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Building a Drawer Slide CNC Machine for Under $200! Drawer Slide CNC Machine for mba marketing, under $200. Like many of us interested in this hobby, I wanted my own machine. But I didn’t want to dive into postmodern writer, it, spend $2k plus and have a large paperweight out in my shop. The idea was born for a simple, cheap, somewhat accurate CNC machine that I could modify as I gained knowledge (and funds). The first step in the process was deciding what hardware I was going to use. I decided on the TB6560-3 axis driver bought off eBay for $22.00/free shipping. I chose this driver because it was very affordable, and that is how I chose most of the components for this project. Next came the 12V 8.5A Switching Power Supply, also bought off eBay for $14.99/free shipping. Case Solutions? For stepper motors, I found a lot of university of illinois writing, 5 on eBay for $10.00/free shipping.

They are small, but they actually have plenty of power for this machine (I’m not milling aluminum and the x-y is quite small). The spindle is probably the most important part of the machine. If you buy something that has too much run out case solutions (movement in the shaft/bearings which makes your cutting tools “wobble”) you will have difficulty achieving any sort of accuracy. Postmodern Writer? This is the mistake I made, I chose a Dremel 100. This is a great tool, don’t get me wrong, but it is made with a plastic housing, and mba marketing study solutions, it turns at 35,000 RPM so it has quite a bit of university mfa creative, run-out. Case Study Solutions? There are a lot of misc hardware pieces need to essay first person build this machine, but most of which can be found at your local Lowes, Home Depot or local hardware store. I will detail a list of materials needed here: ****EDIT**** I forgot to mention what I would do with the mba marketing study laser cutter if I were to win!

I would make a lot of crafts and projects to benefit a not for profit I'm involved with. It's a great organization that helps children increase their self esteem and self confidence. Postmodern Essay Writer? (2) Pairs of mba marketing case, heavy duty drawer slides. Papers On Stress? (1) small linear slide rail (bought off eBay $5.00/free ship) for Z axis. (1) 2’x2’ 1/8” sheet of luan plywood (could also use Plexiglas) (1) Sheet of Plexiglas or lexan ?” to 3/8” 10 x 10 (1) 3/8”x 3/8”x 36 aluminum angle 3. (1) 3/8” x 36aluminum U channel. Mba Marketing Case Solutions? (1) ?” x 1/8”x 3’ aluminum flat stock. (1) ?”-20 x 3’ Threaded rod (lead screw) (3) ?”-20 hex standoffs 2” long. (1) ?” fuel line hose for coupling motor to essays on cyrano threaded rod. (1) Tube of super glue. (4) Wood screws for mba marketing study, securing drawer slides to frame. (16) Nuts and bolts 10-24 x 5/8” (12) Nuts and bolts 8-32 x 3/8” (2) drill bushings (for lead screw support) -For stepper motor hook-up determined by stepper motors (how many wires) and how far your drivers are placed. -Power cable for power supply (used 3 wire cord of old power tool) -Small length of essays de bergerac, 12ga wire for solutions, driver power (from power supply) + and – How is the term Z axis supported when the slide isn't fully extended? If you have a pound or two with the case study solutions slide, mount, and assignment tracker, whatever you may use as the spindle (dremel, trim router, etc..) wouldn't that just put all the study solutions weight on postmodern essay, the screw and motor, which would pull apart?

The Z axis is supported. It is on a single linear slide, which is quite stout and mba marketing case solutions, flexes very little. The is not taking any side to side load.Look at the pictures againd and you will see it. Thanks. Thanks for the reply :) I wasn't asking about the side to book criticism side support though. I was concerned about the solutions vertical - Yes it's on a slide, but what other than the motor and screw is keeping that slide from dropping to full extension?

As an example, if I have two pounds of trim router, small mount to on cyrano connect it to the slide, etc, wouldn't that two pounds be pulling down on the screw, trying to pull it off the motor? Since there is no spring to mba marketing help alleviate the weight, wouldn't this stress and break the hold made by glue, etc with the coupling hose? Ahh, I see what you are saying. I am using a Bosh Die grinder as my routing tool which weighs 1.6Kg (people of the worldespecially Americans please start using SI system). Book Criticism? Do you think the weight will be supported just using superglue and a tight hose.If not what suggestions can you give . Thank you in advance. Wondering about the use of study solutions, Super Glue as it tends to make rubber brittle.. If I were to build this again, I found an mfa creative awesome, cheap solution to this problem. Check this out for helping support the load. you could buy one that matches the study weight of your tool, or combine a few to equal the weight. if you got answer for this question it would be nice if you can share it ,because i have the same problem with my project. Made a few changes, but the results are more accurate than I was expecting.

I am making my first cnc :) it is a nice work , like :) , I use this map to make mine.tnx. please can you suggest me what outcome is person possible after making this machine. I have a stepper motors that run on solutions, 3.7V with 4 wires. How do I install the board voltage on book criticism, them? The board is TB6560. Threaded rods how much they cost and who have step ? Thanks so much for sharing this. After about five years of mba marketing study, getting nowhere. on my own CNC machine (mostly due to limited funding + lack of an acceptable workspace), I now have renewed hope. This really is a good. overall (fixed gantry) design for on cyrano de bergerac, a first time CNC hobbyist.

Just like imyz, I too have an evil plan to use your brilliant simple design to bootstrap myself into this hobby. I'm a little disappointed that no one has yet shared pics of their own builds of this CNC machine. Mba Marketing Study? BTW, I believe you indicated somewhere in the comments that you'd be upgrading your design. Book Criticism? Do you have any news regarding that? Yup i am also in the same position as you are (CNC project which is going nowhere for mba marketing solutions, the past 1 year) Well i am not giving up, I plan to resume work during my summer vacation. I am not getting any time in college.

I know this doesn't compare cost-wise with the author's amazing low-cost build, but you may want to consider basing your build on actuators. Here's an example of what I mean exactly . The machine shown in the video above uses the papers on stress management KR33 actuator--one per axis. They can be found on mba marketing study solutions, eBay but I suspect that they are pretty costly. The solution may be to use the C-Beam actuator (and replace all 8020 with lumber) . Of Illinois? I say that it may be the solution only case because I haven't compared the book criticism two actuators cost-wise. Here's a video introducing the C-Beam . Study Solutions? Hope this helps! P.S. If anyone does a build based on C-Beam, post here to let the rest of us know how it went.

Very cool! Although 1 of those actuators cost more than my whole machine. I'd love to postmodern try and case study solutions, build something with those! Thanks for the post! You're welcome Jon! I kind of narrative essay, figured you guys might really like to see this. You're right, they're definitely not the cheaper way to go and I suspect that your great build will remain a tough act to follow in mba marketing case study that regards for quite some time. That said, these actuators range from $110.00 (10) to $148.00 (39) and each one includes the stepper motor. Again, I don't know how well the actuator design itself actually works. All in narrative first or third person all, there's just something about study this modular approach that has me sort of book criticism, spellbound--any improvement (such as adding a limit switch) that you could make to one axis could almost certainly be applied to the other two axes.

I wonder if it might be possible to effectively copy this design (say, employing fewer customized parts) and end up with something even cheaper. The one thing that kind of bothers me though is I noticed that the mba marketing study stepper appears to be attached through only two of the book criticism four nema-23 mounting holes. That doesn't seem quite right; though, I suppose if this were a problem, it shouldn't be too hard to remedy. These are the mba marketing study solutions pictures of my first build during last summer vacations. Its a very bad design as you can see and university of illinois writing, i didnt build it further because of the lack of case, time (this is outside my field of study , I am a computer science student). Anyways i will start work on postmodern writer, this in about 1 months time.

I was going about the problem the conventional way ,that is to buy smooth rods,linear bearings blah blah blah . But after i have seen what you have done using the mba marketing case solutions cheap linear draw slides i have hope. I think i have a video of it working (MOVING) somewhere with in my Facebook page take a look at it when you have time. Of Illinois Writing? Well the last time it ran i some how stalled the CNC and case study, it inurn fried the Micro-controller (Arduino Mega) ,this (i shouldn't have made a big mess out of it) event was a big set back and i stopped working all the sudden. Nice Job! I am starting mine this week, hope to finish in term papers on stress a relatively short time. Make sure you post some photos of your work!

Your interpretations of my ideas and others only help other people build better machines! Chrissunny94, sorry I didn't get your messages earlier I have not logged onto instructables in a while. I'd be glad to help you as much as I can. But I no longer have that CNC machine I disassembled it for another project. I'm sure we can get you up and running though. I will try to answer some of mba marketing solutions, your questions tonight. How does the machine work? receive instructions for the machine to operate?

Computer hardware and term, software. serial communication from the study computer vai microcontroller. Narrative Essay Or Third? How is the zaxis supported thats the part which dragged my CNC project like anything.I could not get a thrust bearing or something like that to support the case study weight of the Bosh die Grinder that i am using for online assignment tracker, my CNC(quite heavy ,1.5KG). From the pictures i can infer that the z axis is hanging on to the stepper which is doubt is mba marketing study advisable . BTW I am using a ramps 1.4 and nema 17 (5.5KgCm of on stress management, torque ) . If you can put some pictures of how you have attached the draw slides then it would be really helpful. Thanks in advance. Can the machine be used by a mac computer, and what software can be used for mba marketing, it, and do you know anything about freeware for mac. How did you hook up the controller to your lap top. University? I tried a db25 to solutions USB cable but I cannot find the I/O number.

All 3 lights just stay lit but nothing happens. You need an actual DB25 port, a USB to essay DB25 conversion cable won't work. Try using an older laptop or better yet, a desktop. Will a circuit board to case study go from USB to DB25 work? Out of curiosity, how much accuracy you can get out of it? I have an evil plan to make a clone of your machine and then use it to build a second of my own design. i'm also making a clone of his with a few tweaks here and a few teaks there like doubling up the Z axis support and not using plexi glass for anything. you did amazing basic instruction and great fully it is doable in few days. there is book criticism only one thing i miss in here. the electronic part. how did you connected the mba marketing solutions motors to postmodern essay writer the driver ? Did you not use stepper motor drivers?? or are they not needed. Forgive my insolence. Case Solutions? My step motors have 6 wires how did you hook everything up to assignment tracker the tb6560 and power unit. I have been looking online trying to find out an easy way to hook everything up but I could only find the 4 wire hook up. Would you build one for me, if I bought it from you and paid you for labor, parts, shipping, ect.? Great job on this it looks fantastic!

What software do you use for designing your parts? I'm in the process of creating this build. Case Study Solutions? Great Ideas and design! Luckily I saw a potential problem with dust fouling up the bearings so I mounted them upside down thus making the raceway opening face downward. University Of Illinois Writing? Also, I am using 3 nema 23, 283 oz steppers I found on e-bay for $90. This is mba marketing really an outstanding build. Are you sure about the price of steppers though? $10 for 5 is so so so cheap. Yeah, I found a great deal. They are they same size as printer stepper motors.

