019;s just a continuous way of life. And it#x2019;s still going on. I#x2019;ve been doing this longer than I#x2019;ve been doing anything else. You get to be this age, you think you know a little more about life. For Severe. With my traveling around, it#x2019;s quite exciting, and summary I#x2019;m sure it keeps me young. And Architecture. A lot of the people I play with are much younger than me.

Young enough to be my children or my grandchildren. Essay. People say I look young. The average person if they asked how old I was wouldn#x2019;t expect me to deconstructing the kimbell, be the essay summary, age I am. But how do you maintain your stamina? I don#x2019;t know. If I knew, I#x2019;d just write a book on that and forget playing drums. I#x2019;d become richer. Erik Madigan Heck for The New York Times. Carmen Herrera, painter, 99, in her Manhattan studio. Herrera sold her first painting at age 89. Today her work is in the permanent collections at easy the Museum of Modern Art and the Tate Modern.

When did you start to have confidence in essay on criticism summary, your work? It all began in Paris in the late #x2019;40s. I was then involved with the Salon des#xA0;R#xE9;alit#xE9;s Nouvelles. I recall its director, Fredo Sid#xE8;s, saying to me, #x2018;#x2018;Madame, you have many beautiful paintings in this one work.#x2019;#x2019; I thought about it and decided that he was right! So I started taking things out. And I have never stopped doing that. You painted for essays on weed decades, but didn#x2019;t sell your work until just 10 years ago.

What kept you going? I do it because I have to. I have my ideas. I do my drawings. I make my paintings. It#x2019;s my love of the straight line that keeps me going. Essay. This has not changed. What was your reaction when you sold your first painting at 89? I was never bitter. I always wished others well.

I thought maybe the market would be corrupting. Without commercial success you can do what you want to rogerian, do. There is on criticism, freedom to be working alone. But, oh, when my work began to sell! I thought, Damn it, it#x2019;s about time! At 99, how do you view your future? I am always waiting to finish the next thing. Absurd, I know. Essays On Weed. I go day by essay summary, day. Erik Madigan Heck for The New York Times.

Ginette Bedard, long-distance runner, 81, near her home in Howard Beach, Queens. Bedard will run in her 12th consecutive New York City Marathon this year. You ran your first marathon at age 69. How did you do? I came in second in my age group, I think 65 to 69, and the next year I came in essays on weed, first. And I think I was 72 when I beat the world record for my age group, 3:46 or :45. Do you run with a partner? Or listen to music? No, no, nothing. I run. I think of my past.

My childhood in France. Everything. Sometimes I may have an issue I#x2019;m thinking about. On Criticism Summary. I#x2019;ll think about my past job. Osteosynthesis For Severe. Or current events. A bit of everything. How long will you keep running marathons? I#x2019;m going to do this until destiny takes me away.

When they gave me the last trophy last Sunday for the half marathon in Central Park, the on criticism summary, trophy said, #x2018;#x2018;From 80 to discursive on abortions, 99,#x2019;#x2019; and I thought, O.K., I#x2019;ve got 20 years to go yet. Summary. There#x2019;s no one left. Deconstructing An Essay On Meaning. It#x2019;s easy to win. Erik Madigan Heck for essay on criticism The New York Times. Tony Bennett, singer, 88, at Carnegie Hall. Bennett released #x2018;#x2018;Cheek to public thesis urban, Cheek,#x2019;#x2019; an album of duets with Lady Gaga, this year. It debuted at No.

1 in Billboard. Here I am at 88, and I still feel like I have an awful lot to learn, today and tomorrow and the next day and the next day. About my craft. About how to become a better artist. About coming up with creative ideas. How is it sharing the stage with Lady Gaga? The whole thing about essay, doing the album with Lady was to get the young kids to hear the Great American Songbook.

And she#x2019;s great. She sings beautiful, she#x2019;s a wonderful improviser. I said, #x2018;#x2018;Don#x2019;t ever stop singing like that, you#x2019;re a beautiful singer.#x2019;#x2019; And she says that I turned her life around. That she knows she has a good voice, and plate osteosynthesis she#x2019;s going to sing that way now. Now that you#x2019;re nearly 90, what has changed the summary, most for you about easy sample, performing? I#x2019;ve learned that it#x2019;s what you leave out of essay on criticism, a performance, not what you put into it. Fred Astaire taught me this. He explained: #x2018;#x2018;When you have a show and it#x2019;s perfect, where every song works, no matter how perfect you think it is, go in and pull out for severe olecranon 15 minutes of it.

Don#x2019;t stay onstage too much. Know when enough is enough.#x2019; I#x2019;ve learned that less is more. It#x2019;s not because of age, but it#x2019;s the right thing to do. Don#x2019;t overstay your welcome. How do you keep up your stamina to tour with Lady Gaga? A lot of tennis. I#x2019;m not that good, but I love to play and watch. Erik Madigan Heck for The New York Times.

Ellsworth Kelly, artist, 91, at his studio in essay on criticism, Spencertown, N.Y. Last year, President Obama presented Kelly with the National Medal of Arts. What#x2019;s different about your life now that you#x2019;re older? When I was 79, I asked my doctor, #x2018;#x2018;I#x2019;m 79 and urban you say I#x2019;m in good health, what should I expect from the 80s?#x2019;#x2019; And he said: #x2018;#x2018;If you haven#x2019;t got any of the Mayo diseases, you#x2019;re pretty good. You can slide right through.#x2019;#x2019; And I said, #x2018;#x2018;What about the 90s?#x2019;#x2019; And he said, #x2018;#x2018;Well .#x2009;.#x2009;. we#x2019;ll talk about that.#x2019;#x2019; But I didn#x2019;t sail through exactly. What happened five years ago is I discovered that painting with turpentine, which I#x2019;ve been doing since the 1940s, had ruined my lungs. Essay Summary. So I#x2019;ve been on oxygen ever since. I don#x2019;t travel now. That#x2019;s the big thing. But I#x2019;m here [in Columbia County, N.Y.], and I love it.

Each year I#x2019;m very surprised by the color. .#x2009;.#x2009;. Deconstructing And Architecture. It#x2019;s one thing about getting older, you see more. .#x2009;.#x2009;. Everyday I#x2019;m continuing to see new things. That#x2019;s why there are new paintings. What are your days like now? I#x2019;m in the studio everyday. I draw a lot. .#x2009;.#x2009;. On Criticism. I chose plants because I knew I could draw plants forever. I want to work like nature works. I want to understand the growth of essay, plants and on criticism the dead leaves falling.

Oh, how I connect with that! Erik Madigan Heck for The New York Times. Christopher Plummer, actor, 84, at easy sample his home in on criticism summary, Connecticut. In 2012, Plummer won the Academy Award for best supporting actor for his role in #x2018;#x2018;Beginners,#x2019;#x2019; making him the oldest actor to win the the kimbell, award. What has surprised you the most about being your age?

Well, the fact that there were no surprises surprised me. I don#x2019;t feel any older now or less flexible than I did when I was 60 or 55. It just goes on. Was this information that was passed along to you, or did you have to find it out yourself? Well, most of my contemporaries and friends have kicked the essay on criticism, bucket. Conclusion. An awful lot of them are gone. But the ones whom I admired, for essay summary instance John Gielgud, was working when he was 96. And I remember thinking, Good God, that#x2019;s amazing. I keep hearing that staying in shape is crucial past a certain age. Easy Resume. Anything else? Yes.

And so is doing the work. It uplifts you. The idea that you#x2019;re doing what you love. It#x2019;s very important. It#x2019;s very sad that most people in the world are not happy with their lot or with their jobs and essay summary they can#x2019;t wait to conclusion, retire. And when they retire, it#x2019;s like death. .#x2009;.#x2009;. They sit at home and watch the television. And that is death.

I think you#x2019;ve got to continue. On Criticism Summary. We never retire. We shouldn#x2019;t retire. Rogerian Essay. Not in our profession. Essay Summary. There#x2019;s no such thing. We want to essays on weed, drop dead onstage. Essay. That would be a nice theatrical way to go. Erik Madigan Heck for The New York Times.

R.#x2009;O. Blechman, illustrator and author, 84, on for severe olecranon his property in summary, Ancram, N.Y. In 2009,#xA0;Blechman published the book #x2018;#x2018;Dear James: Letters to a Young Illustrator.#x2019;#x2019; What do you know now that you didn#x2019;t know when you were younger? It#x2019;s important to discursive essay on abortions, stay with a project and not give up because it doesn#x2019;t seem to be breaking for you. Whatever it is. I#x2019;m reminded of what a Russian scientist once said: #x2018;#x2018;Ice forms instantly, but the process of forming the ice is slow and invisible.#x2019;#x2019; How is your work itself different now from 30, 40, 50 years ago? Doing the work hasn#x2019;t changed. I#x2019;m the same guy I was 30, 40, 50 years ago. But I think I#x2019;m freer now.

I think I#x2019;m better. It#x2019;s crazy. As it goes downhill, I#x2019;m going up. What do you see for your future? On Henry James#x2019;s deathbed, his late brother#x2019;s widow saw that as James was dying, his hand moved across the bedsheet as if he were still writing. I want to die like him. Erik Madigan Heck for The New York Times. Carl Reiner, actor, 92, at his home in Beverly Hills, Calif.

Reiner published his second memoir, #x2018;#x2018;I Just Remembered,#x2019;#x2019; this year. Has the process of writing for you changed? It has not changed. I still only write from the gut, I can only write about what I know. The only thing I research is if I#x2019;m writing about on criticism, someone I don#x2019;t know. Thank God for Google.

Otherwise I go by the seat of my pants. What advice to you have for younger people in plate for severe olecranon, show business? The best thing I ever did was marry correctly. Essay On Criticism Summary. I gave it a title, LOML, love of osteosynthesis olecranon, my love. She informed everything I ever did. She was the smartest person I know. Essay On Criticism Summary. She raised three great children and rogerian essay conclusion one great husband. On Criticism. Marry someone whom you really love, because lust disappears quickly, but deep love lasts forever. Is there anything you know now that you didn#x2019;t know as a younger man? Well, I never was looking for the final chapter. Deconstructing The Kimbell. Now if any time something goes a little askew, like if I#x2019;m feeling a little poorly, I use Edward G. Robinson#x2019;s line from essay #x2018;#x2018;Little Caesar,#x2019;#x2019; #x2018;#x2018;Is this the end of Rico?#x2019;#x2019; I#x2019;m constantly saying that to Mel [Brooks]. Space Urban. .#x2009;.#x2009;.

We usually eat together. We agree on the same programs to watch. On Criticism Summary. .#x2009;.#x2009;. We watch the the kimbell an essay, ballgame, and Mel yells at essay on criticism the set. He yells at the manager. And sometimes they listen to him. We have a very big set. Erik Madigan Heck for plate osteosynthesis for severe The New York Times. Frank Gehry, architect, 85, at his office in Los Angeles. Gehry#x2019;s latest project was the essay on criticism, Fondation Louis Vuitton in essays on weed, Paris, an arts center sponsored by the LVMH Fashion Group. What has changed the most for you about your work since you#x2019;ve hit your 80s? Buildings take seven years from the time you#x2019;re hired until you#x2019;re finished.

There#x2019;s always that pause in my mind now when we get a new project. And then I think about essay on criticism, it for a few minutes, and I say: #x2018;#x2018;Ah, screw it! Full speed ahead.#x2019;#x2019; Are you finding that work for essays on weed you is simpler or more complicated? Well, there are days here when I think I#x2019;m absolutely losing it. But my closest staff says that I#x2019;m doing more things than I#x2019;ve ever done. According to them, I#x2019;m having more different meetings, more different challenges, and I#x2019;m meeting them. Working at top speed, they think.

So I#x2019;m just listening to essay on criticism summary, them. As you prepare to give up your business to the next generation, how do you avoid becoming a control freak? That#x2019;s the hardest thing for me. I#x2019;m still grappling with it. I#x2019;ve been letting it happen on things that are personal, like my house that [my son] Sam#x2019;s designing, where I#x2019;m taking the risk. I#x2019;m not foisting him on design public urban a client. And he#x2019;s doing remarkably well. I would have done it differently, but I#x2019;m going with it. How do you stay intuitive? You stay in essay summary, your time. You don#x2019;t go backward.

I think if you relate to the time you#x2019;re in, you keep your eyes and ears open, read the paper, see what#x2019;s going on, stay curious about everything, you will automatically be in your time. Erik Madigan Heck for The New York Times. Senator Dianne Feinstein, 81, near her home in San Francisco. Feinstein has been a member of the United States Senate since 1992. What#x2019;s the benefit of 50-plus years of experience in politics? Based on experience, you know how much can get done at a particular point. And when timing and opportunity combine, you can get something done. Like a bill passed. Discursive On Abortions. Politics is the essay, art of the possible.

But you have to understand what is possible at a given time. Is this something you#x2019;ve learned recently, or something you#x2019;ve known all along? I understood it by experience when I was mayor of San Francisco. It was a very fragmented city, full of hate. I became mayor as a product of assassination. Easy Resume Sample. It was perhaps the most difficult time in my political life. I learned a lot about essay on criticism summary, bringing people together instead of splitting them apart. Is there anything that has surprised you about being in your age, either personally or professionally? No.

You don#x2019;t feel any different. Age isn#x2019;t chronological in my view. Age is very much individual. Some people age faster than others. Discursive Essay On Abortions. You can see that everywhere. Some people lose brain cells faster than others. Some people lose body functions faster than others. So if you keep all those things, there is no reason age is any kind of a deterrent. Erik Madigan Heck for The New York Times. Betty White, actress, 92, on set in Studio City, Calif.

White currently stars in the TV Land original sitcom #x2018;#x2018;Hot in Cleveland.#x2019;#x2019; What do people get most wrong about being old? We#x2019;ve made age such a terrible thing that the essay, younger people think that just getting to easy, that age is awful. But if you#x2019;re blessed with good health, and I am, and on criticism I never take it for granted, you can get by conclusion, with murder! You get spoiled rotten. Now that you are older, what has changed the most for you in your work? I don#x2019;t know that anything#x2019;s changed.

I#x2019;ve been playing older parts for, oh, a couple hundred years. So how do you stay in on criticism, shape? I have a two-story house and a very bad memory, so I#x2019;m up and down those stairs all the time. Easy Resume. That#x2019;s my exercise. Do you have your bucket list of showbiz goals? I#x2019;m so busy, and essay summary I#x2019;m always booked, so I have no time to think about it. I#x2019;m working all the essays on weed, time. .#x2009;.#x2009;. Essay. I just love to work #x2014; getting to connect with the audience, knowing that the camera is another friend in the room, and the fact that all the rogerian, jokes don#x2019;t work but when they do it#x2019;s a great kick.

So I keep saying yes instead of no. Erik Madigan Heck for The New York Times. Interviews by Camille Sweeney. Erik Madigan Heck is a photographer based in New York. He photographed Peter Gelb of the Metropolitan Opera last year for the magazine’s cover. Lewis H. Lapham was the editor of Harper’s Magazine for 30 years.

He has published 14 books of essays, and in 2007, at 72, he founded Lapham’s Quarterly.

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Alexander Pope: "An Essay on Criticism" (3) | Educationcing

12 Tips On How To Make The Perfect Resume or Why TemplateMonster Recruiters Trashed My Friend’s Resume. Who wouldn’t want to essay summary, help a jobless friend get hired at a successful web design company like TemplateMonster? When I found out about a vacancy at the Design Department, I've sent the link to my buddy I met on campus. I knew him not only as the life of the party but also as a good specialist with lots of skills and ideas. I was pretty sure he's a good fit for the job opening and would contribute a lot to the company. Luckily, we’ve been mates with one of TemplateMonster’s HR specialists, Julie, since my first days there. Discursive. So, I didn’t lose a chance to tell her about my friend during a lunch break. I praised him like the most talented designer I’d ever met and essay on criticism summary, gave her a hint that he should be the the kimbell an essay, top priority on on criticism, the list of candidates for the vacancy. She didn’t mind at all.

We shook hands, and I told my friend to send his resume promptly. That was exactly what he did. In a week, Julia introduced a new designer to our team. That guy wasn’t my friend unless he underwent sex reassignment surgery. I was confused. The first thing I made was a phone call to my friend who said they’d never got in easy, touch with him. The fact that Julie neglected my request pissed me off. Disappointed and mad, I went to her cubicle to find out what the hell went wrong. She seemed to be as confused as I did and said she’d never received my friend’s resume, but still decided to double check her mailbox. In a while, we finally found it (guess where) in essay on criticism, the trash. As it turned out, Julie didn’t even read my friend’s CV and deleted it at once.

His resume design looked as if it was made by a schoolboy rather than a professional graphic designer. She said that if a candidate couldn’t even present himself appropriately, they didn’t expect him to be useful for the company in any way. As soon as I calmed down, we had a heart-to-heart talk with Julie. She told me how to create the easy resume sample, perfect resume and get noticed. Today I want to share everything I learned from her with all of you who are desperately looking for a job at a prestigious company. Check out tried and tested tips for making a creative resume design.

Your resume design tells a lot about your candidacy. It is essay summary tasteless and actually out of common sense to send a long, multi-page list of all the skills, previous jobs, and courses taken over your lifetime. The funniest thing is plate osteosynthesis that most candidates list their achievements only on essay on criticism summary, the left side of the page, while the right one remains empty… What’s the deconstructing and architecture, point in on criticism, wasting the layout space? If you aren’t savvy enough to osteosynthesis olecranon, understand obvious things, then you’ll end up like my friend. I don’t think someone needs an employee short of wit. Designing a resume, try to place all the essay on criticism, info on deconstructing the kimbell an essay on meaning, a single page (or two in essay, extreme cases). Do you have a lot to say? Sorry, but recruiters do not want to hear that. Your resume is not an essay. There’s no need to go into public space urban details about taking introductory PC courses at school. Essay Summary. We all did that.

Tell only the facts related to the position you are applying for. Here’s an example of a one-page resume for candidates who have a lot to tell about themselves. Its layout is the kimbell rich in text, but the candidate still can place it all on a single page. 2. Stay Well-Organized with Columns and Rows. To put your words in order on the page, use a grid layout with columns and rows. That way, your data will be easy to digest and scannable. Recruiters love such a well-organized structure, as it lets them find the necessary info about the candidate in a blink. Summary. A good idea, in this case, is to use a page-long sidebar.

It will help you separate the general info from your education, experience, and skills visually. Design. As an example, look at the perfect resume with a sidebar. You can also use a timeline to list the main milestones in essay on criticism summary, your education and previous work like in this resume design. 3. Draw Attention to essays on weed, the Important Info with Infographic Elements. One of the essay on criticism summary, secrets that Julie revealed to design space thesis, me is that most recruiters are negligent lazybones (hope it will stay between us). They don’t dig deep into every CV to think over each word written there.

They just scan the text. The only summary, person who is interested in reading your CV from A to Z attentively is YOU. No one else cares too much unless a company has a serious shortage of manpower. The important info like your skills must stand out among the other data. Essay On Abortions. Otherwise, it may get lost among the other text, and recruiters will overlook it.

In this designer resume, skills come into view instantly due to colorful graphs. You can also use horizontal bars to show your professional and personal skills. 4. Reduce the Amount of Text with Icons. There are some pieces of information that you can present visually. Not only essay, will it keep your CV less text-heavy, but also attract attention to those details. Rogerian Essay. For example, hobbies and interests are shown with icons at the bottom of this CV. It’s a great final word. Essay Summary. Unless your interests have something to essays on weed, do with the position you apply for, it makes no sense to essay summary, waste the layout space for sample, describing each of them in words.

We all love music, movies, traveling, and many other things. Who cares about that? Besides interests, you can also use icons to list your contacts like in this graphic designer resume. Note that the languages the candidate speaks are also shown visually, by means of national flags. 5. On Criticism Summary. Visualize Your Resume with Images. Deconstructing. Your main goal is to make your resume perfect, eye-catching and interesting by all means so that recruiters wouldn’t send it to trash. On Criticism. Using images is discursive a surefire way to achieve that goal. In this CV, a page-wide header image is used to present the essay summary, content on a visually appealing background. Note that interests are shown with small circular images, which can be a good alternative to icons.

6. Look Stylish with Geometric Shapes. Osteosynthesis. Looking stylish is a must not only for applicants to fashion and beauty companies but for everyone else. One of the best ways to get an edgy look is to use geometric shapes. Here is a perfect resume to essay summary, demonstrate this trend. A rhombus element presents each section, which improves the content hierarchy. To keep harmony, the candidate’s photo is essays on weed framed in a rhombus too. What also can give your CV a sense of style is on criticism a background with skew lines. You can also divide your resume background diagonally as shown below. To step aside from cliches, consider an idea to essay on abortions, keep your CV layout oblique. 7. Focus on Readability with Simple Fonts.

Let’s face it. Your CV is not the place to dick around. The next of our tips for a good resume is to use simple fonts only, which will ensure maximum readability. Some recruiters may read your CV at the end of the day. They will hate you if you make them strain their eyes to understand your writing. Using arty-crafty fonts like Gothic increases the essay, chances of your CV going to trash. 8. Keep Your CV Clean with White Space. Rogerian Essay Conclusion. The perfect resume is essay on criticism summary easy to the eye. Otherwise, recruiters will blow out their eyeballs, which will give them another reason to give up on you. To keep your CV user-friendly, use some clean space between blocks. 9. Highlight Resume Details with Colors.

Another effective way to accentuate some resume details is to easy resume, use colors. If you stick to minimalism, use only one color like below. Colorful elements guide an eye across the layout and make the info more scannable. You can also highlight different details with different colors. On Criticism Summary. It will make them distinct from each other. In addition to separate details, you can color the entire section to bring it to the forefront. In this designer resume, the most important section with the candidate’s experience catches an resume eye immediately. Depending on the position you apply for, you can also go with a black and white palette. On Criticism. This is a timeless color combination that will never go out of date.

A Million Dollar Resume Tip ! Be careful with using a dark background. Sometimes HRs print out CVs to rogerian essay, take them to the interview or give to project managers. If you use black backgrounds, your CV will consume a lot of ink, which may create an unfavorable impression about your candidacy. Essay. How much ink do recruiters need to waste on, say, 30 resumes like this one even though it looks professional and has a thought-out structure? 10. Personalize Your Resume Design. There are cases when nothing sets a candidate apart from the easy resume, faceless mass.

Come on, your CV is the only way to introduce yourself to employers. You must personalize your resume design with your photo, a catchy tagline, logo, links to social accounts, etc. Besides a traditional small photo framed in a circle or square, you can use a page-wide picture of yourself in the header. Here’s a great example. Essay On Criticism. Important Note about Photos . When adding your photo, use only a professional one, not the unsuccessful picture most of us have in our passports and driving licenses. Some bitchy recruiters may not want to see an ugly face every morning, and we all understand what that means for deconstructing the kimbell on meaning, you. Another curious thing Julie told me is that recruiters have short memories, that’s why your resume must be memorable. To become a forget-me-not, add some creativity to your CV, especially if you try to get a job in summary, spheres like graphic design.

This graphic designer resume gives an deconstructing on meaning opportunity to on criticism, show your creative potential without even sending examples of your work. If you apply for a position related to software or hardware, this resume design with sketchy devices is an ideal option. Are you afraid of overdosing your CV with creativity? In such a case, you can add a creative touch to a certain layout area and keep the rest formal. Plate For Severe. This resume has an inventive header background with hand-drawn items related to on criticism, the position applied for. Plate Osteosynthesis For Severe Olecranon. 12. Keep Your CV Formal If Your Profession Requires That. What works for graphic designers may not work for financial experts. Essay. Sometimes a hand-drawn style is simply inappropriate. Discursive. If you want to get hired as an accountant, lawyer or, say, insurance agent, you’d better stay more formal as shown below.

Every day recruiters of essay on criticism TemplateMonster and other companies receive tons of resumes that look all the same: a typical multi-page Word doc with a white canvas and black text. Scanning through dull and alike resumes makes recruiters sleepy very fast. And when they are in essays on weed, that condition, they can overlook important details and make wrong choices. Don’t let that happen. Create an outstanding resume design that will engage recruiters your candidacy. Essay On Criticism. But remember! When you try to stand out public among other candidates, you must know where to essay, draw the line. Easy. After reading this post, you may be inspired with multiple ideas. Make sure you can stop before you turn your CV into on criticism summary an eyesore with a tasteless palette and essay conclusion, unreadable text.

Look how skillfully you can implement all these tips on how to on criticism summary, make the perfect resume. Can you suggest your own tips? Feel free to do it in the section of comments.

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Subchapter B. On Criticism? PERMITS, TRANSFERS AND OBJECTIONS. 78.12. Compliance with permit. 78.14. Transfer of well ownership or change of address. 78.16. Accelerated permit review. 78.18. Disposal and enhanced recovery well permits. 78.19. Permit application fee schedule.

78.21. Opportunity for objections and conferences; surface landowners. 78.22. Objections by owner or operator of coal mine. 78.23. Time for filing objections by owner or operator of easy sample, coal mine. 78.24. On Criticism Summary? Information to be provided with objections by owner or operator of easy, coal mine. 78.26.

Agreement at conference. 78.27. Continuation of conference. 78.28. Final action if objections do not proceed to panel. 78.29. Composition of panel. 78.30. On Criticism Summary? Jurisdiction of panel. 78.31. Scheduling of meeting by the panel.

78.32. Plate Osteosynthesis? Recommendation by the panel. 78.33. Effect of panel on summary, time for public urban permit issuance. (a) No person may drill or alter a well unless that person has first obtained a permit from the Department. (b) No person may operate a well unless one of the essay following conditions has been met: (1) The person has obtained a permit under the act. (2) The person has registered the well under the act. (3) The well was in operation on April 18, 1985, under a permit that was obtained under the Gas Operations Well-Drilling Petroleum and Coal Mining Act (52 P. The Kimbell An Essay? S. § § 2104, 2208, 2601 and 2602) (Repealed). The provisions of this § 78.11 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. 3229. This section cited in essay on criticism summary, 25 Pa.

Code § 78.18 (relating to disposal and enhanced recovery well permits). A person may not drill, alter or operate an oil or gas well except in accordance with a permit or registration issued under the act and in compliance with the terms and conditions of the permit, this chapter and the statutes under which it was promulgated. A copy of the permit shall be kept at the well site during drilling or alteration of a well. The provisions of this § 78.12 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. 3229; amended December 16, 1994, effective December 17, 1994, 24 Pa.B. 6284.

Immediately preceding text appears at essays on weed, serial page (138804). (a) No transfer, assignment or sale of rights granted under a permit or registration may be made without prior written approval of the Department. Permit transfers may be denied for the reasons set forth in section 201(e)(4) and (5) of the on criticism summary act (58 P. S. Essays On Weed? § 601.201(e)(4) and (5)). (b) The Department may require the essay transferee to osteosynthesis olecranon, fulfill the drilling, plugging, well site restoration, water supply replacement and other requirements of the act, regardless of whether the transferor commenced the on criticism activity and regardless of whether the transferor failed to plate osteosynthesis, properly perform the transferor#146;s obligations under the summary act. The provisions of this § 78.13 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. 3229. § 78.14.

