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APA Essay Format: Help with Writing Your Essay Paper. An APA , American Psychological Association, style is a standard of writing academic papers in a variety of subjects relevant to the social sciences. This allows to write essays and research papers according to the same generally accepted standard in Sociology, Psychology, Education, Political Science, Business and other disciplines. APA Style is notable for certain requirements related to paper format, font, margins and headings, as well as referencing. We designed this page to guide you through all the peculiarities of formatting a paper in APA style . Learning about APA style will be a very rewarding experience for you, as you will be able to reply it in all of your next writing assignments. Quick Navigation through the APA Essay Format Page: The Fundamentals of an APA Essay Format. What comprises the APA style ? Does it provide requirements only to referencing the research, sources or to whole essay?
In their published guide book, the American Psychological Association, provides APA standards on the following issues: Title page. Unlike MLA style which doesn#8217;t require a title page, it is a must in APA essay format . It usually contains such standard elements as the jfk assassination essay, title of the paper, the student#8217;s name, teachers or course name, and the due date. The APA title page can be easily distinguished by the running header, the page number on the title page and two titles (a short one is followed by the full title). Abstract . Abstract is a single paragraph usually a half page long, and is written on on rebecca j. cole a separate sheet. An abstract summarizing the entire paper has the same copyrights as the whole paper. It should provide the main ideas/results of the paper and mention the methodology used to achieve them. Page format . Page format recommendations in APA style concern page numbers, margins, indentation and theories essay spacing.
In-text references . The format of references in APA format is the foremost subject of on rebecca j. cole, student#8217;s concerns. Jfk Assassination Conspiracy Essay! You may pick up citations, quotations and summaries from various sources to on rebecca j. cole, support your statements. When you use the idea or results that are not yours, they are to be referenced correctly. APA style approves of in-text references. The author and the year of publication should be included within the parenthesis in the essay. Page numbers also need to be mentioned when picking up lines from a book. Use of quotations . APA style recommends to put short quotations in quotation marks. If the quotations used exceed the word limit of 40 words, then the writer should indent 5 spaces from the margin and it should be double spaced.
Also, in case of a long quotation, quotation marks should not be used, instead it should be ended with a full stop. Headings . Though it may be not required for an essay, but if you will write a research paper or thesis in APA format you#8217;ll need to structure it. Headings are used to separate and classify paper sections. Thus use different heading styles for headings of sections and subsequent subsections. Reference list . Reference list is a must when you use in-text references, for you need to forecasting, present the full information about the sources used.The reference list includes all sources used in the essay writing and cited in paper j. cole, the paper, and it is night essay arranged according to the alphabetical order by author. It is also of great importance to know how exactly different sources are cited as books, journals, magazines, and research paper on rebecca j. cole web pages are cited in jfk assassination theories essay, a different way with certain requirements to each type of j. cole, a source.
You may consider how the basic APA requirements are met in APA Essay sample . Wiesel Night Essay! APA Essay Template (Cick the Image to Enlarge) When using APA style there are a few standards to keep in paper j. cole, mind: double spaced; have all the margins set to one inch; it’s recommended to conspiracy theories essay, use the font serif typeface for research j. cole the text and sans serif typeface for any labels; use 10-12 for the font size; always have page numbers; a header with the title of the paper should also be used. Jfk Assassination Conspiracy Theories Essay! So, you may either format your essay in APA format yourself or download APA Template in rtf file from P rof E ssays.com . Our expert writers will format your paper for free when you place an order on our website. Your essay will come to you in the APA format with a free bibliography and proper in-text citations. Other free extras that are included are a free outline, free plagiarism report and free title page. Try our services and get 15 percent off your first order!
Just put the research j. cole, code FPE15OFF in the order form to get the discount, and syntax request the free add-ons that you need. We know the feeling, it#8217;s like a 300 lb weight on your shoulders. The paper#8217;s due date is fast approaching, you think about the on rebecca, work all the time but haven#8217;t started yet and you spend hours staring at a blank piece of paper waiting for inspiration to strike while your friends are all out having fun. Well, that can all change in an instant. P rof E ssays.com is a reliable academic writing service service providing professional essay help. Our qualified experts genuinely understand how to write an A+ essay in APA Format. Use our interactive calculator to see how much it will cost you to post modern, gain your freedom back. Within 10 minutes, you can be out having the time of your life while we write an A+ paper for paper on rebecca j. cole you and jfk assassination conspiracy deliver it to your inbox always on time! Learn More. Why choosing us to help?
P rof E ssays.com has been providing custom writing services to students for the past eight years. Thousands of research paper on rebecca, students have benefited from our services, achieving excellence in their courses and post modern education. The evident testimony to on rebecca, the excellence of our services and the trust our customers have in us is odessay arena that 65% of research on rebecca j. cole, our customers come back with repeat orders. Your privacy is important to P rof E ssays.com , none of how do paper, your personal information or details, such as credit card or banking details, will ever be compromised or disclosed to any third party. On Rebecca! You are always on the save side with P rof E ssays.com ! Click here to place your order. References are obligatory in odessay arena, a body of the essay if you use some external sources, and especially when you cite them in the APA essay . In-text references are used instead of research paper on rebecca j. cole, footnotes in APA format. The sources are indicated by the last name of an author, a year of publication and a page number (if possible).
In-text references are put in parenthesis (round brackets) within the sentence. Thus the standard in-text reference in APA style will have the douglass essay, following format (Author, year) or (Author, year, page) . But there may be variations: 1. If you are referring to an idea from another work, summarize it findings, or tell about the authors viewpoint you are referring to the whole book and should use (Author, year) format. Example : T. E. Lawrence, a British intelligence officer, became regarded as the man who was in charge of the Arab revolt (Thomas, 1924). 2. If you are quoting the source or bring in figures provided in it, you need to include the research paper on rebecca, page number in your in-text reference. Like: (Author, year, page). How Do! Example : Lawrence was compared to research, #8220;a caliph who had stepped out from the pages of #8216;The Arabian nights'#8221; (Thomas, 1924, 16) 3. If the author or the year of publication is already mentioned in the sentence there is no need to repeat this information in the in-text citation again. Examples: With Lawrence in Arabia was published in 1924 (Thomas). Lawrence of Arabia became famous due to the book of Lowell Thomas (1924).
4. Trend Forecasting Thesis! Multiple authors reference . If the source is written by paper on rebecca j. cole, multiple authors, then you should state last names of all of research post, them, at least in paper on rebecca, the first reference within the essay. Later in the essay, one can use the name of the first author with et al for how do i do others. Example: (Morris, Raskin, 1993) first in-text reference. (Morris et al., 1993) subsequent in-text reference. On Rebecca J. Cole! 5. In case of no author . In some cases the author may be an organization or department, so the jfk assassination essay, stating of their name will complete the APA essay format . Or else the research paper on rebecca, mention of the book will also fulfill the need. Titles of books in i do a research, the in-text references should be italicized, titles of articles, chapters, and research on rebecca j. cole web pages are in quotation marks. Organization: (ProfEssays.com, 2009) Book: (The correspondence, 1914) The reference list includes all sources used in the course of the essay and cited in the paper. The references should always be organized in alphabetical order . This gives an organized look to the essay. It is also important to know exactly how different sources, such as books, journals, magazines, and papers web pages should be shown in on rebecca, the reference list.
As certain requirements differ for each type of source: Book : Author, A. (Year of conspiracy theories essay, publication). Title of work: SUBTITLE. Location: Publisher. Note: if you have several books by the same author in the reference list, you should list them in j. cole, chronological order. Forecasting Thesis! Article : Author, A. Research Paper On Rebecca J. Cole! (Year). Jfk Assassination Conspiracy Theories Essay! Title of article. Title of Periodical, volume number (issue number), pages. on-line source : Author, A. On Rebecca J. Cole! A. (Year, Month Date if availiable).
Title of article. Name of the odessay arena, web-site. Research On Rebecca J. Cole! Retrieved from http://www.url/ on Year, Month Date. Odessay Arena! Readers and writers alike can find headings as a useful tool in writing. Aside from providing order, essay headings can function as an research paper ID – in the sense that it can provide identification on the ideas that are presented below. Headings function as a guide for your readers, as it will clue them in on your thought flow. The APA style allows five levels of trend forecasting, headings when writing. Level one is the first category, while the subsequent levels are provisions for succeeding sub-categories. In the APA essay format it is of the utmost importance to research, use the titles and frederick syntax headings appropriately.
APA makes recommendations on the APA essay headings format, where information on font, punctuation and position are provided, all of which can be viewed at ProfEssays.com : heading level 1: Centered, Boldface, Each Word with a Capital Letter. On Rebecca! heading level 2: Left-adjusted, Boldface, Each Word with a Capital Letter. heading level 5: Indented, italicized, with a period . Odessay Arena! Note : in APA format headings #8220; Introduction #8221; and research paper j. cole #8220; Conclusion #8221; are not required! Only the parts of the main body should have headings! Title page should be numbered in APA format. A “running header” should be placed in trend forecasting thesis, the right corner at the top of the page next to the page number. A “running header” in APA style contains a short title of the essay. The essay title should be placed one-third of the page down from the top. APA styles requires to write a short title first, put a colon and write the full title underneath. Author#8217;s name is usually several lines underneath. The name of the course, the name of professor, and the date of submission are printed at the bottom of the paper, APA title page.
APA regulations on abbreviations, tables and figures. You may not need it in your APA essay , but there are APA regulations on abbreviations, tables and figures. Abbreviations can be used later in the essay after the full form is research papers post literature mention in the first time. This saves space, but makes a mention of the author, book or organization each time it is used. In APA papers both tables and figures should be presented on on rebecca separate pages, with the caption at jfk assassination the bottom of the page. What to remember with the APA essay writing format. The main thrust of documenting guidelines is to research paper on rebecca j. cole, avoid plagiarism. To do so, several citing outlines have been created by many academics or groups – one of which is the American Psychological Association or the APA. As with other documenting guidelines, the APA generally recommends in-text citations. These types are enclosed in a parenthesis and trend forecasting thesis placed immediately after the borrowed thought or idea. When beginning with the APA essay writing format , P rof E ssays.com suggests that the student should always remember to take note of the reference material’s author(s), publication house, publication year and the page number where the idea was taken from.
APA essay format may sound tricky and troublesome to some, but is actually an easy way to organize a written work. The APA Essay Format is entirely designed to research j. cole, structure the flow of thoughts throughout the essay. It is said that the jfk assassination, citing is research paper on rebecca j. cole complicated, but only has a few rules and guidelines that need to be followed. I Do A Research Paper! The format can be adapted depending on paper on rebecca j. cole the nature and the topic of a custom essay. It particularly helps in cases where many writers are involved in the writing process at elie night essay the same time, giving symmetry and a logical presentation without a miss to the readers. Research Paper On Rebecca! When writing an essay, citing your reference(s) is considered a critical part of the writing process. This fundamental element of writing helps students avoid plagiarism.
In an academe, plagiarism is a very serious offense that can sometimes lead to expulsion. The American Psychological Association or the APA style is the formatting guide that is used when writing a paper on the Social Sciences. As with all documenting styles, the APA has recommendations on essay format, headings and citing references. Information on formatting your APA essay now easier because there are a number of on-line sites, such as P rof E ssays.com , which can provide you with key points in theories, documentation. Anyone and any company can claim to offer its essay help, but not every company can offer high-quality and result-oriented essay help. The appropriate APA format for your manuscript. Many professors recommend strict compliance with manuscript formatting guidelines when writing any type of academic paper.
Following the research paper on rebecca, format not only ensures organization for each essay written by an individual student, but it also provides uniformity in appearance for all students’ academic papers. In writing a paper regarding the conspiracy, social sciences, APA makes several recommendations and guidelines on the format of paper on rebecca j. cole, essays . Though these elements may seem trivialon the use of the title page, the format of headings, page numbers, margins, indentation and elie wiesel spacing. Though these elements may seem trivial, P rof E ssays.com believes that compliance remains a must. College essay format: writing effectively in the collegiate level. What differentiates a college essay from a high school or a junior high school essay is the level of research paper on rebecca, professionalism it exudes. Wiesel! As more complex topics are discussed, the need for research paper j. cole further research becomes a necessity. Another important factor to consider is the format of the how do a research, essay. APA college essay format requires thorough referencing and citing as well as structuring of the research paper, essay . Research Post Modern Literature! While college academic papers follow the basic essay format of introduction, body and conclusion, it is important to remember that the APA college essay format must be more encompassing and more extensive. The APA college essay format differs from simple APA style so we provide specific essay help in this type of writing. P rof E ssays.com believes that many academes actually require a five paragraph essay on the college level, where the body consumes 60% of the whole essay. P rof E ssays.com is research j. cole professional and reliable essay writing service which provides 24/7 customer essay help.
Write Effectively With the Right Essay Format. A standard essay format provides order to frederick douglass essay, any academic paper. J. Cole! Though this is merely a superficial element of essay writing, its importance is undeniable, as many established documenting styles provide recommendations for the format of any academic paper. The American Psychological Association, APA, also has suggestions for elie night your APA college essay format .
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Library Exhibits: Rebecca Cole
ny bar essay grading Advice for the UBE Bar Examination. The announcements are in reverse chronological order so you will see the most recent announcements first. Research Paper On Rebecca! Each announcements usually contain links to how do a research, take you to paper, the relevant document or page. Prior announcements can be viewed here.
09-12-17: Subscriptions to the EARLY SUBSCRIPTION module are now available. The cost to douglass, subscribe to the EARLY SUBSCRIPTION module is $175. Subscribers will have access to the Early Subscription site until December 31, 2017. Subscriptions to the full subscription site will be available in research j. cole November-December 2017. Currently, the cost for a full subscription is $400. Odessay Arena! Examinees interested in subscribing to the full subscription site (which includes the UBE MASTER outline) can subscribe now to paper j. cole, the Early Subscription site ($175) and then upgrade to the full subscription site when it is available for post modern, an additional $225 (prices subject to change). 09-09-17: I hope to have the early subscription site ready by Monday or so. Paper! This early subscription site is intended to give examinees good information on i do paper, how to prepare for the UBE exam, to avoid the most common mistakes that failing examinees make, and to research, provide examinees with good materials/advice to guide their early study. The SEPERAC EARLY SUBSCRIPTION module is intended to odessay arena, help examinees to research on rebecca, prepare early for the exam, especially first-time at-risk examinees, re-takers who failed the past exam, and re-takers who are retaking after a gap. I strongly believe that if you follow the advice and study the materials on forecasting thesis, this site, you will be putting yourself in the best position to pass the UBE exam. Research Paper On Rebecca! The SEPERAC EARLY SUBSCRIPTION module is comprised of three sections:
Please note that this module does NOT contain the UBE MASTER outline (which becomes available on the full subscription site in December 2017). Furthermore, while content on how do i do a research, the full subscription site contains topic priorities for research paper j. cole, the upcoming exam, the material on trend thesis, this site does NOT contain any such priorities. 07-27-17: Good luck to everyone who sat for the July 2017 exam. If you think that you may not have passed the exam, I have a UBE post-exam information form for J17 examinees (the Seperac UBE Score Estimator will give you a good idea of your odds of passing based on the demographic and grade information you enter). Filling out the research, UBE post-exam information form now (while the information is still fresh in your mind) can help you later. For example, using this information, I track the frederick douglass syntax essay, key details of your attempt, so if you later find that you failed the j. cole, exam, I will try to essay, match your responses and statistics to research paper on rebecca, whoever previously submitted the most comparable details (and later passed) to give you their advice on elie essay, what worked for them. 06-25-17: The MBE-MEE outline module is now available. This 370 page outline contains the black letter law and past tested MEE issues for the 14 MBE-MEE subjects. The SEPERAC JULY 2017 MBE-MEE outline should be an excellent representation of the upcoming MBE and MEE. A sample of the SEPERAC MBE-MEE OUTLINE is here. For each of the on rebecca j. cole, 358 categories, the estimated number of MBE questions an examinee should see from each category, the frequency of appearance of each category on the MEE and the average MEE point value is reported for each category.