I'm sure you could find some non working free ones on Craigslist. Good Idea's on Sourcing component's. I am building with quite afew modification's. Tracker? Do you have any backlash with this? I used bronze bushings, similar to this: http://www.mcmaster.com/#6338K413, but I bought them at the hardware store. Mba Marketing Study Solutions? Also what's the university writing max speed you get with that driver and motors? I've been looking around on mba marketing, eBay for the 3-axis controller.

Haven't been able to find any as cheap as you have. Any suggestions as to where else to look?? Thanks! Great project!! I wasn't able to find any of the electronics or motors with the same/similar specs, anywhere near the essay price the author found them for..

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How to Write a Proposal Essay/Paper. A proposal essay is exactly what it sounds like: it proposes an idea and provides evidence intended to convince the study, reader why that idea is a good or bad one. Although proposals are generally a significant part of business and term on stress management, economic transactions, they are not limited to study solutions those two areas. Proposals may be written for any college classes, scientific fields, as well as personal and other professional areas. This article will go over how to online assignment tracker write an case study, effective proposal essay and provide a sample one that was actually submitted and implemented. Before You Start: Pre-Writing Strategies. Much of the work is done before you type a single sentence. Before sitting down to write your proposal you’ll want to spend some time on book criticism each of the following. Get to Know Your Audience . Mba Marketing Case Solutions. Remember, a proposal essay is an effort to convince a reader that your idea is worth pursuing - or that another idea is not worth pursuing. To that end, you have to know who you’ll be writing for.

Are they business people? Academics? Government officials? If your audience is primarily business people you’ll want to justify your proposal by pointing to de bergerac possible financial benefits. If they’re government officials, you may want to mba marketing case solutions emphasize how popular a certain proposal is. Do Your Research . Having secondary sources who can support your claims will go a long way to persuading others of your proposal. Spend some time talking to experts or reading their research. Pre-Write . Before starting the actual essay, spend some time brainstorming excellent ideas. Online Assignment Tracker. Once you have a bunch of good ideas, spend some time thinking about how you’d like to organize them. Revise, Revise, Revise . Never turn in a first draft!

Have a trusted peer or colleague read your paper and give you feedback. Then take some time to incorporate that feedback into mba marketing study solutions, a second draft. The main parts of a proposal essay are summarized here. It is important to of illinois keep in mind that depending on your proposal parts may need to be added or taken out. The parts below (with the exception of the study solutions, introduction and conclusion) may be rearranged to suit individual proposals. The introduction serves to inform your reader of the history of the proposal (if applicable) or to introduce a subject to an informed/uninformed audience. This is the most important part of your paper in some respects. You need to both introduce the topic and show the audience why they should care about this topic. It’s often helpful to begin with an interesting fact, statistic, or anecdote to grab the reader’s attention.

Typically, people only postmodern writer make proposal to case solutions solve a problem. As such, you’ll want to highlight a particular problem that you think your proposal would solve. Know your audience so that you can emphasize the benefits your proposal would bring. This is a statement of purpose. This section should be brief and only discuss what your actual proposition is. It is okay for this section to be only book criticism a few sentences long if the proposal is short.

Do not include details about how you will carry out the proposal in this section. How will you go about achieving your proposal? What will you do to show your audience that you are prepared? This is where you go into detail about how your proposal will be implemented. Mba Marketing Study Solutions. A couple things to include: Convince: You need to convince your audience not only that your proposal is a good idea but also that you’re the person who needs to carry it out.

Highlighting your qualifications about why you’re suited for the task is helpful if you're the one to carry out the proposal. Detail: In discussing the postmodern essay, implementation, you’ll want to give enough detail to show your audience that you’ve thought about how the process will work. Case Solutions. That said, you don’t want to bore them with overly-technical or boring details. Essay Or Third Person. Anticipate: Anticipating potential implementation problems is case study solutions, both good practice and communicates to your audience that you’ve thought carefully about your proposal and about potential stumbling blocks. Focus this area on why the proposal will work. Quite simply, is it a viable proposal? You can draw on similar past experiences to narrative essay or third show why this proposal will work just like previous ones.

If you do not have this past experience option, focus on what you think your audience wants to hear. For example, if your manager really likes getting things done on time, then perhaps you might mention how your proposal can speed up productivity. Think logically here. *Tip: Do not structure this section the same way as your Benefits of. section. Simple. State what the goals of your proposal are. It might seem repetitive with the sections where you mentioned the solutions, benefits, but it serves to really drill home the on cyrano de bergerac, point.* Another simple part. What is needed to mba marketing case study complete your proposal? Include tangible (paper, money, computers, etc.)and intangible items such as time. Show the audience that you know what you are doing.

The more prepared you look the better your chances are to get the proposal passed (or get a better grade if it is for a class). Do NOT restate your introduction here if you choose to book criticism mention the history of a certain proposal. However if you did not introduce your proposal with some historical background information, here is the part where you can quickly restate each section above: Proposal, plan of action, all the why's of the paper and mba marketing case, so on. As in any essay or paper, cite your sources as appropriate. If you actually quote from a resource in you essay then title this section Works Cited . If you do not cite anything word for word, use Works Consulted . The Purdue University Online Writing Lab serves writers from around the world and the Purdue University Writing Lab helps writers on Purdue's campus. It can help you get a better grip on essay technical details like citing and much more, check it out! In 1912, Pablo Picasso, an mba marketing case study, avid painter of nature and still life, tore part of papers on stress management, a makeshift tablecloth and glued it to his painting, Still Life with Chair Caning , and mba marketing study solutions, thus, by adding different items to aid his painting, he began the art of collage making. (Pablo Picasso – Still Life with Chair Canning). A collage is simply a group of objects arranged together to create a complete image of an online assignment tracker, idea, theme, or memory.

For example, David Modler created a collage called “Big Bug” to represent the irony that is the mba marketing study solutions, importance of insects to our natural world in essay, comparison to their size. The bug in the image is the smallest feature of the collage yet it is to be viewed as the most important aspect (Modler, David). All these parts of a collage collaborate together to create a unifying theme or message and mba marketing case study solutions, can be used as a helpful tool in education. I propose that each student make an book criticism, artistic collage to mba marketing case study solutions be presented to the class that will symbolize the context, audience, setting, structure or any key ideas found in one of the readings this semester. Students who make a collage will be able to drop the lowest quiz grade. The students will have one week from the announcement of the project to complete the collage and prepare a presentation for it. Each student must choose one reading that we have done so far or will read in narrative or third person, the future, and no two students may choose the case, same work. Conflict with students wanting to online assignment tracker present the same work will be resolved by a first come first serve basis.

The students will be given a rubric with the exact requirements of the project and what the purpose of the project is. I will make the rubric myself and submit it for approval, or we can use the rubric that I have attached. Benefits of Collage Proposal. Making a collage would allow the students to think and inspect the readings and ideas visually (Rodrigo, “Collage”), thus giving them another perspective, or possibly clearing up any misconceptions and study solutions, confusions they had about a work when we were just discussing it in essay, class verbally. Case. A collage provides the term papers on stress management, opportunity for solutions revision of a certain work and would certainly help to clear up any topics in the readings that might come up on narrative essay or third the final exam or a future test, via a visual and more creative method. Mba Marketing Case Study Solutions. If a student received a bad grade on a quiz because they did not understand the reading, the collage would give the book criticism, student an opportunity to go back to the reading and understand it, or to read ahead and grasp concepts that might be useful to study present to the class before the class does the essays de bergerac, reading. Study Solutions. A collage would allow the student to papers on stress become familiar with the case, work in a visual way and give them an opportunity to understand the main themes, topics, and ideas of a work, even one we might not have read yet. Viability of university, Collage Proposal. Since a collage would be like giving the student an opportunity to mba marketing case go back and review a subject and at the same time would resemble preparation for a presentation, the book criticism, time and effort required to go back and re-read a work as well as prepare the collage creatively would be sufficient to justify replacing the lowest quiz grade. Our course mentor said that this project would be a nice addition to mba marketing case study solutions the class because, just like any play is better seen than read, the collage will allow students to on cyrano de bergerac get the visual aspect behind a work and help them to grasp the mba marketing case study, ideas better. Past visuals that we have used in essay, class to describe scenes from our readings such as The Tempest and mba marketing study solutions, The Odyssey have greatly helped me to understand some of the ideas of the stories.

For example, I always pictured the cyclops as a nasty, vile creature, but after some of the writer, “fuzzy” drawings on the board done by mba marketing, some of my peers, I imagined and understood that he could in fact be a gentle creature that was just angered by Ulysses trespassing and blinding him. I could not have seen that perspective of the story had it not been for narrative essay first some of the more innocent visuals on study the board. Finally, I have discussed with the de bergerac, students in our class about the case study, idea of a collage replacing the lowest quiz grade and narrative essay, the overwhelming majority approved of the mba marketing case, idea. Since a collage will substitute for a quiz grade, the book criticism, assignment will be optional. Case Study. Just as a quiz is almost always optional based on class initiation of discussion, the on stress management, collage will also be optional based on similar student effort parameters. Mba Marketing Study. The students who do not want to do a collage can choose “door number 2” and take a quiz that would be created by the teachers and/or myself. This quiz can be used to make the total number of assignments for each student in the class even, and or third person, may or may not be graded based on study the professor's discretion. The first goal of my collage proposal is to give students a chance to be creative and narrative first, step outside the boundaries of classroom discussion. They can use their imaginations to find a way to creatively put together a collage that will help the class as well as themselves to better understand the course reading. A second goal of my proposal is that the time and effort put into making the study, collage and university mfa creative writing, presenting it in front of the class will equal the worth of dropping the lowest quiz grade.

Because this collage requires the creator to examine the context, audience, setting, structure of any one of the readings, it is mba marketing, essentially like a quiz itself, which includes questions on similar topics. The literary work that a student chooses to create a collage on will determine how much time is necessary to fully complete the project. One week to create a collage should give each student—no matter what reading they choose to do—ample time to mfa creative writing create a presentable and educational collage for the class. In terms of tangible resources, this project is not very demanding. A simple poster or a series of photographs or drawings assembled neatly together by the student will be about case, as resourcefully demanding as this project gets.

In addition, a few hours of class time will need to be allocated in order to present the collages. If each student takes at least five minutes to present the total time needed for the presentations will be 1 hour and 15 minutes. The presentation day(s) and online tracker, time(s) can be decided by the class as a whole. The rest of the resources needed are already available: The readings are all published online if a student needs to mba marketing study refer back to essays on cyrano them Craft supplies are readily available. Skills for Successful Completion.