Transfer of well ownership or change of address. (a) Within 30 days after the sale, assignment, transfer, conveyance or exchange of a well, the new owner or operator shall notify the Department, in essay, writing, of the transfer of ownership. (b) The notice shall include the following information: (1) The names, addresses and telephone numbers of the former and new owner, and the agent if applicable. (2) The well permit or registration number. (3) The effective date of the transfer of ownership. (4) An application for a well permit transfer if there is a change in the well operator. (c) The permittee shall notify the Department of a change in address or name within 30 days of the change.

The provisions of this § 78.14 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. Summary? 3229; amended March 6, 1998, effective March 7, 1998, 28 Pa.B. 1234. Immediately preceding text appears at serial pages (193955) to easy, (193956). (a) An application for essay on criticism a well permit shall be submitted on forms furnished by the Department and contain the information required by the Department to evaluate the application. (b) The permit application will not be considered complete until the applicant submits a complete and accurate plat, an approvable bond or other means of complying with section 215 of the rogerian conclusion act (58 P. S. § 601.215), the on criticism summary fee in compliance with § 78.19 (relating to permit application fee schedule), proof of for severe, notification, necessary requests for essay summary variance or waivers or other documents required to deconstructing an essay, be furnished by law or the essay summary Department.

The person named in the permit shall be the same person named in the bond or other security. The provisions of this § 78.15 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. 3229; amended April 17, 2009, effective April 18, 2009, 39 Pa.B. 1982. Immediately preceding text appears at serial page (276300). In cases of hardship, an discursive operator may request an accelerated review of a well permit application. For the on criticism summary purposes of this section, hardship includes cases where immediate action is on abortions necessary to protect public health or safety, to control pollution or to essay summary, effect other environmental or safety measures, and extraordinary circumstances beyond the control of the operator. Permits issued shall be consistent with the requirements of the act. The provisions of this § 78.16 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B.

3229. An operator may request a 1-year renewal of a well permit. The request shall be accompanied by a permit fee, the surcharge required in section 601 of the act (58 P. S. § 601.601), and an affidavit affirming that the information on the original application is discursive on abortions still accurate and complete, that the well location restrictions are still met and that the on criticism summary surface owners, coal owners and operators, gas storage operators, where the permit renewal is for a proposed well location within an underground gas storage reservoir or the reservoir protective area, and water supply owners within 1,000 feet have been notified of this request for renewal. The request shall be received by the Department at plate for severe olecranon, least 15 calendar days prior to essay summary, the expiration of the original permit. The provisions of this § 78.17 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. 3229; amended March 30, 2001, effective March 31, 2001, 31 Pa.B. 1736. Immediately preceding text appears at serial page (263008).

§ 78.18. Disposal and enhanced recovery well permits. (a) A person may not drill a disposal or enhanced recovery well or alter an existing well to be a disposal or enhanced recovery well unless the person: (1) Obtains a well permit under § 78.11 (relating to permit requirements). (2) Submits with the well permit application a copy of the well permit, approved permit application and required related documentation submitted for the disposal or enhanced recovery well to the EPA under 40 CFR Part 146 (relating to underground injection control program). (3) Submits a copy of discursive on abortions, a control and disposal plan for the disposal or enhanced recovery well and related facilities that meets the requirements of § 91.34 (relating to activities utilizing pollutants). (4) Submits a copy of an erosion and sedimentation plan for essay on criticism summary the disposal or enhanced recovery well site that meets the discursive on abortions requirements of Chapter 102 and § 78.53 (relating to erosion and sediment control; and erosion and essay summary sedimentation control). (b) By December 18, 1995, an operator of disposal or enhanced recovery wells which were operating before December 18, 1995, shall submit to the Department a list of the rogerian operator#146;s disposal or enhanced recovery wells including: (1) The Department#146;s permit or registration number for each well on this list. (2) The corresponding permit number issued to summary, each well on this list by the EPA. (c) A person who operates multiple well projects may submit one copy of the documents required under subsection (a) if the documents are applicable to the entire project. The provisions of this § 78.18 adopted December 16, 1994, effective December 17, 1994, 24 Pa.B.

6284. This section cited in 25 Pa. Easy Resume Sample? Code § 78a.18 (relating to disposal and enhanced recovery well permits); and 25 Pa. Code § 95.10 (relating to treatment requirements for new and expanding mass loadings of Total Dissolved Solids (TDS)). § 78.19. Permit application fee schedule. (a) An applicant shall pay a permit application fee according to the following schedule: (b) An applicant for a conventional well exceeding 12,000 feet in total well bore length shall pay a permit application fee of $1,950 + $100 for every 500 feet the well bore extends over 12,000 feet. Fees shall be rounded to essay summary, the nearest 500-foot interval under this subsection. (c) If, when drilled, the total well bore length of the conventional well exceeds the an essay length specified in the permit application due to target formation being deeper than anticipated at the time of application submittal, the on criticism summary operator shall pay the difference between the amount paid as part of the permit application and the amount required under subsections (a) and sample (b).

(d) An applicant for a conventional well with a well bore length of 1,500 feet or less for home use shall pay a permit application fee of essay on criticism, $200. (e) At least every 3 years, the Department will provide the EQB with an evaluation of the essays on weed fees in this chapter and recommend regulatory changes to the EQB to address any disparity between the program income generated by essay summary, the fees and deconstructing the kimbell on meaning and architecture the Department#146;s cost of on criticism summary, administering the program with the objective of ensuring fees meet all program costs and programs are self-sustaining. The provisions of essays on weed, this § 78.19 amended under sections 201(d) and essay on criticism summary 604 of the Oil and essays on weed Gas Act (58 P.S. § § 601.201(d) and essay on criticism 601.604) (Repealed); sections 1917-A and 1920-A of The Administrative Code of 1929 (71 P.S. § § 510-17 and 510-20); 58 Pa.C.S. § § 3202, 3211(d), 3215(e), 3218(a), 3218.2(a)(4), 3218.4(c) and 3274; section 5 of The Clean Streams Law (35 P.S. Essays On Weed? § 691.5); section 105 of the essay on criticism Solid Waste Management Act (35 P.S. § 6018.105); section 5 of the Dam Safety and Encroachments Act (32 P.S. § 693.5); section 104 of the Land Recycling and Environmental Remediation Standards Act (35 P.S. § 6026.104); sections 301 and design public 302 of the on criticism summary Radiation Protection Act (35 P.S. § § 7110.301 and 7110.302); section 3 of the Unconventional Well Report Act (58 P.S. § 1003); and section 13.2 of the plate for severe act of July 10, 2014 (P.L. Summary? 1053, No. 126) adding section 1741.1-E of The Fiscal Code (72 P.S. § 1741.1-E). The provisions of this § 78.19 adopted April 17, 2009, effective April 18, 2009, 39 Pa.B. 1982; amended October 23, 2009, effective October 24, 2009, 39 Pa.B. Osteosynthesis For Severe? 6232; amended June 13, 2014, effective June 14, 2014, 44 Pa.B. 3517; amended October 7, 2016, effective October 8, 2016, 46 Pa.B. 6431.

Immediately preceding text appears at serial pages (372299) to (372300). This section cited in 25 Pa. Code § 78.15 (relating to application requirements). § 78.21. Opportunity for essay on criticism objections and conferences; surface landowners. (a) The surface landowner of the tract on which the proposed well is located may object to easy resume, the well location based on the assertion that the well location violates section 205 of the act (58 P. S. § 601.205) or on on criticism, the basis that the information in the application is untrue in a material respect, and osteosynthesis for severe olecranon request a conference under section 501 of the act (58 P. S. § 601.501).

(b) The objection and request for a conference shall be filed in writing with the Department within 15 calendar days of receipt of the on criticism summary plat by the surface landowner. The objection shall contain the resume following: (1) The name, address and telephone number of the person submitting the objection. (2) The name of the well operator, and the name and number of the summary proposed well. (3) A statement of the objection and a request for a conference if a conference is being requested. The provisions of this § 78.21 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. 3229. § 78.22. Objections by owner or operator of coal mine. The owner or operator of an operating coal mine or a coal mine already projected and platted, but not yet being operated, may file written objections to a proposed well location with the essay conclusion Department if the on criticism following apply: (1) The well, when drilled, would penetrate within the on abortions outside coal boundaries of such a mine or within 1,000 feet beyond the boundaries. (2) In the opinion of the owner or operator, the well will unduly interfere with or endanger the mine or persons working in the mine. The provisions of this § 78.22 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B.

3229. This section cited in 25 Pa. Code § 78.25 (relating to on criticism, conferences#151;general). § 78.23. Time for filing objections by discursive, owner or operator of coal mine. (a) A coal mine owner or operator who objects to a proposed gas well for financial considerations, and wishes to go before a panel with an objection over which the panel has jurisdiction, shall file objections to on criticism summary, a proposed gas well within 10-calendar days of the receipt of the essays on weed plat. (b) A coal mine owner or operator who does not wish to go before a panel with an objection over which the panel has jurisdiction, or who is essay summary not raising financial objections to the proposed gas well, shall file objections to a proposed oil or gas well within 15 calendar days of the receipt of the plat.

The provisions of essays on weed, this § 78.23 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. 3229. This section cited in 25 Pa. Code § 78.25 (relating to conferences#151;general). § 78.24. Information to essay on criticism summary, be provided with objections by owner or operator of coal mine.

(a) The objections shall be filed in writing and shall contain the following information, if applicable: (1) The name, address and discursive essay on abortions telephone number of the on criticism summary person filing the objection, and the date on which a copy of the plat was received. (2) The name and address of the applicant for the well permit and the name and number of the well. (3) The type of well#151;for example, oil, gas, injection and the like#151;that is the subject of the objections. (4) The location of the well in relation to the coal owned or operated by the objecting party. (5) The area through which the well will be drilled, specifically: (i) Whether the well will be drilled through a mining area that is projected, platted or permitted, but not yet being operated. (ii) Whether the well will be drilled through a perimeter area. (iii) Whether the well will penetrate a workable coal seam. (iv) Whether the well will be located above an active mine. (v) Whether the well will penetrate an operating mine. (6) A copy of the plans, maps or projections of the mining area underlying the an essay proposed gas well showing the location of the proposed well. (7) Whether the owner or operator believes that the essay on criticism well will pose undue interference or endangerment to the mine, and the nature of the osteosynthesis olecranon threat.

(8) The financial impact posed by the well, to which objections may be heard by a panel under § 78.30 (relating to jurisdiction of panel). (9) Whether the well will violate the act, the essay on criticism summary Coal and Gas Resource Coordination Act (58 P. Essay? S. § § 501#151;518) or another applicable law administered by the Department. (b) The objections shall include an alternate location, if possible, on the tract of the well operator that would overcome the objections or at which the interference would be minimized. The Department is not bound to consider alternate locations that are proposed after the close of the on criticism first conference. The provisions of this § 78.24 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. Resume Sample? 3229. This section cited in 25 Pa.

Code § 78.25 (relating to conferences#151;general). (a) If a timely objection to on criticism, the location is filed by the coal owner or operator under § § 78.22#151;78.24 (relating to objections by owner or operator of easy resume sample, coal mine; time for filing objections by on criticism summary, owner or operator of coal mine; and information to be provided with objections by owner or operator of coal mine), or if objections are made by osteosynthesis, the Department, the Department will fix a time and place for a conference within 10 calendar days from the date of on criticism summary, service of the objections upon the well operator, unless all parties agree to an extension of time for the conference. (b) The Department may decide not to hold a conference if it determines that the objections are not valid or if the deconstructing an essay and architecture objection is resolved. (c) The Department will attempt to schedule the conference as late as possible in on criticism summary, the 10-day period if the well is subject to the Coal and Gas Resource Coordination Act (58 P. S. § § 501#151;518). The Department will not schedule a conference under section 202 of the act (58 P. S. § 601.202) if it receives written notice that the discursive on abortions gas well operator or the coal mine owner or operator has made a written request to convene a panel to resolve objections to the location of a gas well over which a panel has jurisdiction in accordance with § § 78.29#151;78.33. (d) The conference shall be governed by § § 78.26#151;78.28 (relating to agreement at conference; continuation of conference; and final action if objections do not proceed to panel). (e) The Department or a person having a direct interest in the subject matter of the act may request a conference any time to attempt to resolve by mutual agreement a matter arising under the essay summary act. The provisions of the kimbell on meaning, this § 78.25 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B.

3229. This section cited in 25 Pa. Code § 78.30 (relating to jurisdiction of panel). (a) If the parties reach an agreement at essay, the conference, and if the Department approves the location, the Department will cause the agreement to essay, be reduced to writing. (b) If the Department does not reject the agreement within 10 calendar days after the agreement is summary reduced to writing, the plate for severe agreement becomes effective. (c) An agreement reached at the conference shall be consistent with the requirements of the act and on criticism applicable statutes. An agreement that is not in accordance with the act, the Coal and Gas Resource Coordination Act (58 P. S. § § 501#151;518) and plate applicable law shall be deemed to be null and void. The provisions of this § 78.26 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. 3229. This section cited in 25 Pa. Code § 78.25 (relating to conferences#151;general).

The Department may continue the conference for good cause. Good cause includes one or more of the essay summary following: (1) The need for supplemental data, maps or surveys. (2) The need to verify that the agreement or a proposed well location is consistent with the requirements of the act, the Coal and Gas Resource Coordination Act (58 P.S. § § 501#151;518) and design public other applicable requirements. (3) The need for the presence of summary, essential witnesses whose unavailability is due to good cause. (4) The need for further investigation into the allegations that are the basis for the objections. (5) Agreement by essays on weed, all parties that a continuance is beneficial to the resolution of the objections. The provisions of summary, this § 78.27 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. 3229.

This section cited in 25 Pa. Code § 78.25 (relating to conferences#151;general). § 78.28. Final action if objections do not proceed to an essay, panel. If the panel does not have jurisdiction of the objections, under § 78.30 (relating to jurisdiction of panel), or if the panel has jurisdiction but the parties choose not to proceed to a panel, the Department may proceed to issue or deny the permit, under sections 201 and 202 of the act (58 P. S. § § 601.201 and 601.202). No permit will be issued for a well at a location that in the opinion of the summary Department would endanger the safety of persons working in a coal mine. The provisions of this § 78.28 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. 3229.

This section cited in 25 Pa. Code § 78.25 (relating to conferences#151;general). (a) If the gas well operator and osteosynthesis olecranon the objecting coal owner or operator are unable to agree upon on criticism summary a drilling location, and the gas well is subject to the jurisdiction of a panel under § 78.30 (relating to jurisdiction of panel), the well operator or a coal owner or operator may convene a panel. (b) The panel shall consist of one person selected by the objecting coal owners or operators, a second person selected by deconstructing the kimbell and architecture, the permit applicant and a third selected by these two. (c) The parties shall submit their positions to the panel within such time as the panel prescribes, in accordance with section 12 of the Coal and on criticism summary Gas Resource Coordination Act (58 P. S. § 512). The provisions of this § 78.29 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. An Essay On Meaning? 3229. This section cited in on criticism summary, 25 Pa. Code § 78.25 (relating to conferences#151;general). (a) A panel shall hear objections by the owner or operator of the easy resume coal mining area only if the proposed gas well is not subject to essay summary, the Oil and Gas Conservation Law (58 P. S. Rogerian Essay? § § 401#151;419) and one of the essay following applies: (1) The well will be drilled through an rogerian conclusion area that is projected and permitted, but not yet being operated. (2) The well will be drilled through a perimeter area.

(3) The well will penetrate a workable coal seam, and will be located above an active mine, but will not penetrate an operating mine. (b) The panel shall hear only objections that were filed by the owner or operator of the mining areas set forth in essay, subsection (a). (c) If after a conference in accordance with § 78.25 (relating to conferences#151;general), the Department has unresolved objections, the panel does not have jurisdiction to convene or to hear objections. The provisions of this § 78.30 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. 3229. This section cited in 25 Pa. Code § 78.24 (relating to information to be provided with objections by owner or operator of coal mine); 25 Pa. Code § 78.25 (relating to conferences#151;general); 25 Pa. Conclusion? Code § 78.28 (relating to final action if objections do not proceed to panel); and 25 Pa.

Code § 78.29 (relating to composition of panel). § 78.31. Scheduling of meeting by the panel. The panel shall convene a meeting within 10-calendar days of the panel chairperson#146;s receipt of a written request to do so by the permit applicant or by the objecting coal owner or operator. The provisions of essay on criticism, this § 78.31 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. 3229.

This section cited in discursive essay, 25 Pa. Code § 78.25 (relating to conferences#151;general); and 25 Pa. Code § 78.32 (relating to essay summary, recommendation by the panel). (a) The panel shall make its recommendation of where the proposed well should be located, based upon design public space urban the financial considerations of the essay on criticism parties. (b) The panel shall make its recommendation within 10-calendar days of the close of the meeting held under § 78.31 (relating to scheduling of meeting by essays on weed, the panel). (c) If the summary Department determines that the first recommended location endangers a mine or the public, it will reject the location and notify the panel to for severe olecranon, make another recommendation. The panel shall submit another recommended location to the Department within 10 calendar days of the essay summary Department#146;s notification. (d) If the rogerian essay conclusion Department determines that the second recommended location endangers a mine or the on criticism public, the Department may designate a location where it has determined that the well will not unduly interfere with or endanger the mine or the public and issue a permit for the well at that designated location. However, if the Department has not designated such a location, and if the easy resume Department determines that a well drilled at essay on criticism summary, any proposed or panel-recommended alternate location will unduly interfere with or endanger the conclusion mine or the public, it will deny the essay summary permit. (e) No permit will be issued for conclusion a well at a location that would, in the opinion of the essay on criticism Department, endanger the discursive safety of persons working in a coal mine. The provisions of essay on criticism summary, this § 78.32 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B.

3229. This section cited in 25 Pa. Essays On Weed? Code § 78.25 (relating to essay summary, conferences#151;general). § 78.33. Effect of panel on time for permit issuance. The period of time during which the objections are being considered by a full panel is design public space urban not included in the 45-day period for on criticism the issuance or denial of a permit under section 201(e) of the rogerian essay conclusion act (58 P.S. § 601.201(e)). The provisions of this § 78.33 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. 3229.

This section cited in 25 Pa. Essay On Criticism Summary? Code § 78.25 (relating to conferences#151;general). Subchapter C. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION. 78.51. Protection of easy, water supplies. 78.52.

Predrilling or prealteration survey. 78.53. Erosion and sediment control. 78.55. On Criticism Summary? Control and essays on weed disposal planning. 78.56. Essay On Criticism? Pits and tanks for temporary containment. 78.57. Control, storage and disposal of production fluids. 78.58. Existing pits used for the control, storage and disposal of production fluids.

78.61. Disposal of drill cuttings. 78.62. Disposal of residual waste#151;pits. 78.63. Disposal of sample, residual waste#151;land application. 78.64. Containment around oil tanks. § 78.51. Protection of water supplies. (a) A well operator who affects a public or private water supply by pollution or diminution shall restore or replace the affected supply with an alternate source of on criticism summary, water adequate in easy resume sample, quantity and quality for the purposes served by the supply as determined by the Department.

(b) A landowner, water purveyor or affected person suffering pollution or diminution of essay on criticism summary, a water supply as a result of drilling, altering or operating an oil or gas well may so notify the Department and request that an investigation be conducted. The notice and request must include the resume sample following: (1) The name, address and telephone number of the person requesting the investigation. (2) The type, location and use of the water supply. (3) Available background quality and quantity data regarding the essay on criticism summary water supply, if known. (4) Well depth, pump setting and water level, if known. (5) A description of the pollution or diminution. (c) Within 10 days of the receipt of the investigation request, the Department will investigate the deconstructing an essay and architecture claim and will, within 45 days of receipt of the request, make a determination. If the Department finds that pollution or diminution was caused by the drilling, alteration or operation activities or if it presumes the essay well operator responsible for resume polluting the water supply of the landowner or water purveyor under section 208(c) of the essay on criticism summary act (58 P. S. § 601.208(c)), the Department will issue orders to the well operator necessary to assure compliance with this section. (d) A restored or replaced water supply includes any well, spring, public water system or other water supply approved by plate osteosynthesis, the Department, which meets the criteria for adequacy as follows: (1) Reliability, cost, maintenance and control. A restored or replaced water supply, at a minimum, must: (i) Be as reliable as the previous water supply.

(ii) Be as permanent as the previous water supply. (iii) Not require excessive maintenance. (iv) Provide the water user with as much control and accessibility as exercised over the previous water supply. (v) Not result in increased costs to on criticism, operate and maintain. If the operating and resume maintenance costs of the restored or replaced water supply are increased, the operator shall provide for permanent payment of the increased operating and maintenance costs of the restored or replaced water supply. (2) Quality. The quality of a restored or replaced water supply will be deemed adequate if it meets the standards established under the essay on criticism summary Pennsylvania Safe Drinking Water Act (35 P. Essay? S. § § 721.1#151;721.17), or is comparable to the quality of the water supply before it was affected by summary, the operator if that water supply did not meet these standards. (3) Adequate quantity. A restored or replaced water supply will be deemed adequate in quantity if it meets one of the following as determined by the Department: (i) It delivers the amount of water necessary to satisfy the water user#146;s needs and essays on weed the demands of on criticism, any reasonably foreseeable uses.

(ii) It is established through a connection to a public water supply system that is capable of delivering the essays on weed amount of essay on criticism, water necessary to satisfy the water user#146;s needs and the demands of discursive essay on abortions, any reasonably foreseeable uses. (iii) For purposes of this paragraph and with respect to agricultural water supplies, the term reasonably foreseeable uses includes the reasonable expansion of use where the water supply available prior to on criticism, drilling exceeded the actual use. (4) Water source serviceability. Replacement of easy resume sample, a water supply includes providing plumbing, conveyance, pumping or auxiliary equipment and facilities necessary for the water user to summary, utilize the water supply. (e) If the water supply is for deconstructing on meaning uses other than human consumption, the operator shall demonstrate to the Department#146;s satisfaction that the restored or replaced water supply is adequate for the purposes served by the supply. (f) Tank trucks or bottled water are acceptable only as temporary water replacement for a period approved by the Department and essay do not relieve the operator of the obligation to provide a restored or replaced water supply. (g) If the well operator and the water user are unable to reach agreement on the means for restoring or replacing the deconstructing the kimbell on meaning water supply, the Department or either party may request a conference under section 501 of the act (58 P. S. § 601.501). (h) A well operator who receives notice from a landowner, water purveyor or affected person that a water supply has been affected by pollution or diminution, shall report receipt of notice from an affected person to the Department within 24 hours of receiving the notice.

The provisions of this § 78.51 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. 3229; amended February 4, 2011, effective February 5, 2011, 41 Pa.B. 805. Immediately preceding text appears at essay on criticism, serial pages (350764) and (317133). § 78.52. Essay? Predrilling or prealteration survey.

(a) A well operator who wishes to preserve its defense under section 208(d)(1) of the act (58 P. S. § 601.208 (d)(1)) that the pollution of essay summary, a water supply existed prior to the drilling or alteration of the well shall conduct a predrilling or prealteration survey in accordance with this section. (b) A person who wishes to document the quality of a water supply to discursive on abortions, support a future claim that the on criticism summary drilling or alteration of the well affected the discursive essay water supply by pollution may conduct a predrilling or prealteration survey in on criticism summary, accordance with this section. (c) The survey shall be conducted by an independent certified laboratory. A person independent of the well owner or well operator, other than an employee of the certified laboratory, may collect the sample and document the condition of the water supply, if the essay certified laboratory affirms that the sampling and on criticism documentation is essay performed in accordance with the laboratory#146;s approved sample collection, preservation and handling procedure and chain of custody. (d) An operator electing to preserve its defenses under section 208(d)(1) of the act shall provide a copy of the summary results of the design survey to the Department and the landowner or water purveyor within 10-business days of receipt of the results. Test results not received by the Department within 10 business days may not be used to preserve the operator#146;s defenses under section 208(d)(1) of the act. (e) The report describing the essay summary results of the survey must contain the following information: (1) The location of the water supply and the kimbell an essay on meaning the name of the surface landowner or water purveyor. (2) The date of the survey, and the name of the certified laboratory and the person who conducted the survey. (3) A description of where and how the sample was collected.

(4) A description of the essay on criticism summary type and age, if known, of the essays on weed water supply, and treatment, if any. (5) The name of the well operator, name and number of well to be drilled and permit number if known. (6) The results of the laboratory analysis. (f) A well operator who wishes to preserve the defense under section 208(d)(2) of the act that the landowner or water purveyor refused the operator access to conduct a survey shall confirm the desire to conduct this survey and that access was refused by issuing notice to the person by certified mail, or otherwise document that access was refused. The notice must include the following: (1) The operator#146;s intention to drill or alter a well.

(2) The desire to conduct a predrilling or prealteration survey. (3) The name of the person who requested and was refused access to essay on criticism, conduct the rogerian essay conclusion survey and the date of the essay summary request and refusal. (4) The name and address of the well operator and the address of the Department, to which the water purveyor or landowner may respond. The provisions of this § 78.52 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. 3229; amended March 6, 1998, effective March 7, 1998, 28 Pa.B. 1234; amended January 27, 2006, effective January 28, 2006, 36 Pa.B. 465; amended February 4, 2011, effective February 5, 2011, 41 Pa.B. Essays On Weed? 805. Immediately preceding text appears at serial pages (317133) to (317134). This section cited in 25 Pa. Code § 78.141 (relating to scope).

§ 78.53. Erosion and sediment control. During and after earthmoving or soil disturbing activities, including the activities related to siting, drilling, completing, producing, servicing and plugging the well, constructing, utilizing and essay summary restoring the access road and conclusion restoring the site, the essay on criticism summary operator shall design, implement and maintain best management practices in accordance with Chapter 102 (relating to erosion and sediment control) and an erosion and sediment control plan prepared under that chapter. Best management practices for oil and gas well operations are listed in the Oil And Gas Operators Manual , Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, Department of Environmental Protection, Guidance No. Design? 550-0300-001 (April 1997), as amended and updated. The provisions of this § 78.53 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. 3229; amended March 30, 2001, effective March 31, 2001, 31 Pa.B. 1736. Immediately preceding text appears at serial page (266200).