Even if you don't plan to how do paper, purchase the outline, you should download the sample because it contains the research paper j. cole, above category statistics in the Table of odessay arena Contents. The cost for access to paper j. cole, this module until July 31, 2017 is $149. Please note that this module does NOT contain the UBE MASTER outline. Furthermore, while content on the full subscription site contains topic priorities for the upcoming exam, the MBE-MEE outline does NOT contain any such priorities. For examinees interested in a quid pro quo, I am offering a $30 SEPERAC JULY 2017 MBE-MEE outline coupon code to any examinee who agrees to complete my post-exam followup form within one week after taking the July 2017 UBE exam. The current version of the odessay arena, post-exam form is here. This post-exam followup form enables me assess the on rebecca, effectiveness of the outline. It can also help you later if you find out trend thesis you failed the exam.
For example, using this information, I track the key details of your attempt, so if you fail, I will try to match your responses/statistics to whoever previously submitted the most comparable details (and later passed) to give you their advice on what worked for them. To agree to this quid pro quo, simply purchase the research j. cole, SEPERAC JULY 2017 MBE-MEE outline from the subscription page and theories use the following code for the $30 discount: YESTOPOSTEXAMFORM. 06-10-17: I just posted a 2nd iteration of my UBE Score Estimator. This calculator should be pretty accurate for First-Time Domestic candidates (for the First-Time Domestic candidates who used the calculator and followed up with me after the F17 exam, the PASS/FAIL determination was correct 100% of the time). If you are a re-taker or foreign examinee, take the calculator with a grain of research on rebecca j. cole salt (it will tell you the average score for your demographic but the assessment is not as accurate as with First-Time Domestic candidates). 04-26-17: The Feb 2017 score calculator has been completed. The calculator will accurately estimate a Total Score for the Feb 2017 New York UBE bar exam administration based on the scores you enter. You can use this calculator to wiesel essay, test various scoring scenarios.
The default scores in the calculator are the average scores sent to me by failing examinees so far. The Graphical Score breakdown will tell you whether you were above or below passing for each component of the exam (MBE 50%, MEE 30% and MPT 20%). To anyone that failed the on rebecca, F17 UBE exam, if you would like to know your raw MBE scores, please fill out the Primary Information and UBE Grading Sheet Information sections of frederick douglass syntax essay my Retaker Advice Form. 04-15-17: To anyone that failed the F17 UBE exam, if you would like to know your raw MBE scores, please fill out the Primary Information and UBE Grading Sheet Information sections of research paper j. cole my Retaker Advice Form. The scoresheets once again contain percentiles for the MBE sub-scores (this information used to be included on score reports but was removed just prior to NCBE's introduction of Civil Procedure to the MBE). These percentiles tell you how many examinees you did better than nationally for each MBE subject and overall. For example, if your %tile for Civil Procedure is odessay arena 63.6, it means that you scored better than 63.6% of examinees nationwide (out of about 23,000 F17 examinees) on the 25 graded Civil Procedure MBE questions. What these percentiles don't tell you are your raw scores (e.g. J. Cole! that you answered 12/25 of the Civil Procedure MBE questions correctly, meaning 48% correct for Civil Procedure). If I receive this percentile information from F17 examinees, I can figure out the jfk assassination, raw scores (I have done this with NY scores for years). You can then correlate your exam MBE scores to your practice MBE scores (e.g. if you were getting 70% correct on Civil Procedure questions in practice but 48% correct on the exam, you should find a better source of Civil Procedure MBE practice questions). However, I can't figure out the raw scores until I receive at least 100 scoresheets from examinees so I can factor in research paper on rebecca all the essay, permutations.
03-27-17: I will be posting free MP3s of some of the older MEE exams. At the moment, examinees can download MP3s of the FEBRUARY 2008 MEE QUESTIONS ANSWERS in the MEE Section of research on rebecca this page. Jfk Assassination Theories! Reviewing past MEEs will help you on the MEE exam because the topics repeat (and you will also improve your issue-spotting ability by research paper learning how the issues are tested). For example, reviewing the FEBRUARY 2008 MEE answers would have helped you with about 15% of the conspiracy, JULY 2016 MEE questions. 03-08-17: Examinees who wish to subscribe early for paper, the upcoming July 2017 UBE exam are now able to do so. Examinees can subscribe here.
The current status of the subscription site is explained here. These prior announcements are in reverse chronological order so you will see the most recent announcements first. The announcements usually contain links to take you to the relevant document or page. 04-25-17: I don't expect the NY UBE F17 release date to be any sooner than 4/26/17 (63 days from the conspiracy theories, test end date). The F16 results were released 62 days from the test end date, and research I expect there to be more F17 examinees than F16 examinees. More importantly, F16 was pre-UBE so there was 300 minutes of written content per examinee.
The F17 UBE consists of 360 minutes of douglass syntax written content per examinee. This is a 20% increase in content the graders must read. If NYBOLE releases the F17 scores earlier than the F16 scores, it kind of suggests they put a bit less effort into research paper on rebecca grading the F17 essays/MPTs. With pass rates being where they are, if I was a bar examiner, I wouldn't want examinees feeling short-changed on grading. To anyone that fails the F17 UBE exam, if you complete the Retaker Advice Form, I will send you a comprehensive score analysis along with my advice.
I have provided this free report to forecasting, over 4,000 failing examinees. Click to see a sample of the July 2016 UBE score report. I also make a free 37 page essay/MPT analysis report. The report will tell you a lot of paper useful things such as how your essays/MPTs deviated from others and if you missed out on issue-spotting buzzwords/etc. 03-08-17: Examinees who wish to subscribe early for the upcoming July 2017 UBE exam are now able to do so. Essay! Examinees can subscribe here.
The current status of the subscription site is explained here. Please also note that until the prioritized JULY 2017 UBE MASTER outline is released (late-December for February exams and late-May for July exams), the subscription site is in effect a construction zone. Accordingly, while most of the information on the subscription site is up-to-date, there will be some outdated information/material that will be updated later. 02-22-17: Good luck to everyone who sat for on rebecca, the February 2017 exam. If you think that you may not have passed the exam, I have a UBE post-exam information form for F17 examinees (the Seperac UBE Score Estimator will give you a good idea of your odds of passing based on the demographic and grade information you enter). Filling out the UBE post-exam information form now (while the information is still fresh in your mind) can help you later. For example, using this information, I track the odessay arena, key details of your attempt, so if you later find that you failed the exam, I will try to match your responses and statistics to whoever previously submitted the research j. cole, most comparable details (and later passed) to give you their advice on what worked for odessay arena, them. 02-06-17: I created an MBE-MEE Outline module that contains my updated black letter law outlines for the 14 MBE-MEE subjects. A description of the materials available with this module is here. A subscription to this module for the February 2017 exam is $149. The first 100 MBE-MEE Outline module subscribers can use the coupon code MBESAVE30 to research paper j. cole, save $30 on frederick essay, the subscription price.
There is also an MEE Study module to help examinees with issue-spotting on the MEE. On Rebecca! A subscription to how do a research, this module for the February 2017 exam is research paper on rebecca $99. 12-20-16: The unified SEPERAC F17 UBE MASTER OUTLINE has been completed. Please note that I am still in the process of updating the other subscription pages for the Feb 2017 exam, but the most important component the SEPERAC F17 UBE MASTER OUTLINE is odessay arena available for download. 11-30-16: I created an MEE Study module that contains helpful study materials for the MEE. This module is for research j. cole, examinees who are looking to efficiently supplement their MEE study. A description of the materials available with this module is here. Odessay Arena! A subscription to j. cole, this module for the February 2017 exam is frederick douglass syntax $99. The first 50 MEE Study module subscribers can use the research, coupon code MEESAVE20 to save $20 on the subscription price. 10-28-16: The July 2016 score calculator has been updated based on the new scoring system for the NY UBE exam.
The calculator will accurately estimate a Total Score for the July 2016 New York UBE bar exam administration based on the scores you enter. You can use this calculator to jfk assassination conspiracy theories essay, test various scoring scenarios. The default scores in the calculator are the average scores sent to me by failing examinees so far. 10-28-16: July 2016 results for research paper, the NY UBE exam have been released. To any examinee that failed the modern literature, UBE exam, if you send me your scores or essays, I will send you a free statistical analysis of j. cole your scores/essays. Click here for more information. 10-08-16: Pennsylvania just posted their July 2016 Bar Exam Statistics and elie wiesel the overall pass rate of 69% is the lowest overall July pass rate in Pennsylvania since 1995 (NCBE statistics only go back to 1995).
In comparison, Pennsylvania's average July overall pass rate over the past 20 July exams is 74.6%. Unfortunately, I expect bar exam pass rates to continue to on rebecca, decline until at theories essay least 2018. I expect bar exam pass rates to continue to decline until at least 2018 (meaning your odds of passing will diminish with each exam you take). Bar exam pass rates are tied to the MBE (e.g. if the MBE average for an administration goes up, the pass rates almost always go up). MBE scores are correlated with LSAT scores. On Rebecca! Thus, I use the modern, 25th Percentile LSAT and 75th Percentile LSAT as a barometer for pass rates. If the Average LSAT for a class of matriculants drops as compared to the prior class, I similarly expect their bar exam pass rates to research paper on rebecca j. cole, drop as compared to the prior class (the raw data can be viewed here). I estimate that the 2012 Full-Time Law School Matriculants (who took the bar exam in 2015) had a 25th LSAT Percentile of 154.1 and a 75th LSAT Percentile of 159.9. The 2013 Full-Time Law School Matriculants (who take the bar exam in wiesel essay 2016) had a 25th LSAT Percentile of 153.6 and a 75th LSAT Percentile of research on rebecca 159.5 (a decrease in a research both Percentiles). Because the 2013 Full-Time Law School Matriculants are statistically less capable than the 2012 Full-Time Law School Matriculants, it is reasonable to research paper on rebecca, presume that the 2016 July bar pass rates will be lower than the wiesel night essay, 2015 July bar pass rates.
Furthermore, the research paper, 2014 Full-Time Law School Matriculants (who take the bar exam in 2017) had a 25th LSAT Percentile of 153.2 and a 75th LSAT Percentile of odessay arena 159.3 while the on rebecca j. cole, 2015 Full-Time Law School Matriculants (who take the forecasting thesis, bar exam in research paper on rebecca 2018) had a 25th LSAT Percentile of 153.1 and a 75th LSAT Percentile of 159.1 (even lower). Thus, I expect bar pass rates to continue to decline until at least 2018. 09-14-16: In a 2015 post, I mentioned that the July 2015 pass rates were abnormally low. It was recently announced that the Georgia bar examiners made a mistake with the July 2015 scaling, leading to Georgia's abnormally low July 2015 pass rate. I am beginning to wonder if this problem also occurred in jfk assassination conspiracy essay other states. For example, Georgia's J15 pass rate reported below (which takes into account the extra failers) was 13.08% below their 20 year July average.
Meanwhile, there are 7 other states with even larger differences between their J15 pass rate and research paper j. cole 20 year July pass rate average. Based on NCBE data, only trend forecasting 4 states had a July 2015 pass rate above their 20 year average (from 1995-2014). Delaware had the best increase, passing 3.76% more examinees than their 20 year July average. Paper On Rebecca! Montana had the frederick essay, worst decrease, failing 24.73% more examinees than their 20 year July average. 08-16-16: Examinees who wish to subscribe early for the upcoming February 2017 exam are now able to do so. Paper On Rebecca! Examinees can subscribe here. The current status of the odessay arena, subscription site is explained here. Please also note that until the prioritized FEB 2017 MEE MASTER outline is released (late-December for February exams and late-May for j. cole, July exams), the subscription site is in effect a construction zone.
Accordingly, while most of the information on i do paper, the subscription site is up-to-date, there will be some outdated information/material that will be updated later. 08-15-16: A July 2016 score calculator is available to test out research on rebecca various scoring scenarios. In addition, there is a July 2016 UBE post-exam questionnaire. Trend Forecasting! If you think that you may not have passed the exam, filling out this form now (while the information is still fresh in your mind) can help you later. For example, using this information, I track the key details of your attempt, so if you later find that you failed the research j. cole, exam, I will try to trend thesis, match your responses and statistics to whoever previously submitted the most comparable details (and later passed) to give you their advice on on rebecca j. cole, what worked for them.
05-30-2016: MEE MASTER JULY 2016 has been released and the majority of the pages on the subscription site have been fully updated for the July 2016 UBE exam. 04-30-16: A February 2016 score calculator has been created. Conspiracy Theories Essay! This calculator enables you to j. cole, run passing scenarios based on February 2016 scores. 04-26-16: February 2016 results have been released. To any examinee that failed the New York bar exam, if you send me your scores or essays, I will send you a free statistical analysis of your scores/essays. Trend! Click here for more information. 04-22-16: For those anxious about the February 2016 New York bar exam results release date, I break down past release dates here. The trend has been to release earlier, and for the last two years, the release has been near the end of April. The MBE average was low this year (135) and this MBE average is positively correlated with pass rates.
Personally, I believe that the addition of the new MBE subject of Civil Procedure (added in research paper 2015) has driven down MBE averages. You can see it happen when Constitutional Law was added in 1976 (see below). I believe this is why NBCE stopped releasing sub-scores on the score reports in 2014 to de-emphasize the expected low scores. The following table charts the February MBE national averages from 1974 to odessay arena, 2016. Anything highlighted in Green is in the top 5 and anything highlighted in Red is in the bottom 5.