As a good planner and organizer I made a rubric that is study, specific enough to give the students a good idea of what they should be doing for the collage. The rubric can be made available upon your request. In addition I can also come up with a quiz if there are students who want to opt out of the collage project. I can talk to the class and come up with a good presentation time and date for everybody. Papers On Stress Management. I would volunteer myself to hold an mba marketing solutions, early presentation session a few days before the due date so the others can get an idea of what their collage could look like and why they can benefit from the project. I will make myself available to the class if they have any questions about the proposed project. A collage will allow students to essay writer understand visually a reading or topic in a reading that they may have been confused about. The project is a fun and creative way to get students to think about a reading more in depth as well as review for future exams. Mba Marketing Case Study Solutions. As a result of the effort and time put into the collages, the students should be allowed to drop their lowest quiz grade in the semester. Modler, David.

Big Bug . Mfa Creative Writing. Photograph. Kronos Art Gallery . Web. 12 Oct. 2011. Pablo Picasso - Still Life with Chair Caning (1912). Lenin Imports . Web. 12 Oct. 2011. Rodrigo. Collages. Web 2.0 Toolkit . 11 Mar.

2009. Mba Marketing. Web. 2 Oct. 2011. Here is an example of lab report with step-by-step instructions on writer writing a good lab report. When writing a lab report you are presenting scientific facts that support a hypothesis, to an audience..

How do you Write an A+ English Paper or Essay: Outline and case, Procedure. by Brittany Kennedy 12. How to Write in the Format of a 3.5 Essay. by Jessica Marello 8. Exploratory Essay Outline and Organization. by Virginia Kearney 0. 100 Easy Argumentative Essay Topic Ideas with Research Links and Sample Essays. by Virginia Kearney 32. 100 Science Topics for Research Papers. by Virginia Kearney 109. 100 Cause and Effect Essay Topics.

by Virginia Kearney 37. charbie krin 12 days ago. NIce, very helpful. LFC328 6 months ago from NY. Laura, what a great skill you have. I wish I was bless with it :_). thank you so very much for the information. It have gave me a guideline for my proposal. Online. Thank you again God bless you! I am little bit lost of the diagram for research design what is needed in terms of the research plan diagram please reply.

cedricperkins 2 years ago. A powerful guide in study, fact. It lists almost all aspects of writing a proposal essay. Mfa Creative. However, there is study solutions, one thing students have to of illinois mfa creative writing note. Even though there are certain rules and principles for writing an case solutions, essay, there is always scope for breaking the conventions. Universities always accept innovations in writing. Be prepared to write in the most recent writing mechanics. I think www.classessays.com will help you to write proposal essays to emerge out successfully. Narrative Essay Or Third Person. However, the above mentioned tips are, of course, the part and parcel of mba marketing, writing a proposal essay.

roselinda nyota 2 years ago. Ahmad Fahrurroji 2 years ago from Karawang, Indonesia. Awesome hub and so helpful. Rakim Cheeks 2 years ago. This was a really great detailed format of how to write a proposal essay.

I believe all college students need to read this! As a writer, this helped me, and you explained it very well. Online Assignment Tracker. Excellent job! Laura Writes 2 years ago. Thanks a lot Leptirela, tried my best to keep such a long read as clutter free and flowing as possible.

Excellent hub. Mba Marketing Study. Informative and understandable. May I please express how, impressive this hub and the lay out is :) Great post. De Bergerac. Interesting infographic how to write an argumentative essay http://www.essay-profy.com/blog/how-to-write-an-es. ?.

The challenge in mba marketing study, writing a proposal resides in narrative essay or third, its structure. For the writer it is study solutions, important that it be clear, to the point and as concise as possible. It is important to remember that the reader is the one who will accept or reject your proposal either way due to a wide array of factors. Leaving no door open other than the one of acceptance key factors are presentation, clarity and a summarisation that leaves but he avenue of an acceptance. Once finalized have a friend or someone else in whose judgment you trust to be honest and willing to give objective comments as well as towhy they propose changes. One practice I enforce when writing anything that is consequential is to on cyrano set the document aside forgetting about it for a couple of days and the review it again. Case Solutions. A fresh read is always good.

One last tough. Your proposal is important as you are writing it for a specific reason therefore as yourself the term on stress management, question objectively as you can will the intended reader accept it? If you have a slight hesitation review it again and mba marketing case study solutions, try to find the weak point and rewrite it to give it strength. Do not forget to Google to find supporting data for your proposal or even proposals in the same line. Best of luck to all. This was extremely helpful! I wasn't quite sure how to lay my proposal essay out. So thank you, thank you! (: This information was very helpful. You gave me something to go on.

Thank you. This was a great go-by. Short and sweet, yet in-depth and detailed enough to postmodern essay get the mba marketing study, points across intelligently. Thanks for your help! Jo_Goldsmith11 3 years ago.

Just what I was looking for. Great job with presentation and easy reading on the eyes. shared, tweet and Up. De Bergerac. thank you for writing this. :-) Laura Writes 3 years ago. If you are writing a thesis proposal, you could use this format if it works for the theme of your thesis.

However for research, you should look into study solutions, a format that is like writing a research grant. It could look something like this, but check with a scientific journal or the on cyrano de bergerac, company that you are requesting a research fund from to mba marketing see if they have specific formatting requirements. Is this the same Thesis Proposal or research Proposal? Thank you so much. Very good and helpful. Really clear and essays on cyrano de bergerac, straight forward. Friskila Damaris Aquila Silitonga 4 years ago. Nice info and it's a practical round up with good resources. Friskila Damaris Aquila Silitonga. I have been a grant writer for sixteen years and it's always nice to see someone include the actual practice with the theory of proposal/grant writing.

Many can just list the parts of a proposal, but it's more beneficial for the reader to see actual work. Great job! Laura Writes 4 years ago. No problem, good luck on your papers! Thx London 4 ur contribution.

in building ma proposal. codjoe conduah 4 years ago. am glad i could find something like this its been very tough for me on a proposal i was working on but now this has really eased ma fears. thanks a lot. Laura Writes 4 years ago. I'm glad this is proving useful to mba marketing study everybody. Good luck on your papers!

samuel sikei 4 years ago. Thank you, this is so direct and on cyrano, very professional. Anil 4 years ago from mba marketing case study Kerala. Hai nice essay. I suggest it to essay or third person the school and college students. Thanks for mba marketing case solutions sharing . thank you sosososososososososososo much. thx for papers on stress management the awesome outline. This has been excellent explained.

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1 Order and Service Management Overview. This chapter provides an overview of Oracle Communications Order and Service Management (OSM). OSM coordinates the order fulfillment functions required to complete a customer order created in study, a customer relationship management ( CRM ) system, or other order-source system. As an online order management system, OSM receives and study recognizes customer orders and essay person coordinates the actions to fulfill the order across provisioning, shipping, inventory, billing, and other fulfillment systems. Case Study Solutions. As such, OSM occupies a central place in your order management solution. The basic steps for on cyrano de bergerac order fulfillment are: The CRM system captures the order data; for example, a customer's order for a telephone service. OSM is not an order capture system.

It does not collect order information directly from mba marketing study solutions, customers. The CRM system sends the customer order to assignment, OSM in case, a Web services operation. A customer order is typically based on a product that is sold to a customer, which might require interactions with multiple systems to complete. For example, a customer might purchase a product that combines a telephone service and a DSL service. OSM orchestrates all of the actions that need to be performed by external systems; for example, billing, shipping, and activation systems. University Of Illinois Mfa Creative Writing. (See How OSM Fulfills an Order for a detailed explanation of case solutions order fulfilment.) As OSM fulfills the narrative, order, OSM informs the study, CRM system of the status of the order.

OSM returns the data necessary to complete the order; for example, the customer's new telephone number. After all of the fulfillment actions are completed, OSM communicates the status to the CRM system and book criticism closes the order in OSM. While orders are being fulfilled, you can use the OSM Web clients to monitor and manage the orders as they are fulfilled. You can automate many of the tasks needed to complete an order, or you can use the Web clients to manually complete tasks. Mba Marketing Case Study Solutions. OSM fulfills orders specifically to support your service offerings. Before you can use OSM to fulfill your orders, you need to use Oracle Communications Design Studio to model how your orders need to be fulfilled. For example, if you sell a DSL service, you model your DSL order to essays, include the solutions, data necessary to mfa creative writing, activate the DSL service on the network.

To implement and mba marketing use OSM, you follow this process: Define your business requirements; for narrative first example, the products and services you offer. Case. Plan how to implement the fulfillment requirements for those products and services. For example: Which systems (activation, inventory, billing) does OSM need to communicate with? What data is needed to activate a service? Which tasks need to be performed manually, and which can be performed automatically? How are changes to an order handled? Model the orders in Design Studio and university mfa creative writing test the order execution. Implement the order models in your production system.

Monitor and manage in-flight orders by using the mba marketing, OSM Web clients. An in-flight order is an order that is currently being processed by OSM. As your business changes, redefine, test, and implement changes to how orders are fulfilled. The following procedure describes how OSM typically processes an order. A customer order is typically created when a customer purchases a product in a CRM system. Before submitting the order to online, OSM, the CRM system usually performs validations, such as validating customer information from its customer database. Mba Marketing Study. For some orders, the order may require technical qualification, such as validating that the network has enough capacity to offer the mfa creative writing, purchased products. Mba Marketing Case Solutions. OSM receives the order from the CRM system.

The order is submitted to OSM by using the assignment, CreateOrder Web services operation. When received by OSM, the order is mba marketing study solutions, called a customer order. Book Criticism. The customer order specifies all the data and tasks required to fulfill the order. For example, it might specify that the customer needs a telephone and mba marketing case a telephone number. These requirements are specified in narrative essay first or third person, order line items in the customer order. After OSM receives the order, it does the following: Determines the type of order to create. For example, you can model different types of case solutions orders based on the services that are being fulfilled.

You can also model different order types based on the fulfillment mode of the order. For example, you might fulfill an order in the Qualify fulfillment mode to make sure that the order can be fulfilled, and then fulfill the order in the Delivery fulfillment mode to complete the order and deliver the narrative essay first or third, services. To determine the type of order to create, you create recognition rules . Validates the order data. This step determines if the order syntax is study, correct. If it is not, OSM sends an error message back to the CRM system. Transforms the order data.

This step translates the essays on cyrano de bergerac, order into the internal OSM order format. It can also perform data enrichment, which can include additional customer-specific data, order priority data, and so on. Creates the OSM order. This step creates the order in the internal OSM format. OSM generates an orchestration plan for the order. Mba Marketing Case Solutions. The orchestration plan specifies the book criticism, fulfillment actions required to fulfill the order; (for example, add ADSL service).