This section cited in essay on criticism summary, 25 Pa. Code § 78.18 (relating to disposal and enhanced recovery well permits); 25 Pa. Code § 78.57 (relating to control, storage and disposal of production fluids); 25 Pa. Code § 78.60 (relating to discharge requirements); 25 Pa. Code § 78.61 (relating to disposal of drill cuttings); 25 Pa. Code § 78.62 (relating to disposal of residual waste#151;pits); and 25 Pa. Code § 78.63 (relating to disposal of for severe, residual waste#151;land application). The well operator shall control and dispose of fluids, residual waste and essay on criticism drill cuttings, including tophole water, brines, drilling fluids, drilling muds, stimulation fluids, well servicing fluids, oil, production fluids and drill cuttings in a manner that prevents pollution of the design thesis waters of essay, this Commonwealth and in accordance with § § 78.55#151;78.58 and 78.60#151;78.63 and with the statutes under which this chapter is public space urban promulgated. The provisions of this § 78.54 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. 3229.

This section cited in 25 Pa. Essay? Code § 78.55 (relating to control and the kimbell on meaning and architecture disposal planning). § 78.55. Control and essay on criticism disposal planning. (a) Preparation and implementation of plan. Prior to generation of waste, the well operator shall prepare and implement a plan under § 91.34 (relating to activities utilizing pollutants) for the control and disposal of fluids, residual waste and public thesis drill cuttings, including tophole water, brines, drilling fluids, additives, drilling muds, stimulation fluids, well servicing fluids, oil, production fluids and drill cuttings from the drilling, alteration, production, plugging or other activity associated with oil and gas wells. (b) Requirements. The plan must identify the on criticism control and essay on abortions disposal methods and practices utilized by essay summary, the well operator and be consistent with the act, The Clean Streams Law (35 P.S. § § 691.1#151;691.1001), the Solid Waste Management Act (35 P.S. § § 6018.101#151;6018.1003) and essay § § 78.54, 78.56#151;78.58 and 78.60#151;78.63. The plan must also include a pressure barrier policy that identifies barriers to be used during identified operations. (c) Revisions. The operator shall revise the plan prior to implementing a change to the practices identified in the plan.

(d) Copies. A copy of the plan shall be provided to the Department upon request and shall be available at on criticism, the site during drilling and completion activities for plate olecranon review. (e) Emergency contacts. A list of emergency contact phone numbers for the area in which the well site is located must be included in the plan and be prominently displayed at the well site during drilling, completion or alteration activities. The provisions of this § 78.55 amended under sections 1917-A and 1920-A of The Administrative Code of summary, 1929 (71 P.S. § § 510-17 and 510-20); 35 Pa.C.S. § 7321; 58 Pa.C.S. § § 3202, 3215(e), 3218(a), 3218.2(a)(4), 3218.4(c) and discursive on abortions 3274; section 5 of The Clean Streams Law (35 P.S. § 691.5); section 105 of the essay Solid Waste Management Act (35 P.S. § 6018.105); section 5 of the Dam Safety and Encroachments Act (32 P.S. § 693.5); section 104 of the Land Recycling and Environmental Remediation Standards Act (35 P.S. The Kimbell On Meaning? § 6026.104); sections 301 and 302 of the Radiation Protection Act (35 P.S. Essay? § § 7110.301 and public 7110.302); section 3 of the Unconventional Well Report Act (58 P.S. § 1003); and section 13.2 of the act of July 10, 2014 (P.L. Essay On Criticism? 1053, No. Essays On Weed? 126) adding section 1741.1-E of The Fiscal Code (72 P.S. Essay Summary? § 1741.1-E).

The provisions of this § 78.55 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. 3229; amended February 4, 2011, effective February 5, 2011, 41 Pa.B. 805; amended January 25, 2013, effective January 26, 2013, except that subsection (f)(3) is effective February 25, 2013, subsection (f)(4) is effective July 25, 2013, and subsection (f)(5) is effective April 26, 2013, 43 Pa.B. 526; amended October 7, 2016, effective October 8, 2016, 46 Pa.B. 6431. Design Public? Immediately preceding text appears at serial pages (365451) to (365457). This section cited in 25 Pa. Code § 78.54 (relating to essay, general requirements); and 25 Pa.

Code § 78.72 (relating to use of safety devices#151;blow-out prevention equipment). § 78.56. Pits and tanks for temporary containment. (a) Except as provided in § § 78.60(b) and discursive essay 78.61(b) (relating to discharge requirements; and disposal of drill cuttings), the operator shall contain pollutional substances and wastes from the drilling, altering, completing, recompleting, servicing and plugging the well, including brines, drill cuttings, drilling muds, oils, stimulation fluids, well treatment and servicing fluids, plugging and drilling fluids other than gases in essay, a pit, tank or series of pits and tanks. The operator shall install or construct and maintain the pit, tank or series of plate for severe, pits and on criticism summary tanks in accordance with the following requirements: (1) The pit, tank or series of pits and tanks shall be constructed and maintained with sufficient capacity to contain all pollutional substances and wastes which are used or produced during drilling, altering, completing and plugging the well. (2) A pit shall be designed, constructed and maintained so that at least 2 feet of freeboard remain at all times. If open tanks are used, the tanks shall be maintained so that at least 2 feet of freeboard remain at all times unless the tank is provided with an overflow system to discursive essay on abortions, a standby tank or pit with sufficient volume to contain all excess fluid or waste. If an open standby tank is used, it shall be maintained with 2 feet of freeboard. If this subsection is violated, the operator immediately shall take the necessary measures to essay on criticism, ensure the structural stability of the pit or tank, prevent spills and restore the 2 feet of freeboard.

(3) Pits and tanks shall be designed, constructed and rogerian essay maintained to essay, be structurally sound and reasonably protected from unauthorized acts of third parties. (4) A pit or tank that contains drill cuttings from below the casing seat, pollutional substances, wastes or fluids other than tophole water, fresh water and uncontaminated drill cuttings shall be impermeable and comply with the following: (i) The pits shall be constructed with a synthetic flexible liner with a coefficient of permeability of no greater than 1 x 10 -7 cm/sec and with sufficient strength and thickness to maintain the integrity of the liner. The liner shall be designed, constructed and maintained so that the physical and chemical characteristics of the liner are not adversely affected by essay, the waste and the liner is resistant to physical, chemical and other failure during transportation, handling, installation and use. Adjoining sections of liners shall be sealed together to prevent leakage in accordance with the on criticism summary manufacturer#146;s directions. If the operator seeks to use a liner material other than a synthetic flexible liner, the operator shall submit a plan identifying the type and thickness of the material and the installation procedures to be used, and shall obtain approval of the plan by essays on weed, the Department before proceeding. (ii) The pit shall be constructed so that the essay on criticism liner subbase is smooth, uniform and free from debris, rock and other material that may puncture, tear, cut or otherwise cause the liner to rogerian essay conclusion, fail. The liner subbase and on criticism summary subgrade shall be capable of bearing the weight of the material above the liner without settling that may affect the integrity of the liner.

If the pit bottom or sides consist of deconstructing the kimbell on meaning and architecture, rock, shale or other materials that may cause the liner to fail, a subbase of at least 6 inches of essay on criticism, soil, sand or smooth gravel, or sufficient amount of an equivalent material, shall be installed over the area as the discursive essay subbase for the liner. (iii) The bottom of the pit shall be at least 20 inches above the seasonal high groundwater table, unless the operator obtains approval under subsection (b) for a pit that exists only during dry times of the essay year and is located above groundwater. (iv) If a liner becomes torn or otherwise loses its integrity, the pit shall be managed to prevent the pit contents from leaking from the pit. If repair of the sample liner or construction of another temporary pit is not practical or possible, the on criticism pit contents shall be removed and disposed at an approved waste disposal facility or disposed on the well site in accordance with § 78.61, § 78.62 or § 78.63 (relating to deconstructing, disposal of residual waste#151;pits; and disposal of residual waste#151;land application). (v) If the liner drops below the 2 feet of freeboard, the pit shall be managed to summary, prevent the pit contents from leaking from the essay conclusion pit and the 2 feet of lined freeboard shall be restored. (b) The operator may request to use practices other than those specified in subsection (a) which provide equivalent or superior protection by on criticism, submitting a request to the Department for approval. The request shall be made on forms provided by easy resume sample, the Department. (c) Disposal of essay, uncontaminated drill cuttings in a pit or by land application shall comply with § 78.61. A pit used for the disposal of residual waste, including contaminated drill cuttings, shall comply with § 78.62. Disposal of residual waste, including contaminated drill cuttings, by rogerian essay conclusion, land application shall comply with § 78.63. (d) Unless a permit under The Clean Streams Law (35 P.S. § § 691.1#151;691.1001) or approval under § 78.57 or § 78.58 (relating to control, storage and disposal of production fluids; and existing pits used for on criticism summary the control, storage and deconstructing on meaning and architecture disposal of production fluids) has been obtained for the pit, the owner or operator shall remove or fill the pit within 9 months after completion of drilling, or in accordance with the summary extension granted by easy resume sample, the Department under section 206(g) of the act (58 P.S. § 601.206(g)).

Pits used during servicing, plugging and essay on criticism recompleting the well shall be removed or filled within 90 days of construction. The provisions of this § 78.56 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. 3229; amended December 16, 1994, effective December 17, 1994, 24 Pa.B. 6284; amended March 30, 2001, effective March 31, 2001, 31 Pa.B. 1736. Immediately preceding text appears at serial pages (263009) to (263010) and (241901).

This section cited in 25 Pa. Code § 78.54 (relating to general requirements); 25 Pa. Code § 78.55 (relating to control and disposal planning); 25 Pa. Code § 78.57 (relating to control, storage and disposal of production fluids); and 25 Pa. Code § 78.61 (relating to disposal of drill cuttings). § 78.57. Control, storage and discursive essay disposal of production fluids. (a) Unless a permit has been obtained under § 78.60(a) (relating to discharge requirements), the operator shall collect the brine and other fluids produced during operation, service and plugging of the well in a tank, pit or a series of pits or tanks, or other device approved by the Department for subsequent disposal or reuse. Except as allowed in this subchapter or otherwise approved by essay, the Department, the operator may not discharge the brine and essay other fluids on essay, or into the ground or into the waters of this Commonwealth. (b) Except as provided in § 78.56 (relating to plate osteosynthesis, pits and tanks for temporary containment), the operator may not use a pit for the control, handling or storage of essay on criticism summary, brine and other fluids produced during operation, service or plugging of a well unless the pit is authorized by a permit under The Clean Streams Law (35 P.S. § § 691.1#151;691.1001) or approval to operate the discursive pit as an impoundment under The Clean Streams Law is obtained from the Department under subsection (c).

(c) The operator may apply for approval from the Department to operate a pit as an impoundment under The Clean Streams Law, as indicated by the Department#146;s issuance of a pit approval number in accordance with this section. No pit will be eligible for approval under this subsection unless the capacity of any one pit or of any two or more interconnected pits is less than 250,000 gallons, or the on criticism total capacity contained in pits on one tract or related tracts of land is sample less than 500,000 gallons. Compliance with this subsection does not relieve the operator from the essay on criticism obligation to plate osteosynthesis for severe olecranon, comply with section 308 of The Clean Streams Law (35 P.S. § 691.308) and the requirements for obtaining a permit for the erection, construction and essay on criticism operation of treatment works promulgated under that section. (1) A request for deconstructing the kimbell an essay on meaning and architecture approval under this subsection shall be made on forms furnished by the Department and, at a minimum, shall include the following: (i) A description of the operator#146;s plan that demonstrates compliance with this subsection for essay summary the construction or reconstruction of the pit. (ii) A description of the essays on weed operator#146;s program for operation and maintenance of the essay pit. (iii) A description of the method for subsequent disposal or reuse of the brine or other fluids produced during operation of the well.

(iv) A description of the operator#146;s program for the closure of the pit and restoration of the site. (2) The operator shall design, construct, operate and conclusion maintain the pit in accordance with the essay on criticism summary approval and the following: (i) The pit approval number is posted at discursive essay, the pit in a legible and visible manner. (ii) The pit is not located within 100 feet of on criticism summary, a stream, wetland or body of design space thesis, water unless a waiver is granted by the Department. (iii) The bottom of the pit is a minimum of 20 inches above the essay seasonal high groundwater table. (iv) At least 2 feet of freeboard remain at all times. (v) The pit is structurally sound and the inside slopes of the pit are not steeper than a ratio of 2 horizontal to space thesis urban, 1 vertical. (vi) The pit is impermeable and summary is lined with a synthetic flexible liner or alternate material that has a coefficient of permeability of easy resume sample, no greater than 1 x 10 -7 cm/sec. The liner shall be of sufficient strength and thickness to on criticism, maintain the integrity of the liner. Essays On Weed? The thickness of a synthetic liner shall be at least 30 mils.

Adjoining sections of liners shall be sealed together in accordance with the manufacturer#146;s directions to prevent leakage. (vii) The physical and chemical characteristics of the essay summary liner shall be compatible with the waste and the liner is resistant to physical, chemical and other failure during transportation, handling, installation and use. Deconstructing And Architecture? Liner compatibility shall satisfy EPA Method 9090, Compatibility Test for Wastes and Membrane Liners , or other documented data approved by the Department. (viii) The pit shall be constructed so that the liner subbase is smooth, uniform and summary free of debris, rock and other material that may puncture, tear, cut, rip or otherwise cause the liner to fail. Discursive Essay? The liner subbase and subgrade shall be capable of bearing the weight of the essay on criticism material above the easy resume liner without settling in an amount that will affect the integrity of the liner. If the pit bottom or sides consist of summary, rock, shale or other material that may cause the liner to leak, a subbase of at least 6 inches of soil, sand or smooth gravel, or a sufficient amount of an equivalent material shall be installed over the area as the subbase for the liner. (ix) Prior to placing brine or other fluids in sample, the pit, the operator shall inspect the liner and correct all damage or imperfections that may cause the liner to leak. (x) Surface water which may drain into the pit shall be diverted away from the pit. (xi) The pit is essay on criticism reasonably protected from unauthorized acts of third parties.

(3) Upon abandonment of the well or revocation of the approval by the Department, the operator shall restore the pit in accordance with the following: (i) The free liquid fraction of the pit contents shall be removed and disposed under § 78.60(a) and the remaining pit contents and liner shall be removed and disposed under § § 78.62 and 78.63 (relating to disposal of residual waste#151;pits; and disposal of residual waste#151;land application), or the Solid Waste Management Act. (ii) The pit shall be backfilled to the ground surface and graded to promote runoff with no depression that would accumulate or pond water on the surface. The stability of the backfilled pit shall be compatible with the adjacent land. (iii) The surface of the backfilled pit area shall be revegetated to stabilize the soil surface and comply with § 78.53 (relating to erosion and sedimentation control). The revegetation shall establish a diverse, effective, permanent, vegetative cover which is conclusion capable of self-regeneration and plant succession. Where vegetation would interfere with the intended use of the surface by the landowner, the surface shall be stabilized against accelerated erosion.

The provisions of this § 78.57 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. 3229. This section cited in 25 Pa. Code § 78.54 (relating to general requirements); 25 Pa. Code § 78.55 (relating to control and disposal planning); 25 Pa. Code § 78.56 (relating to pits and tanks for temporary containment); and 25 Pa. Code § 78.58 (relating to existing pits used for the control, storage and disposal of production fluids). § 78.58. Existing pits used for the control, storage and disposal of production fluids.

For pits in existence on essay on criticism summary, July 29, 1989, the operator may request approval for an alternate method of satisfying the deconstructing an essay and architecture requirements of § 78.57(c)(2)(iii) (relating to control, storage and disposal of production fluids), the on criticism angle of slope requirements of § 78.57(c)(2)(v) and the liner requirement of § 78.57(c)(2)(vi)#151;(viii) by resume, affirmatively demonstrating to essay summary, the Department#146;s satisfaction, by the use of monitoring wells or other methods approved by on abortions, the Department, that the pit is impermeable and on criticism summary that the method will provide protection equivalent or superior to that provided by § 78.57. The operator shall request approval under § 78.57(c)(1). The provisions of this § 78.58 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. 3229. This section cited in easy, 25 Pa.

Code § 78.54 (relating to summary, general requirements); 25 Pa. Code § 78.55 (relating to control and disposal planning); and 25 Pa. Code § 78.56 (relating to pits and tanks for design temporary containment). The provisions of this § 78.59 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. 3229; reserved March 30, 2001, effective March 31, 2001, 31 Pa.B. 1736. Immediately preceding text appears at on criticism summary, serial page (271914). (a) The owner and operator may not cause or allow a discharge of a substance to the waters of this Commonwealth unless the discharge complies with this subchapter and essay conclusion Chapters 91#151;93, 95 and 102, The Clean Streams Law (35 P.S. Summary? § § 691.1#151;691.1001) and the act. (b) The owner and operator may not discharge tophole water or water in a pit as a result of precipitation by deconstructing the kimbell an essay on meaning, land application unless the summary discharge is in accordance with the following requirements: (1) No additives, drilling muds, pollutional materials or drilling fluids other than gases or fresh water have been added to or are contained in the water, unless otherwise approved by on abortions, the Department.

(2) The pH is essay on criticism not less than 6 nor greater than 9 standard units, or is characteristic of the natural background quality of the groundwater. (3) The specific conductance of the the kimbell on meaning and architecture discharge is less than 1,000 µmHos/cm. (4) There is no sheen from oil and grease. (5) The discharge water shall be spread over an undisturbed, vegetated area capable of absorbing the tophole water and filtering solids in the discharge, and spread in a manner that prevents a direct discharge to surface waters and essay on criticism complies with § 78.53 (relating to erosion and sedimentation control). (6) Upon completion, the design public space urban area complies with § 78.53. (7) The area of land application is essay on criticism not within 200 feet of a water supply or within 100 feet of a stream, body of water or a wetland unless approved as part of a waiver granted by the Department under section 205(b) of the act (58 P.S. § 601.205(b)). (8) If the water does not meet the osteosynthesis olecranon requirements of paragraph (2) or (4), the Department may approve treatment prior to discharge to the land surface. The provisions of on criticism, this § 78.60 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. 3229; amended December 16, 1994, effective December 17, 1994, 24 Pa.B.

6284; amended March 6, 1998, effective March 7, 1998, 28 Pa.B. 1234; reserved March 30, 2001, effective March 31, 2001, 31 Pa.B. 1736. Discursive Essay On Abortions? Immediately preceding text appears at serial pages (271914) to (241905). This section cited in 25 Pa. Code § 78.54 (relating to general requirements); 25 Pa. Code § 78.55 (relating to control and disposal planning); 25 Pa. Code § 78.56 (relating to pits and tanks for temporary containment); 25 Pa. Code § 78.57 (relating to control, storage and disposal of production fluids); 25 Pa. Code § 78.61 (relating to disposal of drill cuttings); 25 Pa. Code § 78.62 (relating to essay on criticism, disposal of residual waste#151;pits); and 25 Pa.

Code § 78.63 (relating to disposal of residual waste#151;land application). (a) Drill cuttings from above the casing seat#151;pits. The owner or operator may dispose of drill cuttings from above the casing seat determined in discursive on abortions, accordance with § 78.83(b) (relating to surface and coal protective casing and cementing procedures) in a pit at the well site if the owner or operator satisfies the on criticism summary following requirements: (1) The drill cuttings are generated from the well at the well site. (2) The drill cuttings are not contaminated with pollutional material, including brines, drilling muds, stimulation fluids, well servicing fluids, oil, production fluids or drilling fluids other than tophole water, fresh water or gases. (3) The disposal area is design public space thesis urban not within 100 feet of a stream, body of water or wetland unless approved as part of a waiver granted by the Department under section 205(b) of the act (58 P.S. On Criticism? § 601.205(b)). (4) The disposal area is not within 200 feet of a water supply.

(5) The pit is designed, constructed and maintained to be structurally sound. (6) The free liquid fraction of the waste shall be removed and disposed under § 78.60 (relating to discharge requirements). (7) The pit shall be backfilled to the ground surface and graded to promote runoff with no depression that would accumulate or pond water on the surface. The stability of the backfilled pit shall be compatible with the adjacent land. (8) The surface of the backfilled pit area shall be revegetated to stabilize the soil surface and comply with § 78.53 (relating to erosion and sedimentation control). The revegetation shall establish a diverse, effective, permanent, vegetative cover which is capable of self-regeneration and plant succession. Where vegetation would interfere with the intended use of the surface of the landowner, the essays on weed surface shall be stabilized against erosion. (b) Drill cuttings from above the summary casing seat#151;land application. The owner or operator may dispose of drill cuttings from above the casing seat determined in accordance with § 78.83(b) by osteosynthesis for severe olecranon, land application at the well site if the owner or operator satisfies the following requirements: (1) The drill cuttings are generated from the on criticism well at design public space, the well site. (2) The drill cuttings are not contaminated with pollutional material, including brines, drilling muds, stimulation fluids, well servicing fluids, oil, production fluids or drilling fluids other than tophole water, fresh water or gases. (3) The disposal area is not within 100 feet of a stream, body of water or wetland unless approved as part of essay, a waiver granted by the Department under section 205(b) of the easy sample act (58 P.S. § 601.205(b)).

(4) The disposal area is essay on criticism summary not within 200 feet of a water supply. (5) The soils have a minimum depth from surface to bedrock of 20 inches. (6) The drill cuttings are not spread when saturated, snow covered or frozen ground interferes with incorporation of the drill cuttings into the soil. (7) The drill cuttings are not applied in quantities which will result in runoff or in surface water or groundwater pollution. (8) The free liquid fraction is disposed in essays on weed, accordance with § 78.60. (9) The drill cuttings are spread and incorporated into essay on criticism summary the soil. (10) The land application area shall be revegetated to stabilize the essays on weed soil surface and comply with § 78.53. The revegetation shall establish a diverse, effective permanent vegetative cover which is capable of self-regeneration and plant succession. Essay Summary? Where vegetation would interfere with the essays on weed intended use of the surface by the landowner, the surface shall be stabilized against erosion. (c) Drill cuttings from below the casing seat.

After removal of the free liquid fraction and disposal in accordance with § 78.60, drill cuttings from essay summary below the plate osteosynthesis for severe casing seat determined in accordance with § 78.83(b) may be disposed of as follows: (1) In a pit that meets the on criticism requirements of § 78.62(a)(5)#151;(18) and (b) (relating to disposal of residual waste#151;pits). (2) By land application in accordance with § 78.63(a)(5)#151;(20) and (b) (relating to disposal of residual waste#151;land application). (d) The owner or operator may request to use solidifiers, dusting, unlined pits, attenuation or other alternative practices for the disposal of uncontaminated drill cuttings by submitting a request to plate osteosynthesis for severe, the Department for approval. The request shall be made on forms provided by the Department and shall demonstrate that the practice provides equivalent or superior protection to the requirements of this section. (e) A pit used for the disposal of residual waste, including contaminated drill cuttings, shall comply with § 78.62. Land application of residual waste, including contaminated drill cuttings, shall comply with § 78.63.

The provisions of this § 78.61 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. 3229; amended December 16, 1994, effective December 17, 1994, 24 Pa.B. Summary? 6284; amended March 30, 2001, effective March 31, 2001, 31 Pa.B. Easy? 1736. Immediately preceding text appears at serial pages (241905) to (241907). This section cited in 25 Pa.

Code § 78.54 (relating to summary, general requirements); 25 Pa. Code § 78.55 (relating to control and rogerian conclusion disposal planning); and 25 Pa. Code § 78.56 (relating to pits and tanks for temporary containment). § 78.62. Essay? Disposal of residual waste#151;pits. (a) After the removal and disposal of the free liquid fraction of the waste under § 78.60(a) (relating to discharge requirements), the owner or operator may dispose of residual waste, including contaminated drill cuttings, in a pit at the well site if the owner or operator satisfies the on abortions following requirements: (1) The waste is generated by the drilling or production of an oil or gas well that is located on the well site where the waste is disposed. (2) The well is essay permitted under section 201 of the act (58 P.S. Plate Osteosynthesis For Severe? § 601.201) or registered under section 203 of the act (58 P.S. § 601.203). (3) The requirements of section 215 of the act (58 P.S. Essay On Criticism? § 601.215) are satisfied by discursive essay on abortions, filing a surety or collateral bond for wells drilled on summary, or after April 18, 1985. (4) Compliance is maintained with the act and this title.

(5) The disposal area is not within 200 feet measured horizontally from an existing building, unless the easy resume sample current owner thereof has provided a written waiver consenting to the disposal closer than 200 feet. The waiver shall be knowingly made and separate from a lease or deed unless the essay on criticism summary lease or deed contains an explicit waiver from the current owner. (6) The disposal area is not within 100 feet of a stream, body of water or wetland. (7) The disposal area is not within 200 feet of osteosynthesis for severe, a water supply. (8) The bottom of the pit is a minimum of 20 inches above the seasonal high groundwater table. (9) The pit is designed, constructed and maintained to essay, be structurally sound and impermeable.

(10) The pit is lined with a synthetic flexible liner that is compatible with the discursive waste and has a coefficient of permeability of no greater than 1 x 10 -7 cm/sec. The liner shall be of sufficient strength and thickness to maintain the integrity of the liner. The liner thickness shall be at least 30 mils. Adjoining sections of liners shall be sealed together in accordance with the manufacturer#146;s directions to prevent leakage. The operator may use an alternate liner or natural materials, if the material and the installation procedure to be used are approved by on criticism, the Department. Resume Sample? Notice of the approved liners and installation procedures will be published by the Department in essay summary, the Pennsylvania Bulletin . (11) The liner shall be designed, constructed and maintained so that the physical and chemical characteristics of the liner are not adversely affected by conclusion, the waste and the liner is resistant to physical, chemical and essay other failure during transportation, handling, installation and use. Liner compatibility shall satisfy EPA Method 9090, Compatibility Test for Wastes and design public space thesis Membrane Liners , or other documented data approved by the Department. (12) The pit shall be constructed so that the essay liner subbase is smooth, uniform and essays on weed free of debris, rock and other material that may puncture, tear, cut, rip or otherwise cause the liner to fail.

The liner subbase and on criticism summary subgrade shall be capable of bearing the weight of the material above the essays on weed liner without settling. If the pit bottom or sides consist of rock, shale or other material that may cause the essay on criticism liner to fail and leak, a subbase of at sample, least 6 inches of soil, sand or smooth gravel, or sufficient amount of an equivalent material shall be installed over the area as the subbase for essay on criticism summary the liner. (13) Prior to plate osteosynthesis olecranon, placing material in the pit, the liner shall be inspected for lack of uniformity, damage and other imperfections that may cause the liner to leak. The owner or operator shall correct damages or imperfections before placing waste in the pit, and shall maintain the pit until closure of the on criticism summary pit. (14) Prior to resume, encapsulating the waste within the liner, the free liquid fraction of the waste shall be removed and disposed under § 78.60(a). (15) The liner shall be folded over, or an essay summary additional liner shall be added, to completely cover the waste and space thesis the waste is shaped so that water does not infiltrate the liner and essay on criticism is not confined above the discursive liner.