04-03-16: Early subscribers can now subscribe for research j. cole, the July 2016 UBE exam. 12-28-15: The subscription site has been fully updated and MASTER FEB 2016 has been released. Click here to read more about the syntax essay, subscription site or click here to subscribe. 10-27-15: The July 2015 NY bar exam score calculator has been completed. The scale for July 2015 is essentially the same as for July 2014 (meaning if you plug in research paper on rebecca July 2014 scores into jfk assassination conspiracy the July 2015 calculator, you will arrive at the same final score). Please note that if you send me your score sheet information, I will send you a free 9-page analysis of your scores. 10-27-15 UPDATE: So far out of 25 states reporting, only 3 states have had a July 2015 pass rate above their 20 year average (from 1995-2014). Paper! Washington had the best increase, passing 3.64% more examinees than their 20 year July average. Mississippi had the worst decrease, failing 32.32% more examinees than their 20 year July average. Trend Forecasting Thesis! Based on the number of July 2014 takers, I estimate that an extra 1,971 examinees failed the research paper on rebecca, July 2015 bar exam as compared to their state's 1995-2014 average.
In regards to odessay arena, New York, the research, 20 year historical overall July pass rate in NY has been about 69.5%. Jfk Assassination Theories Essay! The overall July 2015 pass rate in NY was 61%. Research Paper On Rebecca! Based on odessay arena, my calculations, an extra 900+ NY examinees failed based on this 8.5% pass rate difference. 09-30-15: I am now taking subscriptions for the February 2016 exam. Click here to on rebecca j. cole, read more about the subscription site or click here to subscribe. 09-11-15: Iowa pass rates for July 2015 have been released with an post modern literature Overall Pass Rate of 86%. This is in line with Iowa's historical July Overall Pass Rate of research paper 85.1% (4,013 Overall Passers/4,714 Overall Takers from 1995-2014). 09-06-15: Not sure if this is a harbinger of things to come, but the first state to release July 2015 pass rates showed a significant drop in their July Overall Pass Rate. The July 2015 Overall Pass Rate in Oklahoma was 68%. Papers Post Modern Literature! Meanwhile, in examining the on rebecca, average pass rates in Oklahoma over the past 20 years of thesis reported information, the July Overall Pass Rate is 81% (5,600 Overall Passers/6,910 Overall Takers from 1995-2014).
This is a drop of 13% from the average July Overall Pass Rate. 05-28-15: MASTER JULY 2015 was released. Click here to subscribe or click here to learn more about the subscription site. 04-29-15: The F15 overall pass rate was 43%, a little bit lower than expected. In the past 25 years, there are been only two years where the February pass rate was lower (41.7% in F09 and research j. cole 42.2% in syntax essay F02). In looking at the last five February exams, the overall pass rate was 50% in research paper j. cole F10; 48.2% in F11; 44% in F12; 50% in F13; and 47% in F14. 04-28-15: The February 2015 NY bar exam score calculator has been completed. Please note that if you send me your score sheet information, I will send you a free 8-page analysis of your scores. 04-24-15: In response to frederick syntax essay, a query, NYBOLE does not wait for research paper j. cole, MPRE results to be released before sending out the exam results. For example, February 2014 NY bar exam results were released on April 24, 2014 even though March 2014 MPRE results were not released until April 29, 2014. FYI, since 1995, a total of 1,365,473 examinees took a bar exam in the U.S. and 927,017 passed, resulting in an overall nationwide pass rate of 67.9% (this means that by February 2017, there will have been 1,000,000+ new attorneys in the U.S. over a span of 22 years).
04-22-15: In response to a few queries, based on July 2014, on whatever date results are released, I expect them to be emailed to examinees at midnight with no prior notification. FYI, the trend forecasting thesis, average pass rate in on rebecca j. cole NY for post modern, February (1992-2014) has been 48%. Based on the F15 national mean MBE, I expect the F15 pass rate in NY to be 45% or lower. 04-20-15: The February 2015 NY bar exam results should be released within the next few days (last year, the research on rebecca, results were released on literature, Thursday, April 24, 2014). An explanation of the paper on rebecca, auto-generated email you will receive can be read here. In examining the average pass rates in New York over the past 20 years of reported information, the odessay arena, February Overall Pass Rate is 47.1% while the paper, July Overall Pass Rate is 69.8%. The February First Time Takers Pass Rate is frederick syntax 59.9% while the July First Time Takers Pass Rate is 73.6%.
The February Repeaters Pass Rate is 33.6% while the July Repeaters Pass Rate is on rebecca 28.3%. With each reduction of 1% in the pass rate, an elie night essay estimated 40 extra examinees will fail the exam in February (whereas in July, with each reduction of 1% in the pass rate, an paper on rebecca j. cole estimated 110 extra examinees will fail the exam in July). 11-26-14: I ranked the 15 New York law schools based on their 5-year July pass rates (July 2010-July 2014) based on First-time takers. NYU has the highest overall First-time taker pass rate at 95.6% and Touro has the essay, lowest overall First-time taker pass rate at 74.0%. 12-20-14: MASTER FEB 2015 was released.
Click here to subscribe or click here to learn more about the subscription site. 11-17-14: If you submitted your scores to me and have not received a score report yet, please check your SPAM folder (the email sometimes gets blocked because it has a PDF attachment). If you cannot find my response, please email me. 10-28-14: According to the NYBOLE Press Release, the July 2014 overall pass rate was 65%. This is rather surprising to me (even with the July 2014 national mean scaled MBE score being 141.47) as it is the lowest overall NY July pass rate I am aware of (based on paper on rebecca j. cole, data going back to July 1992). If you are interested, you can compare overall July pass rates to odessay arena, the national MBE averages for research paper, the last 18 years here. 10-24-14: I am now taking early subscriptions for frederick syntax, the February 2015 exam. Click here to subscribe or click here to learn more about the subscription site. 10-22-14: July 2014 NY bar exam results should be released within the next 10 days. An explanation of the j. cole, auto-generated email you will receive can be read here.
Over the frederick syntax, past 20 years, the average July overall pass rate in New York has been almost 70%. Based on the July 2014 national mean scaled MBE score of 141.47, I expect the July 2014 NY bar exam overall pass rate to be below 67%. Research Paper J. Cole! You can read more about frederick douglass syntax, how I correlate pass rates to research on rebecca, MBE averages here. 10-01-14: Normally at this juncture I permit examinees to subscribe early, but I have been holding off until I update the jfk assassination theories, content on the site. Basically, Civil Procedure is research on rebecca being added to the MBE, Administrative Law is being added to the NY portion, and Article 3 and Federal Jurisdiction are being removed from the elie, NY portion.
I hope to complete this in the next week or so and then begin taking subscriptions. 04-24-14: To any examinees that failed the February 2014 New York bar exam, if you send me your score sheet, I will send you a free 8-page analysis. You can read more about this here. Research On Rebecca! The February 2014 Score Reports no longer contain any MBE sub-score information (e.g. a breakdown of your scores in Con Law, Contracts, Evidence, etc). The March 2014 NCBE Bar Examiner Testing Column discusses why NCBE no longer provides this information to jurisdictions. According to NCBE, the reasons for the change were to research papers post modern literature, conform to standard test practice and to research paper on rebecca j. cole, reduce confusion. Unfortunately, the less information the bar examiners provide, the less transparent their procedures, and the harder it is to formulate strategies to pass the exam. 11-27-13: It seems that a number of score reports I sent on November 10-11, 2013 were not delivered. If you submitted your scores to me prior to November 11, 2013 and odessay arena have not received a score report, please email me. 10-30-13: To any examinees that failed the July 2013 New York bar exam, if you send me your score sheet, I will send you a free 8-page analysis.
Read more. 08-08-13: I created a calculator that will estimate your scaled MBE score in research paper j. cole New York based on the raw score you enter. The scaled scores are based on an average of scaled scores from prior New York bar exams. 07-09-13: Since examinees are in the midst of taking simulated exams, I created a calculator that will estimate your New York scaled MBE score based on the the last three New York administrations that released raw MBE scores (F13, J06 and F06). 06-25-13: To avoid the new 50-hour pro bono service requirement, examinees who are considering the July 2014 exam should take the modern literature, February 2014 exam instead. According to NY BOLE, all candidates seeking admission after January 1, 2015 will need to research, file documentation showing that they have completed 50 hours of qualifying pro bono work. Odessay Arena! Accordingly, if you take and pass the research paper j. cole, July 2014 exam, it is extremely unlikely that you will be admitted before January 1, 2015, meaning that the elie wiesel night, 50-hour pro bono requirement will be applicable to you. Please also keep in mind that examinees that withdraw from or fail to appear at two or more New York bar examinations must apply to research on rebecca, NY BOLE for post, permission to re-apply before applying for a subsequent examination. and research paper on rebecca relief is in the sole discretion of the Board. see Board Rule 6000.6(i). After taking the New York (NY) bar exam in 2005, I put together this web site. I have been giving advice on the bar exam since then, and I have maintained a supplemental bar review subscription site since 2008 (although it becomes less and less supplemental with each passing year). For the research, past eight years, this site has ranked at research j. cole the top of Google, Bing and forecasting Yahoo for advice on the UBE Bar Exam.
In that time, I have spent a great deal of time analyzing the bar exam. For example, I have collected scoring information from over 4,000+ failing examinees and on rebecca j. cole reviewed over 2,500+ examinee essays and 500+ examinee MPTs. This site now also ranks at the top of Google, Bing and Yahoo for advice on the UBE Bar Exam. I work on the subscription site full-time year-round and I work alone. In some ways, this is a good thing while in other ways it is how do a research paper a bad thing. It is a good thing in that there is probably no one in the world who knows more about the bar exam than myself. Over the past eight years, I have spoken to thousands of examinees, examined thousands of score reports, and reviewed thousands of paper graded essays and MPTs (all the while, cataloging everything). Thus, when I give advice, it is based on real people and real data.
Everything I tell examinees to do (MASTER essay priorities, MBE strategies, etc.), I fully explain the rationale behind it. In a way, it makes the subscription site much more daunting (I am aware of papers post this), but I feel it is important for paper, examinees to understand why I am telling them to do something. However, working alone is sometimes also a bad thing. For example, I occasionally cannot get material out as fast as a full bar review (for example, I don't release a prioritized MASTER outline for an exam until about 50-60 days before that exam). I am also sometimes slow to respond to examinees (for example, it takes me days to respond to emails after an elie wiesel essay exam; after scores are released; or when I am working on the MASTER priorities). Based on everything I have examined over the years, I have concluded that passing the bar exam depends much more on the person than the research on rebecca, bar review or bar materials. To illustrate, I took all the relevant data scattered throughout two New York Board of Law Examiner studies of the July 2005 and Feb 2006 exams and created a Demographic Chart based on this data. I essentially culled all the information in elie night essay the various NYBOLE charts and then matched it up to determine average pass rates for research on rebecca, each of the different demographics reported in elie wiesel the NYBOLE studies.
When failing examinees send me their scores (examinees complete a Score Analysis form or a Post Exam Followup form that asks for certain information such as their Education, Gender, Race, and research paper on rebecca number of attempts), I end up finding that this information generally correlates fairly well with the Demographic Chart that is based on the NYBOLE statistics. For example, I find that a Foreign-Educated First-Time Taker who is Asian/Pacific Islander taking a July exam who sends me his/her scores usually has an average final score between 630-640, which corresponds with the results in the Demographic Chart. Wiesel Night! Meanwhile, based on the Demographic Chart, the research on rebecca, examinees with the highest pass rate are Domestic-Educated First-Time Takers who are Caucasian/White sitting for a July exam - these examinees have an conspiracy average final score of 738 and an average pass rate of 87.5%. This means that if you are a domestic-educated first time taker with a high LPGA (above 3.2), you are probably going to pass the paper j. cole, bar exam irrespective of the bar review that you choose or study methods that you employ. In a 1986 study, after controlling for conspiracy theories, law school quality, test reliability, subject matter and test type, time limits, and on rebecca j. cole the ability to elie wiesel essay, take tests, researchers concluded that “the higher the law school grade point average (LGPA), the paper on rebecca j. cole, greater the likelihood the applicant will pass.
No other measured variable really mattered once there was control for LGPA .” Stephen P. Klein, The Performance of Novice Law Students and elie wiesel night Law School Graduates on the Bar Exam (Chicago, 1986) (emphasis added) . NCBE released a study in 2007 after New York increased the passing score to 665 in 2005 in order to determine its impact. The study again found that performance on the bar exam was strongly correlated with performance in law school, as measured by research on rebecca j. cole law school grade point average (LGPA). In August 2013, a research study entitled Bar Passage: GPA and LSAT, not Bar Reviews by elie night Nicholas L. Georgakopoulos found that the choice of a bar review course had little consequence in examinee outcomes. Research J. Cole! Instead, the study found that examinees with a GPA below 2.6 passed the papers modern, bar at a less than 10% rate while examinees with a GPA over 3.2 passed the bar at a well over 95% rate. According to the author of the paper, “ a likely interpretation is that bar preparation is an activity where the quality or style of instruction has relatively little consequence for passing the on rebecca, bar, whereas law school instruction has significant impact. Odessay Arena! This interpretation would be consistent with the notion that bar preparation is rote memorization and stands in contrast to on rebecca j. cole, the learning of odessay arena legal analysis in law school, which seems to be what makes the difference in passing the bar examination. Research On Rebecca! ” According to forecasting thesis, the 2007 NCBE study, domestic educated candidates who took the bar exam for research, the first time in July 2005 obtained a mean total bar score of 727.44 (well above the 665 passing score). Basically, if you did well in law school, you should do well on the NY bar exam.
In New York over the past 20 years, the conspiracy theories, February ABA First-Timers Pass Rate is research on rebecca 75.1% while the July ABA First-Timers Pass Rate is 86.7%. The February ABA Repeaters Pass Rate is 45.2% while the July ABA Repeaters Pass Rate is elie essay 32.5%. J. Cole! If you are a domestic-educated candidate taking the New York bar exam for the first time, there is a 94.7% chance that you will pass by your third attempt. Accordingly, if you have a high LPGA (above 3.2) or are a good standardized test-taker, you are probably going to frederick essay, pass the bar exam irrespective of the future bar review you choose. However, if you are a low LGPA examinee or a poor standardized test-taker, you may want to research on rebecca j. cole, consider subscribing. Essentially, law school GPA is the a research, most determinative factor of bar passage - the research paper j. cole, higher the law school grade point average, the greater the trend thesis, likelihood an examinee will pass. I believe there is a strong correlation between law school performance and bar exam performance because good performance in both requires adaptation in learning. Research Paper! As explained above, rote memorization of the law is insufficient for good performance on a bar exam. The best example of this is the MBE, where you not only need to know the law, but also analyze equally plausible choices.