It manages the sequence of mba marketing case those actions and manages dependencies between them. Book Criticism. To create the orchestration plan, OSM reads the requirements defined in solutions, each order line item in the customer order and identifies the essays, processes and tasks to fulfill them. For example: OSM determines which fulfillment systems need to case study, be involved; for example, a billing system and a service activation system. OSM determines which tasks need to be performed, and in which order; for example, initiate payment from the essays, billing system, find a telephone number, and send data to the activation system. A unique orchestration plan is mba marketing case study, generated for each order, based on the contents of the order. An orchestration plan includes the following: Order items . Order items are individual products, services, and offers that need to be fulfilled as part of an order. Each item includes the action required to implement it: Add, Suspend, Delete, and so on. For example, a new order might add a wireless router.

Order components . Order components are groupings of de bergerac order items that can be processed together, such as a group of order items that need to be fulfilled by the same fulfillment system and share the same processing granularity. For example, to implement a broadband service, a group of study order items to activate the service can be grouped in one component, and a group of order items to ship a modem can be grouped in another component. The process of organizing order items into order components is postmodern essay, called decomposition . Dependencies . Dependencies are relationships in which a condition related to one item must be satisfied before the case, other item can be completed. For example, the order items related to VoIP provisioning are dependent on the order items for DSL provisioning. These dependencies determine the sequence in which order components are processed. An order can be created without recognition rules and without an orchestration plan. This is book criticism, common when the order has a limited set of tasks that do not have dependencies; for example, an order that only manages service activation. See Understanding Orchestration for case study solutions more information about orchestration plans.

OSM runs the orchestration plan. Order components are run as processes , which are in turn made of a series of tasks . You can use the management, OSM Web clients to monitor automated tasks and to perform manual tasks. As the order progresses, OSM communicates with the originating CRM or order-source system to provide information about the status of the order. OSM can aggregate notifications of task completion events to present a real time, unified view of the order to mba marketing study, the originating system and to on stress, the OSM Web clients. OSM manages changes to the order by using revision orders . For example, a customer might order Bronze level DSL service and case solutions later change the order to Gold level service. When a revision order is received, OSM analyzes it to assignment, determine what data has changed and what compensation must be performed due to mba marketing case study, the change. See Managing Changes to Orders for more information. If an essay first or third person error occurs during order fulfillment; (for example, if a resource that has been assigned is not available on the network), OSM manages order fallout . Mba Marketing Solutions. You can use both the Order Management Web client and the Task Web client to search for and resolve fallout. Term Papers On Stress. OSM can also be configured to return data to CRM systems such as Siebel for the creation of trouble tickets. See Order Fallout Management for more information.

When all order components for the order are complete, OSM closes the order and case sends the status to the originating system. An order describes the products or services that need to be fulfilled. Papers On Stress Management. The contents of an order can include: Information about the order. For example: The type of order, such as a request for a new service or a change to mba marketing study, an existing service. Order creation date. Expected completion date. Information about the customer; for example, name and address. Information about the services being requested; for example, telephone number, bandwidth, or DSLAM port.

The order components, order items, processes, tasks, and dependencies that are required to fulfill the order. Status information. Book Criticism. For example: If the order is still in flight, or if it has completed. Mba Marketing Solutions. State of the tasks that need to be performed. Tracking information; for example, remarks, notifications, and order history. Figure 1-1 shows an order displayed in the Task Web client. Figure 1-1 Order in the Task Web Client. Term Papers. See About Orders for mba marketing study solutions more information.

About Central Order Management and Service Order Management. When fulfilling orders, OSM can perform two primary roles: Central order management. Service order management. OSM in the central order management role receives customer orders from one or more order-source systems. OSM creates an order, and manages the fulfillment of the order across other enterprise systems including billing systems, shipping systems, and narrative first or third service fulfillment systems. The central order management role is also responsible for receiving status information from the fulfillment systems and providing an aggregated status back to the order-source systems. Case Solutions. The central order management role is sometimes called central fulfillment . OSM in the service order management role is typically a part of a dedicated service fulfillment system, working with inventory and activation systems to fulfill services in book criticism, one or more network domains.

OSM in its service order management role typically receives a service order that manages a limited part of the case study solutions, overall order fulfillment. On Cyrano. A service order is typically sent by OSM in its central order management role. OSM service order management can orchestrate and manage the fulfillment of the services and resources for the order. It typically works in conjunction with an inventory system to track and allocate resources (assign-and-design) and an activation system to configure the network devices and mba marketing solutions applications. The service order management role is book criticism, sometimes called provisioning or local fulfillment . All OSM functionality; (for example, orchestration) can be used in both of the roles. However, the mba marketing study solutions, order processing performed by OSM in the central order management role typically uses orchestration more, because of the need to manage relationships between multiple systems. Orders sent to a service order management system often do not require an orchestration plan because the tasks in on cyrano, the order can be run as a static process by OSM.

As an example, an order might be processed as follows: OSM in its central order management role receives a customer order for a broadband service. Included in the order are requirements for billing, shipping, and provisioning. OSM generates an orchestration plan, which runs the various fulfillment processes needed to fulfill the mba marketing case, order. To provision the order, OSM uses an book criticism automated task to mba marketing case study, create a separate service order, which is sent to another instance of OSM functioning in the service order management role. OSM in its service order management role receives the service order and processes the provisioning task. It sends the status back to the OSM instance running in the central order management role.

Service order management typically handles specific provisioning tasks that do not require orchestration, but you can use orchestration with service order management. Essay Or Third. Figure 1-2 shows two scenarios. In the first scenario, central order management handles provisioning for a fixed-line service and mba marketing a DSL service separately, and it is therefore able to send service orders directly to OSM in the service order management role. In the second scenario, the fixed-line service and the DSL service are sent simultaneously to service order management. Service order management uses an orchestration plan to university of illinois mfa creative writing, send the provisioning requests to separate fulfillment systems. Figure 1-2 Orchestration Plan Used in Service Order Management. To take advantage of the separation between customer-facing configuration and network-facing configuration, a typical OSM system architecture uses multiple instances of OSM in both roles. For example: You can run one instance of OSM in the central order management role. This instance receives orders from the CRM system, manages the entire fulfillment of the order, and communication with other systems.

You can run one or more instances of mba marketing solutions OSM in de bergerac, the service order management role. Each of these instances can communicate with a specific service fulfillment stack; for example, a DSL provisioning system or a PSTN provisioning system. Case. For example, you might have a specific service component running on a single machine, which handles all of the activation commands for the service component. Postmodern Essay Writer. You can create an instance of OSM in mba marketing study, the service order management role on that machine. This instance would deploy an OSM cartridge configured exclusively for provisioning the service component. OSM in university mfa creative writing, the central order management role would send provisioning orders to that system, and the provisioning orders would return the status. Figure 1-3 shows a typical service provider environment.

This figure shows how central order management communicates with multiple systems, including service order management systems. Figure 1-3 Typical Central Order Management Environment. Figure 1-4 shows how the two roles apply to mba marketing case, the Business Process Framework. The Business Process Framework (eTOM) model is used in the communications, information, and entertainment industries. The central order management and service order management roles can be differentiated in the Operations section of the Business Process Framework. Central order management applies to order handling and problem handling in book criticism, the Customer Relationship Management layer. Service order management applies to service configuration and activation in the Service Management and mba marketing Operations layer. Figure 1-4 OSM and the Business Process Framework (eTOM) By running OSM in two roles, central order management and essays on cyrano de bergerac service order management, you can decouple your customer-facing product configuration from the network-facing service configuration and case solutions simplify how you manage and maintain your overall system.

For example: Changes to the products that you sell to assignment tracker, customers can be managed by changing how orders are processed by solutions central order management. For example, you might change how products are organized and presented to customers. That can change how products are bundled in an order but not how the services are provisioned on book criticism, the network. Changes to how you implement your services on the network can be managed by changing how orders are processed by mba marketing case solutions service order management. For example, you might make equipment-level changes to your network that require changes to how OSM works in the service order management role but do not affect OSM in the role of central order management. Online. In this case, how the case study solutions, services are activated does not affect how they are presented to customers. In general, system management can be more flexible if central order management and service order management run on different systems: Central order management systems are sometimes managed by a different team than service order management.

Central order management systems typically require a higher level of high availability. Product upgrade and narrative first or third person patching requirements can be handled separately. When you manage orders, you typically perform two basic activities: Complete manual tasks. Tasks can be run automatically or manually. Mba Marketing Case Study. In most cases, order fulfillment can be automated to such a degree that tasks require little or no manual execution. To complete manual tasks, you are assigned tasks in the OSM Task Web client.

To help you manage your assigned tasks, you can add comments to the order, attach documents, display the history of the order, and receive notifications that alert you to events that occur in the system and to at-risk orders or tasks. Manage the order progress and status. For example, you can do the following: Suspend and resume orders: You can temporarily stop all activity on an order in the system by suspending it. When you resume the order, the suspended tasks are resumed. Cancel and tracker resubmit orders: When you cancel an order, OSM stops all activity on that order and rolls back the tasks that have been completed. After the order is case study solutions, canceled, you can delete it or resubmit it from the upstream order-source system. Book Criticism. Manage fallout: You can identify errors that occur during order fulfillment, notify the appropriate individuals or systems, and take corrective measures. Delete orders: To delete orders, you use the orderPurge command.

See OSM System Administrator's Guide for information. You cannot delete orders by using the mba marketing study, OSM Web clients. A user who has privileges to create orders manually may delete orders before the order has begun processing. Postmodern Essay. To avoid synchronization issues with orders in upstream systems, orders should not be deleted manually. You can also run reports to get information about the overall order processing load. You can run the following summary reports: Completed Order Statistics. Completed Tasks Statistics. You can also use the OSM Reporting Interface to generate reports.

See OSM Reporting Interface Guide for more information. See OSM Task Web Client User's Guide and case study OSM Order Management Web Client User's Guide for more information. Postmodern Essay. OSM makes extensive use of the XPath and XQuery languages to find, filter, and transform data. Data sources that can be queried include: Incoming customer orders. Case Solutions. Data internal to OSM created from customer order data. Data from external sources retrieved during order processing. XQuery expressions can be included in Design Studio entities or referenced in separate files. A typical XQuery expression includes: The prolog: The prolog can contain default namespace declarations, namespace declarations, schemas imports, module imports, variable declarations, function declarations, and option declarations. The body: The body is one XQuery expression that can contain a sequence of one or more expressions separated by commas such as a ( for , let , where , order by online tracker , and return ) FLWOR expression. For more information about mba marketing case, XQuery, see the W3 Web site: Copyright 2009, 2013, Oracle and/or its affiliates.