(16) Puncturing or perforating the liner is on criticism summary prohibited. (17) The pit shall be backfilled to resume sample, at least 18 inches over essay summary the top of the liner and graded to promote runoff with no depressions that would accumulate or pond water on the surface. The stability of the sample backfilled pit shall be compatible with the on criticism summary adjacent land. (18) The surface area of the resume sample backfilled pit area shall be revegetated to stabilize the soil surface and comply with § 78.53 (relating to erosion and sedimentation control). The revegetation shall establish a diverse, effective permanent vegetative cover which is capable of self-regeneration and plant succession. Where vegetation would interfere with the intended use of the surface by the landowner, the surface shall be stabilized against summary, erosion. (b) A person may not dispose of residual waste, including contaminated drill cuttings, at the well site unless the deconstructing an essay and architecture waste meets the following requirements: (1) The concentration of essay on criticism summary, contaminants in the leachate from the waste does not exceed 50#037; of the maximum concentration in an essay on meaning, § 261.24 Table I (relating to characteristic of toxicity). (2) The concentration of contaminants in the leachate from the waste does not exceed 50 times the primary maximum contaminant level in effect under § 109.202 (relating to essay summary, State MCLs, MRDLs and treatment technique requirements).

(3) For other health related contaminants, the concentration of for severe, contaminants in the leachate from the waste does not exceed 50 times the safe drinking water level established by the Department. (4) Leachate characteristics are determined in accordance with methods approved by the Department. (c) The owner or operator may request to use solidifiers or other alternate practices for the disposal of residual waste, including contaminated drill cuttings, by submitting a request to the Department for approval. The request shall be made on forms provided by the Department and essay on criticism shall demonstrate that the practice provides equivalent or superior protection to the requirements of this section. The provisions of this § 78.62 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B.

3229; amended December 16, 1994, effective December 17, 1994, 24 Pa.B. 6284; amended March 30, 2001, effective March 31, 2001, 31 Pa.B. 1736. Essays On Weed? Immediately preceding text appears at serial pages (241907) to (241909). This section cited in 25 Pa.

Code § 78.54 (relating to general requirements); 25 Pa. Code § 78.55 (relating to control and disposal planning); 25 Pa. Code § 78.56 (relating to pits and tanks for temporary containment); 25 Pa. Code § 78.57 (relating to control, storage and disposal of summary, production fluids); and 25 Pa. Code § 78.61 (relating to sample, disposal of drill cuttings). § 78.63. Disposal of residual waste#151;land application.

(a) The owner or operator may dispose of residual waste, including contaminated drill cuttings, at essay summary, the well site by osteosynthesis for severe olecranon, land application of the waste if the essay owner or operator satisfies the following requirements: (1) The waste is generated by the drilling or production of an oil or gas well that is located on the well side. (2) The well is permitted under section 201 of the act (58 P.S. Essay? § 601.201) or registered under section 203 of the act (58 P.S. § 601.215). (3) The requirements of section 215 of the act (58 P. S. § 601.215) are satisfied by filing a surety or collateral bond for wells drilled on or after April 18, 1985. (4) Compliance with the act and this title is maintained. (5) The owner or operator shall notify the Department at least 3 working days before the land application activity is to occur. (6) The waste application area is essay summary not within 200 feet measured horizontally from an existing building, unless the current owner thereof has provided a written waiver consenting to discursive on abortions, the application closer than 200 feet. Summary? The waiver shall be knowingly made and separate from deconstructing the kimbell an essay on meaning and architecture a lease or deed, unless the essay on criticism lease or deed contains an explicit waiver from the current owner.

(7) The waste application area is not within 100 feet of a stream, body of space, water or wetland. (8) The waste application area is essay on criticism summary not within 200 feet of a water supply and design space urban is not within 1,000 feet upgradient from an uncased well or spring being used as a water supply. (9) At a minimum, the seasonal high groundwater table is 20 inches from the surface. (10) The soils located within and immediately adjacent to essay on criticism summary, the application area shall fall within the United States Department of essays on weed, Agriculture textural classes of sandy loam, loam, sandy clay loam, silty clay loam or silt loam. (11) The soils have a minimum depth from surface to bedrock of 20 inches. (12) Ground slopes to be utilized for waste applications do not exceed 25#037;. (13) The waste is not spread when the ground is saturated, or when snow or frozen ground would interfere with incorporation of the waste into the soil. (14) Prior to land application of the waste, the free liquid fraction of the waste is removed and disposed under § 78.60(a) (relating to discharge requirements).

(15) The waste is not applied in quantities which will result in surface or groundwater pollution. (16) The waste is not applied in quantities that will adversely affect the intended use of the vegetation. (17) The waste is summary spread and incorporated into the top layer of the for severe olecranon soil to a depth of at least 6 inches. (18) The loading and application rate of waste is on criticism summary consistent with the Departmental guidelines for the proposed operation and may not exceed a maximum waste to soil ratio of 1:1. (19) To determine compliance with this section, the Department may require the owner or operator to conduct soil surveys, monitoring or chemical analysis. (20) The land application area shall be revegetated to stabilize the soil surface and comply with § 78.53 (relating to erosion and sedimentation control). The revegetation shall establish a diverse, effective permanent vegetative cover which is capable of self-regeneration and space urban plant succession.

Where vegetation would interfere with the intended use of the surface by the landowner, the surface shall be stabilized against erosion. (21) If a chemical analysis fails to show compliance with paragraph (18), the owner or operator shall remediate the land application area until compliance is essay demonstrated. (b) A person may not dispose of residual waste, including contaminated drill cuttings, at the well site unless the concentration of contaminants in the leachate from the waste does not exceed the essays on weed maximum concentration stated in § 261.24 Table I (relating to characteristic of toxicity). (c) The owner or operator may request to on criticism, dispose of residual waste, including contaminated drill cuttings, in an alternate manner from plate that required in subsection (a) by submitting a request to the Department for approval. The request shall be made on forms provided by the Department and shall demonstrate that the practice provides equivalent or superior protection to the requirements of this section. The provisions of this § 78.63 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. 3229; amended December 16, 1994, effective December 17, 1994, 24 Pa.B. 6284; amended March 30, 2001, effective March 31, 2001, 31 Pa.B. 1736.

Immediately preceding text appears at serial pages (241909) to (241911). This section cited in 25 Pa. Code § 78.54 (relating to general requirements); 25 Pa. Code § 78.55 (relating to summary, control and disposal planning); 25 Pa. Code § 78.56 (relating to pits and tanks for temporary containment); 25 Pa. Code § 78.57 (relating to control, storage and discursive essay on abortions disposal of production fluids); and 25 Pa. Code § 78.61 (relating to disposal of drill cuttings). § 78.64. Containment around oil tanks. (a) If an essay summary owner or operator uses a tank with a capacity of at least 660 gallons or tanks with a combined capacity of at least 1,320 gallons to contain oil produced from a well, the owner or operator shall construct and maintain a dike or other method of rogerian, secondary containment which satisfies the requirements under 40 CFR 112 (relating to oil pollution prevention) around the on criticism summary tank or tanks which will prevent the space urban tank contents from on criticism summary entering waters of this Commonwealth. (b) The containment area provided by easy, the dikes or other method of secondary containment shall have containment capacity sufficient to hold the volume of the largest single tank, plus a reasonable allowance for precipitation based on local weather conditions and facility operation.

(c) Prior to essay summary, drainage of accumulated precipitation from containment structures, the containment area shall be inspected and accumulations of oil picked up and rogerian essay conclusion returned to the tank or disposed of in accordance with approved methods. (d) After complying with subsection (c), drainage of containment facilities is acceptable if: (1) The accumulation in the containment facility consists of only precipitation directly to the containment facility and essay on criticism summary drainage will not cause a harmful discharge or result in a sheen. (2) The containment drain valve is essays on weed opened and resealed, or other drainage procedure, as applicable, is conducted under responsible supervision. The provisions of this § 78.64 adopted December 16, 1994, effective December 17, 1994, 24 Pa.B. 6284. In addition to complying with section 206 of the act (58 P. On Criticism Summary? S. Conclusion? § 601.206), an owner or operator shall meet the following requirements: (1) A drill hole or bore hole used to essay, facilitate the drilling of discursive on abortions, a well shall be filled with cement, soil, drill cuttings or other earthen material before moving the drilling equipment from the well site. (2) If a well site is constructed and the well is not drilled, the well site shall be restored within 30 days after the expiration of the well permit unless the Department approves an extension for essay summary reasons of essay, adverse weather or lack of essential fuel, equipment or labor. (3) Within 60 days after the restoration of the on criticism summary well site, the operator shall submit a well site restoration report to the Department. The report shall be made on forms provided by the Department and shall identify the following: (i) The date of plate osteosynthesis, land application of the tophole water, the essay on criticism results of pH and essays on weed specific conductance tests and an estimated volume of discharge. (ii) A description of the method used for disposal or reuse of the on criticism free liquid fraction of the waste, and rogerian essay the name of the hauler and essay summary disposal facility, if any. (iii) The location of the pit in relation to the well, the depth of the pit, the type and thickness of the material used for the pit subbase, the easy sample type and thickness of the pit liner, the type and nature of the essay on criticism waste, a description of the deconstructing the kimbell on meaning pit closure procedures used and essay the pit dimensions.

(iv) The location of the on meaning area used for land application of the summary waste, and the results of a chemical analysis of the waste soil mixture if requested by the Department. (v) The types and volumes of waste produced and the name and address of the design public space waste disposal facility and waste hauler used to dispose of the waste. The provisions of this § 78.65 adopted December 16, 1994, effective December 17, 1994, 24 Pa.B. 6284. (a) A release of a substance causing or threatening pollution of the waters of this Commonwealth, shall comply with the essay on criticism summary reporting and corrective action requirements of § 91.33 (relating to incidents causing or threatening pollution). (b) If a reportable release of brine on or into the ground occurs at the well site, the owner or operator shall notify the appropriate regional office of the Department as soon as practicable, but no later than 2 hours after detecting or discovering the release. (c) The notice required by subsection (b) shall be by telephone and describe: (1) The name, address and telephone number of the company and person reporting the incident. (2) The date and time of the incident or when it was detected. (3) The location and cause of the incident. (4) The quantity of the brine released. (5) Available information concerning the contamination of surface water, groundwater or soil.

(6) Remedial actions planned, initiated or completed. (d) If, because of an accident, an amount of essays on weed, brine less than the reportable amount as described in § 78.1 (relating to definitions), spills, leaks or escapes, that incident does not have to be reported. (e) Upon the essay on criticism summary occurrence of any release, the owner or operator shall take necessary corrective actions to: (1) Prevent the substance from plate osteosynthesis olecranon reaching the waters of this Commonwealth. (2) Recover or remove the summary substance which was released. (3) Dispose of the essays on weed substance in accordance with this subchapter or as approved by the Department. The provisions of this § 78.66 adopted March 30, 2001, effective March 31, 2001, 31 Pa.B. 1736. Subchapter D. WELL DRILLING, OPERATION AND.

78.71. Use of safety devices#151;well casing. 78.72. Use of safety devices#151;blow-out prevention equipment. 78.73. General provision for well construction and operation. 78.75a. Area of alternative methods. 78.76. Drilling within a gas storage reservoir area.

78.77. Wells in essay on criticism, a hydrogen sulfide area. 78.78 Pillar permit applications. 78.82. Plate Osteosynthesis For Severe? Use of conductor pipe. 78.83. Surface and coal protective casing and cementing procedures. 78.83a. Casing and cementing plan. 78.83b. Casing and cementing#151;lost circulation.

78.83c. Intermediate and essay summary production casing. 78.86. Defective casing or cementing. 78.87 Gas storage reservoir protective casing and cementing procedures. 78.88. Mechanical integrity of operating wells. 78.89.

Gas migration response. 78.92. Wells in coal areas#151;surface or coal protective casing is cemented. 78.93. Wells in coal areas#151;surface or coal protective casing anchored with a packer or cement. 78.94. Wells in noncoal areas#151;surface casing is not cemented or not present.

78.95. Rogerian Essay Conclusion? Wells in noncoal areas#151;surface casing is cemented. 78.96. Marking the on criticism location of a plugged well. 78.97. Plugging a well stimulated with explosives. 78.98. Restricting surface water from the well bore. 78.102.

Criteria for design space thesis urban approval of inactive status. 78.103. Essay On Criticism Summary? Annual monitoring of inactive wells. 78.104. Term of inactive status. 78.105. Revocation of inactive status. This subchapter cited in 25 Pa. Code § 78.401 (relating to storage well construction). § 78.71.

Use of safety devices#151;well casing. (a) The operator shall equip the well with one or more strings of casing of sufficient cemented length and strength to attach proper well control equipment and prevent blowouts, explosions, fires and casing failures during installation, completion and operation. (b) The operator shall determine the osteosynthesis amount and type of essay on criticism, casing to plate for severe olecranon, be run and the amount and type of cement to be used in accordance with current prudent industry practices and essay engineering. In making the determinations, the operator shall consider the following: (1) Successful local practices for similar wells. (2) Maximum anticipated surface pressure. (3) Collapse resistance. (4) Tensile strength.

(5) Chemical environment. (6) Potential mechanical damage. (7) Manufacturing standards, including American Petroleum Institute or equivalent specifications for pipe used in wells drilled below the rogerian conclusion Onondaga formation or where blow-out preventers are required. The provisions of this § 78.71 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. 3229; amended February 4, 2011, effective February 5, 2011, 41 Pa.B. 805. Immediately preceding text appears at serial page (276323). § 78.72. Use of safety devices#151;blow-out prevention equipment.

(a) The operator shall use blow-out prevention equipment after setting casing with a competent casing seat in essay on criticism, the following circumstances: (1) When drilling out solid core hydraulic fracturing plugs to complete a well. (2) When well head pressures or natural open flows are anticipated at the well site that may result in discursive on abortions, a loss of on criticism summary, well control. (3) When the operator is drilling in an area where there is easy resume sample no prior knowledge of the essay on criticism pressures or natural open flows to be encountered. (4) On wells regulated by the Oil and Gas Conservation Law (58 P.S. § § 401#151;419). (5) When drilling within 200 feet of a building. (b) Blow-out prevention equipment used must be in good working condition at all times. (c) Controls for the blow-out preventer shall be accessible to allow actuation of the equipment. Additional controls for a blow-out preventer with a pressure rating of greater than 3,000 psi, not associated with the rig hydraulic system, shall be located at least 50 feet away from the drilling rig so that the blow-out preventer can be actuated if control of the well is osteosynthesis for severe lost.

(d) The operator shall use pipe fittings, valves and unions placed on or connected to the blow-out prevention systems that have a working pressure capability that exceeds the anticipated pressures. (e) The operator shall conduct a complete test of the ram type blow-out preventer and related equipment for both pressure and ram operation before placing it in service on the well. The operator shall test the essay summary annular type blow-out preventer in accordance with the manufacturer#146;s published instructions, or the instructions of a professional engineer, prior to the device being placed in service. Blow-out prevention equipment that fails the test may not be used until it is repaired and passes the test. (f) When the equipment is in service, the operator shall visually inspect blow-out prevention equipment during each tour of drilling operation and during actual drilling operations test the pipe rams for closure daily and the blind rams for closure on each round trip. When more than one round trip is made in a day, one daily closure test for blind rams is sufficient. Testing shall be conducted in accordance with American Petroleum Institute publication API RP53, #145;#145;API Recommended Practice for Blowout Prevention Equipment Systems for Drilling Wells,#146;#146; or other procedure approved by the Department. The operator shall record the results of the inspection and closure test in the kimbell and architecture, the drillers log before the end of the tour. Essay Summary? If blow-out prevention equipment is an essay on meaning not in on criticism, good working order, drilling shall cease when cessation of for severe, drilling can be accomplished safely and not resume until the blow-out prevention equipment is essay on criticism repaired or replaced and resume sample retested. (g) All lines, valves and fittings between the closing unit and the blow-out preventer stack must be flame resistant and have a rated working pressure that meets or exceeds the requirements of the blow-out preventer system. (h) When a blowout preventer is summary installed or required under subsection (a), there shall be present on the well site an individual with a current certification from a well control course accredited by the International Association of Drilling Contractors or other organization approved by the Department.

The certification shall be available for review at the well site. Plate For Severe Olecranon? The Department will maintain a list of on criticism, approved accrediting organizations on its web site. (i) Well drilling and completion operations requiring pressure barriers, as identified by the operator under § 78.55(b) (relating to control and disposal plan), shall employ at plate for severe olecranon, least two mechanical pressure barriers between the open producing formation and the atmosphere that are capable of being tested. The mechanical pressure barriers shall be tested according to manufacturer specifications prior to operation. If during the course of operations the operator only essay on criticism has one functioning barrier, operations must cease until additional barriers are added and tested or the redundant barrier is repaired and tested. Stripper rubber or a stripper head may not be considered a barrier. (j) The minimum amount of intermediate casing that is cemented to the surface to which blow-out prevention equipment may be attached, shall be in accordance with the for severe olecranon following: (k) Upon completion of the drilling operations at a well, the operator shall install and essay summary utilize equipment, such as a shut-off valve of sufficient rating to contain anticipated pressure, lubricator or similar device, as may be necessary to enable the well to be effectively shut-in while logging and servicing the well and after completion of the well. The provisions of this § 78a.72 amended under 58 Pa.C.S. § § 3202, 3215(e), 3218(a), 3218.2(a)(4), 3218.4(c) and 3274; section 5 of deconstructing an essay on meaning and architecture, The Clean Streams Law (35 P.S. § 691.5); section 105 of the summary Solid Waste Management Act (35 P.S. § 6018.105); section 5 of the easy Dam Safety and Encroachments Act (32 P.S. § 693.5); section 104 of the Land Recycling and Environmental Remediation Standards Act (35 P.S. § 6026.104); sections 301 and 302 of the Radiation Protection Act (35 P.S. Essay On Criticism Summary? § § 7110.301 and essays on weed 7110.302); section 3 of the Unconventional Well Report Act (58 P.S. § 1003); section 13.2 of the act of July 10, 2014 (P.L. Essay On Criticism? 1053, No. Rogerian? 126) adding section 1741.1-E of The Fiscal Code (72 P.S. § 1741.1-E); and essay on criticism summary sections 1917-A and 1920-A of The Administrative Code of 1929 (71 P.S. § § 510-17 and 510-20). The provisions of this § 78.72 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B.

3229; amended February 4, 2011, effective February 5, 2011, 41 Pa.B. 805; amended October 7, 2016, effective October 8, 2016, 46 Pa.B. 6431. Immediately preceding text appears at serial pages (355529) to (355531). § 78.73. General provision for well construction and operation.

(a) The operator shall construct and operate the well in accordance with this chapter and ensure that the integrity of the well is plate osteosynthesis for severe olecranon maintained and essay on criticism summary health, safety, environment and plate osteosynthesis for severe olecranon property are protected. (b) The operator shall prevent gas, oil, brine, completion and servicing fluids, and on criticism any other fluids or materials from below the casing seat from sample entering fresh groundwater, and shall otherwise prevent pollution or diminution of fresh groundwater. (c) After a well has been completed, recompleted, reconditioned or altered the essay on criticism operator shall prevent surface shut-in pressure and discursive essay surface producing back pressure inside the surface casing or coal protective casing from exceeding the following pressure: 80#037; multiplied by 0.433 psi per foot multiplied by the casing length (in feet) of the applicable casing. (d) After a well has been completed, recompleted, reconditioned or altered, if the surface shut-in pressure or surface producing back pressure exceeds the summary pressure as calculated in subsection (c), the operator shall take action to prevent the migration of gas and other fluids from lower formations into rogerian conclusion fresh groundwater. To meet this standard the operator may cement or install on a packer sufficient intermediate or production casing or take other actions approved by the Department. This section does not apply during testing for mechanical integrity in accordance with State or Federal requirements. (e) Excess gas encountered during drilling, completion or stimulation shall be flared, captured or diverted away from the drilling rig in a manner that does not create a hazard to the public health or safety. (f) Except for gas storage wells, the well must be equipped with a check valve to essay summary, prevent backflow from the for severe olecranon pipelines into the well.

The provisions of essay on criticism summary, this § 78.73 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. 3229; amended February 4, 2011, effective February 5, 2011, 41 Pa.B. 805. Essay Conclusion? Immediately preceding text appears at on criticism, serial pages (276324) to (276325). This section cited in 25 Pa. Code § 78.83 (relating to surface and coal protective casing and cementing procedures); 25 Pa. Code § 78.83b (relating to casing and cementing#151;lost circulation); and 25 Pa. Code § 78.88 (relating to mechanical integrity of operating wells). The venting of essays on weed, gas to the atmosphere from a well is prohibited when the on criticism summary venting produces a hazard to the public health and rogerian essay safety.

The provisions of this § 78.74 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. 3229. (a) A well operator may request approval from the Department to use an alternative method or material for on criticism summary the casing, plugging or equipping of a well under section 211 of the act (58 P.S. § 601.211). (b) A well operator seeking approval under this section shall file an application with the resume Department on forms furnished by the Department. The application shall: (1) Describe the proposed alternative method or material, in on criticism, reasonable detail.

(2) Indicate the manner in rogerian conclusion, which the alternative will satisfy the summary goals of the act and this chapter. (3) Include a drawing or schematic of the essays on weed alternative method, if appropriate. (c) The well operator shall notify all coal owners and operators and gas storage operators of record of the proposal, by certified mail. Summary? The well operator shall state in essay, the application that he has sent the certified mail notice to the coal owners and operators and gas storage operators of essay, record, either simultaneously with or prior to submitting the essays on weed proposal to the Department. (d) The coal owners and operators and gas storage operators of record shall have up to 15 days from on criticism summary their receipt of the notice to file objections or to indicate concurrence with the proposed alternative method or material. (e) If no objections are filed within 15 days from receipt of the notice, and essays on weed if none are raised by the Department, the Department will make a determination whether to allow the use of the proposed alternative method or material.

The provisions of this § 78.75 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. 3229; amended March 30, 2001, effective March 31, 2001, 31 Pa.B. 1736. Immediately preceding text appears at serial pages (241916) to (241917). This section cited in 25 Pa. Code § 78.81 (relating to general provisions); 25 Pa. Code § 78.83 (relating to surface and coal protective casing and cementing procedures); 25 Pa. On Criticism Summary? Code § 78.87 (relating to gas storage reservoir protective casing and cementing procedures); and 25 Pa.

Code § 78.401 (relating to deconstructing the kimbell an essay and architecture, storage well construction). § 78.75a. Area of on criticism, alternative methods. (a) The Department may designate an area of essays on weed, alternative methods if the Department determines that well drilling requirements beyond those provided in essay on criticism summary, this chapter are necessary to drill, operate or plug a well in a safe and environmentally protective manner. (b) To establish an resume sample area of alternative methods, the Department will publish a notice in the Pennsylvania Bulletin of the proposed area of alternative methods and provide the essay summary public with an opportunity to comment on the proposal. Design? After reviewing any comments received on the proposal, the Department will publish a final designation of the area and required alternative methods in the Pennsylvania Bulletin . (c) Wells drilled within an area of alternative methods established under subsection (b) must meet the essay requirements specified by the Department unless the operator obtains approval from the Department to drill, operate or plug the well in a different manner that is at least as safe and protective of the environment as the requirements of the area of alternative methods. The provisions of this § 78.75a adopted February 4, 2011, effective February 5, 2011, 41 Pa.B. 805. § 78.76. Drilling within a gas storage reservoir area. (a) An operator proposing to easy sample, drill a well within a gas storage reservoir area or a reservoir protective area to produce gas or oil shall forward by certified mail a copy of the well location plat, the drilling, casing and cementing plan and the anticipated date drilling will commence to the gas storage reservoir operator and to the Department for approval by the Department and shall submit proof of notification to the gas storage reservoir operator to the Department with the well permit application.

(b) The storage operator may file an objection with the Department to the drilling, casing and essay cementing plan or the proposed well location within 15 days of receipt of the notification and request a conference in accordance with section 501 of the act (58 P. S. § 601.501). The provisions of this § 78.76 adopted December 16, 1994, effective December 17, 1994, 24 Pa.B. 6284; amended March 30, 2001, effective March 31, 2001, 31 Pa.B. 1736; amended February 4, 2011, effective February 5, 2011, 41 Pa.B. 805.

Immediately preceding text appears at serial page (276326). § 78.77. Wells in a hydrogen sulfide area. (a) An operator proposing to drill a well within a 1-mile radius of a well drilled to or through the same formation where hydrogen sulfide has been found while drilling shall install monitoring equipment during drilling at the well site to detect the presence of plate for severe olecranon, hydrogen sulfide in accordance with American Petroleum Institute publication RP49, #145;#145;Recommended Practices for Safe Drilling of summary, Wells Containing Hydrogen Sulfide.#146;#146; (b) When hydrogen sulfide is detected in essay, concentrations of 20 ppm or greater, the well shall be drilled in accordance with American Petroleum Institute publication API RP49, #145;#145;Recommended Practices for essay on criticism Safe Drilling of Wells Containing Hydrogen Sulfide.#146;#146; (c) An operator who operates a well in an essay on meaning and architecture, which hydrogen sulfide is discovered in essay, concentrations of 20 ppm or greater shall operate the well in a way that presents no danger to human health or to the environment. (d) When an operator discovers hydrogen sulfide in concentrations of 20 ppm or greater during the discursive on abortions drilling of a well, the operator shall notify the Department and identify the on criticism location of the well and the concentration of hydrogen sulfide detected. The Department will maintain a list of urban, all notices that will be available to operators for their reference. The provisions of this § 78.77 adopted December 16, 1994, effective December 17, 1994, 24 Pa.B. 6284.

(a) The Department will use recommendations for coal pillar size and configuration set forth in the coal pillar study, listed in the Department#146;s Coal Pillar Technical Guidance Number 550-2100-006 (October 31, 1998) and any updates or revisions, as a basis for approval or disapproval of coal pillar permit applications submitted by underground coal mine operators. (b) Where proposed coal pillar size and essay summary configuration does not conform to the recommendations of the olecranon coal pillar study referenced in subsection (a), the underground coal mine operator may request Department approval for essay on criticism summary an alternate coal pillar size and rogerian essay conclusion configuration. The provisions of on criticism, this § 78.78 adopted March 30, 2001, effective March 31, 2001, 31 Pa.B. 1736. (a) The operator shall conduct casing and cementing activities under this section and § § 78.82#151;78.87 or an approved alternate method under § 78.75 (relating to rogerian conclusion, alternative methods). Essay On Criticism Summary? The operator shall case and cement a well to accomplish the following: (1) Allow effective control of the well at all times. (2) Prevent the migration of gas or other fluids into sources of fresh groundwater. (3) Prevent pollution or diminution of fresh groundwater.

(4) Prevent the migration of gas or other fluids into coal seams. (b) The operator shall drill through fresh groundwater zones with diligence and as efficiently as practical to minimize drilling disturbance and commingling of groundwaters. The provisions of on abortions, this § 78.81 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. 3229; amended December 16, 1994, effective December 17, 1994, 24 Pa.B. 6284; amended March 30, 2001, effective March 31, 2001, 31 Pa.B.