Good exam performance stems from trend thesis a continual process of paper on rebecca improvement in learning. Accordingly, this site is primarily intended for frederick syntax, bar exam retakers, as statistically, it becomes harder and harder to pass the New York bar exam with each attempt. In October 2006, NY BOLE released a paper entitled Impact of the Increase in research on rebecca j. cole the Passing Score on the New York Bar Examination July 2005 Bar Administration (see http://www.nybarexam.org/press/ncberep.pdf, pages 83, 90-91). This study was done when the pass rate in odessay arena New York was 660 (it is raised to 665 in 2005). According to the study, with a passing score of research paper on rebecca 665, the projected pass rate for Domestic-Educated First-Time Takers was 83%; the projected pass rate for Domestic-Educated Second-Time Takers was 30%; and the projected pass rate for Domestic-Educated Third-Time Takers was 23.2%. Meanwhile, the projected pass rate for Foreign-Educated First-Time Takers was 43.9% while the projected pass rate for research literature, Foreign-Educated Repeaters was 13.5% (id. at pages 95, 98).
As you can see, pass rates plummet for paper j. cole, re-takers, even for the ones most likely to pass, namely domestic-educated takers. In looking at recent data, based on pass rates for the New York Bar Exam from 2012-2015, domestic-educated examinees taking the exam for the first time had an overall pass rate of 82% while foreign-educated examinees taking the exam for the first time had an overall pass rate of 42%. In regards to retakers, domestic-educated retakers had an overall pass rate of 40% while foreign-educated retakers had an i do a research paper overall pass rate of research paper on rebecca 23%. Jfk Assassination Conspiracy Theories! You can look at the Pass Rates section below to read more about this. Paper! As such, while the actual pass rates for retakers are not as low as the ones projected by NYBOLE, the pass rates for retakers are still very low.
After collecting scoring information from research many failing examinees, I have found that it is not easy task for an examinee to escape their demographic. For example, foreign examinees from the United Kingdom have an overall pass rate of 28%. When I review scores from British examinees, I generally find that it takes them about on rebecca, 4 attempts before they pass the exam. What the literature, demographics don't provide are the specific reasons as to why examinees fail the exam. I believe the main reason examinees fail the paper, exam is because they simply do not put the amount of time into the exam that is jfk assassination conspiracy theories required (in both study and practice). Often, examinees that fail the exam simply did not learn enough. Research On Rebecca J. Cole! If you only have a superficial knowledge of the information being tested on research papers, the exam, you probably won't pass the on rebecca, exam. The second biggest reason for failure is inefficient study and wiesel poor exam technique. For example, more than half of the failing examinees who supplied information to me reported that they improperly managed their exam time. If you fail to paper j. cole, plan, plan to fail.
To be successful at something, a person must be in how do a research a state of continual improvement (myself included). I passed the NY bar exam in July 2005 on research paper on rebecca, my first attempt (162 MBE) and made this site shortly thereafter. Examinees then began to send me their scores and essays. I started sending examinees a free 1-page analysis report on trend, their scores in on rebecca j. cole 2008 and it has grown to the point where I now provide failing examinees with a free 11 page comprehensive analysis of their scores and a research paper a free 43 page detailed analysis of their essays/MPT. I create these analysis reports for two purposes: (1) they help examinees better recognize/understand their mistakes; and (2) the information helps me better understand the exam. In 2008, I also created the prioritized MASTER outline for the essays and have documented the accuracy of this MASTER essay outline since its inception (I regard it as bar review malpractice to not examine and on rebecca j. cole report on the effectiveness of the odessay arena, information provided to paper on rebecca j. cole, examinees). I realize that I am very fortunate to be in a position where I get to speak with many examinees about the exam. I don’t take this for granted and I continually work on improving what I do (while cataloging everything): In the past eight years, I have spent more time analyzing the NY bar exam than any single person in the world. Odessay Arena! In that time, I have examined the scores from over 4,000 failing examinees and reviewed over 2,500 graded essays/MPTs. In the bar review off-season, I spend the bulk of my time researching and analyzing.
Since 2005, I have spent over 15,000 hours researching the components of the bar exam. For example, over the years, I have collected over on rebecca j. cole 25,000 outlines (if you want to send me yours, please send them to firstname.lastname@example.org) and purchased over 1,500 law books. For each lawbook/casebook/hornbook I acquire, I cut off the spine using an industrial paper cutter, scan the pages, and then OCR the resulting PDF in order to search the text. I then use a search program that lets me create an indexed searchable database that is currently over 500GB in size. I can essentially find/research anything related to the bar exam in a matter of seconds, whether it is the answer to an MBE question or some arcane legal principle. Put simply, if you have any question at all that is somewhat related to the exam, I can almost certainly answer it. Also included in the database are cases and opinions: NYSBA Ethics Opinions from 001 to 951 (to Dec 2014); New York Court of Appeals Decisions from 1992 to Dec 2014; New York Appellate Division, First Dept Decisions from 1970 to Dec 2014; New York Appellate Division, Second Dept Decisions from 1970 to Dec 2014; New York Appellate Division, Third Dept Decisions from 1970 to Dec 2014; New York Appellate Division, Fourth Dept Decisions from forecasting 1970 to Dec 2014; New York SLIP Decisions from Dec 03 to Dec 2014; New York Court of Claims Decisions - March 2000 to Dec 2014; 1st Circuit Court of Appeals (MA) from Jan 1995 to December 2013; 2nd Circuit Court of research j. cole Appeals (NY) from Jan 1995 to December 2013; 3rd Circuit Court of odessay arena Appeals (NJ) from research Jan 1995 to December 2013; 4th Circuit Court of Appeals (VA) from Jan 1995 to Dec 2014; 5th Circuit Court of Appeals (LA) from Jan 1995 to Dec 2014; 6th Circuit Court of Appeals (KY, MI, OH, TE) from odessay arena Jan 1995 to Dec 2014; 7th Circuit Court of Appeals (IL) from Jan 1995 to Dec 2014; 8th Circuit Court of research j. cole Appeals (ND) from Jan 1995 to research literature, Dec 2014; 9th Circuit Court of Appeals (CA) from Jan 1995 to Dec 2014; 10th Circuit Court of Appeals (CO) from Jan 1995 to Dec 2014; 11th Circuit Court of Appeals (FL) from Jan 1995 to Dec 2014; and DC Circuit Court of Appeals (DC) from research on rebecca Jan 1995 to Dec 2014. When I say that success is papers post literature a process of continual improvement, this is not just a platitude.
I myself constantly improve on what I do - I read anything I can find on research on rebecca j. cole, bar examinations, I talk to anyone I can talk to about the syntax, exam, and I collect as much information and data on research, the exam as I possibly can. Everything I do is geared towards improving outcomes by reducing mistakes. Likewise, failing examinees must learn from their mistakes or they are bound to make the same mistakes again. Failing examinees cannot simply repeat what they did in the past - such examinees are ignoring the new lessons created by odessay arena their old mistakes. You cannot make excuses or justify your mistakes - you must recognize your mistakes as problems and directly address those problems. I don't believe that intelligence is innate - I believe intelligence is developed by questioning things and learning from the j. cole, results. Accordingly, if your desire to improve is unrelenting, you will succeed, regardless of your demographic. I regard this page as the free site. Basically, any relevant material from when I studied for the exam in 2005 is available for free on this page.
Conversely, anything new I have done since 2005 is on odessay arena, the subscription site. The subscription site is explained in paper j. cole detail (along with how to forecasting, subscribe) on this page here. Research J. Cole! The subscription site is elie wiesel essay essentially a comprehensive outline of research paper j. cole my methodology on trend forecasting thesis, how to prepare for paper j. cole, and take the UBE bar exam. The main purpose of the subscription site is to how do i do a research, make your studying more efficient so that you can devote more study time to the MBE. The subscription site contains advice, analysis and tools to prioritize your studying to enable you to research paper, study more efficiently. The subscription site can be regarded as a lengthy organized tutoring session with a substantial amount of useful exam materials. If you are a domestic educated candidate taking the papers post, exam for the first time and studying full time using a bar review, you generally don't need supplemental bar materials/advice. Research Paper! However, you may want to odessay arena, consider subscribing if you are: (1) a foreign examinee (first-time or repeater); (2) domestic repeater who scored below 640 (or below 258 on research on rebecca, the UBE) on odessay arena, your past attempt; (3) a first time domestic candidate studying full-time with a LGPA below 3.0; (4) a domestic candidate (first-time or repeater) who is on rebecca studying part-time; or (5) a poor standardized test-taker. To determine whether you are in an at-risk category, I created the Seperac UBE Score Estimator which will estimate your UBE bar exam score based on the demographic and grade information you enter.
The subscription site centers around a simple premise examinees that do well on paper, the MBE generally pass. Research! I like to frederick syntax, think of the subscription site as a gap-filler. For example, while every bar review gives you a lot of j. cole books filled with law, I try to distill that information into what is the odessay arena, most useful and prioritize it. Basically, if I see a need for research paper on rebecca j. cole, something that isn't addressed by the other bar reviews, I try to address it (e.g. the prioritized UBE MASTER outline of the elie night essay, black letter law most likely to be tested on the exam with past MBE and MEE issues built into it, MP3s of MEEs and MBE rules, MEE and MPT Essay Comparisons). Paper! I regard my materials as extremely responsive to the exam. For example, for the upcoming exam, my goal is to have 25 pages of black letter law per MBE subject in my UBE MASTER outline since each MBE subject consists of 25 graded questions. For each page of odessay arena black letter law, my goal is to have it represent one expected question on research paper, the MBE.
Thus, by reading these 175 pages of black letter law, you should be very prepared for the law that will be tested on how do a research, the upcoming MBE. I used these outlines to paper on rebecca j. cole, pass the exam in 2005 with an MBE score of trend thesis 162. Since then, I have been continually improving them as I learn more and more about the paper j. cole, wide range of nuances that are tested on the MBE/MEE. For example, a subscriber who scored a 174 on the MBE in i do a research paper NY and research then a 177 on the MBE in NJ told me: “ as far as the MBE is concerned, your outlines have been most useful since you emphasize the fine distinctions. ” I go through a lot of odessay arena effort to prioritize the categories in the outline so that this large amount of material can be studied efficiently. I have been assigning priorities and analyzing their accuracy for the past 16 exams. You can read more about the research on rebecca j. cole, prioritizations here. Basically, I calculate how much each category is supposed to contribute in essay points to the MBE (which results in the MBE priority of research on rebecca j. cole HIGH, MED or LOW) and then I use different criteria to determine the elie wiesel, MEE priority (it is based on a number of factors to statistically determine if a topic is paper on rebecca j. cole less likely to appear).
The purpose of the priorities is to enable examinees to study efficiently. For example, if a subscriber finds that he or she is having difficulty retaining the wide range of information in the outline, the examinee should focus on the HIGH priority categories (in BLUE) so they can at least be competent on what will probably represent about how do a research, 50-70% of research on rebecca j. cole their total MBE/MEE score. Modern Literature! This is something part-time examinees should also consider if they find there is simply too much for them to study/learn. For example, the LOW priority categories (in ORANGE) should represent about 10% of your total MBE/MEE score (and if you follow the study guidelines in the UBE MASTER OUTLINE, it would represent about paper on rebecca, 10% of your total study). Examinees who are limited in conspiracy theories time or memory sometimes opt to give the LOW priority topics just a cursory overview and research j. cole the MEDIUM priority topics (expected to be about 25% of your total MBE/MEE score) a basic review so that they can focus on the HIGH priority topics (which will make up a majority of the MBE/MEE). Subscribers to my site focus heavily on the MBE and take calculated risks with their MEE/MPT study based on the advice/materials on the subscription site.
One reason why I believe NCBE regards the MBE as the most important part of the bar exam is because you really need to understand 400-500 legal principles to trend thesis, do well on research on rebecca j. cole, it since each question requires you to know multiple legal principles. For example, a single intentional torts question may require you to know about assault, battery, false imprisonment and IIED. Thus, examinees with limited legal knowledge will not do as well on the MBE as compared to examinees with more extensive legal knowledge. Meanwhile, the MEE only consists of 20 legal principles (give or take a few). Elie! While a deeper understanding of the law is needed, it is MUCH easier for someone to get “lucky” on the MEE than the MBE. Research J. Cole! Let’s assume that like the MBE, you need 65% correct on the MEE to pass this means you need to correctly identify/analyze about 13/20 of the MEE issues. If you get lucky on just a few of them (i.e. what you studied the night before luckily appears or the UBE MASTER priorities helped you), this can account for 10-15% of your total MEE score. Research Papers! For the MBE, you really can’t get lucky on it. Research Paper J. Cole! Even if some of the concepts you studied just before the research post modern, exam appeared, that will only help you with maybe 2-4 questions. Paper! That’s just 2% of your MBE score.
That said, I regard the materials on the subscription site as the best representation of trend forecasting what you can expect to see on the upcoming UBE exam. You must keep in mind that due to research paper on rebecca j. cole, how I organize and prioritize this information, you will be taking calculated risks in your studying, but I regard them as risks as worth taking (as do others). If you have taken the exam before and felt blind-sided by the MBE, MEE or MPT, you will feel much more capable on future exams through the materials and information on the subscription site. One caveat while other bar reviews have fully prepared materials that are complete and research papers post literature ready to be used when you sign up, I do not. Research Paper On Rebecca J. Cole! For example, the research literature, prioritized UBE MASTER OUTLINE is not available until about two months before the exam (in the research, meantime, examinees can review the research post literature, prior UBE MASTER OUTLINE ignoring the priorities). Paper On Rebecca! Likewise, the conspiracy essay, MPT, MEE, and MBE Strategy Pages are not posted until about a month before the exam because if my assessment of the exam changes, so does my advice. If you need to research on rebecca, purchase a subscription (or re-subscribe), click here. To any examinee that failed the UBE bar exam, if you send me your scores or essays, I will send you a free statistical analysis/report. I see first-hand the difficulties that retakers face.
Accordingly, whenever a failing examinee asks me for advice, I give it. Elie Wiesel Essay! I have received 20,000+ emails from examinees over research paper the past 10 years and I have answered every single email (I strongly believe in the maxim that when one teaches, two learn). However, depending on how busy I am, I may not respond for a few weeks. If you would like my advice, please fill out the research papers post, Retaker Bar Exam Advice Form. The form is an efficient way for me to determine as much of paper j. cole your situation as possible to formulate an odessay arena appropriate response. The form contains a set of research j. cole questions that I generally ask people who email me for trend, advice. As with anything, the more data I have, the more effective my analysis. Once I review your information, I will give you my honest opinion about what I think you should do for your next attempt. For example, a failing J16 examinee who passed in F17 told me: Your analysis and research j. cole advice was instrumental for my retake in February 2017 and I found out I passed last week by 7 points after failing by 11 pts in July 2016! All in all, an 18 point swing while working full time and studying part time! The pass rate in my state was 40%.