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Essay: Greek mythology compared to nordic mythology. This paper will outline an exploration between Greek mythology to Nordic mythology, and how similar or different they are from each other. Furthermore it will outline the basic origin of the two mythologies. Each paragraph will cover a specific character or characteristic of the two mythologies and then compared and contrasted between Odin VS zeus, creation it is presented with the relevant concepts defined and processes clarified. The Greek mythology compared to mba marketing case Nordic mythology view of creation is provided, wherein key terms are clarified and book criticism, the mythologies are defined. The aim is to provide an overview of Greek mythology and Nordic mythology perception, upon which an understanding of mythology and their impact and how it is viewed in case study, modern day in pop culture can be clarified. Book Criticism! Myths can be looked at in many ways, which often can be employed at the same time without contradiction. For example, in the story of case study solutions Ra, Isis, and the snakebite, the possible political interpretation (Isis being advanced by online her priests to position of top god) doesn’t rule out a consideration of Ra as sun-god, or possibly seeing some ritual significance to mba marketing case study solutions his sickness and subsequent cure. As G. Book Criticism! S. Kirk puts it, “a myth may have different emphases or levels of meaning.” Since it often serves more than one purpose, “a tale about human actions can contain more than a single aspect and implication” (39). If we are to compare two different mythologies it is important that we know exactly what we mean when we write mythology. As we understand it, the word myth was derived from the Greek word “mythos”.

In this text the word myth is a story of case solutions forgotten or vague origin which is supernatural or religious. A story was made up to explain or rationalize one or more aspects of the world. It is also important to essay first person remember that these myths that are given as examples in this document have at some point been believed to be true by the people in the societies that used or originated them. Therefore it is clearly separated from the everyday speech meaning of the word myth, which mostly refers to an imaginary story (Brandenberg, 1994). Mba Marketing Case! The Romans copied their mythology from the Greeks; therefore we will only mention the Greek creation myth in this text. To be able to explain the differences and similarities between the Norse and the Greek creation myths I’ll begin with a short presentation of the two myths, which both begin with nothing. The world is nothing but a dark and void place (Brandenberg, 1994). In the Greek Creation Myth, in the darkness of the Greek creation myth there is a bird with black wings. This bird is making a golden egg from which the God of Love is coming.

One of the shells from the egg becomes the sky, which is also called Uranus, while the essay writer, other shell becomes the earth, Gaia (Brandenberg, 1994).Later on there is a fight between the God of Loves child and grandchildren. The child of the God of Love had heard from the Oracle that his son should eat him up so when his son Zeus was a little boy his father instead ate him up(Brandenberg, 1994).Trying to run away from his fate, he is punished and at least Zeus and his brothers win against their father. Zeus has two sons who have one responsibility each. One of mba marketing case them, Prometheus, should create mankind and the other, Epimetheus, should create the animals. They should also give their creations one gift.

The animals received one gift each, and nothing was left for the human, so Prometheus gave them fire. Because fire was only meant for the Gods, Zeus became angry and assignment tracker, had to punish Prometheus and mankind. Mba Marketing Case Study! When Epimetheus married Pandora they were given a lot of gifts from the other Gods. There was one special gift, called Pandora’s Box, which they were not allowed to open but off course they could not resist the temptation. Opening the postmodern writer, box they had suddenly let all the case study, pain, sickness and envy out to the world. There was nothing they could do to stop it.

Later on they heard a sound, like “let me out”, from the box. Or Third Person! They opened the box one more time and out flew all hope (Brandenberg, 1994). The Norse Creation Myth begins, with nothing but dark chaos. This nothing, called Ginnungagap, is placed south of Nieflheim, where there is only ice and north of Muspelheim where there is nothing but glowing embers (Greek and Roman 2003). In Ginnungagap the mba marketing case study solutions, ice from Nieflheim and the parks from Muspelheim meet and create an evil giant called Ymir. When Ymir is completed the papers on stress, ice and the sparks also create a cow, which is good.

The cow feeds the giant Ymir, and itself is licking blocks of ice. One day when it is mba marketing case study solutions licking a huge ice block the online, god of Love, Bure, comes out of it. (Greek and Roman 2003) Later on case study solutions, Bures offspring has a struggle against Ymir and on cyrano de bergerac, the other giants. Ymir dies and the gods threw him into Ginnungagap where his flesh becomes the earth, his blood the seas, his bones the mountains and mba marketing case solutions, so on. Online Tracker! The dwarves and the dark elves in the Norse mythology are created of the maggots from mba marketing case study solutions Ymir’s flesh. (Cook, 1914) When some of the gods are walking on a shore they see two tree trunks and give them souls, motions and senses. These become the two first humans, Ask and Embla. (Greek and essays on cyrano de bergerac, Roman 2003) In the Norse creation story the world was made from an evil giant (Greek and Roman 2003), while the world in the Greek creation story was made from an egg (Brandenberg, 1994).The Greek people looked at the world in a different way.

Maybe they thought the world was more fragile than the mba marketing solutions, Norse people did. Fighting against nature more than the Greek people did, the of illinois mfa creative writing, Norse people experienced the negative and hard things, like darkness and coldness, in nature. In both stories there was a struggle between a god, who later on would be the ruler of the other gods, and someone else. In the mba marketing case study, Greek creation story, Zeus fought against first or third person his father (Brandenberg, 1994) while Odin fought against the giant, Ymir. The ruler of the gods had to show everyone that they were good and brave enough to be the leaders. Then the other gods and the humans could respect and trust them. It is also very interesting to study solutions draw parallels to Oedipus and Beowulf (Curtius and Robert 1963). Beowulf had to give his life to online tracker show his people that he was their right king. A king could never be afraid of death nor to struggle.

Oedipus did not have to struggle physically, but instead he solved a riddle and that way he saved the people. Not solving the riddle he would never have become the king. The idea fate was very important for both the Norse and the Greek people, but knowing their fates, they acted in completely different ways. The Greeks always tried to run away from their fate (Curtius and Robert 1963). In the Greek creation story, one might have noticed that Zeus father ate Zeus so that the case study, fate would not be fulfilled, but you can again draw a parallel to narrative or third person Oedipus (Curtius and Robert 1963), which is a story based on running away from fates. Study! In Norse mythology they instead prepared themselves to meet fates .The Greek gods punished the people with the opening of Pandora’s Box.

Here it is easy to draw a parallel to the Christian religion, which also lets the people live with a sin (Curtius and Robert 1963). Postmodern Essay! In the Norse creation story, there is nothing about punishing or living with a sin. The Greek people were more often punished because they always ran away from their fates, something that the Norse people never did. Instead there is nothing about hope in mba marketing case solutions, the Norse creation story, compared to the Greek creation story where a bird flew out of online tracker Pandora’s Box with hope (Brandenberg, 1994).When you have been punished you need something to believe in, you need hope. In Norse mythology there are a lot of elves and witches compared to the Greek mythology (Curtius and mba marketing case study, Robert 1963).

What could the reason be? Those imaginations about witches and university mfa creative writing, elves are much easier to mba marketing case study solutions have when you are living in a cold country with a lot of university of illinois writing dark forests. Perhaps the Norse people had even more stories and thoughts about the elves before the mba marketing solutions, Norse mythology came and when it did come, they involved them in book criticism, the new mythology/religion. Here one can draw a parallel to the Christening of the Norse people. When Christianity came to the north, the mba marketing case study, people tried to involve their old rituals in the new religion. It is essay writer easier to accept the mba marketing, new things if you are allowed to keep the old ones. To further emphasise that the Greek and Norse mythologies are connected to each other we have also studied some words, which have travelled through languages and time. Urd, which means Fate is related to of illinois writing the old English word wyrd , which originally meant Fate too.

Today we have the mba marketing case, word left as the Weird Sisters. First I thought it meant strange sisters, but after research I found out about the university, real meaning. They are the three sisters of Destiny, which play a big part in Shakespeare’s Macbeth. (Curtius and Robert 1963) In Greece Odeion was the name of a sort of a construction, which was often used as a theatre. Maybe the Romans used this word too and the Vikings heard it, interpreted it their own way and study solutions, named their main God with a similar name (Odin). Lots of names may have been travelling around like this. Today the English word odeum means the same thing as the Greek word odeion. If words have travelled from one place from another, the stories and postmodern, culture might just as well have travelled the same way.

This indicates that Norse mythology could have lots of influence from Greek and mba marketing case, Roman mythology. Norse mythology is the religion of the Norse people. Papers Management! The Norse people are the ancient people of northern Europe (Scandinavia, Iceland, Denmark, Northern Germany etc.) (World Book 259).A major difference between Norse mythology and mba marketing case study solutions, Greek mythology are both cultures views of the afterlife and what happens there. In Greek mythology there is one allotted place for people to go after death and once they are there they stay there for all eternity. University Of Illinois! In Norse mythology there are four different places for the dead: Folkvang, Valhalla, Helheim, and Ran’s hall or the halls of Ran. Folkvang is the allotted area for mba marketing case solutions, your everyday warrior who fought and essay or third, died and did nothing more.

Valhalla is Odin’s hall where 800 of the bravest warriors go and train for the coming of Ragnarok (literally the ending of the gods or the end of the world) Helheim is solutions literally the postmodern, house or home of Hel; Hel is the goddess of the “underworlds” Niflheim (land of fire and heat) and Helheim. Helheim is the place where one who didn’t die or in battle goes, those who died from diseases, accidents, old age, etc. Ran is the goddess of the case, sea and the drowned. She is said to tracker sink ships and collect the solutions, drowned in a net and take them to her hall where they dwell there. In Greek mythology they go to the underworld (or Hades) and they are then separated and either got to Tartarus (hell) or the Elysian fields (heaven) (World Book 257). Folkvang, Valhalla, Helheim, and The Halls of Ran are four separate areas in essays, the world of Norse mythology where as Hades is one and study, Tartarus and the Elysian fields are two places within Hades. The Greeks and the Norse, two big groups a long time ago, were very big on myths and used them to explain everything and anything that didn’t make sense. It also so happens that the myths are very similar and reasonably different. So how might these to power house countries myths compare? First off, the Greeks and of illinois mfa creative, the Norse came from totally to different areas and case, life style (World Book 257) On the Norse side you have all the Northern countries which ranged from a lot of book criticism different backgrounds and the Greeks who at one point were considered the greatest country. The Norse, up north, had a difficult time.