1736; amended February 4, 2011, effective February 5, 2011, 41 Pa.B. 805. Immediately preceding text appears at serial pages (276327) to (276328). This section cited in essay, 25 Pa. Code § 78.102 (relating to criteria for approval of inactive status); and 25 Pa.

Code § 78.103 (relating to annual monitoring of conclusion, inactive wells). If the operator installs conductor pipe in the well, the following provisions apply: (1) The operator may not remove the pipe; (2) Conductor pipe shall be installed in essay on criticism, a manner that prevents the subsurface infiltration of surface water or fluids by either driving the the kimbell an essay on meaning pipe into place or cementing the pipe from the seat to the surface; (3) Conductor pipe must be made of steel unless a different material is approved for use by the Department. The provisions of this § 78.82 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. 3229; amended February 4, 2011, effective February 5, 2011, 41 Pa.B. 805. Immediately preceding text appears at serial page (276328). This section cited in 25 Pa. Code § 78.81 (relating to general provisions); 25 Pa.

Code § 78.102 (relating to criteria for approval of essay summary, inactive status); and 25 Pa. Design Public Space Thesis? Code § 78.103 (relating to annual monitoring of inactive wells). § 78.83. Surface and coal protective casing and cementing procedures. (a) For wells drilled, altered, reconditioned or recompleted after February 5, 2011, surface casing or any casing functioning as a water protection casing may not be utilized as production casing unless one of the following applies: (1) In oil wells where the operator does not produce any gas generated by the well and the annulus between the surface casing and the production pipe is essay on criticism summary left open. (2) The operator demonstrates that the pressure in essay, the well is no greater than the pressure permitted under 78.73(c) (relating to general provision for well construction and operation), demonstrates through a pressure test or other method approved by the Department that all gas and fluids will be contained within the well, and installs a working pressure gauge that can be inspected by summary, the Department.

(b) If the well is to be equipped with threaded and coupled casing, the operator shall drill a hole so that the diameter is at essay on abortions, least 1 inch greater than the outside diameter of the casing collar to essay summary, be installed. If the well is to for severe, be equipped with plain-end welded casing, the operator shall drill a hole so that the diameter is at least 1 inch greater than the outside diameter of the casing coupling. (c) The operator shall drill to essay, approximately 50 feet below the deepest fresh groundwater or at least 50 feet into deconstructing the kimbell on meaning and architecture consolidated rock, whichever is essay deeper, and immediately set and permanently cement a string of surface casing to that depth. Except as provided in subsection (f), the surface casing may not be set more than 200 feet below the plate osteosynthesis olecranon deepest fresh groundwater except if necessary to set the essay summary casing in consolidated rock. The surface hole shall be drilled using air, freshwater, or freshwater-based drilling fluid. Prior to deconstructing the kimbell an essay on meaning, cementing, the wellbore shall be conditioned to essay on criticism summary, ensure an rogerian conclusion adequate cement bond between the essay on criticism summary casing and the formation. Design Public Space Thesis Urban? The surface casing seat shall be set in consolidated rock.

When drilling a new well or redrilling an existing well, the operator shall install at least one centralizer within 50 feet of the casing seat and then install a centralizer in intervals no greater than every 150 feet above the first centralizer. (d) The operator shall permanently cement the surface casing by placing the cement in the casing and displacing it into the annular space between the wall of the hole and the outside of the casing. (e) Where potential oil or gas zones are anticipated to be found at essay, depths within 50 feet below the deepest fresh groundwater, the operator shall set and permanently cement surface casing prior to drilling into a stratum known to contain, or likely containing, oil or gas. (f) If additional fresh groundwater is encountered in drilling below the permanently cemented surface casing, the operator shall document the depth of the fresh ground water zone in essays on weed, the well record and protect the additional fresh groundwater by installing and cementing a subsequent string of casing or other procedures approved by the Department to completely isolate and protect fresh groundwater. The string of casing may also penetrate zones bearing salty or brackish water with cement in the annular space being used to segregate the various zones. Sufficient cement shall be used to cement the casing to the surface. The operator shall install at on criticism summary, least one centralizer within 50 feet of the casing seat and then install a centralizer in intervals no greater than, if possible, every 150 feet above the first centralizer. (g) The operator shall set and cement a coal protective string of casing through workable coal seams. The base of the coal protective casing shall be at least 30 feet below the lowest workable coal seam.

The operator shall install at essays on weed, least two centralizers. One centralizer shall be within 50 feet of the casing seat and the second centralizer shall be within 100 feet of the surface. (h) Unless an summary alternative method has been approved by the Department in accordance with § 78.75 (relating to alternative methods), when a well is drilled through a coal seam at a location where the coal has been removed or when a well is an essay and architecture drilled through a coal pillar, the operator shall drill to essay, a depth of at least 30 feet but no more than 50 feet deeper than the osteosynthesis bottom of the coal seam. The operator shall set and cement a coal protection string of casing to essay, this depth. The operator shall equip the casing with a cement basket or other similar device above and as close to the top of the coal seam as practical. The bottom of the essays on weed casing must be equipped with an appropriate device designed to prevent deformation of the essay on criticism summary bottom of the casing. The interval from the an essay on meaning bottom of the essay on criticism casing to essays on weed, the bottom of the on criticism coal seam shall be filled with cement either by on abortions, the balance method or by on criticism summary, the displacement method. Cement shall be placed on essay on abortions, top of the basket between the on criticism wall of the hole and the outside of the casing by pumping from the the kimbell and architecture surface.

If the operator penetrates more than one coal seam from which the coal has been removed, the operator shall protect each seam with a separate string of essay summary, casing that is set and cemented or with a single string of casing which is plate for severe olecranon stage cemented so that each coal seam is protected as described in this subsection. The operator shall cement the well to isolate workable coal seams from each other. (i) If the operator sets and essay on criticism cements casing under subsection (g) or (h) and subsequently encounters additional fresh groundwater zones below the deepest cemented casing string installed, the operator shall protect the essay fresh groundwater by installing and summary cementing another string of casing or other method approved by osteosynthesis olecranon, the Department. Sufficient cement shall be used to cement the casing to the surface. The additional casing string may also penetrate zones bearing brackish or salt water, but shall be run and cemented prior to penetrating a zone known to or likely to contain oil or gas.

The operator shall install at on criticism summary, least one centralizer within 50 feet of the casing seat and then, if possible, install a centralizer in intervals no greater than every 150 feet above the first centralizer. (j) If it is space thesis anticipated that cement used to permanently cement the essay on criticism surface casing cannot be circulated to the surface a cement basket may be installed immediately above the depth of the anticipated lost circulation zone. The casing shall be permanently cemented by the displacement method. Additional cement may be added above the cement basket, if necessary, by pumping through a pour string from the surface to rogerian essay conclusion, fill the annular space. Filling the annular space by this method does not constitute permanently cementing the essay summary surface or coal protective casing under § 78.83b (relating to essay conclusion, casing and cementing-lost circulation). The provisions of this § 78.83 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. 3229; amended March 6, 1998, effective March 7, 1998, 28 Pa.B. 1234; amended February 4, 2011, effective February 5, 2011, 41 Pa.B. 805.

Immediately preceding text appears at serial pages (276328) to (276330). This section cited in on criticism summary, 25 Pa. Code § 78.61 (relating to disposal of drill cuttings); 25 Pa. Code § 78.81 (relating to general provisions); 25 Pa. Code § 78.83c (relating to intermediate and production casing); 25 Pa. Code § 78.102 (relating to criteria for approval of inactive status); and rogerian conclusion 25 Pa. Essay On Criticism? Code § 78.103 (relating to annual monitoring of inactive wells). (a) The operator shall prepare and maintain a casing and cementing plan showing how the well will be drilled and completed.

The plan must demonstrate compliance with this subchapter and include the following information: (1) The anticipated depth and thickness of any producing formation, expected pressures, anticipated fresh groundwater zones and the method or information by which the depth of the deepest fresh groundwater was determined. (2) The diameter of the borehole. (3) Casing type, whether the casing is discursive new or used, depth, diameter, wall thickness and summary burst pressure rating. (4) Cement type, yield, additives and estimated amount. (5) The estimated location of centralizers.

(6) The proposed borehole conditioning procedures. (7) Alternative methods or materials as required by the Department as a condition of the well permit. (b) The plan shall be available at the well site for resume sample review by the Department. (c) Upon request, the operator shall provide a copy of the well-specific casing and cementing plan to the Department for review and approval. (d) Revisions to the plan made as a result of onsite modification shall be documented in the plan and be available for review by the Department. The person making the revisions to the plan shall initial and essay date the revisions.

The provisions of this § 78.83a adopted February 4, 2011, effective February 5, 2011, 41 Pa.B. 805. § 78.83b. Casing and cementing#151;lost circulation. (a) If cement used to permanently cement the surface or coal protective casing is not circulated to essay on abortions, the surface despite pumping a volume of cement equal to on criticism, or greater than 120#037; of the calculated annular space, the essays on weed operator shall determine the top of the cement, notify the Department, and meet one of the following requirements as approved by the Department: (1) Run an additional string of casing at least 50 feet deeper than the string where circulation was lost and essay cement the additional string of casing back to the seat of the string where circulation was lost and vent the annulus of the additional casing string to the atmosphere at all times unless closed for well testing or maintenance. Shut-in pressure on the casing seat of the additional string of casing may not exceed the design urban requirements of § 78.73(c) (relating to intermediate and production casing).

(2) Run production casing and set the production casing on a packer in a competent formation below the string where circulation was lost and vent the annulus of the production casing to the atmosphere at all times unless closed for well testing or maintenance. (3) Run production casing at least to the top of the formation that is being produced and cement the production casing to on criticism, the surface. (4) Run intermediate and production casing and cement both strings of casing to the surface. (5) Produce oil but not gas and leave the annulus between the surface casing and deconstructing the kimbell on meaning and architecture the production pipe open. (b) In addition to meeting the requirements of subsection (a), the operator may also pump additional cement through a pour string from the surface to fill the essay on criticism summary annular space. The provisions of this § 78.83b adopted February 4, 2011, effective February 5, 2011, 41 Pa.B.

805. This section cited in 25 Pa. Code § 78.83 (relating to surface and coal protective casing and cementing procedures). § 78.83c. Intermediate and production casing. (a) Prior to plate, cementing the intermediate and essay summary production casing, the borehole, mud and cement shall be conditioned to ensure an adequate cement bond between the casing and the formation. (b) If the well is to easy resume sample, be equipped with an intermediate casing, centralizers shall be used and the casing shall be cemented to the surface by the displacement method.

Gas may be produced off the intermediate casing if a shoe test demonstrates that all gas will be contained within the well and a relief valve is installed at the surface that is set less than the shoe test pressure. The shoe test pressure shall be recorded in the completion report. (c) Except as provided in § 78.83 (relating to surface and coal protective casing and essay cementing procedures), each well must be equipped with production casing. The production string may be set on a packer or cemented in place. If the production casing is essays on weed cemented in essay on criticism, place, centralizers shall be used and conclusion cement shall be placed by the displacement method with sufficient cement to fill the annular space to a point at least 500 feet above true vertical depth or at least 200 feet above the uppermost perforations, whichever is greater.

The provisions of this § 78.83c adopted February 4, 2011, effective February 5, 2011, 41 Pa.B. Essay Summary? 805. (a) The operator shall install casing that can withstand the effects of tension, and prevent leaks, burst and collapse during its installation, cementing and subsequent drilling and producing operations. (b) Except as provided in subsection (c), all casing must be a string of new pipe with an internal pressure rating that is at least 20#037; greater than the anticipated maximum pressure to which the discursive essay casing will be exposed. (c) Used casing may be approved for use as surface, intermediate or production casing but shall be pressure tested after cementing and before continuation of drilling. A passing pressure test is holding the essay on criticism anticipated maximum pressure to which it will be exposed for 30 minutes with not more than a 10#037; decrease in pressure. (d) New or used plain end casing, except when being used as conductor pipe, that is easy welded together for use must meet the essay summary following requirements: (1) The casing must pass a pressure test by holding the anticipated maximum pressure to which the design public thesis urban casing will be exposed for 30 minutes with not more than a 10#037; decrease in pressure. On Criticism? The operator shall notify the Department at least 24 hours before conducting the test. The test results shall be entered on for severe, the drilling log. (2) The casing shall be welded using at summary, least three passes with the joint cleaned between each pass. (3) The casing shall be welded by a person trained and rogerian essay certified in the applicable American Petroleum Institute, American Society of Mechanical Engineers, American Welding Society or equivalent standard for welding casing and pipe or an equivalent training and certification program as approved by the Department.

The certification requirements of this paragraph shall take effect August 5, 2011. On Criticism Summary? A person with 10 or more years of experience welding casing as of February 5, 2011, who registers with the essay Department by summary, November 7, 2011, is deemed to be certified. (e) When casing through a workable coal seam, the conclusion operator shall install coal protective casing that has a minimum wall thickness of 0.23 inch. (f) Casing which is essay summary attached to a blow-out preventer with a pressure rating of greater than 3,000 psi shall be pressure tested after cementing. A passing pressure test must be holding the rogerian essay anticipated maximum pressure to which the casing will be exposed for 30 minutes with not more than a 10#037; decrease. Certification of the pressure test shall be confirmed by entry and signature of the person performing the test on the driller#146;s log. The provisions of this § 78.84 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. 3229; amended February 4, 2011, effective February 5, 2011, 41 Pa.B. Essay Summary? 805.

Immediately preceding text appears at serial page (276330). This section cited in 25 Pa. Code § 78.81 (relating to general provisions); 25 Pa. On Abortions? Code § 78.102 (relating to criteria for approval of inactive status); and 25 Pa. Code § 78.103 (relating to essay on criticism summary, annual monitoring of inactive wells). (a) When cementing surface casing or coal protective casing, the operator shall use cement that meets or exceeds the ASTM International C 150, Type I, II or III Standard or API Specification 10. Plate Osteosynthesis For Severe Olecranon? The cement must also: (1) Secure the casing in the wellbore. (2) Isolate the wellbore from fresh groundwater. (3) Contain any pressure from summary drilling, completion and production. (4) Protect the casing from corrosion from, and degradation by, the geochemical, lithologic and physical conditions of the surrounding wellbore. For wells employing coal protective casing, this includes, but is not limited to, formulating cement to withstand elevated sulfate concentrations and other geochemical constituents of coal and rogerian conclusion associated strata which have the potential to on criticism summary, adversely affect the integrity of the cement.

(5) Prevent gas flow in resume sample, the annulus. In areas of known shallow gas producing zones, gas block additives and low fluid loss slurries shall be used. (b) After the casing cement is placed behind surface casing, the operator shall permit the cement to set to a minimum designed compressive strength of 350 pounds per square inch (psi) at the casing seat. The cement placed at the bottom 300 feet of the surface casing must constitute a zone of critical cement and achieve a 72-hour compressive strength of 1,200 psi and the free water separation may be no more than 6 milliliters per 250 milliliters of cement. If the surface casing is less than 300 feet, the entire cemented string constitutes a zone of critical cement. (c) After any casing cement is placed and cementing operations are complete, the essay summary casing may not be disturbed for a minimum of 8 hours by doing any of the following: (1) Releasing pressure on the cement head within 4 hours of cementing if casing equipment check valves did not hold or casing equipment was not equipped with check valves. After 4 hours, the easy resume sample pressure may be released at a continuous, gradual rate over the next four hours provided the essay summary floats are secure. (2) Nippling up on or in essays on weed, conjunction to the casing. (3) Slacking off by the rig supporting the casing in the cement sheath. (4) Running drill pipe or other mechanical devices into essay on criticism summary or out of the wellbore with the exception of a wireline used to determine the top of cement.

(d) Where special cement or additives are used, the operator may request approval from the Department to reduce the cement setting time specified in subsection (d). (e) The operator shall notify the Department a minimum of 1 day before cementing of the olecranon surface casing begins, unless the cementing operation begins within 72 hours of commencement of drilling. (f) A copy of the cement job log shall be available at the well site for inspection by the Department during drilling operations. The cement job log must include the mix water temperature and pH, type of cement with listing and quantity of additive types, the volume, yield and essay on criticism summary density in public thesis urban, pounds per gallon of the essay cement and the amount of cement returned to the surface, if any. Public Space? Cementing procedural information must include a description of the essay on criticism pumping rates in barrels per minute, pressures in pounds per design public thesis urban, square inch, time in minutes and sequence of events during the cementing operation. (g) The cement job log shall be maintained by the operator after drilling operations for at essay summary, least 5 years and be made available to the Department upon resume request. The provisions of this § 78.85 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. 3229; amended February 4, 2011, effective February 5, 2011, 41 Pa.B. 805.

Immediately preceding text appears at serial pages (276330) to (276331). This section cited in 25 Pa. Code § 78.81 (relating to general provisions); 25 Pa. Code § 78.102 (relating to essay, criteria for approval of inactive status); and 25 Pa. Code § 78.103 (relating to annual monitoring of inactive wells). § 78.86. Defective casing or cementing. In a well that has defective, insufficient or improperly cemented casing, the operator shall report the defect to the Department within 24 hours of discovery by the operator and shall correct the defect.

The operator shall correct the deconstructing the kimbell an essay on meaning defect or submit a plan to correct the defect for approval by the Department within 30 days. If the defect cannot be corrected or an alternate method is on criticism not approved by the Department, the well shall be plugged under § § 78.91#151;78.98 (relating to plugging). The provisions of this § 78.86 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. 3229. This section cited in 25 Pa. Code § 78.81 (relating to general provisions); 25 Pa. Code § 78.102 (relating to criteria for approval of inactive status); and easy resume sample 25 Pa. Code § 78.103 (relating to annual monitoring of inactive wells). § 78.87. Gas storage reservoir protective casing and cementing procedures. (a) In addition to the other provisions in this subchapter, a well drilled through a gas storage reservoir or a gas storage reservoir protective area shall be drilled, cased and cemented as follows: (1) An operator shall use drilling procedures capable of controlling anticipated gas flows and on criticism pressures when drilling from the surface to 200 feet above a gas storage reservoir or gas storage horizon.

(2) An operator shall use drilling procedures capable of controlling anticipated gas storage reservoir pressures and flows at all times when drilling from 200 feet above a gas storage reservoir horizon to the depth at which the gas storage protective casing will be installed. Operators shall use blow-out prevention equipment with a pressure rating in an essay on meaning and architecture, excess of the allowable maximum storage pressure for the gas storage reservoir. (3) To protect the essay on criticism summary gas storage reservoir, an essay operator shall run intermediate or production casing from a point located at least 100 feet below the gas storage horizon to the surface. The operator shall cement this casing by circulating cement to a point at least 200 feet above the gas storage reservoir or gas storage horizon. (4) When cementing casing in a well drilled through a gas storage reservoir, the operator shall insure that no gas is essay present in essay, the drilling fluids in summary, an amount that could interfere with the deconstructing the kimbell an essay and architecture integrity of the cement. (b) A request by an operator for approval from the on criticism summary Department to use an alternative method or material for sample the casing, plugging or equipping of a well drilled through a gas storage reservoir under section 211 of the act (58 P. S. § 601.211) shall be made in accordance with § 78.75 (relating to alternative methods). The provisions of this § 78.87 adopted March 30, 2001, effective March 31, 2001, 31 Pa.B.

1736. This section cited in 25 Pa. Code § 78.81 (relating to general provisions). § 78.88. Mechanical integrity of operating wells. (a) Except for wells regulated under Subchapter H (relating to underground gas storage) and wells that have been granted inactive status, the operator shall inspect each operating well at least quarterly to on criticism, ensure it is in compliance with the thesis well construction and operating requirements of this chapter and on criticism the act. The results of the easy resume sample inspections shall be recorded and on criticism retained by the operator for at least 5 years and be available for review by resume sample, the Department and on criticism the coal owner or operator. (b) At a minimum, inspections must determine: (1) The well-head pressure or water level measurement. (2) The open flow on plate osteosynthesis for severe olecranon, the annulus of the essay summary production casing or the annulus pressure if the annulus is shut in. (3) If there is evidence of gas escaping from the well and the amount escaping, using measurement or best estimate of quantity. (4) If there is thesis urban evidence of progressive corrosion, rusting or other signs of essay summary, equipment deterioration.

(c) For structurally sound wells in compliance with § 78.73(c) (relating to surface and coal protective casing and cementing procedure), the operator shall follow the reporting schedule outlined in subsection (e). (d) For wells exhibiting progressive corrosion, rusting or other signs of equipment deterioration that compromise the integrity of the essays on weed well, or the well is not in compliance with § 78.73(c), the operator shall immediately notify the Department and take corrective actions to repair or replace defective equipment or casing or mitigate the excess pressure on the surface casing seat or coal protective casing seat according to the following hierarchy: (1) The operator shall reduce the shut-in or producing back pressure on on criticism, the casing seat to achieve compliance with § 78.73(c). (2) The operator shall retrofit the well by rogerian conclusion, installing production casing to reduce the pressure on summary, the casing seat to achieve compliance with § 78.73(c). The annular space surrounding the production casing must be open to the atmosphere. The production casing shall be either cemented to the surface or installed on a permanent packer. The operator shall notify the Department at deconstructing the kimbell an essay on meaning and architecture, least 7 days prior to essay on criticism, initiating the corrective measure. (3) Additional mechanical integrity tests, including, but not limited to, pressure tests, may be required by the Department to for severe olecranon, demonstrate the integrity of the well. (e) The operator shall submit an annual report to the Department identifying the compliance status of each well with the mechanical integrity requirements of this section. The report shall be submitted on forms prescribed by, and available from, the Department or in a similar manner approved by the Department. The provisions of this § 78.88 adopted February 4, 2011, effective February 5, 2011, 41 Pa.B.

805. (a) When an operator or owner is notified of summary, or otherwise made aware of a potential natural gas migration incident, the operator shall immediately conduct an investigation of the incident. Plate Osteosynthesis Olecranon? The purpose of the investigation is to determine the nature of the incident, assess the potential for hazards to public health and safety, and mitigate any hazard posed by the concentrations of stray natural gas. (b) The investigation undertaken by the operator under subsection (a) must include, but not be limited to, the on criticism following: (1) A site visit and interview with the complainant to obtain information about the complaint and to assess the rogerian essay conclusion reported natural gas migration incident. (2) A field survey to assess the presence and concentrations of on criticism, natural gas and essays on weed aerial extent of the essay on criticism summary stray natural gas. (3) If necessary, establishment of monitoring locations at osteosynthesis for severe, potential sources, in potentially impacted structures, and the subsurface. (c) If combustible gas is detected inside a building or structure at concentrations equal to or greater than 10#037; of the L.E.L., the on criticism operator shall do the following: (1) Immediately notify the Department, local emergency response agency, gas and electric utility companies, police and fire departments and, in discursive essay, conjunction with the Department and local emergency response agencies, take measures necessary to ensure public health and safety. (2) Initiate mitigation measures necessary to essay on criticism summary, control and prevent further migration. (3) Implement the additional investigation and mitigation measures as provided in essay conclusion, subsection (e)(1)#151;(5). (d) The operator shall notify the Department and, in conjunction with the Department, take measures necessary to ensure public health and essay safety, if sustained detectable concentrations of combustible gas satisfy any of the following: (1) Greater than 1#037; and less than 10#037; of the L.E.L., in essays on weed, a building or structure.

(2) Equal to or greater than 25#037; of the L.E.L. in a water well head space. (3) Detectable in the soils. (4) Equal to essay summary, or greater than 7 mg/l dissolved methane in water. (e) The Department may require the operator to take the following additional actions: (1) Conduct a field survey to assess the presence and concentrations of combustible gas and essay on abortions the areal extent of the combustible gas in the soils, surface water bodies, water wells, and other potential migration pathways. (2) Collect gas or water, or both, samples at a minimum for molecular and stable carbon and hydrogen isotope analyses from the impacted locations such as water wells, and essay on criticism summary from potential sources of the migration such as gas wells. (3) Conduct an immediate evaluation of the operator#146;s adjacent oil or gas wells to determine well cement and casing integrity and to evaluate the potential mechanism of migration. This evaluation may include assessing pressures for all casing intervals, reviewing records for indications of defective casing or cement, application of cement bond logs, ultrasonic imaging tools, geophysical logs, and other mechanical integrity tests as required. The initial area of assessment must include wells within a radius of resume sample, 2,500 feet and essay on criticism summary may be expanded if required by deconstructing the kimbell an essay, the Department. (4) Take action to correct any defect in the oil and gas wells to mitigate the on criticism stray gas incident. (5) Establish monitoring locations and monitoring frequency in consultation with the Department at potential sources, in plate, potentially impacted structures, and the subsurface. (f) If concentrations of stray natural gas as defined in subsection (c) or (d) are not detected, the summary operator shall notify the Department, and do the following if requested by the Department: (1) Conduct additional monitoring.

(2) Document findings. (3) Submit a closure report. (g) If concentrations of design space thesis, stray natural gas are detected inside a building or structure at concentrations equal to or greater than 10#037; of the L.E.L., the on criticism operator and owner shall file a report with the Department by phone and email within 24 hours after the interview with the complainant and field survey of the extent of public space thesis, stray natural gas. Additional daily or weekly reports shall be submitted if requested by the Department. (h) For all stray natural gas migration incidents, a final written report documenting the results of the investigation shall be submitted to the Department for essay approval within 30 days of the close of the incident, or in a time frame otherwise approved by the Department. The final report must include the following: (1) Documentation of all results of the investigation, including analytical data and monitoring results.

(2) Operational changes established at the operator#146;s oil and gas wells in this Commonwealth. (3) Measures taken by the operator to repair any defects at any of the investigated oil and gas wells. (i) Reports submitted in discursive essay, accordance with this section that contain an analysis of geological or engineering data shall be prepared and sealed by a geologist or engineer licensed in this Commonwealth. The provisions of this § 78.89 adopted February 4, 2011, effective February 5, 2011, 41 Pa.B. 805. (a) Upon abandoning a well, the on criticism summary owner or operator shall plug the well under § § 78.92#151;78.98 or an approved alternate method under section 211 of the act (58 P. S. § 601.211) to stop the vertical flow of the kimbell an essay, fluids or gas within the well bore unless one of the following applies: (1) The Department has granted inactive status under § § 78.101#151;78.105 (relating to inactive status).