Thanks for all your help and analysis! While the research papers post modern, score reports are fairly self explanatory, I will also give you my analysis of your scores. Anyone who submits scores will have complete anonymity - I only disclose the data itself. The data also enables me to update the Bar Exam Calculators that I routinely improve upon. You will find the free score report very helpful in pinpointing your problem areas. Research Paper J. Cole! As one examinee put it: “I have never had such a comprehensive analysis of odessay arena my results. Even when I took the first bar review course and paid for a one on paper on rebecca, one tutor, everything pales compared to you.” As such, if you are interested in receiving this free analysis, please complete the how do paper, following Score Analysis form (or just email me the past grading sheets). If you ordered your essay/MPT answers, I can provide you with a free 43-page Essay/MPT Analysis.
For more information on the free score analysis report or essay analysis report is research paper j. cole below. Jfk Assassination Conspiracy Theories Essay! The more information you give me, the better advice I can give you about what to do on your next attempt. I have looked at many failing examinee scores and tracked their outcomes so I can probably give you some useful advice. All information submitted is paper on rebecca treated confidentially. If you email me your score report(s), I will email you a free comprehensive 9-12 page analysis of your score and douglass my advice.
Please fill out the online submission form or email me a copy of your score report to email@example.com. Click here to on rebecca j. cole, view a sample score analysis.* If you submit your scores or essays to how do i do a research paper, me, any identifying information will be redacted and your identity will always be strictly confidential. In the past seven years, I have sent free score reports to over 4,400 examinees encompassing the July 2008 - Feb 2017 exams. The analysis is extremely useful in pinpointing your problem areas and research j. cole assessing your future exam performance. The score reports will also estimate your raw scores on all the components of the exam. Jfk Assassination Conspiracy Theories Essay! I continually improve this report with the research paper on rebecca j. cole, data I collect - it started as a 1-page report and has grown by about 1 page per year as I obtain/collect more useful data to report. Please note that it may take a week or more to receive an wiesel night essay analysis if your score report is sent to me immediately after scores are released. I examine NY bar exam essays/MPTs using the research on rebecca j. cole, same methodology as the score analysis. I strongly urge all failing examinees to order their essays from NY BOLE immediately after scores are released in order to review your essay and MPT answers. You disadvantage yourself if you do not order and review your essays because you will not know what mistakes to jfk assassination conspiracy essay, correct (e.g. On Rebecca J. Cole! did you miss obvious issues, was your writing style poor or careless, how did your answers compare to the released above average answers). Frederick Douglass Essay! In the past six years, I have sent free essay/MPT analysis reports to over 600+ examinees encompassing over 3,000 Essays/600 MPTs from the paper j. cole, Feb 2010 - Feb 2017 exams.
This 43 page analysis reports statistics such as words, characters, paragraphs, sentences, sentences per paragraph, words per sentence, characters per word, Flesch reading ease, and Flesch-Kincaid grade level. Odessay Arena! The analysis illustrates how your answers statistically differ from the research j. cole, released above average answers and odessay arena other examinee essays. The essays/MPTs are examined against paper on rebecca the released above average essays/MPTs and how do paper the essays/MPTs of other failing examinees and on rebecca exemplar essays/MPTs. I also analyze word frequencies and frederick syntax report any useful data. For example, for each essay/MPT, the analysis will report the top 20 words that the above average answers used that you did not or the top 15 words in the question that both above average answers used that you did not. Examinee essays are also compared to the highest scoring essay I received. For example, one comparison reports the top 10 words the best answer used that the examinee did not. If you have your handwritten or typed essays/MPT in PDF format and would like to receive an analysis, please email them to firstname.lastname@example.org along with your score report. If you submit your essays for this analysis, while the essays are used for comparison purposes, any identifying information will be redacted and the identity of the essay writer will be confidential. Please note that it may take two weeks or more to receive an on rebecca j. cole analysis if your essays are sent to me immediately after the elie wiesel night essay, exam results are released.
A detailed explanation of the on rebecca, analysis is below. The information in the analysis will help you improve your overall written score. The analysis illustrates how your answers statistically differ from the released above average answers and other examinee essays, including the highest scoring examinee essay I receive. For example, one portion of the research modern literature, analysis reports the top 10 words this best answer used that you did not. For MPTs, one portion of the analysis reports the Top 20 words in the MPT Drafter's Point Sheet that you did not use or the Top 15 words in the Question (File and Library) that both released answers used but you did not. I significantly revised the MEE/MPT Analysis to compare examinee essays to the NBCE answers. The Issue-Spotting Analysis section shows the words/phrases in the NCBE Answer Analysis that the graders were likely looking for. To make this analysis, I examine the NCBE Answer Analysis for each question (the same one that is in the MEE Essay Compilation) and j. cole then I extract the top 50 words/phrases that I expect the graders to look for i do a research, in the examinee answers. I then report the research, top 25 (the ones that lead to the best examinee scores).
The 'With Word' column reports how many examinees used that word along with the average points these examinees received (green is above passing while red is below passing). For example, for Essay #1 of the Feb 2017 MEE, about elie essay, 21% of examinees used the word/phrase 'terminate' and received an research paper on rebecca j. cole average of a research 24.8 points for their essays (whereas a passing MEE essay received 13.3 points). The W/O Word column shows the average essay points for the examinees who did not use that particular word or phrase. Often, the average score for such examinees is below passing, demonstrating the importance of issue spotting and keywords in achieving a passing MEE score. In the prior example, for the 79% of examinees who did not use the word/phrase 'terminate' in their answers, these examinees averaged 13.7 points on paper on rebecca, the essay. The You column reports which of the words/phrases you used in your answer (highlighted in Yellow). From examining this Issue-Spotting Analysis, you will see that issue spotting and using the correct terminology (i.e. buzzwords) is important on the MEE. For example, below is part of frederick my analysis of Essay #3 (Family Law) on paper on rebecca j. cole, the F17 MEE. Often, when examinees use the same terminology that is contained in the NCBE Answer Analysis, the average score is above passing (of course this also likely means the examinees correctly analyzed and concluded). Odessay Arena! For example, for Essay #3 of the research, Feb 2017 MEE, about 17% of examinees used the word/phrase 'equitable distribution' and received an elie essay average of 18.9 points for research on rebecca j. cole, their essays (whereas a passing MEE essay received 13.3 points). Frederick Essay! The W/O Word column shows the average essay points for the examinees who did not use that particular word or phrase.
Often, the average score for such examinees is below passing, demonstrating the paper, importance of issue spotting and keywords in achieving a passing MEE score. In the prior example, for the 83% of examinees who did not use the word/phrase 'equitable distribution' in their answers, these examinees averaged 12.4 points on the essay (below passing). I see this occur with every MEE answer. To me, this is concrete evidence that the graders rely on the NCBE Answer Analysis for their grading and specifically look for the keywords. Elie! Thus, reviewing the released NCBE MEE answers can likely help your overall MEE score.
The MEE Analysis page examines how well an MEE score corresponds with confirmable external sources such as the above average answers, point sheet, best examinee answer, and paper j. cole the question itself. For example, if an examinee's MEE is highly correlated with these external sources, does the examinee receive a high grade? Conversely, if an examinee's MEE is not highly correlated with these external sources, does the examinee receive a low grade? If another jurisdiction uses the same MEE for their exam and releases above average exemplars, I also include these MEEs in the analysis (e.g. Thesis! Arkansas is AR, Minnesota is research on rebecca MN). Examinees who participate in the MEE/MPT Comparison (more on this below) should review cases where there is low correlation but a high score (for some insight on what to do) or a high correlation but a low score (for some insight on what not to do). For example, if an exemplar has a low Essay to Point Sheet Comparison, what else did the grader find in that essay to warrant a high score? Since the graders are probably constant with each exam, examinees can use this information to fashion a response similar to the responses that graders have graded favorably in the past.
On each table, your MEE results are highlighted in yellow. The main purpose of the analysis is to enable examinees to illustrate differences between their essays and better scoring essays/MPTs to make any necessary adjustments. One portion of the essay analysis reports the top words the jfk assassination conspiracy, above average answers used that you did not use. This can give insight into whether you missed fundamental topics or lacked a vocabulary of important words related to the analysis of the essay. For example, I find that some examinees fail to use the paper, word because in trend forecasting their answers. In an IRAC analysis, “because” is the single most important word to use when analyzing the facts in on rebecca j. cole the question. The failure to use words such as because, since and as will negatively affect your analysis and can only hurt your score (please note that the IRAC Analysis is generally more relevant to the MEE essays than the MPT). Another portion of the trend thesis, analysis reports the research j. cole, top 20 words you used that the odessay arena, released above average answers did not use. Research Paper! This can give insight into whether you misunderstand a topic or have an inappropriate vocabulary for that topic, especially if you received a low score on the essay. The statistics can provide a wide range of insight - are your sentences per paragraph consistent with the released above average answers or is the odessay arena, Flesch-Kincaid Grade Level too high or too low as compared to the released above average answers. For example, if you received a low score and your Essay to Question % was low, you should re-answer the question in practice to see why you did not fit more facts from the question into your analysis.
For style, examinees should modify their writing style to mimic the average style of examinees. Research On Rebecca! For example, if the average examinee writes four sentences per paragraph, but you write six, you should focus on writing fewer sentences per paragraph. Examinees should mimic the average style of bar examinees to minimize any disruptions to the essay grader's reading or grading process. With each administration, I also create an MEE/MPT comparison to help examinees better understand the bar exam essays/MPT. Trend Forecasting Thesis! I only make this Comparison once because it is difficult to make due to its many dependencies. This Comparison examines a collection of MEEs/MPTs from an exam and looks through them for matching words in phrases (minimum of 2 words). The reports contain the document text with the matching phrases underlined. The reports also show PDFs of the two essays you selected side-by-side. Put simply, examinees learn by j. cole example - reviewing a collection of syntax essay graded essays helps you better understand the MEE essays/MPTs. I believe this MEE/MPT comparison is incredibly useful to examinees. For example: - You can compare any essay to any of the other examinee essays or the above average answers.
- You will see exactly what NYBOLE considers to on rebecca j. cole, be a passing essay/MPT (for example, above a 50.95 scaled score on essay, the Feb 2017 exam). - You can compare an research paper j. cole essay to how do i do a research, the best essay, the worst essay, or essays with scores with similar scores (and sometimes exactly the same score). - You can learn how much (or how little) is written for high scoring essays. - In the j. cole, Text comparison, you can see exactly what words an essay used that the comparison essay also used. - In the PDF comparison, you can compare the how do i do paper, style, layout, penmanship, neatness of essays.
- In the PDF comparison, you can study the headings and format of high scoring MPTs. - You can compare handwritten essays to paper j. cole, typed essays. - You can compare your MPT to the best MPTs from other states. The Feb 2017 Comparison includes graded essays that range from 32 to 82. Thus, you will not only be able to see what very low scoring essays are comprised of, but also what very high scoring essays are comprised of. I feel this Comparison is invaluable for examinees to discover what works versus what doesn't work. In reviewing higher-graded answers, examinees can see all of the substantive ways in which their answers were lacking. For example, how many sentences do the elie wiesel night, higher-graded answers write to develop and analyze the black letter law for research paper, each issue. How does it compare to your essay? Reviewing essays that are just passing will give examinees insight into the content a passing essay consists of.
For example, can an essay that only issue spots the issues receive a passing score. For the forecasting thesis, MPTs, you can see how passing examinees organize and write their answers. If your prior essay/MPT scores were low, you may find a style or format in research paper j. cole these passing essays that you can incorporate into syntax future essays . Paper! For example, an theories essay examinee that passed after using the MEE/MPT comparison told me: I think this helped me immensely, because although I had not practiced writing any essays, I still really got a feel for the tone, length, content and structure of passing answers which created a 'voice' in my head when writing essays. To cite another example, an examinee that failed told me: I did much better on my essays this time due in large part to your comparison tool. I found that to paper, be extremely helpful . For the exam, this examinee's essay average was ranked 9/196 (this means the examinee had a 5-Essay average better than 95.4% of the examinees that sent me their score information). For the prior exam (before utilizing the Comparison), the examinee’s essay average was ranked 131/315 (which was better than 58.4% of the frederick, examinees that sent me their scores). Following are small samples of the February and July 2010 comparisons: For example, in the above July 2010 sample, there are just 10 comparisons based on 3 examinee essays and the two released above average answers. Meanwhile, in the full July 2010 essay comparison, for each essay/MPT, there are 1,596 comparisons based on 55 examinee essays and the two released above average answers. On Rebecca! As you may have noticed in the sample, all identifying information is redacted and each examinee is assigned a random 3-digit ID in order to maintain complete anonymity.
The reason essays are released is enable examinees to identify deficiencies in their essays. In a 1995 bill to bill to amend the elie wiesel night essay, Judiciary Law, the bill stated that it is in New York State's best interest to research, insure that all bar applicants are given an frederick douglass syntax equal opportunity to pass the NYS Bar Examination. Disclosure of past testing materials and applicant examinations allow prospective attorneys to on rebecca j. cole, become aware of i do a research paper testing subject matter and methodology so that otherwise qualified attorneys are not defeated in their attempts to research on rebecca, pass the bar examination. A copy of the bill is here: In a March 2014 article entitled It Should Be About Feedback and Revision by J. Post Modern! Elizabeth Clark, an English professor at LaGuardia Community College who wrote that [h]igh-stakes essay writing is research j. cole about learning to game the system. Good test takers are just that: Students who learned the how do a research paper, rules of the game, often through expensive test-prep courses that disadvantage poor and paper on rebecca j. cole at-risk students. Those with greater access to coaches and materials and practice do better on the exam, but that does not mean they are better writers. This MEE/MPT comparison is an excellent way for examinees to forecasting thesis, learn the rules of the game . Research On Rebecca J. Cole! Put simply, there is no other resource available that enables bar examinees to compare and contrast a wide range of graded MEEs/MPTs. How Do I Do! Please use it to research on rebecca, your advantage, especially if you do not have the i do paper, time to j. cole, practice many essays. The MEE/MPT comparison will contain an enhancement where your MPTs will also be compared to i do a research paper, the exemplar MPTs of other jurisdictions. For example, your MPT may be compared to the best MPTs from other states such as Arkansas, Maryland, Minnesota, Ohio, and Texas.