They had extreme drops of study temperature during the winter with barley any light and management, a great rise of temperature during the summer. Another thing is that Greeks and the North had a lot of basic ideas that were the case solutions, same. First Or Third Person! They each had only one ruler of the gods and man, Zeus and Odin, and solutions, they each had wives, Hera and essay, Frigg, that had a little less power than their husbands but more than the other gods. Each had the certain realms such as a god of, war, love, seas/water, and underworld/death. Mba Marketing! This might not seem like a big thing but if you look at other myths from different groups you will find only on cyrano, one god or creator but the Greeks and the Norse had gods for case study solutions, almost every different realm possible. Narrative Essay Person! Another thing you could conclude is that these gods kind of checked the mba marketing solutions, power of Zeus/ Odin who also would check the de bergerac, power of the gods. The Greek gods were more joyful and mba marketing case, happy compared to the dark and gloomy Norse gods (World Book 257) The climate can be the reason for that but it also greatly affected the adventures and first person, stories of the gods. Mba Marketing Case Study! With the Greek myths you could see that a lot of them were mainly love stories such as Venus and Adonis, Cupid and on stress management, Psyche, and mba marketing study, the story of Ceres, Proserpina, and Pluto. Even though most these stories don’t end up in a good way you can still tell by reading them that the personality was more playful compared to the Norse gods. The Norse myths were more about battle and struggle with usually an end result of death such as the story of the Death of Blader or the university mfa creative writing, stories of the two heroes Beowulf and Siegfried. Both Greeks and study solutions, Norse seemed to have the same idea of fate being important as it can be related to many of both their myths.

The Norse called the gods of faith Norns and writer, the Greeks used the now day word fate or Fates (World Book 257) both groups had three of these gods, they were females, and they both of course served the same purpose. One sets out the mba marketing case, string of life, another decides the length and decides what is to happen to this person and the third cuts it off or ends it, which in simple form can be said as one sets the online assignment, past, another the mba marketing study solutions, present, and the third the future. it seems that the postmodern essay writer, Fates and Norns were more superior then the gods themselves even though they fall into a different realm then the gods which truly shows how important these fates or this idea of fate was to the Greeks and Northen people (World Book 257) As you can see both the Greeks and Norse believed that their lives are predetermined and they can’t really do much about it. The creation of the case solutions, two stories is also slightly related. The Norse believed that the world was once frozen over and after years Ymir was born and Ymir was one of the first giants who was later killed by his grandchildren while the Greeks believed the world was formed from chaos were Gaea (mother earth) and Uranus (the heavens), were created. You can draw out from both stories that the creation of the gods and essays de bergerac, world was a struggle and mba marketing case, not a very good place until these superior gods came in power. This idea really shows how much honor both gods had from their people. In each creation story a god raised up to fight the current ruler which was usually. In the Greeks creation Cronus killed Uranus, who later followed the same fate as Uranus, and was killed by Zeus and in the Norse myths Odin fought against university writing Ymir the giant whose body created the case solutions, earth and heavens. The rulers of both stories can be viewed as brave and powerful because they both had to overthrow the last ruling god. Even with all the other gods it seems that no one comes close to the power that Zeus and Odin held. All in all the great Greek myths and the Norse myths are very similar in basic concepts and structure.

A lot of other groups used myths but nothing can compare to postmodern essay writer the Greek and Norse myths with their great meaning and reason for everything. Both sides are alike from the creation to the same power structure to the belief have having a preset faith. The only real difference is the mind set and personality of the stories which can be explained to the major difference of climate between these two countries. Mba Marketing Case Study! Why might they be so similar? Was it that the tracker, same idea passed from Greek to Roman up north or was it just similar thinking, who knows. Only one thing is certain and that is that the Greek and Norse myths are very much alike. While the individual stories of the gods and heroes differ, there are a lot of similarities between the two. Both are polytheistic mythologies – they have multiple gods. Study Solutions! Often the god can be seen affecting the earth through some natural phenomenon. For example, Zeus in Greek mythology and Thor in Norse both had a connection to lightning.

Gods were often patrons of different trades or types of people. Both Demeter (Greek) and Skadi (Norse) were connected to the harvest. The greatest difference is in the end of the book criticism, gods. In Greek mythology there is no apocalypse – no end of the world. The gods will always be on mba marketing case, Mount Olympus, ruling over the earth. Tracker! Norse mythology, in contrast, had a definitive end of the world Ragnarok when great heroes of the past would return from the case solutions, dead to do battle. During Ragnarok, it was said that the gods were fated to die – many of the “top” gods would die in battle with the greatest enemies and creatures of the mythology. Hundreds of years ago people did not have the technology to explain different forces of nature. They created gods, each with separate powers, to online rule their domains.

Some of the gods were merciful, some were wicked, and others were merely servants of more powerful gods. Looking at the gods, it is easy to tell what the civilization most valued. I am going to look at the Greek and study, the Norse gods to compare what was most important to their societies. Both cultures had a king of the gods. Online Tracker! In Greek mythology there is no god who is more powerful than Zeus. He is the youngest son of mba marketing case study Cronus and Rhea, ruler of the assignment tracker, Titans. Cronus was told that one of his children would overthrow him, taking control of his kingdom. To be sure this would not happen; Cronus swallowed his first five children: Hestia, Demeter, Hera, Hades, and Poseidon. Rhea could not bear to see another one of her children, devoured so she replaced Zeus with a rock wrapped in swaddling. Cronus, thinking he ate Zeus, left Rhea time to leave Zeus in a cave where he was raised by a divine goat, Amaltheia (pantheon/odin). After Zeus was grown he went back to Cronus with the help of case solutions Gaia and postmodern essay, Metis, who made an elixir to cause Cronus to vomit his brothers and sisters.

Zeus then led the mba marketing, fights against the Titan dynasty. Afterwards they banished the Titans to Tartarus, the lowest place on earth, even lower than the underworld. Zeus and his brothers then drew straws to find who would rule where. Zeus gained rule of the sky, Poseidon ruled the seas, and Hades ruled the underworld (pantheon/odin). Zeus is the god of law, justice, morals, thunder, lightning, and rain. It was his job to oversee and make sure laws were being kept. He was worshipped originally as a weather god. Essay! He was depicted as a middle-aged man with a youthful appearance; he was regale and was almost always shown ready to throw a lightning bolt (pantheon/zeus). The large part of today’s spiritual and intellectual ideas is the result of combining Greek and Norse mythology. Upon comparison of common beliefs held today and those from the days of old, surprising similarities can be found. The fact that these two sets of beliefs were combined is extraordinary, taking into account the fact that Greek ideas are almost completely opposite when compared with Norse concepts.

Greek mythology was created to escape the horrors found in a barbaric world, and study, is therefore blissful and dreamy. Norse mythology, by book criticism contrast, is gloomy and full of impending doom. Although a few similarities can be found, the stark contrast between Greek and Norse mythology is much more obvious. The creation story, as told by Greek mythology, is very different to mba marketing study the Norse creation. In Greek mythology, the gods did not create the universe; rather they were created by the universe. Book Criticism! The first descendants of study solutions Chaos were Night, Day, Heaven, and Earth. On Cyrano! The gods were then descendants of Mother Earth and Father Heaven. As a direct contrast, in study, Norse mythology, the gods were responsible for building the universe. Book Criticism! In the Elder Edda, it is stated that, “of old there was nothing.” Giants were the first creatures created, and the gods were descendants of the first giant, Ymir. The gods then in case study solutions, turn slew Ymir and made the on stress, earth, sky, and heaven from his body. The Norse heaven, Asgard, is based on a completely different ideology than where the Greek gods dwelt, Mount Olympus.

There is no joy or bliss in Asgard, merely a dismal sense of doom. Accompanied with Asgard is the unceasing threat of inevitable and complete destruction. Study! The gods who inhabit Asgard know that one day Asgard will eventually be completely inebriated. Mount Olympus, by contrast, is a place full of merriment and carefree celebration. The gods spend their time drinking ambrosia and on cyrano de bergerac, toying with the forces of nature. Their every action is for their own joy and delight, not necessarily for the benefit of mankind. Never does any thought of case study solutions devastation or doom cross their minds, for the gods of Mount Olympus cannot be brought down. Another distinction between Greek and Norse mythology is seen in essays, the attitudes of solutions their gods. The Greek gods are immortal and indestructible while the Norse gods know they will be defeated and annihilated by evil forces. The Greek gods are assured victory in any battle, and cannot be considered heroic for this very reason.

Every Olympian is immortal and invincible; they go into a battle sure of their victory and de bergerac, fearing nothing. A drawback to this great advantage is that the Greek gods never know the mba marketing case study, exhilaration in mfa creative, overcoming astounding odds, or the adrenaline that comes from confronting danger. The Norse gods are well accustomed to this type of case study solutions stimulation, for they exist with the knowledge that they will one day be defeated. In the end, when the forces of de bergerac good and evil fight the final battle, evil will succeed over the Norse gods. There is mba marketing case solutions nothing the gods can do to prevent their fate.

The gods do not give up, but will put up a strong fight until the very end. In all cultures, a hero is one who closely resembles the gods; therefore Norse heroes are always destined for doom, but face their fate fearlessly. Norse heroes confront disaster, knowing they cannot escape through heroic deeds. The Norsemen felt that the ultimate proof of a hero is continuing to resist while facing certain death. In this manner, the assignment tracker, hero dies undefeated, for mba marketing study solutions, he did not let even death falter his courage.

Signy, a Norse heroine, embodies these ideas. She dies along with her enemy after getting revenge for her family’s death. Her heroic death is more of a triumph than avenging the wrong done to her. Mark Twain stated that, “Courage is resistance to fear, mastery of fear not absence of fear.” The Norse idea of a hero embraces this idea, but the Greek notion of narrative essay or third person a hero opposes it. Contrasting to the Norse heroes, Greek heroes are fierce warriors who seem unconquerable. As Norse heroes are like Norse gods, so are Greek heroes like Greek gods in that they appear invincible. They slay monsters left and right, avenge those who have been wronged, and overcome all odds. The true test of study a Greek hero is found in book criticism, his strength, courage, or lack of fear, and brave deeds. Hercules, the quintessential Greek hero, was the most loved and most famed of all heroes in Greek culture.

The son of a mortal woman and Zeus, Hercules is half god and half human. Oftentimes appearing godlike himself, Hercules possesses an incredible amount of mba marketing study solutions strength, and fears nothing. His innumerable counts of bravery even include aiding the university of illinois writing, gods in conquering the Giants. A major difference between Greek and Norse mythology can be found in the personalities of Zeus and Odin. The Greek Zeus is Lord of the Sky and ruler over all the other gods.

He is a powerful god with the case solutions, ability to induce fear, but also, “a capital figure of fun.” Zeus is supposed to have upheld the standards of right and term on stress, wrong, but this is not always a very high standard. He entertains numerous affairs with mortal women and delights in causing trouble for mankind. Zeus is often pictured as amorous, joyful, and comic. Odin, Zeus’ Norse counterpart, is also the mba marketing, sky father and ruler of the other Norse gods. Other than their similar roles in mythology, Zeus and Odin could not be more opposite.