(2) The well is part of a plugging schedule that has been approved by the Department and the operator is complying with that schedule, and the schedule takes into account potential harm that the well poses to the environment or public health and safety. (3) The Department has approved the identification of the essay on criticism summary well as an plate for severe olecranon orphan well under section 203 of the act (58 P. On Criticism? S. Essay On Abortions? § 601.203), and the Department has not determined a prior owner or operator received economic benefit after April 18, 1979, from this well other than economic benefit derived only essay as a landowner or from a royalty interest. (b) The operator shall plug a well where a radioactive logging source has been lost under § § 78.92#151;78.98 and 78.111. (c) When a well is being plugged from the attainable bottom, the operator shall install a 50-foot plug of cement at the attainable bottom and plug the remainder of the well under § § 78.92#151;78.98. (d) If the production casing cannot be retrieved, the operator shall plug strata bearing or having borne oil, gas or water by perforating the casing and squeezing cement into the annulus or other method approved by deconstructing on meaning and architecture, the Department. The maximum distance the stub of the uncemented production casing may extend is 100 feet below the essay on criticism surface casing seat or coal protective casing seat, whichever is deeper. On Abortions? The uncemented portion of the summary casing left in the well above the total depth or attainable bottom may not extend through a formation bearing or having borne oil, gas or water or extend to a point where it interferes with subsequent plugging requirements of § § 78.92(a)(2) and 78.93(a)(2) and easy sample (b)(4) (relating to wells in coal areas#151;surface or coal protective casing is cemented; and wells in coal areas#151;surface or coal protective casing anchored with a packer or cement).

The remainder of the well shall be plugged under § § 78.92#151;78.98. (e) When plugging a well, an operator shall insure that no gases are present in the well in an amount that could interfere with cementing the on criticism summary well. (f) When plugging a well with a casing string cemented through a gas storage reservoir or reservoir protective area, an operator shall use bridge plugs immediately above and essay below the gas storage reservoir unless an alternate plugging plan has been approved by the Department. (g) When a well located in essay on criticism summary, a coal area is plugged to allow mining through it, the person authorized by the Department to plug the well under the act or section 13 of the Coal and Gas Resource Coordination Act (58 P. S. Rogerian Conclusion? § 513) shall clean out the gas well to essay summary, a depth of at least 200 feet below the coal seam which will be mined and, unless impracticable, to a point 200 feet below the deepest minable coal seam the well penetrates. (h) In lieu of the plugging requirements of § § 78.92#151;78.95 and design public space 78.97, an operator may cement a well from the total depth or attainable bottom to on criticism summary, the surface. Essays On Weed? Wells in coal areas still shall meet the venting requirements of § 78.92 or § 78.93 (relating to essay on criticism summary, wells in coal areas#151;surface or coal protective casing is cemented; and wells in coal areas#151;surface or coal protective casing anchored with a packer or cement). The provisions of this § 78.91 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. 3229; amended December 16, 1994, effective December 17, 1994, 24 Pa.B.

6284; amended March 6, 1998, effective March 7, 1998, 28 Pa.B. 1234; amended March 30, 2001, effective March 31, 2001, 31 Pa.B. 1736. Rogerian? Immediately preceding text appears at serial pages (241923) to on criticism, (241924). This section cited in 25 Pa. Code § 78.86 (relating to defective casing or cementing); 25 Pa. Essay Conclusion? Code § 78.92 (relating to essay on criticism, wells in coal areas#151;surface or coal protective casing is cemented); 25 Pa.

Code § 78.93 (relating to wells in coal areas#151;surface or coal protective casing anchored with a packer or cement); 25 Pa. Code § 78.94 (relating to wells in noncoal areas#151;surface casing is resume sample not cemented or not present); 25 Pa. Code § 78.95 (relating to wells in noncoal areas#151;surface casing is cemented); and essay on criticism 25 Pa. Resume? Code § 78.407 (relating to plugging gas storage wells). § 78.92. Wells in on criticism summary, coal areas#151;surface or coal protective casing is cemented. (a) In a well underlain by a workable coal seam, where the surface casing or coal protective casing is cemented and the production casing is not cemented or the production casing is rogerian essay conclusion not present, the owner or operator shall plug the well as follows: (1) The retrievable production casing shall be removed by applying a pulling force at least equal to the casing weight plus 5,000 pounds or 120#037; whichever is greater.

If this fails, an attempt shall be made to essay, separate the casing by cutting, ripping, shooting or other method approved by the Department, and making a second attempt to remove the casing by exerting a pulling force equal to the casing weight plus 5,000 pounds or 120#037; of the casing weight, whichever is greater. The well shall be filled with nonporous material from the total depth or attainable bottom of the well, to a point 50 feet below the lowest stratum bearing or having borne oil, gas or water. At this point there shall be placed a plug of cement, which shall extend for at least 50 feet above this stratum. Each overlying formation bearing or having borne oil, gas or water shall be plugged with cement a minimum of 50 feet below this formation to a point 50 feet above this formation. Rogerian? The zone between cement plugs shall be filled with nonporous material. The cement plugs shall be placed in a manner that will completely seal the hole. The operator may treat multiple strata as one stratum and plug as described in this subsection with a single column of cement or other materials approved by the Department. Where the production casing is not retrievable, the operator shall plug that portion of the on criticism summary well under § 78.91(d) (relating to rogerian essay conclusion, general provisions).

(2) After plugging strata bearing or having borne oil, gas or water, the well shall be filled with nonporous material to a point approximately 100 feet below the surface or coal protective casing seat, whichever is essay on criticism summary deeper. Design Space Urban? At this point, a 100-foot plug of cement shall be installed. (3) After the plug has been installed below the casing seat, the inner casing shall be emptied of liquid from the surface to on criticism summary, the plug of cement. A vent or other device approved by the Department shall then be installed on top of the deconstructing inner string of essay, casing to prevent liquids and solids from entering the well but permit access to the full internal diameter of the inner casing when required. The vent or other device approved by the Department must extend, when finally in place, a distance of at least 72 inches above ground level and deconstructing the kimbell on meaning and architecture the permit or registration number must be permanently affixed. (b) The owner or operator shall plug a well, where the surface casing, coal protective casing and essay summary production casing are cemented, as follows: (1) If the total depth or attainable bottom is rogerian essay deeper than the cemented production casing seat, the operator shall plug that portion of the well under subsection (a)(1).

(2) Cement plugs shall be set in the cemented portion of the production casing so that the plugs will extend from at least 50 feet below each stratum bearing or having borne oil, gas or water, to summary, a point at least 100 feet above each stratum bearing or having borne, oil, gas or water. Deconstructing The Kimbell An Essay? A Department-approved mechanical plug may be set 20 feet above each stratum bearing or having borne oil, gas or water as a substitute for the plug of cement. Essay On Criticism? Nonporous material must separate each cement plug or mechanical plug. The operator may treat multiple strata as one stratum and plug as described in this subsection with a single column of design public thesis urban, cement or other materials as approved by the Department. (3) Following the plugging of the cemented portion of the production casing, the uncemented portion of the production casing shall be separated from the cemented portion and retrieved by applying a pulling force at least equal to the casing weight plus 5,000 pounds or 120#037; whichever is greater. If this fails, an attempt shall be made to separate the essay summary casing by cutting, ripping, shooting or other method approved by discursive essay on abortions, the Department, and making a second attempt to remove the casing by exerting a pulling force equal to the casing weight plus 5,000 pounds or 120#037; of the on criticism casing weight, whichever is greater.

The maximum distance the stub of the uncemented portion of the production casing may extend is 100 feet below the surface or coal protective casing whichever is lower. In no case may the uncemented portion of the easy sample casing left in essay on criticism, the well extend through a formation bearing or having borne oil, gas or water. Other stratum above the cemented portion of the deconstructing an essay and architecture production casing bearing or having borne oil, gas or water shall be plugged by filling the hole with nonporous material to essay on criticism summary, 20 feet above the design public space stratum and setting a 50-foot plug of cement. Essay Summary? The operator may treat multiple strata as one stratum and plug as described in this subsection with a single column of cement or other material as approved by the Department. When the uncemented portion of the rogerian essay conclusion production casing is not retrievable, the essay operator shall plug that portion of the design public space thesis well under § 78.91(d). (4) After plugging all strata bearing or having borne oil, gas or water, the well shall be filled with nonporous material to a point approximately 100 feet below the surface or coal protective casing seat, whichever is deeper. Essay On Criticism Summary? At this point a 200-foot cement plug shall be placed so that the plug extends from 100 feet below the casing seat to a point at least 100 feet above the casing seat. (5) After the deconstructing the kimbell an essay 200-foot plug has been installed, the remainder of the well shall be plugged and vented as described in subsection (a)(3). (c) A person authorized by the Department under the act or section 13 of the Coal and essay on criticism summary Gas Resource Coordination Act (58 P. S. § 513) to plug a gas well that penetrates a workable coal seam that was drilled prior to November 30, 1955, or which was permitted after that date but not plugged in accordance with the act, shall plug the well to mine through it in the following manner: (1) The gas well shall be cleaned out to a depth of at least 200 feet below the coal seam which is proposed to be mined and, unless impracticable, to conclusion, a point 200 feet below the on criticism deepest mineable coal seam that the well penetrates. (2) The gas well shall be plugged in accordance with section 13(a)(1), (2), (3) or (4) of the Coal and Gas Resource Coordination Act.

The provisions of this § 78.92 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. 3229; amended December 16, 1994, effective December 17, 1994, 24 Pa.B. 6284; amended March 30, 2001, effective March 31, 2001, 31 Pa.B. 1736; amended February 4, 2011, effective February 5, 2011, 41 Pa.B. 805. Immediately preceding text appears at serial pages (276333) to (276335). This section cited in 25 Pa.

Code § 78.86 (relating to design public thesis urban, defective coating or cementing); 25 Pa. Code § 78.91 (relating to general provisions); 25 Pa. Code § 78.97 (relating to plugging a well stimulated with explosives); and summary 25 Pa. Code § 78.407 (relating to plugging gas storage wells). § 78.93. Wells in coal areas#151;surface or coal protective casing anchored with a packer or cement. (a) In a well where the surface casing or coal protective casing and production casing are anchored with a packer or cement, the owner or operator shall plug the well as follows: (1) The retrievable production casing shall be removed by applying a pulling force at least equal to the casing weight plus 5,000 pounds or 120#037; whichever is rogerian greater.

If this fails, an attempt shall be made to separate the casing by cutting, ripping, shooting or other method approved by essay summary, the Department, and making a second attempt to and architecture, remove the casing by on criticism summary, exerting a pulling force equal to for severe, the casing weight plus 5,000 pounds or 120#037; of the on criticism summary casing weight, whichever is greater. The well shall be filled with nonporous material from the rogerian essay conclusion total depth or attainable bottom of the well, to a point 50 feet below the lowest stratum bearing or having borne oil, gas or water. Essay? At this point there shall be placed a plug of cement, which must extend for at least 50 feet above this stratum. Each overlying formation bearing or having borne oil, gas or water shall be plugged with cement a minimum of 50 feet below this formation to a point 50 feet above this formation. The zone between cement plugs shall be filled with nonporous material. The cement plugs shall be placed in a manner that will completely seal the hole. The operator may treat multiple strata as one stratum and plug as described in this subsection with a single column of plate osteosynthesis olecranon, cement or other material as approved by the Department. When the production casing is not retrievable, the operator shall plug this portion of the well under § 78.91(d) (relating to general provisions). (2) The well shall then be filled with nonporous material to a point approximately 200 feet below the lowest workable coal seam, or surface or coal protective casing seat, whichever is deeper.

Beginning at this point a 100-foot plug of essay on criticism summary, cement shall be installed. (3) After it has been established that the surface casing or coal protective casing is plate osteosynthesis olecranon free and can be retrieved, the surface or coal protective casing shall be retrieved by applying a pulling force at least equal to the casing weight plus 5,000 pounds or 120#037; whichever is greater. If this fails, an attempt shall be made to essay on criticism summary, separate the casing by cutting, ripping, shooting or other method approved by osteosynthesis, the Department, and making a second attempt to remove the casing by exerting a pulling force equal to the casing weight plus 5,000 pounds or 120#037; of the on criticism summary casing weight, whichever is essay on abortions greater. On Criticism? A string of casing with an resume sample outside diameter of at essay on criticism summary, least 4 1/2 inches for gas wells, or at least 2 inches for oil wells, shall be run to the top of the 100-foot plug described in paragraph (2) and cemented to the surface. (4) If the essay surface or coal protective string is not free and cannot be retrieved, it shall be perforated or cut below the lowest workable coal to essay, allow the cement used to cement the 4 1/2-inch or 2-inch casing to communicate between the surface casing or coal protective casing, or both, and the well bore.

A string of casing of at least 4 1/2 inches for gas wells or at least 2 inches for essays on weed oil wells shall be run to the top of the 100-foot plug described in paragraph (2) and cemented to the surface. (5) The inner casing shall then be emptied of liquid and cement from the base of the casing to the surface and a vent or other device approved by the Department shall be installed on the top of the casing to summary, prevent liquids and solids from entering the essays on weed well, but permit ready access to the full internal diameter of the inner casing. Essay? The inner string of casing and the vent or other device approved by the kimbell an essay, the Department must extend, when finally in place, a distance of at least 72 inches above ground level and the permit or registration number must be permanently affixed to on criticism, the vent. (b) The owner or operator shall plug a well, where the surface casing and coal protective casing is anchored with a packer or cement and the production casing is cemented, as follows: (1) If the total depth or attainable bottom is deeper than the cemented production casing seat, the operator shall plug that portion of the well under subsection (a)(1). (2) A cement plug shall be set in essay conclusion, the cemented portion of the production casing so that the plugs extend from at on criticism, least 50 feet below each stratum bearing or having borne oil, gas or water, to a point at design thesis urban, least 100 feet above each stratum bearing or having borne, oil, gas or water. A Department approved mechanical plug may be set 20 feet above the stratum bearing or having borne oil, gas or water as a substitute for on criticism the plug of cement.

Nonporous material shall separate each cement plug or mechanical plug. The operator may treat multiple strata as one stratum and plug as described in on abortions, this subsection with a single column of cement or other materials as approved by the Department. (3) Following the plugging of the cemented portion of the production casing, the uncemented portion of the production casing shall be separated from the cemented portion and retrieved. The maximum distance the stub of the uncemented portion of the on criticism summary production casing may extend is 100 feet below the surface or coal protective casing whichever is lower. In no case may the uncemented portion of the casing left in the well extend through a formation bearing or having borne oil, gas or water. Other stratum above the cemented portion of the production casing bearing or having borne oil, gas or water shall be plugged by filling the hole with nonporous material to plate osteosynthesis olecranon, 20 feet above the stratum and setting a 50-foot plug of cement. The operator may treat multiple strata as one stratum and plug as described in this paragraph with a single column of essay on criticism summary, cement or other material approved by the Department. When the uncemented portion of the production casing is sample not retrievable, the operator shall plug that portion of the well under § 78.91(d). (4) The well shall be filled with nonporous material to a point approximately 300 feet below the bottom of the surface casing or coal protective casing, whichever is deeper. In this case, a 100-foot plug of essay on criticism, cement shall then be placed in deconstructing an essay and architecture, the well beginning at that point and extending to essay summary, a point approximately 200 feet below the bottom of the casing seat.

(5) After it has been established that the surface casing or coal protective casing is free and can be retrieved, the easy resume sample surface or coal protective casing shall be retrieved and a string of casing with an outside diameter of essay on criticism summary, not less than 4 1/2 inches for gas wells, or not less than 2 inches for oil wells, shall be run to the top of the olecranon 100-foot plug described in paragraph (4) and cemented to the surface. (6) If the surface or coal protective string is not free and essay on criticism cannot be retrieved, it shall be perforated or cut below the lowest workable coal seam to allow the cement used to easy, cement the 4 1/2-inch or 2-inch casing to communicate between the surface casing or coal protective casing, or both, and the well bore. A string of casing of not less than 4 1/2 inches for gas wells or not less than 2 inches for oil wells shall be run to the top of the essay on criticism 100-foot plug described in paragraph (4) and cemented to the surface. (7) The inner casing shall then be emptied of liquid and cement from the base of the plate olecranon casing to the surface and on criticism summary a vent or other device approved by the Department shall be installed on the top of the casing to prevent liquids and solids from entering the essays on weed well, but permit ready access to the full internal diameter of the essay on criticism summary inner casing. The inner string of casing and the vent or other device approved by an essay on meaning and architecture, the Department shall extend, when finally in essay on criticism summary, place, a distance of not less than 72 inches above ground level and the permit or registration number shall be permanently affixed to the vent.

(c) A person authorized by the Department under the act or section 13 of the essays on weed Coal and Gas Resource Coordination Act (58 P. S. § 513) to plug a gas well that penetrates a workable coal seam which was drilled prior to on criticism summary, November 30, 1955, or which was permitted after that date but not plugged in accordance with the act shall plug the discursive well to mine through it in the following manner: (1) The gas well shall be cleaned out to a depth of at on criticism, least 200 feet below the coal seam which is proposed to be mined and, unless impracticable, to easy resume sample, a point 200 feet below the deepest minable coal seam which the well penetrates. (2) The well shall be plugged in accordance with section 13(a)(2) or (4) of the essay on criticism summary Coal and Gas Resource Coordination Act. The provisions of this § 78.93 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. 3229; amended December 16, 1994, effective December 17, 1994, 24 Pa.B. 6284; amended March 30, 2001, effective March 31, 2001, 31 Pa.B. 1736; amended February 4, 2011, effective February 5, 2011, 41 Pa.B. 805. Immediately preceding text appears at serial pages (276335) to essays on weed, (276338).

This section cited in 25 Pa. Essay Summary? Code § 78.86 (relating to defective casing or cementing); 25 Pa. Code § 78.91 (relating to general provisions); 25 Pa. Code § 78.97 (relating to plugging a well stimulated with explosives); and 25 Pa. Code § 78.407 (relating to plugging gas storage wells).

§ 78.94. Wells in noncoal areas#151;surface casing is not cemented or not present. (a) The owner or operator shall plug a noncoal well, where the surface casing and production casing are not cemented, or is not present as follows: (1) The retrievable production casing shall be removed by applying a pulling force at rogerian essay, least equal to the casing weight plus 5,000 pounds or 120#037; whichever is greater. Essay Summary? If this fails, an attempt shall be made to separate the casing by cutting, ripping, shooting or other method approved by the Department, and making a second attempt to osteosynthesis, remove the casing by exerting a pulling force equal to the casing weight plus 5,000 pounds or 120#037; of the casing weight, whichever is greater. The well shall be filled with nonporous material from the total depth or attainable bottom of the well, to a point 50 feet below the lowest stratum bearing or having borne oil, gas or water. At this point there shall be placed a plug of cement, which must extend for at least 50 feet above this stratum. Each overlying formation bearing or having borne oil, gas or water shall be plugged with cement a minimum of 50 feet below this formation to a point 50 feet above this formation. The zone between cement plugs shall be filled with nonporous material.

The cement plugs shall be placed in a manner that will completely seal the hole. Essay? The operator may treat multiple strata as one stratum and plug as described in this paragraph with a single column of cement or other materials as approved by the Department. When the production casing is not retrievable, the operator shall plug this portion of the on meaning well under § 78.91(d) (relating to general provisions). (2) After plugging strata bearing or having borne oil, gas or water, the well shall be filled with nonporous material to approximately 100 feet below the surface casing seat and there shall be placed another plug of cement or other equally nonporous material approved by the Department extending at essay summary, least 50 feet above that point. (3) After setting the essays on weed uppermost 50-foot plug, the on criticism retrievable surface casing shall be removed by applying a pulling force at least equal to the casing weight plus 5,000 pounds or 120#037; whichever is greater.

If this fails, an attempt shall be made to on abortions, separate the casing by cutting, ripping, shooting or other method approved by the Department, and making a second attempt to remove the casing by exerting a pulling force equal to the casing weight plus 5,000 pounds or 120#037; of the casing weight, whichever is greater. The hole shall be filled from the top of the essay 50-foot plug to the surface with nonporous material other than gel. If the surface casing is not retrievable, the hole shall be filled from the top of the essays on weed 50-foot plug to the surface with a noncementing material. (b) The owner or operator shall plug a well, where the on criticism surface casing is essays on weed not cemented or not present, and the production casing is cemented as follows: (1) If the essay summary total depth or attainable bottom is deeper than the cemented production casing seat, the essays on weed operator shall plug that portion of the well under subsection (a)(1). (2) Cement plugs shall be set in the cemented portion of the production casing so that each plug extends from at least 50 feet below each stratum bearing or having borne oil, gas or water, to a point at least 100 feet above each stratum. A Department-approved mechanical plug may be used as a substitute for essay the plug of cement.

The mechanical plug shall be set 20 feet above each stratum having borne oil, gas or water. The operator may treat multiple strata as one stratum and plug as described in this subsection with a single column of cement or other material approved by the Department. (3) Following the plugging of the deconstructing the kimbell and architecture cemented portion of the production casing, the uncemented portion of the production string shall be separated from the cemented portion and retrieved. The maximum distance the stub of the uncemented portion of the production casing may extend is 100 feet below the summary surface casing. In no case may the uncemented portion of the production casing left in the hole extend through stratum bearing or having borne oil, gas or water. Other stratum bearing or having borne oil, gas or water shall be plugged by filling the hole with nonporous material to 20 feet above the stratum and essays on weed setting a 50-foot plug of cement. When the uncemented portion of the production casing is not retrievable, the operator shall plug that portion of the well under § 78.91(d). (4) The remainder of the well shall be plugged under subsection (a)(2) and (3). The provisions of this § 78.94 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B.

3229; amended December 16, 1994, effective December 17, 1994, 24 Pa.B. 6284; amended February 4, 2011, effective February 5, 2011, 41 Pa.B. 805. Immediately preceding text appears at serial pages (276338) to (276340). This section cited in 25 Pa. Code § 78.86 (relating to defective casing or cementing); 25 Pa. Code § 78.91 (relating to general provisions); 25 Pa. Code § 78.97 (relating to plugging a well stimulated with explosives); and 25 Pa.

Code § 78.407 (relating to plugging gas storage wells). § 78.95. Wells in noncoal areas#151;surface casing is on criticism cemented. (a) The owner or operator shall plug a well, where the surface casing is cemented and essay conclusion the production casing is not cemented or not present, as follows: (1) The retrievable production casing shall be removed by applying a pulling force at least equal to the casing weight plus 5,000 pounds or 120#037; whichever is greater. If this fails, an attempt shall be made to on criticism, separate the casing by cutting, ripping, shooting or other method approved by resume, the Department, and making a second attempt to essay, remove the essay casing by exerting a pulling force equal to the casing weight plus 5,000 pounds or 120#037; of the on criticism summary casing weight, whichever is greater. The well shall be filled with nonporous material from the total depth or attainable bottom of the discursive essay on abortions well, to a point 50 feet below the lowest stratum bearing or having borne oil, gas or water. At this point there shall be placed a plug of cement, which extends for at least 50 feet above this stratum. Each overlying formation bearing or having borne oil, gas or water shall be plugged with cement a minimum of essay on criticism, 50 feet below this formation to a point 50 feet above this formation. The zone between cement plugs shall be filled with nonporous material.

The cement plugs shall be placed in a manner that will completely seal the discursive essay on abortions hole. On Criticism Summary? The operator may treat multiple strata as one stratum and plug as described in osteosynthesis, this subsection with a single column of cement or other materials as approved by the Department. When the production casing is not retrievable, the operator shall plug this portion of the essay well under § 78.91(d) (relating to general provisions). (2) After plugging all strata bearing or having borne oil, gas or water, the well shall be filled with nonporous material to approximately 100 feet below the surface casing seat. Another plug of cement, or other equally nonporous material approved by the Department, shall be placed extending at plate for severe olecranon, least 50 feet above that point. (3) After setting the 50-foot plug, the summary hole shall be filled from the top of the 50-foot plug to the surface with a noncementing material or the operator shall set a 100-foot cement plug which extends 50-feet into discursive on abortions the surface casing and fill the essay on criticism hole to the surface with noncementing material.

(b) The owner or operator shall plug a noncoal well, where the surface casing and production casing are cemented, as follows: (1) If the olecranon total depth or attainable bottom is deeper than the essay on criticism cemented production casing seat, the essays on weed operator shall plug that portion of the well under subsection (a)(1). (2) Cement plugs shall be set in essay on criticism summary, the cemented portion of the production casing so that each plug extends from at least 50 feet below each stratum bearing or having borne oil, gas or water, to a point at least 100 feet above the stratum. A Department-approved mechanical plug may be used as a substitute for the plug of conclusion, cement. The mechanical plug shall be set 20 feet above each stratum having borne oil, gas or water. The operator may treat multiple strata as one stratum and essay on criticism summary plug as described in this subsection with a single column of cement or other materials approved by the Department. (3) Following the plate plugging of the cemented portion of the production casing, the uncemented portion of the production string shall be separated from the cemented portion and retrieved. The maximum distance the on criticism summary stub of the uncemented portion of the production casing may extend is 100 feet below the surface casing. In no case may the uncemented portion of the production casing left in the hole extend through stratum bearing or having borne oil, gas or water. Other stratum bearing or having borne oil, gas or water shall be plugged by filling the on meaning hole with nonporous material to 20 feet above the on criticism summary stratum and setting a 50-foot plug of cement. When the uncemented portion of the design space urban production casing is not retrievable, the essay on criticism summary operator shall plug that portion of the essay conclusion well under § 78.91(d).

(4) The remainder of the well shall be plugged under subsection (a)(2) and (3). The provisions of this § 78.95 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. 3229; amended December 16, 1994, effective December 17, 1994, 24 Pa.B. 6284; amended February 4, 2011, effective February 5, 2011, 41 Pa.B. 805. Immediately preceding text appears at serial pages (276340) and essay (241931). This section cited in 25 Pa. Public Space Urban? Code § 78.86 (relating to defective casing or cementing); 25 Pa. Code § 78.91 (relating to general provisions); 25 Pa. Code § 78.97 (relating to plugging a well stimulated with explosives); and 25 Pa.

Code § 78.407 (relating to plugging gas storage wells). § 78.96. Marking the location of essay, a plugged well. Upon the completion of plugging or replugging a well, the operator shall erect over the plugged well a permanent marker of concrete, metal, plastic or equally durable material. The marker must extend at least 4 feet above the ground surface and enough below the discursive essay on abortions surface to make the marker permanent. Cement may be used to hold the marker in place provided the cement does not prevent inspection of the adequacy of the well plugging. The permit or registration number shall be stamped or cast or otherwise permanently affixed to the marker. In lieu of placing the marker above the essay summary ground surface, the marker may be buried below plow depth and the kimbell shall contain enough metal to essay on criticism summary, be detected at the surface by conventional metal detectors. The provisions of this § 78.96 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B.

3229; amended February 4, 2011, effective February 5, 2011, 41 Pa.B. 805. Osteosynthesis For Severe? Immediately preceding text appears at serial page (241932). This section cited in summary, 25 Pa. Code § 78.86 (relating to defective casing or cementing); 25 Pa. Code § 78.91 (relating to general provisions); and 25 Pa. Code § 78.407 (relating to plugging gas storage wells). § 78.97. Plugging a well stimulated with explosives. Where strata bearing or having borne oil, gas or water in the well have been stimulated with explosives, thereby creating cavities which cannot be readily filled as described in § § 78.92#151;78.95, the well operator shall place at on abortions, the nearest suitable point, but at least 20 feet above the stratum, a plug of cement which extends at least 50 feet above that point.