Put simply, comparing your MPT side-by-side to a large number of high scoring MPTS is the best way to quickly and paper j. cole efficiently identify the deficiencies in your MPT on your own. Multiple Re-Taker Score Analysis Report. If you have taken the exam two times or more, I can also provide you with a free comprehensive six-page Multiple Re-Taker Score Analysis Report. Essay! The re-taker analysis report will show your overall averages per exam component, variance in scores, changes in raw scores between exams, and other useful comparisons, including February versus July comparisons. If you judge your performance from paper on rebecca exam to exam based solely on jfk assassination theories essay, your scaled scores, you are making a mistake. Research Paper On Rebecca! The analysis is useful in frederick douglass essay pinpointing your worst subjects and assessing your future exam performance based on j. cole, your prior scores. Click here to see a sample report.* In the two years, I have sent free Re-Taker Score Analysis Reports to hundreds of examinees. If you are interested in receiving this additional free analysis, please complete the below form with the information from your most recent exam and then fill out the Grading Sheet Information section of the Retaker Bar Exam Advice Form for each of the prior exams. Alternatively, you can email your score sheets to email@example.com while filling out the Additional Information and Other Information on the Retaker Bar Exam Advice Form. * Please note that I continually improve these analysis reports, so the sample versions may not reflect the research papers modern, current version of the reports. NOTE: If you took the exam in a state (e.g.
California) that only provides your total score and MBE subscores (meaning no detailed essay/MPT scores), I can provide you with a breakdoen of j. cole these percentiles if you complete my MBE Subscore form. Trend! Starting in 2017, the scoresheets once again contain percentiles for the MBE sub-scores (this information used to be included on score reports but was removed just prior to NCBE's introduction of Civil Procedure to on rebecca, the MBE). These percentiles tell you how many examinees you did better than nationally for each MBE subject and overall. Forecasting! For example, for the Feb 2017 exam, if your %tile for Civil Procedure is 19.7, it means that you scored better than only 19.7% of examinees nationwide on on rebecca j. cole, the 25 graded Civil Procedure MBE questions (out of about 23,000 February 2017 examinees). What these percentiles don't tell you are your raw scores (e.g. Wiesel! that you answered 13/25 of the Civil Procedure MBE questions correctly, meaning 52% correct for Civil Procedure). With this information, you can correlate your exam MBE scores to on rebecca j. cole, your practice MBE scores (e.g. if you were getting 70% correct on Civil Procedure questions in practice but 52% correct on the exam, you should find a better source of Civil Procedure MBE practice questions). All information submitted is elie night always treated confidentially.
For the pre-UBE New York bar exam (pass rate of 665), I have seen examinees pass on their next attempt after failing with scores as low as 530. I have also seen examinees fail the exam with scores as high as 664 who never subsequently pass the exam. As such, it is never possible to definitively conclude what a repeater's outcome will be. However, based on NYBOLE statistics, the likelihood of passing generally decreases with each attempt. For example, I took all the information in NYBOLE released studies from 2005-2007 discussed above and matched it up to determine MBE scores and final scores based on number of research on rebecca attempts (data not included was not available in the NYBOLE reports): As you can see, according to NYBOLE's statistics, an examinee’s final score generally decreases with each attempt. However, I find that examinees who can improve on the MBE are more likely to avoid this expected outcome. If you are taking the upcoming exam.
With New York switching to the UBE exam, this site has been modified accordingly. The site announcements appear on the left pane of this page. The announcements are in reverse chronological order (so you will see the most recent announcements first). How Do I Do Paper! Any information pertaining to paper j. cole, the pre-UBE essays (such as my 2005 MASTER outline) has been removed since the thesis, MEE has replaced this portion of the exam. The MBE, MEE and MPT advice on this page is basic, but still useful. I created the research on rebecca j. cole, Seperac UBE Score Estimator which will estimate your UBE bar exam score based on the demographic and grade information you enter. With each exam, I see a lot of examinees unnecessarily panic as the exam nears. To give examinees a good understanding of their odds of syntax passing the UBE exam, I took every available statistic from a credible source (e.g. NCBE and NYBOLE) and paper on rebecca j. cole created a calculator based on that data.
While there will always be outliers, the estimations should accurately reflect the majority of examinees sitting for the exam. Frederick Syntax! These statistics will either make you feel more confident or remind you that more work needs to j. cole, be put into the exam. Essay! However, even if you are in an at-risk category, your MBE practice scores (assuming the MBE practice questions are of sufficient difficulty and representative of the paper j. cole, topics tested) will give you the most insight as to whether or not you will pass the papers post literature, UBE. If you find this calculator helpful, please enter your email address and then press the Submit button to send me your information. Since this is the first iteration of the calculator, I won’t know how accurate it is until I compile results from paper examinees. Thus, by trend thesis submitting your information, your input will help improve the accuracy of the calculator for future examinees. Thanks in advance and good luck on paper on rebecca j. cole, the exam. I expect bar exam pass rates to how do paper, continue to decline until at least 2019 (meaning your odds of passing will diminish with each exam you take). In looking at the pass rate data from on rebecca j. cole 1996-2015 (2016 data will not be released until 2017), the 2015 overall national pass rate was 59%, the lowest it has ever been based on odessay arena, this 20 year period.
I expect this trend to continue until at least 2019 because the corresponding LSAT Percentiles have also dropped (these Percentiles serve as a good predictor of future bar exam performance). I expect bar exam pass rates to continue to decline until at least 2019 (meaning your odds of passing will diminish with each exam you take). Paper J. Cole! Bar exam pass rates are tied to the MBE (e.g. if the MBE average for an administration goes up, the douglass syntax, pass rates almost always go up). MBE scores are correlated with LSAT scores. Research Paper On Rebecca J. Cole! Thus, I use the 25th Percentile LSAT and 75th Percentile LSAT as a barometer for how do i do a research, pass rates. If the Average LSAT for a class of matriculants drops as compared to the prior class, I similarly expect their bar exam pass rates to drop as compared to the prior class (the raw data can be viewed here). The 2013 Full-Time Law School Matriculants (who take the bar exam in research paper j. cole 2016) had a 25th LSAT Percentile of 152.8 and a 75th LSAT Percentile of how do i do a research paper 158.9. The 2014 Full-Time Law School Matriculants (who take the bar exam in 2017) had a 25th LSAT Percentile of 152.5 and a 75th LSAT Percentile of research paper 158.7.
Thus, because the 2014 Full-Time Law School Matriculants appear to be less knowledgeable than the 2013 Full-Time Law School Matriculants, it is reasonable to presume that the 2017 bar pass rates will be lower than the 2016 bar pass rates. Night! The 2015 Full-Time Law School Matriculants (who take the bar exam in 2018) had a 25th LSAT Percentile of research j. cole 152.4 and a 75th LSAT Percentile of 158.4 (even lower). Trend Forecasting Thesis! The 2016 Full-Time Law School Matriculants (who take the bar exam in 2019) had a 25th LSAT Percentile of 151.2 and a 75th LSAT Percentile of 157.2 (even lower still). Thus, I expect bar pass rates to continue to decline until at least 2019. Following are the research on rebecca, national bar exam pass rates since 1996 (compiled from released NCBE data): Likewise, I expect the pass rates for lower-ability examinees (such as foreign examinees) to decrease with the UBE exam. While it appears the UBE exam will be easier to odessay arena, study for due to fewer subjects, I believe the UBE exam will be more difficult for lower-ability examinees to pass. The NY UBE exam will consist of research paper on rebecca six 30-minute essays based on the MBE subjects plus Business Relationships, Family Law, Trusts and a research paper Estates and UCC Article 9 (30% of score), two 90-minute MPTs (20% of score), and 200 1.8 minute MBE Questions (50% of score). Accordingly, examinees would be tested for 6 hours per day for two days.
Examinees would then have to separately take a 50 question New York multiple choice exam that will be offered 4 times a year. I expect the NY pass rates to stay roughly the same because the cut score is staying the same (266). However, the research j. cole, UBE exam is expected to be more reliable than the NY bar exam, primarily due to the MBE being 50% of the total score rather than the current 40%. This means that examinees who generally demonstrate lower-ability on the MBE will find it harder to pass the UBE. Therefore, while the UBE exam appears to be easier to study for due to fewer subjects, I believe the UBE exam will be harder to pass for examinees who generally demonstrate lower-ability on the MBE (particularly foreign examinees). For example, I received scores from elie night essay 300+ failing J15 examinees who had an average MBE score of 122 (versus the paper on rebecca j. cole, mean July scaled MBE of about 142). Their average final score was 614.6. If I convert their scores to the UBE by making their 5-essays worth 30% (instead of jfk assassination conspiracy theories essay 40%), their MPT score worth 20% (instead of 10%) and their MBE score worth 50% (instead of 40%), then these 300+ examinees would have had an average final score of on rebecca j. cole 610.6 on the UBE.
This is a loss of 4 points by elie wiesel night essay changing to the UBE format of scoring. Please keep in mind that this is not a perfect assessment, since MPT scores will be slightly more reliable through the answering of 2 MPTs (instead of basing the score on 1 MPT and research on rebecca j. cole doubling it). Research Modern Literature! To cite another example, in looking at paper 2005-2006 NYBOLE data (this is the frederick, last time NYBOLE released comprehensive statistics on pass rates), in July 2005, Female Domestic-Educated Repeaters averaged 123.1 on the MBE while Female Foreign-Educated Repeaters averaged 118.9 on the MBE. In Feb 2006, Female Domestic-Educated Repeaters averaged 128.9 on the MBE while Female Foreign-Educated Repeaters averaged 123.2 on the MBE. Typically, the research, higher the MBE mean, the douglass syntax, higher the paper on rebecca j. cole, pass rate.
With the MBE carrying more weight on the UBE, the MBE’s negative effect on Foreign-Educated pass rates will be amplified. More so, the MPT will now be 20% of the i do paper, score rather than 10%. The MPT is paper essentially a reading comprehension test where the examinees who can read and write fastest do the elie essay, best. With the MPT carrying more weight on the UBE, the on rebecca, MPT’s negative effect on Foreign-Educated pass rates will likewise be amplified. To look at elie wiesel it another way, I received detailed score information from 99 examinees who sat for the Feb 2015 New York bar exam regarding their status as domestic or foreign educated. Of these 99 examinees, 39 examinees were domestic educated examinees (39.39% of the 99 examinees). These domestic educated examinees averaged 48.57 on research j. cole, the Essays, 49.54 on the MPT, 127.6 on the MBE, and 617.6 on how do i do, the NYMC. They had an research on rebecca j. cole average final score of 634.2. Odessay Arena! Of these 99 examinees, 60 examinees were foreign educated examinees (60.61% of the research paper on rebecca, 99 examinees). These foreign educated examinees averaged 45.95 on the Essays, 43.49 on the MPT, 119.6 on frederick douglass essay, the MBE, and research on rebecca 629.8 on the NYMC.
They had an average final score of how do 601.4. In looking at research on rebecca j. cole just the Essays (40%), MPT (10%) and MBE (40%), the domestic educated examinees scored 36.6 points more than the foreign educated examinees. The domestic educated examinees scored 11.8 points better on the Essays, 6.8 points better on the MPT and 16 points better on the MBE. This small sample supports the premise that domestic educated examinees do much better than foreign educated examinees on the MBE and MPT as opposed to the essays. In regards to the MPT, even though it is 10% of the grade, there is i do a 6.8 point difference. Research On Rebecca J. Cole! If I adjust these percentages to reflect the how do i do paper, UBE percentages, then for the Essays (30%), MPT (20%) and MBE (50%), the domestic educated examinees will score 42.5 points more than the foreign educated examinees. Paper! This is a UBE exam bonus of 5.9 points in favor of domestic educated examinees. If you are from a New York law school, I ranked the 15 New York law schools based on their 5-year July pass rates (July 2012-July 2016) based on First-time takers (taken from the New York Law Journal).
This will give you a good idea of whether you are an at-risk candidate. For example, NYU has the highest overall First-time taker pass rate at 96% and odessay arena Touro has the lowest overall First-time taker pass rate at 66.0%. Alternatively, If you recently took the exam or are a repeat-taker, please read the following: If you recently took the UBE bar exam and are unsure as to whether you passed, I have a post-exam questionnaire that you can fill out. If you think there is a reasonable probability that you may not have passed the exam, filling out this form now (while the information is still fresh in your mind) can help you later. For example, using this information, I track the research, key details of your attempt, so if you later find that you failed the exam, I will try to match your responses/statistics to whoever previously submitted the most comparable details (and later passed) to give you their advice on what worked for them.
This input from examinees also gives me a better understanding of the effectiveness of my advice along with information on the exam itself. Odessay Arena! If you start to fill it out and paper j. cole decide it is too daunting, simply send me what you complete I prefer partial information to no information. I Do A Research! If you were not a subscriber, simply skip the portions that pertain to materials from the paper, subscription site. I created the Seperac UBE Score Estimator which will estimate your UBE bar exam score based on the demographic and grade information you enter. Also, you can use the Bar Exam Calculators I developed to test various scoring scenarios.
As you wait on your results, I chronicle the release dates in the Exam Results Release Dates section below. To enable examinees to better understand how to pass the New York bar exam, I have developed a number of calculators related to a research paper, the bar exam: The Seperac UBE Score Estimator which will estimate your UBE bar exam score based on the demographic and grade information you enter. The July 2016 New York UBE Bar Exam Score Calculator will estimate your total score for the July 2016 New York UBE bar exam administration based on the scores you enter. Paper On Rebecca! You can use this calculator to estimate your July 2016 UBE exam performance. The Feb 2016 New York Bar Exam Score Calculator will calculate the total score for the Feb 2016 New York bar exam administration based on the scale scores you enter. If you send me your scores, I will send you a free 9-page score report that includes estimates for the raw subscores for the MBE and NYMC. To receive a free analysis, please email me a copy of your score report to firstname.lastname@example.org or fill out the online submission form.
The Raw-Scaled Conversion calculator will estimate your raw essay score based on your scaled essay score and trend vice versa. This is only relevant to research on rebecca, the February 2016 exam. The MBE Raw-Scaled calculator will estimate your scaled MBE score in New York based on the raw score you enter. The scaled scores are based on an average of scaled scores from prior New York bar exams. The July MBE and Feb MBE calculators will estimate the percentage and number of applicants nationwide who scored better than you or worse than you on the MBE based on your MBE scale score. The Mean MBE vs Pass Rate calculator allows you to compare overall July/Feb pass rates to odessay arena, the national MBE averages for the last 18 years. The National Pass Rates calculator will report the research paper j. cole, pass rates in U.S. states and territories based on the 2009 Bar Admission Statistics published by syntax essay the National Conference of Bar Examiners. The data can be sorted based on the overall 2009 Pass Rate (July and February combined) or separately by exam.
Once UBE score sheets are released, I plan to develop matrix calculators to create full matrix scoring scenarios. In your study plans, make the research on rebecca, MBE your primary focus. I discuss this in more depth on the subscription site, but because the MBE is more reliable than the essays, you want to be better at the MBE than the essays. Essay! If someone with a high MBE score fails the NY bar exam, I can almost assure them that they will eventually pass I can’t say the j. cole, same to someone with high essay scores. This opinion is shared by NCBE, who recently stated that MBE scores are highly related to total bar exam scores. see The Bar Examiner, December 2011. First and foremost, there is no better way of knowing the exam than the forecasting, exam itself.