Odin is always described as being strange, solemn, and detached, a probable result of term on stress his constant grapple with threatening doom. While Zeus spends his time frolicking with other women, Odin seeks as much knowledge as possible, often gained only through physical trials. He alone bears the brunt of the responsibility for delaying as long as possible the day of complete destruction. The chasm between Greek and Norse mythology is mba marketing solutions huge. Norse mythology is full of despair, sacrifice, and desolation, creating a dark and gloomy portrayal of Norse culture. The only bright spot in Norse mythology is remarkable heroism, which is characteristically marked by term on stress the death of the protagonist. Greek mythology contains stories of great victories over evil, love, adventure, and a carefree life. The hero inevitably wins and mankind is always celebrated. Case Solutions! It seems impossible that the two could become one, but as different as they are, Greek and Norse mythology have combined to online form the culture of the modern world.

The Norms exist in case study solutions, the Norse mythology as the three creatures that determine Fate. Before they came to Asgard time did not exist. Because of this, one can say that the Norms are above the gods in such meaning that the gods cannot stop the Norms from doing their job, which is to create time. Without time one cannot determine Fate, because then you don’t know when the events are going to take place or in which order. The Norms visit each being, human or god, immediately after they are borne to determine his or her future. Even though some stories say that there are many Norns, there are usually three mentioned; Urd (past), Skuld (present) and Verdandi (future). These creatures live by the first root of Yggdrasil (the world tree) next to a well, which is on cyrano de bergerac known as the Well of Fate. Every morning they come out study, of the cave they spend their night in, then scoop up water and mix it with the book criticism, sand around the tree to create magic dough. They spread it on Yggdrasil to prevent it from become rotten and preserve the life spirit of the tree (Kirk, 1974). The Fates of Greek mythology are also known as the mba marketing solutions, Moirae or Apparotioners.

These three females decide how long every individual is mfa creative writing going to live. They were sometimes considered superior to the gods. They were called Clotho (the Spinner), Lachesis (the Drawer of study Fates) and Atropos (Inevitable). Clotho comes to the newborn and spins out the thread of life, Lachesis measures it and decides what is going to happen to this being and Atropos cuts it off. (Kirk, 1974).There is a verse about them to remember what they did: Clotho colum retinet, Lachesis net, et Atropos occat, which means Clotho holds the spinning wheel, Lachesis spins and Atropos cuts it off. University Writing! (B3) They are often imagined sitting around a cauldron or a spinning wheel. (Kirk, 1974).In both sets of mba marketing case mythologies the creatures that determine Fate are identical in purpose, gender and number. They are both above the gods and their jobs are inevitable for everyone. On Cyrano! No one can go against the Fates. There are several Greek stories, which tell about the tragedy of the persons who try to case overcome their fate (e.g. Oedipus). In Norse mythology Odin himself learns about his fate (being killed during Ragnar??k, the doomsday, by essays de bergerac the wolf Fenris) from the Norms, and there is nothing he can do about it but prepare himself and his allies. Solutions! Both the Norms and the Fates were thought as sitting around something circular, this may represent the circle of essay life, which is not exclusive to these myths.

If we consider the solutions, mythologies as a reflection of the term papers, society, the conclusion is that both the Greeks and Vikings believed that their lives were already decided and one can only follow his/hers fate. Mba Marketing Solutions! This maybe made it easier for people to live, as no matter what they did it was already predicted. As written, the power of the Weird Sisters was inevitable for everyone (Kirk, 1974). The Greek and university, Roman Mythologies have fascinated human beings for centuries, inspiring books, movies, research, and conversation among those who want to learn more and who want to share the fables of the Gods and Goddesses. Their stories (myths or mythos, depending on the origin), their triumphs and failures, and their imminent Immortality has been the influence of many other religions, including Paganism and mba marketing case, Norse Mythology. Unfortunately, many people do not know the differences between Greek and Roman mythology, assuming that the two are interchangeable at will. In reality, the two are very different from one another, and capture almost opposing life values that are central to the people of the time.

Greek and Roman gods were not worshipped, as the Christian God is, but rather used as a model for how mortal humans should and narrative first person, should not behave. The Greeks came first, some 1,000 years before the Romans. Mba Marketing Study Solutions! Their most appreciated work, the Iliad, was distributed 700 years before the Roman’s most popular manuscript, the Aeneid. The Iliad was based on at least 300 years of myths and stories, which were gathered from the tales passed down by essays mortal observant, which certainly correlates with the Christian Bible. It was not meant as a holy scripture, however, but as a recorded history of the Greek Gods and Goddesses, who were revered by men during that time. The Greeks were focused primarily on solutions, life on earth, versus the eventuality of the afterlife. Tracker! They believed that a man’s worth was determined by his actions during his life, and that his true immortality was in the remembrance of his gifts to the world. His traits, his personality, and his interaction with other people spoke for his self-worth. Gods and Goddesses were based on mba marketing case solutions, human personality traits – such as Love, Honor, Dignity, and Hatred – and their actions in myths were symbolic of the postmodern essay writer, actions of men. Mba Marketing Study! Many myths involved a mortal or a deity snatching something back from the mfa creative, Underworld, which illustrated their belief that the afterlife was not of any concern, and that it was the pysical world that was important. Poets, artists, and those who gave themselves to creative pursuits were well-honored by the Greeks.

They held creativity above physical works in the mortal and study solutions, mythical world; myths reflected those personal traits and were meant to expose the positive and negative aspects of humanity. Deities were important to the progression of writing life, but mortal heros were just as sacred, for it was their contributions to mba marketing case study solutions society that mattered in the end. Individualism was also very important; the actions of a group were not as consequential as the actions of an individual. Men were responsible for their own well-being, and on stress management, could not be bothered by the mistakes of the case study solutions, masses. Romans, on the other hand, were far more disciplined than the Greeks, and focused on actions rather than words. Whereas the online assignment, Greeks revered the mba marketing case study, poet, the Romans held up the warrior as the epitome of sanctity, and rewarded bravery and risks taken by book criticism both mortals and deities.

They strongly felt that good deeds on earth would be well-received in Heaven, and they strove to earn their place among the Gods in the afterlife. In fact, they believed that if one performed well enough in life, that they would transcend to Gods after death. The Romans adopted many of the myths and deities of the mba marketing case study solutions, Greeks, though they changed names and circumstances to support their own beliefs. Essay Writer! For example, the Roman Gods were not individualistic, as were the Greek Gods, and were named after objects and actions rather than human characteristics. Myths were rooted in the brave, heroic acts of the Gods, and rarely displayed the lives of mortals, because mortal life was not as important as that after death. Also, Roman Gods and Goddesses were often not gender-specific, since their individual characteristics were not central to their actions. Roman and Greek Mythologies are decidedly different, though they are rooted in similar histories. A study of their individual characteristics illustrates the values and beliefs of the Greeks and Romans respectively, and can offer a better understanding of case how these myths and anecdotes originally came about. Assignment Tracker! In Western culture there are a number of literary or narrative genres that scholars have related in different ways to myths.

Examples are fables, fairy tales, folktales, sagas, epics, legends, and etiologic tales (which refer to mba marketing study solutions causes or explain why a thing is the way it is). Another form of tale, the parable, differs from myth in its purpose and character. Even in book criticism, the West, however, there is no agreed definition of any of mba marketing case study these genres and some scholars question whether multiplying categories of narrative is essay helpful at all, as opposed to working with a very general concept such as the traditional tale. Non-Western cultures apply classifications that are different both from the Western categories and from one another. Most, however, make a basic distinction between “true” and mba marketing solutions, “fictitious” narratives, with “true” ones corresponding to what in the West would be called myths. If it is accepted that the category of traditional tale should be subdivided, one way of doing so is to regard the various subdivisions as comparable to bands of color in a spectrum. Within this figurative spectrum, there will be similarities and online tracker, analogies between myth and folktale or between myth and legend or between fairy tale and folktale. In the section that follows, it is assumed that useful distinctions can be drawn between different categories. Mba Marketing Solutions! It should, however, be remembered throughout that these classifications are far from rigid and that, in many cases, a given tale might be plausibly assigned to more than one category. The importance of studying myth to narrative essay or third provide a key to a human society is mba marketing case solutions a matter of historical record.

In the middle of the 19th century, for instance, a newly appointed British governor of New Zealand, Sir George Grey, was confronted by tracker the problem of how to come to terms with the Maori, who were hostile to the British. He learned their language, but that proved insufficient for an understanding of the way in which they reasoned and study, argued. Term Papers On Stress Management! In order to be able to conduct negotiations satisfactorily, he found it necessary to study the Maori’s mythology, to which they made frequent reference. Other government officials and mba marketing case solutions, Christian missionaries of the 19th and papers on stress management, 20th centuries made similar efforts to understand the mythologies of nations or tribes so as to mba marketing case solutions facilitate communication. Such studies were more than a means to an end, whether efficient administration or conversion; they amounted to the discovery that myths present a model or charter for man’s behavior and that the world of myth provides guidance for crucial elements in human existence–war and peace, life and death, truth and falsehood, good and evil. In addition to such practically motivated attempts to understand myth, theorists and scholars from many disciplines have interested themselves in the study of the subject. A close study of myth has developed in the West, especially since the 18th century. Much of online assignment its material has come from the study of the Greek and Roman classics, from mba marketing case study solutions which it has also derived some of its methods of term interpretation. The growth of philosophy in ancient Greece furthered allegorical interpretations of case study solutions myth–i.e., finding other or supposedly deeper meanings hidden below the surface of mythical texts.

Such meanings were usually seen as involving natural phenomena or human values. Related to of illinois mfa creative this was a tendency toward rationalism, especially when those who studied myths employed false etymologies. Rationalism in this context connotes the scrutiny of case study solutions myths in such a way as to make sense of the statements contained in them without taking literally their references to gods, monsters, or the supernatural. Term Papers! Thus, the ancient writer Palaiphatos interpreted the story of Europa (carried off to Crete on solutions, the back of a handsome bull, which was actually Zeus in disguise) as that of a woman abducted by a Cretan called Tauros, the of illinois mfa creative, Greek word for bull; and Skylla, the bestial and cannibalistic creature who attacked Odysseus’ ship according to case solutions Homer’s Odyssey, was by the same process of university of illinois mfa creative rationalizing interpreted as simply the name of a pirate ship. Of special and mba marketing, long-lasting influence in the history of the interpretation of myth was Euhemerism (named after Euhemerus, a Greek writer who flourished about 300 BC), according to which certain gods were originally great people venerated because of their benefactions to mankind. The early Church Fathers adopted an attitude of modified Euhemerism, according to which classical mythology was to be explained in terms of mere men who had been raised to superhuman, demonic status because of their deeds.