If the stimulation has been done above one or more strata bearing or having borne oil, gas or water in the well, plugging in the applicable manner specified in § § 78.92#151;78.95 shall be done at the nearest suitable points, to on criticism summary, at least 20 feet below and at plate for severe olecranon, least 20 feet above the stratum stimulated. From a point immediately above and below these plugs, the well shall be plugged under § § 78.94 and 78.95 (relating to wells in noncoal areas#151;surface casing is not cemented or not present; and wells in noncoal areas#151;surface casing is cemented). The provisions of this § 78.97 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. Essay On Criticism? 3229. This section cited in rogerian, 25 Pa. Code § 78.86 (relating to defective casing or cementing); 25 Pa. Code § 78.91 (relating to general provisions); and essay on criticism summary 25 Pa. Code § 78.407 (relating to plugging gas storage wells). § 78.98. Restricting surface water from the well bore. When casing, including conductor pipe, is design public space left in the well at the surface, the area between the casings or the casing and summary the well bore shall be permanently filled to the surface with a nonporous material to restrict surface water from the well bore.

The provisions of deconstructing, this § 78.98 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. 3229. This section cited in 25 Pa. Code § 78.86 (relating to defective casing or cementing); 25 Pa. Code § 78.91 (relating to general provisions); and 25 Pa. Essay Summary? Code § 78.407 (relating to plugging gas storage wells). Upon application, the Department will grant inactive status for 5 years for an essay a permitted or registered well if the application meets the requirements of section 204 of the act (58 P. S. § 601.204) and § § 78.102#151;78.105.

The Department may require information to on criticism, demonstrate that the conditions imposed by § 78.102 (relating to discursive essay on abortions, criteria for approval of inactive status) are satisfied. The provisions of this § 78.101 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. On Criticism? 3229; amended December 16, 1994, effective December 17, 1994, 24 Pa.B. 6284. Immediately preceding text appears at serial page (138850). This section cited in 25 Pa. Design Thesis? Code § 78.91 (relating to summary, general provisions). § 78.102. Criteria for approval of inactive status. To obtain inactive status, the applicant shall affirmatively demonstrate to the Department#146;s satisfaction that: (1) The condition of the well is sufficient to: (i) Prevent damage to the producing zone or contamination of fresh water or other natural resources or surface leakage of essays on weed, substances. (ii) Stop the on criticism summary vertical flow of fluid or gas within the well bore.

(iii) Protect fresh groundwater. (iv) Pose no threat to essay on abortions, the health and safety of on criticism summary, persons, property or the environment. (2) The well complies with one of the following: (i) The well meets casing and cementing requirements of § § 78.81#151;78.86 (relating to casing and plate osteosynthesis olecranon cementing). (ii) For wells not drilled in conformance with casing and cementing requirements of § § 78.81#151;78.86, and for the purpose of the annual monitoring of wells granted inactive status as required by § 78.103 (relating to essay on criticism summary, annual monitoring of inactive wells), the applicant demonstrates that: (A) For oil and gas wells equipped with surface casing, the rogerian operator shall demonstrate that the liquid level in the well bore is on criticism summary maintained at a level at no higher than the water protection depth. Plate For Severe? For purposes of this clause where oil or gas bearing formations are encountered less than 100 feet below the surface casing seat, the water protection depth shall be that point midway between the top of the oil or gas bearing formation and the surface casing seat. (B) If the liquid level in an oil or gas well equipped with surface casing stands above the essay water protection depth and easy resume below the groundwater table depth, the operator shall test the liquid to determine its quality.

If the liquid has a total dissolved solids content or conductivity generally equivalent to on criticism summary, fresh groundwater in essays on weed, the immediate area, the casing is assumed to be either leaking or not set deep enough to shut off groundwater, and mechanical integrity is essay summary not demonstrated and inactive status will not be granted unless the operator demonstrates that the well is in compliance with the shut-in portion of the mechanical integrity test requirements of the Under Ground Injection Control program under the Safe Drinking Water Act (21 U.S.C.A. § 349; 42 U.S.C. § § 201, 300f#151;300j-11). If the liquid has a total dissolved solids content or conductivity equivalent to the production formation or production liquid, mechanical integrity is considered to be demonstrated. (C) For oil wells not equipped with surface casing or for oil wells equipped with surface casing that cannot be approved for inactive status under paragraph (2)(ii)(A) or (B), the rogerian essay operator shall modify the well to meet one of the following: (I) The operator shall set a string of essay, casing on essays on weed, a packer sufficiently deep to isolate the fresh groundwater system. The casing shall be set to the water protection depth for wells in the area, and the requirements of on criticism summary, paragraph (2)(ii)(A) or (B) shall be met. (II) The operator has set a temporary plug or mechanical seal at the water protection depth and isolated the fresh groundwater system. The operator may demonstrate the integrity of the plug by plate osteosynthesis for severe olecranon, demonstrating that water standing above the plug is, and continues to be, fresh water not contaminated by production fluids, or by other means acceptable to the Department. (III) The operator shall fill the well with a freshwater bentonite gel or other material approved by the Department which will restrict vertical migration of essay on criticism summary, gas or fluids in the well bore. Resume? The operator shall monitor the gel level and report significant changes to the Department on an annual basis and take remedial action approved by the Department.

(D) For gas wells equipped with production casing separate from the surface casing, the annulus between the surface or coal protective casing and summary the production casing is rogerian vented to the atmosphere. The owner or operator of a well granted inactive status under this clause shall monitor the annular vents for gas flow volumes. If the gas flow volume exceeds 5,000 cubic feet per day, the owner or operator shall notify the Department and take remedial action approved by the Department. (E) For gas wells not equipped with separate production casing, but with cemented or uncemented surface casing present, the produced gas shut-in pressure is on criticism summary less than the pressure necessary to cause gas migration into the adjacent formation at the surface casing seat. Compliance with this condition may be demonstrated by mechanical tests of the casing and by evidence that the gas wellhead shut-in pressure does not exceed 0.433 psi per foot of surface or coal protective casing depth. (3) If gas exists at an inactive oil well, the discursive operator may vent the gas to essay, the atmosphere or equip the well to plate osteosynthesis olecranon, confine the gas to the producing formation. If this gas flow is greater than 5,000 cubic feet per day, the on criticism owner or operator shall notify the Department and take remedial action approved by the Department. (4) The applicant shall certify that the well is plate osteosynthesis for severe olecranon of future utility and shall present a viable plan for utilizing the well within a reasonable time. On Criticism Summary? In addition to providing information to demonstrate compliance with paragraphs (1) and (2), the application for inactive status shall include the following: (i) A plan showing when the well will be used. (ii) A certification identifying that one of the plate olecranon following applies: (A) Significant reserves remain in summary, place and the operator plans to produce the well. (B) The well will be used as a disposal well.

(C) The well will be used as a storage well. (D) The well will be used as an observation well. (E) The well will be used as a secondary or tertiary recovery injection well or that the well will be used for other purposes specified by the applicant. (iii) Other information necessary for the Department to make a determination on inactive status. The provisions of this § 78.102 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. 3229. This section cited in 25 Pa. Code § 78.91 (relating to general provisions); 25 Pa. Code § 78.101 (relating to essays on weed, general provisions); 25 Pa. Code § 78.103 (relating to annual monitoring of inactive wells); 25 Pa. Code § 78.104 (relating to term of inactive status); and essay on criticism 25 Pa.

Code § 78.105 (relating to rogerian conclusion, revocation of inactive status). § 78.103. Annual monitoring of inactive wells. The owner or operator of a well granted inactive status shall monitor the integrity of the well on an annual basis and shall report the results to the Department. The owner or operator shall give the essay summary Department 3 working days prior notice of the annual monitoring and mechanical integrity testing.

For wells that were drilled in accordance with the casing and cementing standards of essays on weed, § § 78.81#151;78.86 (relating to casing and cementing), the operator shall monitor the integrity of the well by essay on criticism summary, using the osteosynthesis for severe method described in § 78.102(2)(ii)(A), (B), (D) or (E) (relating to criteria for approval of essay on criticism summary, inactive status), as appropriate. Easy Resume Sample? For a well that was not drilled in essay, accordance with the casing and cementing standards, the wells shall be monitored in rogerian conclusion, accordance with § 78.102(1). To qualify for continued inactive status, the owner or operator shall demonstrate, by the data in the monitoring reports, that the condition of the well continues to satisfy the requirements of § 78.102. The owner or operator shall submit the report by March 31 of the following year. The provisions of this § 78.103 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B.

3229; amended December 16, 1994, effective December 17, 1994, 24 Pa.B. 6284. Immediately preceding text appears at serial page (138853). This section cited in 25 Pa. Code § 78.91 (relating to general provisions); 25 Pa.

Code § 78.101 (relating to general provisions); 25 Pa. Code § 78.104 (relating to term of inactive status); 25 Pa. Code § 78.102 (relating to criteria for approval of inactive status); and 25 Pa. Code § 78.105 (relating to revocation of inactive status). Approval of inactive status for essay on criticism summary a well is valid for 5 years unless revoked. After 5 years, the owner or operator shall plug or return to active status a well granted inactive status unless the Department grants an application for a 1-year extension. The operator of a well granted inactive status may apply for conclusion renewal of inactive status by demonstrating that the well continues to summary, satisfy the conditions imposed on the well by § § 78.102 and essay on abortions 78.103 (relating to criteria for approval of inactive status; and annual monitoring of inactive wells). The provisions of this § 78.104 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. 3229; amended December 16, 1994, effective December 17, 1994, 24 Pa.B. 6284. Essay On Criticism Summary? Immediately preceding text appears at serial page (138854).

This section cited in deconstructing the kimbell an essay and architecture, 25 Pa. Code § 78.91 (relating to summary, general provisions); 25 Pa. Code § 78.101 (relating to general provisions); and 25 Pa. Code § 78.105 (relating to public, revocation of inactive status). § 78.105. Revocation of inactive status. The Department may revoke inactive status and may order the immediate plugging of a well if one of the following applies: (1) The well is in violation of the act or regulations administered by the Department. (2) The operator of the essay on criticism summary inactive well has become insolvent, to the extent that the plan provided under § 78.102 (relating to criteria for approval of inactive status) is no longer viable to return the well to active status, or the operator otherwise demonstrates a lack of public urban, ability or intention to summary, comply with applicable laws and regulations. (3) The condition of the public thesis urban well no longer satisfies the requirements of essay on criticism summary, section 204 of the act (58 P. S. § 601.204) and § § 78.102#151;78.104 (relating to criteria for approval of inactive status; annual monitoring of inactive wells; and term of inactive status).

(4) The owner or operator is unwilling or unable to perform his obligations under the act. The provisions of this § 78.105 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. 3229; amended December 16, 1994, effective December 17, 1994, 24 Pa.B. 6284. Immediately preceding text appears at serial page (138854).

This section cited in 25 Pa. Code § 78.91 (relating to essays on weed, general provisions); and 25 Pa. Code § 78.101 (relating to general provisions). (a) The owner or operator may not abandon a radioactive source licensed by essay, the Commonwealth for logging purposes without consent of the Department. Approval of a plan of abandonment may be arranged with the Department by telephone and is to be followed by a written report to the Department within 30 days after abandonment of the rogerian radioactive source. Essay? The plan shall be approved by the Department. (b) The operator shall notify the public space urban Department of his intention to leave a radioactive source in a well. (c) The operator shall mechanically equip a well in which a radioactive source is essay on criticism summary abandoned to prevent the accidental or intentional mechanical disintegration of the radioactive source. (1) The operator shall cover the radioactive source being abandoned in the bottom of a well with a substantial standard color-dyed cement plug on top of which a mechanical stop or deflector shall be set.

The dye shall contrast with the color of the formation to alert a re-entry operator prior to encountering the plate for severe olecranon source. (2) In a well where a logging source has been cemented in place behind a casing string and above total depth, upon summary plugging the well, a color-dyed cement plug shall be placed opposite the abandoned source inside the well bore and a mechanical stop or deflector shall be placed on top of the plug. (3) If, after expending a reasonable effort, the sample operator cannot comply with paragraph (1) or (2) because of hole conditions, the operator shall request Department approval to cease efforts to comply with paragraph (1) or (2) and shall obtain approval for an alternate method for abandoning the source and plugging the well. (d) Upon plugging a well in summary, which a radioactive source is left in the kimbell, the hole, the summary operator shall place a permanent plaque by welding or bolting or cementing it to the top of the bore hole in deconstructing on meaning, a manner approved by the Department that re-entry cannot be accomplished without disturbing the plaque. The plaque shall serve as a visual warning to a person re-entering the hole that a radioactive source has been abandoned in-place in essay on criticism summary, the well. Easy Resume? The plaque shall depict the trefoil radiation symbol with the words #145;#145;Caution, Radioactive Material#146;#146; under § 219.41 (relating to radiation symbol) and shall be constructed of a long-lasting material such as monel, stainless steel, bronze or brass. On Criticism Summary? The marker shall bear the following information: (2) Permit number. (3) Name and address of plate for severe, operator. (4) The type and strength of on criticism, radioactive material abandoned in deconstructing the kimbell an essay on meaning and architecture, the well.

(5) The total well depth. (6) Depth at which the source was abandoned. (7) A warning not to drill below the summary plug-back depth or to enlarge the casing. (e) Prior to workover or re-entry activity, if a radioactive source is present, the operator shall have the plan of operation approved by the Department before the workover or re-entry is permitted. (f) This section does not relieve the licensee, owner or operator from the obligation to design space thesis, comply with Federal regulations and this title, including Chapters 225 and 226 (relating to radiation safety requirements for industrial radiographic operations; and licenses and radiation safety requirements for well logging). The provisions of this § 78.111 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B.

3229. This section cited in 25 Pa. Essay On Criticism Summary? Code § 78.91 (relating to general provisions); and 25 Pa. Code § 226.3a (relating to easy resume sample, abandonment of a sealed source). 78.122. Well record and completion report. 78.123. Essay? Logs and additional data.

78.124. Certificate of plugging. 78.125. Disposal and enhanced recovery well reports. (a) The well operator shall submit an annual production and status report for each permitted or registered well on essays on weed, an individual basis, on essay, or before February 15 of each year. When the production data is not available to the operator on the kimbell an essay and architecture, a well basis, the operator shall report production on essay on criticism, the most well-specific basis available. The annual production report must include information on the amount and type of waste produced and the method of waste disposal or reuse.

Waste information submitted to the Department in accordance with this subsection is easy sample deemed to satisfy the residual waste biennial reporting requirements of § 287.52 (relating to biennial report). (b) The production report shall be submitted electronically to the Department through its web site. The provisions of this § 78a.121 amended under 58 Pa.C.S. § § 3202, 3215(e), 3218(a), 3218.2(a)(4), 3218.4(c) and 3274; section 5 of on criticism summary, The Clean Streams Law (35 P.S. Essay On Abortions? § 691.5); section 105 of the Solid Waste Management Act (35 P.S. § 6018.105); section 5 of the Dam Safety and Encroachments Act (32 P.S. On Criticism Summary? § 693.5); section 104 of the Land Recycling and Environmental Remediation Standards Act (35 P.S. § 6026.104); sections 301 and 302 of the essays on weed Radiation Protection Act (35 P.S. § § 7110.301 and 7110.302); section 3 of the essay Unconventional Well Report Act (58 P.S. Deconstructing The Kimbell An Essay And Architecture? § 1003); section 13.2 of the on criticism summary act of July 10, 2014 (P.L. 1053, No. 126) adding section 1741.1-E of The Fiscal Code (72 P.S. § 1741.1-E); and sections 1917-A and 1920-A of The Administrative Code of 1929 (71 P.S. § § 510-17 and 510-20). The provisions of this § 78.121 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. 3229; amended December 16, 1994, effective December 17, 1994, 24 Pa.B. 6284; amended February 4, 2011, effective February 5, 2011, 41 Pa.B.

805; amended October 7, 2016, effective October 8, 2016, 46 Pa.B. Resume? 6431. Essay On Criticism? Immediately preceding text appears at serial page (377631). This section cited in 7 Pa. Code § 137b.73a (relating to gas, oil and coal bed methane). § 78.122. Well record and completion report.

(a) For each well that is drilled or altered, the operator shall keep a detailed drillers log at an essay on meaning, the well site available for inspection until drilling is completed. Within 30 calendar days of cessation of drilling or altering a well, the well operator shall submit a well record to the Department on a form provided by the Department that includes the essay on criticism following information: (1) Name, address and telephone number of the olecranon permittee. (2) Permit number, and farm name and number. (3) Township and county. (4) Date drilling started and completed. (5) Method of drilling. (6) Size and depth of conductor pipe, surface casing, coal protective casing, intermediate casing, production casing and borehole. (7) Type and amount of cement and essay on criticism results of cementing procedures. (8) Elevation and resume total depth.

(9) Drillers log that includes the name and on criticism summary depth of formations from the surface to total depth, depth of oil and gas producing zone, depth of fresh water and brines and source of information. (10) Certification by the operator that the deconstructing and architecture well has been constructed in accordance with this chapter and any permit conditions imposed by the Department. (11) Other information required by the Department. (b) Within 30 calendar days after completion of the on criticism well, the osteosynthesis well operator shall submit a completion report to the Department on a form provided by the Department that includes the following information: (1) Name, address and telephone number of the permittee. (2) Name, address and telephone number of the service companies.

(3) Permit number and farm name and number. (4) Township and county. (5) Perforation record. (6) Stimulation record which includes the following: (i) A descriptive list of the chemical additives in the stimulation fluid, including any acid, biocide, breaker, brine, corrosion inhibitor, crosslinker, demulsifier, friction reducer, gel, iron control, oxygen scavenger, pH adjusting agent, proppant, scale inhibitor and summary surfactant. (ii) The percent by volume of each chemical additive in resume, the stimulation fluid. (iii) A list of the chemicals in the Material Safety Data Sheets, by name and chemical abstract service number, corresponding to the appropriate chemical additive. (iv) The percent by volume of essay on criticism summary, each chemical listed in the Material Safety Data Sheets. (v) The total volume of the essays on weed base fluid. (vi) A list of on criticism, water sources used under an approved water management plan and the volume of water used from each source.

(vii) The total volume of recycled water used. (viii) The pump rate and pressure used in the well. (7) Actual open flow production and shut in surface pressure. (8) Open flow production and public space thesis urban shut in surface pressure, measured 24 hours after completion. (c) When the well operator submits a stimulation record, it may designate specific portions of the stimulation record as containing a trade secret or confidential proprietary information. The Department will prevent disclosure of the designated confidential information to essay summary, the extent permitted under the Right-to-Know Law (65 P.S. § § 67.101#151;67.3103). (d) In addition to submitting a stimulation record to plate, the Department under subsection (b), and subject to the protections afforded for trade secrets and confidential proprietary information under the Right-to-Know Law, the operator shall arrange to provide a list of the chemical constituents of the chemical additives used to hydraulically fracture a well, by chemical name and abstract service number, unless the additive does not have an abstract service number, to on criticism, the Department upon written request by the Department. The provisions of this § 78.122 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B.

3229; amended December 16, 1994, effective December 17, 1994, 24 Pa.B. 6284; amended February 4, 2011, effective February 5, 2011, 41 Pa.B. 805. Immediately preceding text appears at serial pages (304395) to (304396). (a) If requested by the Department within 90 calendar days after the completion of drilling or recompletion of essay conclusion, a well, the well operator shall submit to the Department a copy of the electrical, radioactive or other standard industry logs run on the well. In addition, if requested by the Department within 1 year of the completion of drilling or recompletion of on criticism summary, a well, the well operator shall file with the Department a copy of the drill stem test charts, formation water analysis, porosity, permeability or fluid saturation measurements, core analysis and lithologic log or sample description or other similar data as compiled. No information will be required unless the operator has had the information described in this subsection compiled in the ordinary course of business.

No interpretation of the data is to be filed. (b) Upon notification by the Department prior to drilling, the well operator shall collect additional data specified by the Department, such as representative drill cuttings and samples from the kimbell on meaning cores taken, and other geological information that the operator can reasonably compile. (c) The information requested by the Department under subsections (a) and (b) shall be provided to the Department by summary, the operator, within 3 years after completion of the easy well unless the Department has granted an extension or unless the Department has requested information as described in essay on criticism summary, subsection (d). If the Department has granted an extension, the information shall be submitted in accordance with the extension, but in no case may the extension exceed 5 years from the date of completion of the well. (d) In accordance with the essay conclusion request of the Department, the operator shall submit the information described in this section for use in on criticism summary, investigation or enforcement proceedings, or in aggregate form for resume statistical purposes. The provisions of on criticism summary, this § 78.123 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. 3229; amended March 6, 1998, effective March 7, 1998, 28 Pa.B.

1234. Immediately preceding text appears at serial pages (194014) to (194015). (a) Within 30 calendar days after the well has been plugged, the essays on weed owner or operator of the well shall submit a certificate of plugging to essay, the Department and each coal operator, lessee or owner who was sent notice by certified mail of the intent to plug the well. (b) The certificate of deconstructing the kimbell an essay on meaning, plugging shall be on a form provided by the Department and contain information required by the Department. (c) The certificate of plugging shall be prepared and signed by two experienced and qualified people who participated in essay on criticism summary, the work, and shall also be signed by the well owner or operator.

The provisions of this § 78.124 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. 3229. § 78.125. Disposal and enhanced recovery well reports. (a) The operator of a disposal or enhanced recovery well shall submit to the Department, upon easy sample request, a copy of the annual monitoring report submitted to the EPA summarizing the results of the essay on criticism operator#146;s monitoring as required by 40 CFR Part 146 (relating to underground injection control program) when these reports are submitted to the EPA. This summary, at a minimum, shall include the following: (1) Monthly records of major changes in characteristics or sources of injected fluids. (2) Reports of volumes and pressures of injection fluids.

(3) Reports of mechanical integrity testing. (4) Other information or reports required to be submitted to the EPA under 40 CFR Part 146. (b) The operator of a disposal or enhanced recovery well shall submit to essay, the Department copies of periodic monitoring reports or reports of on criticism summary, failures, releases, accidents or other incidents required to be submitted to the EPA under 40 CFR 146 when these reports are submitted to the EPA. (c) The operator of discursive essay, a disposal well or enhanced recovery well may submit monitoring reports to essay on criticism summary, the Department on a field or project basis rather than on an individual well basis provided manifold monitoring is used. The provisions of design space thesis urban, this § 78.125 adopted December 16, 1994, effective December 17, 1994, 24 Pa.B. 6284; amended March 6, 1998, effective March 7, 1998, 28 Pa.B. On Criticism? 1234. Immediately preceding text appears at serial page (194016). The provisions of easy resume sample, these § § 78.141#151;78.146 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. 3229; reserved January 27, 2006, effective January 28, 2006, 36 Pa.B.

465. Immediately preceding text appears at serial pages (241942) to (241944) and essay (276341). Subchapter G. Discursive Essay On Abortions? BONDING REQUIREMENTS. 78.302. Requirement to file a bond. 78.303. Essay Summary? Form, terms and conditions of the bond. 78.304.

Terms and osteosynthesis olecranon conditions for surety bonds. 78.305. Terms and essay conditions for design public urban collateral bonds#151;general. 78.306. Collateral bonds#151;letters of credit. 78.307.

Collateral bonds#151;certificates of on criticism summary, deposit. 78.308. Collateral bonds#151;negotiable bonds. 78.309. Phased deposit of deconstructing on meaning and architecture, collateral. 78.310. Replacement of summary, existing bond. 78.311. Failure to maintain adequate bond.

78.313. Discursive Essay? Incapacity of operators. 78.314. Preservation of summary, remedies. In addition to the requirements of section 215 of the act (58 P. Rogerian Conclusion? S. Essay? § 601.215), this subchapter specifies certain requirements for sample surety bonds, collateral bonds, replacement of existing bonds, maintaining adequate bond and essay on criticism summary bond forfeiture. The provisions of this § 78.301 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B.

3229. For a well that has not been plugged, the owner or operator shall file a bond or otherwise comply with the bonding requirements of section 215 of the deconstructing an essay and architecture act (58 P. On Criticism Summary? S. § 601.215) and the kimbell an essay on meaning this chapter. A bond or bond substitute is not required for a well drilled before April 18, 1985. The provisions of this § 78.302 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. 3229; amended March 30, 2001, effective March 31, 2001, 31 Pa.B. 1736. Immediately preceding text appears at serial page (241946).

§ 78.303. Form, terms and conditions of the bond. (a) The following types of security are approvable: (1) A surety bond as provided in § 78.304 (relating to terms and conditions for essay on criticism surety bonds). (2) A collateral bond as provided in public thesis, § § 78.305#151;78.308. For individuals who meet the on criticism summary requirements of section 215(d.1) of the sample act, a phased deposit of collateral bond as provided in § 78.309(b) (relating to phased deposit of collateral). (b) A person submitting a bond shall comply with the on criticism summary Department guidelines establishing minimum criteria for execution and completion of the bond forms and related documents. (c) A bond shall be conditioned upon compliance with the drilling, water supply replacement, restoration and plugging requirements in design space, the act, this chapter and permit conditions relating thereto. The bonds are penal in essay on criticism, nature and are designed to ensure compliance by the operator to protect the environment, public health and safety affected by the oil and gas well.

(d) The person named in the bond or other security shall be the same as the person named in the permit. (e) The bond amounts required under section 215 of the act are as follows: (1) Two thousand five hundred dollars for easy resume sample a single well. (2) Twenty-five thousand dollars for a blanket bond. The provisions of essay, this § 78.303 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. 3229; amended December 16, 1994, effective December 17, 1994, 24 Pa.B. 6284; amended March 30, 2001, effective March 31, 2001, 31 Pa.B.

1736. Immediately preceding text appears at easy resume sample, serial page (241946). § 78.304. Terms and conditions for on criticism summary surety bonds. (a) The bond of a surety company that has failed, refused or unduly delayed to pay, in full, on a forfeited surety bond is not approvable. (b) Only the space urban bond of a surety authorized to do business in this Commonwealth is approvable. If the principal place of business of the surety is outside of this Commonwealth, or if the surety is not a Pennsylvania corporation, the surety bond shall also be signed by an authorized resident agency of the surety that maintains an office in on criticism, this Commonwealth. (c) The surety may cancel the bond by filing written notice of cancellation with the discursive essay on abortions Department, the operator and the principal on the bond, only under the following conditions: (1) The notice of cancellation shall be sent by certified mail, return receipt requested. Essay On Criticism Summary? Cancellation may not take effect until 120 days after receipt of the notice of cancellation by the Department, the operator and the principal on the bond as evidenced by return receipts. (2) Within 30 days after receipt of a notice of cancellation, the operator shall provide the Department with a replacement bond under § 78.310 (relating to replacement of existing bond).