According to research paper on rebecca, NCBE, those who plan to research literature, retake the examination as repeaters will gain, on average, about 8 points on the subsequent MBE attempt, but some gain more points and some actually score lower than before; and NCBE recommends that those who are planning to retake the examination purchase the MBE OPE exams and take them repeatedly up until the exam date to paper, obtain the rationales for why the papers post literature, options they select are either correct or incorrect. Paper J. Cole! According to NCBE, “ [t]ests are a powerful motivator, and testing time is jfk assassination conspiracy theories essay not a waste of instructional time if the tests are focused on paper on rebecca, important concepts. Likewise, studying for a test is a good use of learning time if the tests are testing important concepts. Testing early and often is important to provide guidance to students about whether they are on track or whether they need to study more in order to douglass syntax, succeed in the course. “ I believe that doing MBE practice questions is the most effective way to paper, learn the MBE material. The NCBE released MBE resources are as follows (in order of importance from least important to most important):
This exam consists of 40 Contracts and Torts questions and 30 Constitutional Law, Criminal Law and Procedure, Evidence, and Real Property questions. This exam can be downloaded for free here: http://www.ncbex.org/exams/mbe/preparing/ Please keep in mind that that these questions are written in the old MBE question format. Please read this to odessay arena, see illustrations of the differences. Please also note that answer explanations are not available for these questions unless you purchase a book or program that licenses these questions and prepares their own answer explanations (e.g. Strategies and Tactics books, Adaptibar, Bestmultis). NCBE's disclaimer regarding these questions: The purpose of this publication is to familiarize you with the on rebecca, format and nature of odessay arena MBE questions.
The questions in on rebecca this publication should not be used for substantive preparation for the MBE. Because of night essay changes in paper on rebecca j. cole the law since the time the examination was administered, the questions and conspiracy their keys may no longer be current. The editorial style of questions may have changed over research time as well. This exam consists of 40 Contracts and Torts questions and douglass syntax 30 Constitutional Law, Criminal Law and research paper on rebecca Procedure, Evidence, and Real Property questions. This exam can be downloaded for douglass syntax, free here: http://www.ncbex.org/exams/mbe/preparing/ Please keep in mind that that these questions are written in the old MBE question format. Please read this to paper on rebecca j. cole, see illustrations of the differences. Please also note that answer explanations are not available for these questions unless you purchase a book or program that licenses these questions and prepares their own answer explanations (e.g. Strategies and Tactics books, Adaptibar, Bestmultis). NCBE's disclaimer regarding these questions: The purpose of this publication is to familiarize you with the format and nature of MBE questions.
The questions in this publication should not be used for substantive preparation for papers post modern literature, the MBE. Because of changes in the law since the time the examination was administered, the questions and their keys may no longer be current. Research Paper On Rebecca! The editorial style of questions may have changed over douglass syntax time as well. This exam consists of research paper 531 previously published questions from the MBE and i do a research 50 questions from the Feb 1991 MBE (questions 532-581). This exam can be downloaded for research j. cole, free here: http://www.ncbex.org/exams/mbe/preparing/ Please keep in mind that that these questions are written in the old MBE question format.
Please read this to see illustrations of the differences. Please also note that while there is an answer key at the end of the book, answer explanations are not available for these questions unless you purchase a book or program that licenses these questions and prepares their own answer explanations (e.g. Strategies and Tactics books, Adaptibar, Bestmultis). Alternatively, I have written MBE rules for these 531 questions which are available on research papers, the Subscription Site. NCBE's disclaimer regarding these questions: The 581 questions contained in this document appeared on MBEs administered between 1972 and 1991. Because of research paper their dated nature, many of the questions may test principles that have been altered by changes in the law and thus are no longer suitable topics to be tested. As a result, some of the douglass syntax, answers shown in the answer key may be incorrect under currently accepted principles of research paper on rebecca law. Research Post Modern! Further, many of j. cole these questions do not reflect the current style of jfk assassination conspiracy theories essay MBE questions, and a number of the paper, questions appear in frederick douglass syntax formats that are no longer used on the MBE. DO NOT USE THESE QUESTIONS TO STUDY CONTENT FOR THE MULTISTATE BAR EXAMINATION!!
This exam consists of 34 Contracts and Torts questions and paper j. cole 33 Constitutional Law, Criminal Law and Procedure, Evidence, and odessay arena Real Property questions. This exam can be downloaded for on rebecca j. cole, free here: http://www.ncbex.org/exams/mbe/preparing/ Please keep in papers modern mind that that these questions are written in the old MBE question format. Please read this to see illustrations of the differences. Please also note that answer explanations are not available for these questions unless you purchase a book or program that licenses these questions and prepares their own answer explanations (e.g. Strategies and Tactics books, Adaptibar, Bestmultis).
In addition, I have written MBE rules for these 200 questions which are available on the Subscription Site. NCBE's disclaimer regarding these questions: The purpose of paper on rebecca j. cole this publication is to douglass, familiarize you with the format and nature of research paper j. cole MBE questions. I Do Paper! The questions in paper j. cole this publication should not be used for jfk assassination essay, substantive preparation for the MBE. Because of changes in on rebecca j. cole the law since the time the examination was administered, the questions and their keys may no longer be current. The editorial style of questions may have changed over time as well. This exam consists of 17 Constitutional Law questions, 18 Contracts questions, 16 Criminal Law questions, 16 Evidence questions, 16 Real Property questions, and syntax essay 17 Torts questions (Civil Procedure questions are NOT included). These questions reflect the new MBE format. Answer explanations are provided by NCBE. In addition, I have written MBE rules for these 100 questions which are available on the Subscription Site.
If these questions are not included in research on rebecca your bar review course or supplemental bar review, the questions can be purchased here: http://www.ncbex.org/study-aids/ According to NCBE: The National Conference of Bar Examiners (NCBE) offers four 100-question annotated online practice exams using questions drawn from recent MBEs. Following is an excerpt from the November 2007 issue of conspiracy theories The Bar Examiner (the Bar Examiner is published four times per year by NCBE): In December 2006, we offered a new product that we believe is very useful to those who are preparing to take the MBE. Paper J. Cole! The MBE-AP (“Annotated Preview”) provides 100 MBE questions along with annotations regarding why the correct answer is correct and trend thesis why each distractor is incorrect. . Subscriptions offer unlimited electronic access to the MBE-[OPE] from the date of subscription to the date of the next MBE administration. Examinees can take the 100-item MBE online and receive feedback on correct and incorrect answers. Examinees also receive estimates of their actual MBE performance based on their MBE-AP performance. The questions that appear on the MBE-[OPE] provide the most accurate representation of a half-length MBE, in terms of both content and format, available today from research on rebecca j. cole any source. In addition, the annotations were all written by members of the MBE drafting committees, thus providing an accurate representation of the drafting “thought process.” (Emphasis added)
For those who are planning to retake the examination, recommend that they purchase the MBE-[OPE] and take it repeatedly up until the exam date to obtain the forecasting, rationales for why the options they select are either correct or incorrect. You can take the exams in either timed or untimed sittings, and you will receive feedback on your answers, including annotations and research a customized score report. Syntax! You can also purchase the MBE tests from the NCBEX Online Store. Personally, If I were taking the on rebecca, bar exam again, I would purchase the douglass syntax, MBE OPE 1-4 exams. For what you pay for a bar review course, you should spend the extra money to look at the actual MBE exams if they are not included in the course or supplemental material you are using.
This exam consists of 17 Constitutional Law questions, 18 Contracts questions, 16 Criminal Law questions, 16 Evidence questions, 16 Real Property questions, and 17 Torts questions (Civil Procedure questions are NOT included). These questions reflect the new MBE format. Answer explanations are provided by NCBE. In addition, I have written MBE rules for these 100 questions which are available on the Subscription Site. Research On Rebecca J. Cole! If these questions are not included in papers post modern your bar review course or supplemental bar review, the questions can be purchased here: http://www.ncbex.org/study-aids/
Note: Between 2006 to research paper j. cole, 2010, the modern literature, cost of on rebecca each NCBE MBE online practice exam was $26. I noticed in January 2011 that cost of each practice exam was $50. However, there is i do a research paper no better way of knowing the exam than the exam itself. Therefore, despite this price increase, I still strongly urge all examinees to research j. cole, purchase and take the NCBE MBE OPE-1 (2006), OPE-2 (2008), OPE-3 (2011) and OPE-4 (2013) exams if they are not included in your bar review course or made available through your school. This exam consists of 16 Constitutional Law questions, 18 Contracts questions, 16 Criminal Law questions, 16 Evidence questions, 16 Real Property questions, and 18 Torts questions (Civil Procedure questions are NOT included). These questions reflect the new MBE format. Answer explanations are provided by jfk assassination NCBE. In addition, I have written MBE rules for on rebecca j. cole, these 100 questions which are available on the Subscription Site. If these questions are not included in your bar review course or supplemental bar review, the questions can be purchased here: http://www.ncbex.org/study-aids/
16 Constitutional Law questions, 17 Contracts questions, 17 Criminal Law questions, 16 Evidence questions, 17 Real Property questions, and elie wiesel essay 17 Torts questions. Paper On Rebecca J. Cole! These questions reflect the new MBE format. These are the most recently released NCBE questions with answer explanations. Answer explanations are provided by jfk assassination essay NCBE. In addition, I have written MBE rules for these 100 questions which are available on the Subscription Site. Research Paper J. Cole! If these questions are not included in your bar review course or supplemental bar review, the questions can be purchased here: http://www.ncbex.org/study-aids/ This exam consists of 21 sample test MBE questions (Civil Procedure questions are included). These questions reflect the new MBE format.
There are no answer explanations for these questions - only an answer key. These questions can be downloaded for wiesel essay, free here: http://www.ncbex.org/study-aids/ This exam consists of 10 Civil Procedure questions. These questions reflect the new MBE format. Answer explanations are provided by NCBE. In addition, I have written MBE rules for research paper j. cole, these 10 questions which are available on the subscription site. These questions can be downloaded for free here: http://www.ncbex.org/study-aids/ Please note that a law professor has concluded that one of the ten answers is likely wrong.
This wrong answer highlights a problem with the MBE it is a test written by conspiracy theories academics that sometimes does not reflect the actual practice of law. As stated in the explanation as to why Question #9 of the sample Civil Procedure MBE questions is wrong: “ A court would go [with] Answer 2. But I think an academic could construct an argument for j. cole, Answer 1. ” The most important questions to know for frederick douglass syntax essay, the MBE are the released NCBE questions which are written in the current MBE format. Research On Rebecca! These comprise 400 questions contained in the NCBE OPE 1-4 exams plus the 10 MBE Civil Procedure Sample Test Questions, and the 21 MBE Sample Test Questions. According to a recent short article entitled Pedagogical Advice On Studying For The MBE by Susan M. Case, Ph.D. of NCBE, learning the odessay arena, material presented in the four OPEs should put you in paper a very good position to do well on the MBE. Odessay Arena! According to the article, NCBE recommends the following approach to paper on rebecca, those who are preparing to take the MBE:
Accordingly, you must know these OPE exams very well. Put simply, there is no better way of understanding the exam than by looking at released questions by the exam maker. The NCBE online practice exams will also familiarize you with the NCBE changes. As you answer MBE practice questions, track your MBE progress in a spreadsheet (scores and times) to evaluate your week-to-week progress. You want to be getting around 63-70% right on unfamiliar questions around 7-10 days before the exam to hopefully score in the 140s+ (scaled) on the MBE. As the article states, examinees should study the questions and the explanations for why each correct answer is correct and why the jfk assassination conspiracy theories, incorrect answers are incorrect and study the research paper on rebecca j. cole, material thoroughly until you believe you would get 100% correct if you took this test under exam conditions. Elie Night! If you don't re-test yourself once you have learned the right answer (and reminded yourself through making a rule/flashcard and studying it), you will often repeat your mistakes.
For example, in a 1998 study, NCBE found that examinees generally do not learn from paper on rebecca j. cole their MBE mistakes - repeat examinees generally did not improve on questions they previously answered on an earlier MBE exam. To counter this problem, examinees can improve their understanding of unfamiliar law by making rules (which requires you to think about the law), studying the rules, adding to them after additional MBE practice, organizing them, and then studying them again. This means that you should not mark up your MBE books, but write your answers on blank scoresheets or in papers post literature a spreadsheet (such as the MBE Study Spreadsheet on the Subscription Site). Then, every so often, answer a sample of research on rebecca 10 previously answered questions. How you do when re-answering these questions will give you a good bit of insight as to trend, whether you have learned the law for these questions. If you tracked your old answer choice, you can also see if you are choosing the same incorrect answer or a different answer. If you cannot answer 8/10 correctly, you need to spend more time making/studying your rules because there is research on rebecca a failing somewhere. Put simply, if you can't get at theories least 80% correct on familiar questions you answered and reviewed a few weeks earlier, it will be even harder for you testing on the unfamiliar questions you will encounter on the MBE. Personally, I did about 50 MBE practice questions per day and on rebecca j. cole I always timed myself. I would set the timer for thesis, an 18 minute countdown and then do 10 MBE questions in a particular category (i.e. Torts).
After I did 10 questions, I checked the answers, kept track of how many I missed and updated my rule outline with any rules from questions I got wrong (or in a few cases, got right for the wrong reason). I kept track of this and how much time I had left after each series of 10 questions in an Excel Spreadsheet. In the spreadsheet, I calculated the amount of research j. cole time I used per question. If you develop an average time, you can multiply this by 33 to figure out jfk assassination theories how long this will take you to paper, do a category. For me, Property questions took the jfk assassination conspiracy, longest (average of 1.4 minutes per question), then Contracts, then Torts, Criminal Law, Constitutional Law, and research on rebecca Evidence. Here is the spreadsheet I created and used: Bar Study Sheet.xls (A PDF of my study sheet is here)
You can look at the Bar Study Sheet to see exactly what I did each day. In my opinion, doing the topics in wiesel essay blocks gives you a more realistic estimate of how you are doing on j. cole, that topic. In the first month of studying, if you are doing 10 questions from each topic a day, how do you really know if you are doing well in a specific topic? You can also gauge your progress by comparing your scores to mine at the same juncture. Forecasting! For example, take the 1998 July MBE 22 days before the exam like I did. Then compare your score and time to mine to paper on rebecca j. cole, roughly approximate how you may do on the MBE portion of the bar exam.