By this means, Christians were able to papers incorporate myths from the culturally authoritative pagan past into a Christian framework while defusing their religious significance–the gods became ordinary humans. The Middle Ages did not develop new theoretical perspectives on myth, nor, despite some elaborate works of historical and etymological erudition, did the mba marketing case study, Renaissance. In both periods, interpretations in terms of allegory and Euhemerism tended to predominate. About 1800 the Romantics’ growing fascination with language, the postulation of an Indo-European language family, the study of Sanskrit, and the growth of comparative studies, especially in history and philology, were all part of a trend that included the study of myth. The relevance of Indo-European studies to an understanding of Greek and Roman mythology was carried to an extreme in essay or third, the work of Friedrich Max Muller, a German Orientalist who moved to Britain and mba marketing solutions, undertook important research on comparative linguistics. In his view, expressed in such works as Comparative Mythology (1856), the mythology of the original Indo-European peoples had consisted of allegorical stories about the workings of nature, in particular such features as the mfa creative, sky, the study, Sun, and the dawn. In the course of time, though, these original meanings had been lost (through, in Muller’s notorious phrasing, a “disease of language”), so that the essay or third, myths no longer told in a “rationally intelligible” way of phenomena in the natural world but instead appeared to describe the study solutions, “irrational” activities of gods, heroes, nymphs, and others.

For instance, one Greek myth related the pursuit of the nymph Daphne by the god Phoebus Apollo. Since–in Muller’s interpretation of the evidence of comparative linguistics–“Daphne” originally meant “dawn,” and “Phoibos” meant “morning sun,” the original story was rationally intelligible as “the dawn is put to flight by the morning sun.” One of the on stress management, problems with this view is, of course, that it fails to account for study, the fact that the Greeks continued to tell this and university of illinois mfa creative writing, similar stories long after their supposed meanings had been forgotten; and they did so, moreover, in the manifest belief that the stories referred, not to nature, but precisely to gods, heroes, and other mythical beings. Interest in myth was greatly stimulated in Germany by Friedrich von Schelling’s philosophy of mba marketing case study solutions mythology, which argued that myth was a form of expression, characteristic of narrative first person a particular stage in human development, through which men imagine the Absolute (for Schelling an study solutions all-embracing unity in term papers management, which all differences are reconciled). Case! Scholarly interest in myth has continued into the 20th century. Many scholars have adopted a psychological approach because of interest aroused by the theories of Sigmund Freud. Essays! Subsequently, new approaches in sociology and anthropology have continued to encourage the study of myth. In the industrialized Western society of the 20th century, myths and related types of tales continue to be told. Urban folklorists collect stories that have much in common with the tales collected by the Grimm brothers, except that in the modern narratives the lone traveler is likely to be threatened, not by a werewolf, but by a phantom hitchhiker, and the location of his danger may be a freeway rather than a forest. Computer games use sophisticated technology to represent quests involving dragons to be slain and mba marketing case study solutions, princesses to term be saved and married. The myth of Superman, the superhuman hero who saves the world and preserves “the American way,” is a notable image embodying modern Americans’ confidence in the moral values that their culture espouses.

Not dissimilar are myths about the early pioneers in the American Wild West, as retold in case solutions, countless motion pictures. Such stories often reinforce stereotypical attitudes about the moral superiority of the on cyrano de bergerac, settlers to mba marketing solutions the native Indians, although sometimes such attitudes are called into question in other movies that attempt to online demythologize the Wild West. A particular illustration of the power that myths continue to mba marketing study solutions exert was provided as late as the 1940s by the belief in the existence of an Aryan racial group, separate from and superior to the Semitic group. This myth was based in part on the assumption that peoples whose languages are related are also related racially. The fact that this assumption is spurious did not prevent the Aryan myth from gaining wide acceptance in Europe from the mfa creative writing, 18th century onward, and it was eventually to provide a supposed intellectual justification for the persecution of the Semitic Jews by their Aryan Germanic “superiors” during the period of Nazi domination. This episode suggests that, in politics, a myth will take hold if it serves the interests and focuses the aspirations of a particular group; the truth or falsity of the mba marketing solutions, myth is irrelevant. In a sense, of course, this function is merely an extension of its more general role in religion, where a myth, as well as addressing questions such as a society’s place in the cosmos, may serve to justify a particular kind of governmental organization. In conclusion, if we think of myths as true, if we believe in them, then obviously, we are thinking in religious terms. But belief is online assignment tracker also psychological: some say humans need to believe in some power greater than them. Others, like Joseph Campbell, see the origins of myth and mba marketing solutions, religion in the psychological response of early man to postmodern essay writer the trauma of mba marketing study solutions death. Thus, belief in a greater power arises when humans are faced with the narrative or third person, mystery of what happens after death.

The earliest efforts to rationalize myth by mba marketing solutions seeing it as disguised history, as disguised philosophy, or as fables illustrating moral truths all proceeded from a desire to make the seemingly irrational and immoral actions of gods and men appear rational and moral. Papers! Thus, bizarre or grotesque elements in the stories could be rationalized as disguised history, philosophy, or morality. However, these early rationalizes often ignored elements of the myths which did not fit into their allegorical schemes and mba marketing case solutions, made little attempt to look at myths psychologically or symbolically, or to place the them in their proper historical context. University Writing! (The “history” of these early “euhemerizers” was often mere wishful thinking, as when they saw Zeus as a tribal hero who had been deified.) But myths do embody historical, philosophical, and moral elements; we must search for them more carefully than early mythologists did. Students should remember, however, that the symbolic, religious, ritual, or magical explanations that myths offer may differ from modern scientific or historical explanations. Something as great as God may be quite difficult for limited human minds to comprehend, Joseph Campbell says we can only know God through stories and symbols, or myth.

But our stories are human and limited, and thus cannot, according to mba marketing Campbell, tell literal truths, but all can and do tell metaphoric and symbolic truths. Writer! Ritual is another way in which humans attempt to case solutions embody or even call upon the unknown. Book Criticism! Ritual patterns may reappear in myths and mythic motifs may be reflected in rituals (Hero 381). But there is no easy rule for tracing the influence of mba marketing ritual on myth or vice-versa. Mythologists continue to argue whether the repetitive patterns of motifs and plot seen in many myths stem from ritual patterns (Hero 381), or from psychological archetypes inherent in humans, or from the repetition common in oral forms of storytelling (Hero 381). No one way offers a key to the interpretation of myths, but all can offer insights to different motifs and postmodern essay writer, plot elements. Mba Marketing Study Solutions! When interpreting myths, students should remember Campbell’s wise advice: “There is no final system for the interpretation of myths, and there never will be any such thing” (Hero 381). This may sound like a cheerless sentence, but cheer up: there may be no foolproof system, but there are ways to trap the university, truth in myths. According to Campbell, myths are like the god Proteus (sometimes called the Old Man of the Sea) in mba marketing case study solutions, the Odyssey who “always speaks the truth” (Homer 52, my emphasis). Book Criticism! But first you must catch him and hold onto him, which isn’t easy because he constantly changes shapes in order to get away. “He will turn into all sorts of shapes to try you, into all the creatures of that live and mba marketing solutions, move upon term papers on stress management the earth, into water, into blazing fire; but you must hold him fast and press him all the harder” (Homer 53). Great advice for mba marketing case study solutions, any student of essay writer myth!

Hold onto that story, no matter how much it changes or how weird it seems, and eventually it will calm down and case study solutions, answer your questions. Book Criticism! But Proteus only answers the mba marketing case study, specific questions put to him. Papers On Stress Management! So, to case study solutions get good answers, you have to ask a lot of different questions. Brandenberg, Aliki .The Greek Gods and book criticism, Goddesses of Olympus. p. 30. 1994. Burkert, Walter. Ancient Mystery Cults. Cambridge: Harvard UP, 1987. Campbell, Joseph. The Hero with a Thousand Faces.

2nd ed. Princeton: Princeton UP, 1968. Cook, Zeus Cambridge University Press, 1914, I, figs 397, 398. Curtius, Ernst Robert. Case Study! European Literature and essays de bergerac, the Latin Middle Ages. Trans. Mba Marketing Case Solutions! Willard R. Trask. New York: Harper, 1963. David Syme Russel. Daniel. (Louisville, Kentucky: Westminster John Knox Press, 1981) 191. Dundes, Alan. Essays De Bergerac! “The Flood as Male Myth of Creation.” The Flood Myth.

Ed. Alan Dundes. Berkeley: U of California P, 1988. 167-182. Durant, The Life of Greece (The Story of Civilization Part II, New York: Simon Schuster) 1939:23. Eliade, Mircea.

The Myth of the Eternal Return or, Cosmos and History. 1949. Mba Marketing Solutions! Trans. Willard R. Trask. Princeton: Princeton UP, 1965. Finley, M. I. The World of Odysseus. New York: Meridian Books, 1959. Gennep, Arnold van.

The Rites of Passage. 1909. Trans. Monika B. Vizedom and G. L. Caffee. Chicago: U of Chicago P, 1960. Greek and Roman Mythology”, Mythology: Myths, Legends, Fantasy, Sweet Water Press, 2003, p. Book Criticism! 21, ISBN 9781468265903. Thorfinnsson, Snorri . The prose Edda: Norse mythology. London: Penguin, 2005. Print. Hesiod. Works and Days / Theogony.

Trans. Stanley Lombardo. Indianapolis: Hacket, 1993. Homer. The Odyssey. Trans. W. H. D. Rouse. New York: NAL 1937. Hamilton, Edith .Mythology (1998 ed.). New York: Back Bay Books. p. Mba Marketing Case Study Solutions! 467. 1942.

ISBN 978-0-316-34114-1. Jung, Carl Gustav and Carl Ker??nyi. Essays on on cyrano, a Science of Mythology. 1949. Princeton: Princeton UP, 1963. Kirk, G. Mba Marketing Case Solutions! S. The Nature of Greek Myths. New York: Penguin, 1974. Leach, Edmund. Online Assignment! Claude L??vi-Strauss. New York: Penguin, 1970.

Morford, Mark P. O. and Robert J. Lenardon. Classical Mythology. 4th ed. New York: Longman, 1991. Pointed out by Bernard Clive Dietrich, The Origins of Greek Religion (de Gruyter) 1973:15. Richard Wyatt Hutchinson, Prehistoric Crete, (Harmondsworth: Penguin) 1968:204, mentions that there is no classical reference to the death of Zeus (noted by Dietrich 1973:16 note 78). Rodney Castleden, Minoans: Life in Bronze-Age Crete, “The Minoan belief-system” (Routledge) 1990:125. Seznec, Jean. The Survival of the Ancient Gods. Study Solutions! New York: Harper, 1961. Wells,JohnC.

Longman pronunciation dictionary. Harlow, England: Longman.1990. ISBN 0582053838. Search our thousands of university essays: If this essay isn't quite what you're looking for, why not order your own custom History essay, dissertation or piece of coursework that answers your exact question? There are UK writers just like me on case solutions, hand, waiting to help you.

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