(d) The Department will not accept surety bonds from a surety company when the total bond liability to rogerian conclusion, the Department on the bonds filed by the operator, the principal and related parties exceeds the surety company#146;s single risk limit as provided by The Insurance Company Law of essay on criticism, 1921 (40 P. S. Rogerian Essay Conclusion? § § 341#151;991). (e) The bond shall provide that the surety and the principal shall be jointly and essay on criticism severally liable for payment of the bond amount. (f) The bond shall provide that the amount shall be confessed to judgment and execution upon forfeiture. (g) The Department will retain, during the term of the bond, and upon forfeiture of the bond, a property interest in the kimbell an essay on meaning and architecture, the surety#146;s guarantee of payment under the bond which is not affected by the bankruptcy, insolvency or other financial incapacity of the operator or principal on the bond. (h) The surety shall give written notice to essay on criticism summary, the Department, if permissible under law, to the principal and the Department within 10 days of a notice received or action filed by essay, or with a regulatory agency or court having jurisdiction over the surety alleging one of the following: (1) The insolvency or bankruptcy of the essay surety.

(2) A violation of essays on weed, regulatory requirements applicable to the surety, when as a result of the violation, suspension or revocation of the surety#146;s license to do business in on criticism summary, this Commonwealth or another state is under consideration by a regulatory agency. The provisions of this § 78.304 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. 3229. This section cited in 25 Pa. Code § 78.303 (relating to form, terms and conditions of the essays on weed bond). § 78.305. Terms and conditions for collateral bonds#151;general. (a) Collateral documents shall be executed by the owner or operator. (b) The market value of collateral deposited shall be at on criticism, least equal to easy, the required bond amount with the exception of United States Treasury Zero Coupon Bonds which shall have a maturity date of not more than 10 years after the date of essay summary, purchase and at maturity a value of at least $25,000. (c) Collateral shall be pledged and assigned to public space thesis, the Department free from claims or rights. The pledge or assignment shall vest in the Department a property interest in the collateral which shall remain until release as provided by law and is not affected by on criticism summary, the bankruptcy, insolvency or other financial incapacity of the operator.

(d) The Department#146;s ownership rights to deposited collateral shall be such that the collateral is readily available to discursive, the Department upon on criticism summary forfeiture. The Department may require proof of discursive on abortions, ownership, and other means, such as secondary agreements, as it deems necessary to meet the requirements of this subchapter. If the Department determines that deposited collateral does not meet the requirements of essay on criticism summary, this subchapter, it may take action under the law to protect its interest in the collateral. The provisions of this § 78.305 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. 3229; amended December 16, 1994, effective December 17, 1994, 24 Pa.B. 6284. Immediately preceding text appears at serial page (138865). This section cited in 25 Pa.

Code § 78.303 (relating to an essay and architecture, form, terms and conditions of the on criticism summary bond). § 78.306. Collateral bonds#151;letters of credit. (a) Letters of credit submitted as collateral for collateral bonds shall be subject to the following conditions: (1) The letter of deconstructing the kimbell, credit shall be a standby or guarantee letter of credit issued by a Federally insured or equivalently protected financial institution, regulated and examined by the Commonwealth or a Federal agency and authorized to on criticism summary, do business in this Commonwealth. (2) The letter of credit shall be irrevocable and shall be so designated. However, the Department may accept a letter of credit for which a limited time period is stated if the following conditions are met and are stated in the letter: (i) The letter of credit is automatically renewable for additional time periods unless the financial institution gives at least 90 days prior written notice to both the the kimbell and architecture Department and on criticism the operator of its intent to terminate the credit at discursive on abortions, the end of the essay on criticism current time period.

(ii) The Department has the right to draw upon the credit before the end of its time period, if the discursive on abortions operator fails to essay, replace the letter of plate osteosynthesis olecranon, credit with other acceptable means of compliance with section 215 of the essay summary act (58 P. S. Resume? § 601.215) within 30 days of the financial institution#146;s notice to terminate the credit. (3) Letters of credit shall name the Department as the summary beneficiary and be payable to easy sample, the Department, upon demand, in part or in summary, full, upon presentation of the Department#146;s drafts, at plate osteosynthesis, sight. Essay? The Department#146;s right to draw upon the letter of credit does not require documentary or other proof by an essay on meaning and architecture, the Department that the essay customer has violated the essays on weed conditions of the bond, the permit or other requirements. (4) A letter of credit shall be subject to 13 Pa.C.S. (relating to the Uniform Commercial Code) and the latest revision of Uniform Customs and Practices for on criticism summary Documentary Credits as published in an essay and architecture, the International Chamber of Commerce Publication No. 400. (5) The Department will not accept a letter of credit from a financial institution which has failed, refused or unduly delayed to pay, in full, on a letter of credit or a certificate of deposit previously submitted as collateral to the Department. (6) The issuing financial institution shall waive rights of essay summary, set-off or liens which it has or might have against easy, the letter of credit. (b) If the on criticism summary Department collects any amount under the letter of credit due to deconstructing the kimbell and architecture, failure of the essay operator to replace the for severe olecranon letter of credit after demand by the Department, the Department will hold the proceeds as cash collateral as provided by this subchapter. The operator may obtain the essay cash collateral after he has submitted and the Department has approved a bond or other means of deconstructing the kimbell an essay on meaning and architecture, compliance with section 215 of the essay summary act. The provisions of this § 78.306 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. 3229; amended December 16, 1994, effective December 17, 1994, 24 Pa.B.

6284. Immediately preceding text appears at serial pages (138865) to (138866). This section cited in 25 Pa. Code § 78.303 (relating to form, terms and conditions of the bond). § 78.307. Collateral bonds#151;certificates of deposit. A certificate of deposit submitted as collateral for collateral bonds is subject to the following conditions: (1) The certificate of deposit shall be made payable to the operator and rogerian essay conclusion shall be assigned to the Department by the operator, in writing, as required by the Department and on forms provided by the Department. The assignment shall be recorded upon the books of the financial institution issuing the certificate. (2) The certificate of essay summary, deposit shall be issued by essays on weed, a Federally-insured or equivalently protected financial institution which is authorized to do business in this Commonwealth. (3) The certificate of deposit shall state that the financial institution issuing it waives rights of setoff or liens which it has or might have against the certificate. (4) The certificate of deposit shall be automatically renewable and fully assignable to the Department.

Certificates of essay on criticism, deposit shall state on their face that they are automatically renewable. (5) The operator shall submit certificates of deposit in amounts which will allow the Department to liquidate those certificates prior to maturity, upon forfeiture, for the full amount of the bond without penalty to the Department. (6) The Department will not accept certificates of deposit from financial institutions which have failed, refused or unduly delayed to pay, in full, on certificates of deposit or letters of credit which have previously been submitted as collateral to the Department. (7) The operator is not entitled to interest accruing after forfeiture is declared by the Department, until the forfeiture declaration is for severe olecranon ruled invalid by a court having jurisdiction over the Department, and the ruling is final. The provisions of this § 78.307 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. 3229; amended December 16, 1994, effective December 17, 1994, 24 Pa.B. 6284.

Immediately preceding text appears at summary, serial pages (138866) to (138867). This section cited in 25 Pa. Code § 78.303 (relating to form, terms and conditions of the deconstructing bond). § 78.308. Collateral bonds#151;negotiable bonds. Negotiable bonds submitted and pledged as collateral for summary collateral bonds under section 215(a)(3) of the act (58 P. S. § 601.215(a)(3)) are subject to the following conditions: (1) The Department will use the essay current market value of governmental securities, other than United States Treasury Zero Coupon Bonds, for the purpose of establishing the value of the securities for bond deposit.

(2) The current market value shall be at least equal to the amount of the required bond. (3) The Department may periodically evaluate the securities and may require additional amounts if the current market value is insufficient to satisfy the bond amount requirements for the oil or gas well operations. (4) The operator may request and receive the essay interest accruing on governmental securities filed with the Department as the interest becomes due and payable. Rogerian? An operator will not receive interest accruing on governmental securities until the full amount of the bond has been accumulated. Summary? No interest may be paid for postforfeiture interest accruing during appeals and after resolution of the appeals, when the plate forfeiture is adjudicated, decided or settled in favor of the Commonwealth. The provisions of essay on criticism, this § 78.308 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. 3229; amended December 16, 1994, effective December 17, 1994, 24 Pa.B. Rogerian Conclusion? 6284.

Immediately preceding text appears at serial pages (138867) to (138868). This section cited in 25 Pa. Code § 78.303 (relating to form, terms and conditions of the bond). § 78.309. Phased deposit of collateral. (1) Eligibility. An operator who had a phased deposit of collateral in effect as of November 26, 1997, may maintain that bond for wells requiring bonding, for new well permits and for wells acquired by transfer. (i) An operator may not have more than 200 wells. (ii) Under the following schedule, an operator shall make a deposit with the Department of approved collateral prior to the issuance of a permit for a well or the transfer of a permit for a well, and shall make subsequent annual deposits and additional well payments. For the purpose of calculating the required deposit, all of the operator#146;s wells are included in on criticism, the number of urban, wells.

(iii) An operator shall make the essay summary phased deposits of collateral as required by thesis, the bond. (2) Termination of eligibility. An operator is no longer eligible to make phased deposits of collateral when one or more of the following occur: (i) The operator shall fully bond the wells immediately, if an operator has more than 200 wells. (ii) If the essay on criticism operator misses a phased deposit of collateral payment, the operator shall do one of the deconstructing the kimbell on meaning following: (A) Immediately submit the appropriate bond amount in full. (B) Cease all operations and plug the wells covered by the bond in accordance with the plugging requirements of section 210 of the essay act (58 P. S. Easy Sample? § 601.210). (i) An individual who seeks to satisfy the collateral bond requirements of the act by submitting phased deposit of collateral under section 215(d.1) of the act (58 P. S. Essay On Criticism Summary? § 601.215(d.1)), may not drill more than ten new wells per essays on weed, calendar year. A well in which the individual has a financial interest is to be considered one of the wells permitted under this section.

A partnership, association or corporation is on criticism not eligible for phased deposit of collateral under this subsection. (ii) The individual shall deposit with the Department $500 per well in approved collateral prior to an essay and architecture, issuance of a new permit. (iii) The individual shall deposit 10#037; of the remaining amount of bond in approved collateral in each of the next 10 years. Annual payments shall become due on the anniversary date of the issuance of the permit, unless otherwise established by the Department. Summary? Payments shall be accompanied by appropriate bond documents required by the Department. (iv) The individual shall make the easy resume phased collateral payments as required by the bond. (2) Termination of eligibility. If the individual misses a phased deposit of essay, collateral payment, the individual will no longer be eligible to make phased deposits of collateral and deconstructing the kimbell on meaning shall do one of the following: (i) Immediately submit the appropriate bond amount in full.

(ii) Cease operations and plug the wells covered by the bond in essay on criticism, accordance with the an essay plugging requirements of section 210 of the act. (c) Interest earned. Interest earned by collateral on deposit by operators and individuals under this section shall be accumulated and essay on criticism become part of the resume bond amount until the operator completes deposit of the requisite bond amount in accordance with the schedule of deposit. Interest earned by the collateral shall be retruned to summary, the operator or the plate osteosynthesis olecranon individual upon release of the bond. Essay? Interest may not be paid for postforfeiture interest accruing during appeals and after resolution of the appeals, when the forfeiture is adjudicated, decided or settled in favor of the Commonwealth. The provisions of this § 78.309 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. 3229; amended December 16, 1994, effective December 17, 1994, 24 Pa.B. 6284; amended March 30, 2001, effective March 31, 2001, 31 Pa.B. 1736. Immediately preceding text appears at serial pages (241951) to (241953). This section cited in 25 Pa.

Code § 78.303 (relating to form, terms and conditions of the bond). § 78.310. Replacement of conclusion, existing bond. (a) An owner or operator may replace an existing surety or collateral bond with another surety or collateral bond that satisfies the requirements of this chapter, if the liability which has accrued against the bond, the owner or operator who filed the first bond and essay on criticism summary the well operation is transferred to discursive, the replacement bond. An owner or operator may not substitute a phased deposit of collateral bond under section 215(d) and (d.1) of the act (58 P. S. § 601.215(d) and summary (d.1)) for a valid surety bond or collateral that has been filed and rogerian essay approved by the Department.

(b) The Department will not release existing bonds until the operator has submitted and the Department has approved acceptable replacement bonds. The provisions of this § 78.310 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. 3229; amended December 16, 1994, effective December 17, 1994, 24 Pa.B. On Criticism Summary? 6284; amended March 30, 2001, effective March 31, 2001, 31 Pa.B. 1736. Immediately preceding text appears at serial page (241953). This section cited in 25 Pa. Code § 78.304 (relating to deconstructing an essay and architecture, terms and conditions for surety bonds). § 78.311. Failure to on criticism summary, maintain adequate bond.

The permittee shall maintain a bond in an amount and essay conclusion with sufficient guarantee as provided by this chapter. If a surety company that had provided surety bonds, or a financial institution that had provided certificates of deposit or letters of credit for on criticism an operator enters into bankruptcy or liquidation, has its license suspended or revoked or for another reason indicates an inability or unwillingness to provide an adequate financial guarantee of the obligations under the discursive essay bond, the operator shall submit a bond within 45 days of notice from the Department. The provisions of this § 78.311 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. 3229; amended December 16, 1994, effective December 17, 1994, 24 Pa.B. Essay Summary? 6284. Immediately preceding text appears at serial page (138869). (a) A collateral or surety bond may be forfeited when the Department determines that the operator fails or refuses to comply with the act, this title, an order of the Department, or the public urban terms or conditions of the essay on criticism permit relating to drilling, water supply replacement, plugging and site restoration.

(b) If forfeiture of the bond is required, the Department will: (1) Send written notification by mail to the permittee, and the surety, if any, of the Department#146;s intent to forfeit the bond and describe the grounds for forfeiture. The notification will also provide an discursive opportunity to take remedial action or submit a schedule for taking remedial actions acceptable to the Department within 30 days of the notice of essay, intent to forfeit, in lieu of collecting the bond. (2) If the permittee and surety, if any, fail either to take remedial action or to submit a plan acceptable to the Department within 30 days of the notice of the intent to forfeit, the bond will be subject to forfeiture and collection up to the face amount thereof. The Department will issue a declaration to forfeit the bond. (3) The declaration to forfeit is an action which may be appealable to the Environmental Hearing Board under section 4 of the Environmental Hearing Board Act (35 P. S. § 7514).

The provisions of this § 78.312 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. 3229. An owner or operator shall notify the resume Department by certified mail within 10 calendar days after commencement of a voluntary or involuntary proceeding under 11 U.S.C.A. Summary? § § 101#151;1330, known as the Federal Bankruptcy Act, naming the owner or operator as debtor. The provisions of this § 78.313 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. 3229. Remedies provided or authorized by law for violation of statutes, including the act, the applicable environmental protection acts, this title, the osteosynthesis for severe terms and conditions of permits and orders of the on criticism Department, are expressly preserved. Nothing in this subchapter is an exclusive penalty or remedy for the violations. No action under this subchapter waives or impairs another remedy or penalty provided in law or equity. The provisions of this § 78.314 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. 3229. Subchapter H. The Kimbell And Architecture? UNDERGROUND GAS STORAGE.

78.401. Storage well construction. 78.402. Inspections by the gas storage operator. 78.403. Gas storage well integrity testing. 78.404. Maximum storage pressure. 78.407. Plugging gas storage wells.

The provisions of this Subchapter H adopted December 16, 1994, effective December 17, 1994, 24 Pa.B. 6284, unless otherwise noted. This section cited in 25 Pa. Code § 78.88 (relating to mechanical integrity of operating wells). (a) In addition to the casing and cementing requirements of Subchapter D (relating to well drilling, operation and essay on criticism summary plugging), when constructing new gas storage wells the rogerian essay conclusion operator shall: (1) Cement the surface and intermediate casings with sufficient cement to circulate cement to essay on criticism, the surface or to equal at essays on weed, least 120#037; of the calculated volume to fill the annular space on the outside of the casing. (2) Cement the production casing with sufficient cement to fill the calculated annular space with cement to a point at least 500 feet above the casing shoe and at least 200 feet above the upper most perforations. (b) Gas storage wells being reconditioned shall meet the requirements of this section unless an alternate method of casing and on criticism cementing has been approved by design public space thesis, the Department under § 78.75 (relating to alternative methods). (c) The storage operator shall give the Department notice at least 15 days prior to reconditioning or altering a gas storage well and describe the procedure that the operator will use to recondition or alter the gas storage well.

If no objections are raised by the Department within 10 days, the operator may proceed to recondition or alter the well as proposed. The operator shall submit an updated well record within 30 days of completing a reconditioning or alteration. This section cited in 25 Pa. Code § 78.405 (relating to emergency repairs). § 78.402. Inspections by the gas storage operator. (a) A gas storage operator shall inspect every storage well and observation well in the gas storage field at least once each month. The results of the inspections shall be recorded and retained by summary, the operator and shall be available for review by the Department and plate for severe olecranon the coal owner or operator.

(b) Inspections at a minimum shall determine: (1) The well-head pressure or water level measurement, as appropriate. (2) The open flow on the annulus of the production casing or the annulus pressure if the annulus is shut in. (3) If there is on criticism evidence of gas escaping from a well using measurement or best estimate of quantity. (4) If there is evidence of progressive corrosion, rusting or other signs of equipment deterioration. (c) Storage operators shall inspect the gas storage reservoir and storage protective area at easy sample, least annually to discover if material changes have occurred that require an amendment or supplement of the essay summary map and data as required in section 301(a) and (b) of the act (58 P. Easy Sample? S. § 601.301(a) and (b)). As part of that inspection, gas storage operators shall inspect known abandoned wells and essay on criticism summary plugged wells within the gas storage reservoir area and conclusion the gas storage protective area, subject to the right of essay on criticism, entry, at the end of the injection season when the deconstructing an essay and architecture storage pressure is at its highest.

The inspection record shall include observed evidence of essay, gas leaking and essays on weed other conditions that may be hazardous to the public or property. (d) Evidence of a new gas leak and leaks that exceed 5,000 cubic feet per day shall be reported to the Department within 24 hours. Following notification, the gas storage reservoir operator shall file a written report including corrective action taken, or planned, and a detailed explanation of the problem within 10 days. Subsequent reports describing additional corrective action and acquired data may be requested by the Department. This section cited in on criticism, 25 Pa. Code § 78.403 (relating to gas storage well integrity testing); and 25 Pa. Code § 78.406 (relating to recordkeeping).

§ 78.403. Essays On Weed? Gas storage well integrity testing. (a) A gas storage reservoir operator shall develop an integrity monitoring and integrity testing program for each gas storage field. (b) A gas storage reservoir operator shall test the integrity of each gas storage well at least once every 5 years. By June 15, 1995, each gas storage operator shall submit, for Department approval, an integrity testing plan for each gas storage field. (c) The testing program may consist of on criticism, geophysical well logging, pressure testing or other procedures approved by the Department.

The testing program shall indicate a well#146;s integrity, whether there has been gas loss in quantities in excess of those amounts in § 78.402(d) (relating to inspections by the gas storage operator), and design urban whether there is a well condition that requires reconditioning, plugging or other remedial action. (d) Gas storage field monitoring may consist of annular and tubing pressure monitoring, reservoir engineering evaluation in the form of pressure/volume inventory studies, gauge calibration programs, wellsite inspection programs, casing inspection programs, pressure and flow testing programs, internal and external inventory auditing programs or a combination of monitoring procedures approved by the Department that verify the gas storage reservoir#146;s integrity. (e) The gas storage reservoir operator shall retain the information gathered in subsections (a)#151;(d) and essay on criticism summary shall make the information available to the Department for 15 years. (f) For an on meaning observation well for which a gas storage operator does not retain monitoring data, the gas storage operator shall plug the essay on criticism well or apply for inactive status. (g) The Department may require the operator to perform additional tests it deems necessary after a conference is held under section 501 of the act (58 P. Essays On Weed? S. § 601.501). This section cited in 25 Pa. Code § 78.406 (relating to recordkeeping). A gas storage reservoir operator, who has not requested approval of a maximum storage pressure for a gas storage reservoir, shall request, by on criticism summary, February 15, 1995, Department approval of a maximum gas storage reservoir pressure in accordance with the following: (1) The maximum shut-in wellhead pressure (psig) may not exceed the easy resume highest shut-in wellhead pressure (psig) found to essay, exist during the production history of the discursive essay on abortions reservoir, unless a higher pressure is established through testing of on criticism, caprock and deconstructing the kimbell on meaning and architecture pool containment. The methods used for determining the higher pressure shall be determined in conference with the summary Department in accordance with section 501 of the act.

(2) If the original discovery shut-in wellhead pressure (psig) is discursive essay on abortions not known, or the highest production shut-in wellhead pressure (psig) is not known, or a higher pressure has not been established through a method as approved by the Department as established in paragraph (1), the maximum storage reservoir pressure shall be limited to a freshwater hydrostatic gradient. When emergency repairs are necessary, prior notification under § 78.401(c) (relating to storage well construction) is not required. The operator shall give notice to on criticism summary, the Department within 24 hours of the design public space urban repairs. Within 5 days of the emergency, the operator shall submit a written explanation of the emergency and essay the corrective action taken, or planned. If corrective action requires a permit, an application shall be filed within 10 days.

(a) The gas storage reservoir operator shall retain records for each gas storage well and shall make these records available to the Department. These records shall include, but not be limited to, the essays on weed following: (1) Well inspection results and pressure data for the preceding 7 years. (2) Integrity testing data for each gas storage well required by § 78.403 (relating to gas storage well integrity testing) for at least 15 years. (b) The gas storage reservoir operator shall retain data for at least 7 years gathered during inspections of abandoned wells and plugged wells as required by § 78.402 (relating to essay summary, inspections by discursive, the gas storage operator) and shall make these records available to the Department. In addition to complying with the plugging requirements in § § 78.91#151;78.98 (relating to summary, plugging), the gas storage reservoir operator shall: (1) Notify the Department of an intent to plug a gas storage well at least 15 days before beginning to essay, plug the well. This notice shall describe the essay on criticism summary intended plugging procedure. (2) Clean out the portions of the well that penetrate the storage horizon.

(3) Set cement across the discursive essay on abortions perforations in on criticism, a manner that prevents the migration of gas or other fluids within or outside of the easy resume sample well. (4) For an open hole, set a bridge plug immediately above the storage horizon followed by a 500 foot cement plug, or use another method approved by the Department. Subchapter X. STATEMENTS OF POLICY. INSPECTION POLICY REGARDING OIL AND GAS. 78.903. Frequency of on criticism, inspections. 78.904. Manner of inspection.

INSPECTION POLICY REGARDING OIL AND GAS. The provisions of this § 78.901 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. 3229; reserved March 30, 2001, effective March 31, 2001, 31 Pa.B. 1736. Resume? Immediately preceding text appears at serial page (241959). (a) This statement of policy sets forth the on criticism summary policy of the easy resume Department in on criticism, regard to easy resume sample, inspections of oil and gas well locations, sites, property, facilities, operations or activities governed by the act, the Coal and Gas Resource Coordination Act (58 P. S. § § 501#151;518) or the Oil and Gas Conservation Law (58 P. S. § § 401#151;419). Essay On Criticism Summary? This policy does not create a duty or obligation upon the Department to conduct a minimum or maximum number of inspections per year or during a certain period of essay, time. (b) Inspections are conducted to essay on criticism, administer, implement, enforce and determine compliance with the discursive statutes set forth in on criticism, subsection (a) and with Article XIX-A of The Administrative Code of 1929 (71 P.S. § § 510-1#151;510-108), The Clean Streams Law (35 P.S. § § 691.1#151;691.1001) and the Solid Waste Management Act (35 P.S. § § 6018.101#151;6018.1003) and other statutes administered by the Department that apply to activities associated with gas and oil operations.

The provisions of this § 78.902 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. 3229. This section cited in 25 Pa. Code § 78.903 (relating to frequency of inspections); and 25 Pa. Public Thesis? Code § 78.905 (relating to additional inspections). The Department, its employes and agents intend to essay on criticism summary, conduct inspections at the following frequencies: (1) At least once prior to easy resume sample, the issuance of a permit, if a waiver or exception is requested by the permit applicant.

(2) At least once in verifying or resolving objections or determining the essay Department#146;s response to objections, when objections are raised to essays on weed, a permit application. (3) At least once during each of the phases of siting, drilling, casing, cementing, completing, altering and essay on criticism summary stimulating a well. (4) At least once during, or within 3 months after, the time period in which the owner or operator is rogerian essay conclusion required to restore the site, after drilling the well. (5) At least once prior to the authorization to use an alternate method for plugging, casing or equipping the well. (6) At least once during the periods that an alternative method for plugging, casing or equipping the well is being used or installed. (7) At least once when a well is being reconditioned or repaired or when casing is being replaced. (8) At least once prior to a well being granted inactive status.

(9) At least once during the plugging of the well. (10) At least once during, or within 3 months after, the period in which the owner or operator is required to restore the site, after the well is plugged or abandoned. (11) At least once before the summary bond or other financial security is released. (12) At least once a year, if there is onsite brine disposal or residual waste disposal subject to the statutes referenced in § 78.902 (relating to discursive on abortions, policy). (13) At least twice a year if the well is located in a gas storage reservoir or in a gas storage reservoir protective area. (14) At least once a year to on criticism summary, determine whether compliance with the plate osteosynthesis olecranon statutes administered by the Department has been achieved. (15) If there is a violation, at on criticism summary, least once to determine whether the violation has been corrected, or whether there is a continuing violation. (16) At least once, in response to a complaint. The provisions of this § 78.903 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B.

3229; reserved March 30, 2001, effective March 31, 2001, 31 Pa.B. Sample? 1736. Immediately preceding text appears at serial pages (241959) to (241960). The inspections described in essay on criticism, this subchapter may be conducted separately, or in essay conclusion, combination, whichever manner is deemed by the Department to permit maximum efficiency, accuracy and thoroughness in essay on criticism summary, implementing the statutes administered by the Department. The provisions of this § 78.904 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. For Severe Olecranon? 3229. The Department, its employes and agents may conduct additional inspections, including follow-up inspections, inspections to observe a practice or condition related to the public health or safety and inspections to determine compliance with the essay on criticism summary statutes set forth in § 78.902 (relating to policy), with the laws administered by the Department, with the Department#146;s regulations, with the terms or conditions of on meaning, a permit or with the requirements of an order. The provisions of this § 78.905 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. Essay On Criticism? 3229. The provisions of this statement of deconstructing the kimbell an essay, policy are subject to essay on criticism, the availability of personnel and easy resume financial resources. This statement of policy does not create a duty or obligation upon essay the Department to conduct a minimum or maximum number of essays on weed, inspections per year or during a certain period.

The provisions of this § 78.906 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. 3229. No part of the on criticism information on this site may be reproduced for profit or sold for profit.