Following are my MBE outlines from research papers post modern July 2005 that are based on the BARBRI review course. Please remember that these outlines have not been updated since 2005 so you must update them. As you do MBE questions, remember to research j. cole, keep track of your percentages and to skim your MBE subject matter outlines (or mine if you update them). The Bar Study Spreadsheet contains worksheet pages (50 50, 200, or 100 100) that you can print out as answer sheets for the Kaplan/PMBR/MBE questions and exams that you do. Research Papers! Here are PDF versions of the blank answer sheets along with a PDF of research paper j. cole my marked up score sheet for jfk assassination conspiracy theories essay, the July 1998 MBE to illustrate how I marked it up: On the research on rebecca, score sheet, I also made a note of how many questions I got wrong because I misread the thesis, question (I put an research paper j. cole MR next to the right answer). Elie! This was simply a way for me to see if I was reading the research on rebecca, questions too fast. Occasionally, I also incorporated a tip from BARBRI where you put a plus sign next to any answer that you are sure is research post literature correct. That way if you later find you are wrong on that answer, you need to really study that area to research, figure out why you were wrong. For the MBE, the average passing raw score in NY is 120/190 (63% correct).
The average scaled MBE score is approximately 142 on July exams (133/190 raw=70% correct) and 136.5 (133/190 raw=70% correct) on February exams (122/190 raw=64% correct). Elie Wiesel! In practice, you want to be at 60% correct about one month before the exam, and at 65%-70% correct by exam day. To achieve this goal, examinees studying full-time should answer 30-50 MBE practice questions every day. Examinees should read every answer to paper on rebecca, each question (regardless whether you answered the question correctly or incorrectly) AND TAKE NOTES OF ANYTHING YOU DON'T UNDERSTAND. Essay! Personally, I created a separate MBE outline of MBE rules and organized this by topic (i.e. Con Law, Contracts, etc.). This flashcard document should contain 1-2 sentence rules of law for all the multiple choice questions that you answered wrong and for any question that you answered correctly but for on rebecca, the wrong reasons. These are your weaknesses on odessay arena, the MBE. Read this outline every day before you do your daily MBE questions. My MBE Rules Outline flashcard document ended up containing over 800 1-sentence rules of law. J. Cole! Here is my flashcard document (please also keep in mind that these rules have not been reviewed or updated since 2005):
While there are undoubtedly many reasons why re-takers do worse on the exam, I believe the main reason is because failing examinees are unable to do well on the MBE. I find that an examinee generally fails the exam (and becomes a re-taker) because they do poorly on the MBE. Many re-takers are later unable to devote as much time or energy to the exam as their first attempt and their MBE score languishes. Even when re-takers focus on the MBE, if they don’t learn from their MBE mistakes, they will have a hard time improving enough on the MBE to pass. The most important thing you can do for conspiracy, the MBE is to make some type of a “Rules outline” for each practice MBE question you get wrong (or right for the wrong reasons). If you don’t keep track of the law that you learn during the paper, MBE question process, you will forget a good bit of it, and it will also be harder to identify where you are having problems. If you do a good rules outline that is organized and jfk assassination conspiracy essay prioritized and you study it often, everything will come together in the end - you will have a concise catalog of all your MBE mistakes so that you can study them to paper j. cole, avoid repeating them. For example, a subscriber that recently passed with an MBE score of 158.5 said that what helped him most for the MBE was “ MAKING A RULE OUTLINE.
That is the conspiracy theories essay, best way to learn the paper j. cole, material. But not only making the outline, reviewing it every so often. I used this before the exam, on the day of the exam, and at lunch. Could not do anything more beneficial to post literature, learn the MBE. ” The MBE Subject Matter Outline can be downloaded here. If you are making an MBE rules outline, you should categorize the rules based on the topics in the MBE outlines in order to prioritize the research j. cole, rules. For example, according to odessay arena, the MBE Subject Matter Outlines for Constitutional Law, approximately half of the Constitutional Law questions for each MBE will be based on category IV (Individual rights), and paper approximately half will be based on the remaining categories, I, II, and III (the nature of papers judicial review; separation of on rebecca powers; and the relations of nation and states in a federal system). Jfk Assassination Essay! If you categorize your rules outline for paper on rebecca j. cole, each MBE topic, you can focus on higher priority rules (i.e. Con Law Category IV) when you are studying or if you are running short on time.
Categorizing your rules ends up being a useful exercise in learning the papers modern, interplay between legal topics. Although some people say you should do questions from research paper on rebecca each subject at least once a week (i.e. I Do! Constitutional Law questions on Monday, Criminal Law questions on Tuesday, Contracts on Wednesday, etc.), I did my MBE Q's in research on rebecca j. cole blocks until about one month before the exam. For example, after Constitutional Law finished in i do a research BARBRI, I did Constitutional Law multiple choice questions from research BarBri and Kaplan/PMBR. Then I did the same with the next topic. I Do! Once all six topics were finished in BARBRI, I then started doing exams to test on all the subjects. I ended up answering over research j. cole 4,000 multiple choice questions (please note that over 1,000 of these questions did not have answer explanations, so very little time was spent reviewing these answers). Conspiracy Theories! For the on rebecca, July 2005 MBE, I finished the AM session 45 minutes early and the PM session 35 minutes early. Conspiracy Essay! Quite honestly, if you do a lot of MBE questions, they start to look familiar after a while. However, do not use me as a gauge - most examinees finish the MBE with only a few minutes to spare.
Out of curiosity, I checked the answer keys of each released MBE and tallied the j. cole, correct answers for jfk assassination theories essay, each exam. I found that the answers for the three released MBE exams (Feb 1991, July 1991, and July 1998) are evenly distributed. Each MBE exam had 50 choice (A) right answers, 50 choice (B) right answers, 50 choice (C) right answers, and 50 choice (D) right answers. This is more of an interesting observation rather than a tip or advice. Assuming that the research paper on rebecca, MBE still continues this pattern, you may be able to increase your odds by doing the following (called the Underdog Strategy): b. Count the frequency of each position among your (hopefully correct) answers.
c. Frederick! Select the position with the lowest frequency (the underdog position). Research Paper! If two or more positions are tied for underdogs, select any one of them. d. Give the underdog position(s) as the syntax essay, answer to all as yet unanswered questions. Much like the research paper on rebecca, recently released MBE questions (OPE 1-4) reflect the forecasting thesis, current MBE, the recently released MEE questions reflect the current MEE. Older MEE questions (with answers) from 2007-2011 (9 exams) can be downloaded from NCBE here. More recent MEE questions can be purchased from NCBE here. I created an MEE Study module for examinees who are looking to efficiently supplement their MEE study. This MEE Study Module is worth getting if: (1) you don’t have access to the released MEE questions/answers and plan to buy them; or (2) you are an auditory learner; or (3) you need to research paper j. cole, improve your MEE issue spotting. If you plan to research papers post modern literature, buy the j. cole, released MEE questions, it is more cost-effective (and extremely more efficient) to obtain these questions/answers/synopses through this MEE Study module since you will save $50 ($99 for wiesel essay, the MEE Study Module versus $150 to paper, purchase the 2012-2016 MEEs from NCBE) and you will also have access to a significant amount of extra MEE related content: Based on the past tested MEE topics, I create a UBE MASTER outline for each exam. How Do Paper! It contains on every topic and issue tested on the MEE since 1995 (44 exams comprising 300+ essay questions and 1,200+ issues).
This outline is prioritized utilizing the same methodology I used for the pre-UBE essays. This outline has the added advantage of prioritizing utilizing the grading weights for each topic contained in the MEE answer analysis. Paper J. Cole! Samples of the UBE MASTER OUTLINE, the MEE MASTER TOPIC SUMMARIES OUTLINE , and odessay arena the MEE MASTER-RELEASED ANSWER COMPILATION can be viewed by paper j. cole clicking on the links. In addition, there is other MEE information on the subscription site, including 30 hours of MEE Questions and Answers in a research MP3 format covering the past 18 MEE exams. For example, following is a free sample set of MP3s from the February 2008 MEE: Reviewing past MEEs will help you on the MEE exam because the research paper on rebecca, topics repeat (and you will also improve your issue-spotting ability by learning how the issues are tested). For example, the odessay arena, FEBRUARY 2008 MEE answers alone would have helped you with about research, 15% of the JULY 2016 MEE questions, particularly with the topics of CrimLaw: Cat V: Const Protections of Ds (B. Confessions/Self-incrimination privilege), Torts: Cat II: Negligence (D.
Problems relating to causation)_2_Harms_traceable_to_multiple_causes, Torts: Cat III: Strict/Prod Liability (C. Claims against manufacturers) and conspiracy theories essay SecTrans: Cat III: Validity of research paper Sec Agmts (B. Enforceability). Older MPT questions (with point sheets) from paper 2006-2010 (8 exams) can be downloaded from NCBE here. MPT scores are not very reliable. Personally, I have received scores from numerous failing examinees who scored a high MPT score on one exam and then a low MPT score on a subsequent exam. The biggest problem with the MPT is its all or nothing nature - some examinees understand and do well on certain MPT questions/topics/tasks while other examinees find the same MPT questions/topics/tasks daunting. That is why NCBE said that there needs to be 22 different MPT questions (meaning a 33 hour MPT test) for the MPT to be as reliable as the on rebecca j. cole, MBE. see The Bar Examiner: Volume 77, Number 3, August 2008 . How Do Paper! Examinees who fail the exam should order their essays/MPT and participate in research on rebecca the Essay/MPT comparison to odessay arena, better understand what the graders regard as a high scoring essay/MPT.
Writing a good MPT answer requires a different skill set than essay writing. According to on rebecca j. cole, NCBE, when the local essays scores are compared to the other components of the douglass, exam (without adjusting for reliability), the lowest correlation is between the essays and the MPT (.43 for j. cole, Essays vs. MPT; 44 for Essays vs. MEE; and .55 for Essays vs. MBE). See The Bar Examiner: Volume 77, Number 3, August 2008 . Papers Modern! Personally, I did not do any practice MPTs. I spent a cumulative total of about six hours preparing for the MPT by doing the following: • I looked at one answer (a memorandum) and worked in reverse to see where the answer portions came from (i.e. Were statutes primarily cited; were they cited first and then case law; what parts of the cases did the exam taker incorporate into research paper j. cole his answer; how much case analysis did the exam taker incorporate into his answer; how much relevance did the exam taker assign to conspiracy essay, the other information in the library). Research Paper J. Cole! This was the most useful thing I did. This will give you a good idea of post literature what parts of the cases and research statutes you should strip out and put into your answer when you do the MPT yourself.
Once you know what a good answer consists of, you are better prepared to write a good answer yourself. • If you are not a fast reader/thinker/writer, you should do practice MPTs to see if you have time/writing problems. From July 2001 to present, NYBOLE has released has two sample MPT answers written by actual test-takers that were regarded as representative of how do better than average submissions. All these exams are contained in the following Exams Zip file (The MPT answers are after the Essay answers). Paper On Rebecca! if you wish to a research, download MPT answers from a specific exam, you can choose the file from the below table: Individual Past NY Exam Essay Questions with Sample Candidate Answers. The biggest mistake you can make on the MPT is to research on rebecca, not follow instructions. For example, on the July 2011 exam, I found that a number of examinees received very low scores for trend, failing to follow the directive of the memorandum, failing to write persuasively when required, or failing to on rebecca j. cole, understand of the structure of the MPT judicial system. Douglass Syntax! I believe that Diane Bosse, the chair of the New York State Board of Law Examiners, wrote the December 2011 article entitled The MPT: Assessment Opportunities beyond the Traditional Essay partly in response to the glaring mistakes made by examinees on the July 2011 MPT. Accordingly, examinees must be cognizant of on rebecca this advice when taking the MPT. In addition, there is odessay arena a lot of helpful advice and material for the MPT on the Subscription Site. NY Bar Exam Pass Rates.
Pass rates have been dropping significantly over the past two years. For example, the overall Feb 2016 pass rate in New York was 41%. Paper On Rebecca J. Cole! In contrast, the 20 year historical overall February pass rate in NY has been about 47.1%. Based on conspiracy theories, my calculations, an research extra 250+ examinees failed (out of 4,193 taking) as a result of how do i do this 6.1% pass rate difference. Likewise, the July 2015 pass rate in research New York was abnormally low. The 20 year historical overall July pass rate in NY has been about how do paper, 69.5%.
The overall July 2015 pass rate in NY was 61%. J. Cole! Based on my calculations, an extra 900+ examinees failed (out of research papers modern 10,671 taking) as a result of this 8.5% pass rate difference. Based on my current analysis, only 3 states had a July 2015 pass rate above their 20 year average (from 1995-2014). Washington had the best increase, passing 3.64% more examinees than their 20 year July average. Mississippi had the worst decrease, failing 32.32% more examinees than their 20 year July average. Based on the number of research paper on rebecca j. cole July 2014 takers, I estimate that an extra 1,971 examinees failed the how do i do a research paper, July 2015 bar exam as compared to their state's 1995-2014 average. In regards to New York, the 20 year historical overall July pass rate in NY has been about 69.5%.
The overall July 2015 pass rate in NY was 61%. On Rebecca J. Cole! Based on odessay arena, my calculations, an paper j. cole extra 900+ NY examinees failed based on this 8.5% pass rate difference. Statistically, it becomes harder and harder to pass the NY bar exam with each attempt. In October 2006, NY BOLE released a paper entitled Impact of the night essay, Increase in the Passing Score on the New York Bar Examination July 2005 Bar Administration (see http://www.nybarexam.org/press/ncberep.pdf, pages 83, 90-91). This study was done when the pass rate in NY was 660 (it is paper j. cole raised to research papers literature, 665 in 2005). Paper! According to the study, with a passing score of 665, the projected pass rate for jfk assassination conspiracy essay, Domestic-Educated First-Time Takers was 83%; the projected pass rate for on rebecca, Domestic-Educated Second-Time Takers was 30%; and the projected pass rate for Domestic-Educated Third-Time Takers was 23.2%. Meanwhile, the frederick douglass syntax, projected pass rate for Foreign-Educated First-Time Takers was 43.9% while the projected pass rate for paper j. cole, Foreign-Educated Repeaters was 13.5% (id. at pages 95, 98).
As you can see, pass rates plummet for re-takers, even for research papers post modern literature, the ones most likely to pass, namely Domestic-Educated takers. Following are pass rates for the New York Bar Exam from 2012-2015. Research! Please note these statistics are averages based on percentages reported by NY BOLE. The overall pass rate between 1992-2012 is 64.8%. Since 1992, the average annual increase in candidates has been approximately 2.5% and the average annual increase in passing candidates has been approximately 2%. A sortable chart that reports the pass rates in U.S. states and territories based on the 2009 Bar Admission Statistics published by the National Conference of Bar Examiners can be found here. Based on literature, pass rates for the New York Bar Exam from 2012-2015, domestic-educated examinees taking the exam for paper j. cole, the first time had an overall pass rate of 82%.
In contrast, foreign-educated examinees taking the exam for odessay arena, the first time had an overall pass rate of 42%. In regards to research paper j. cole, retakers, domestic-educated retakers had an overall pass rate of 40% while foreign-educated retakers had an overall pass rate of 23%. In examining the average pass rates in modern New York over the past 20 years of on rebecca j. cole reported information, the February Overall Pass Rate is 47.1% while the jfk assassination theories, July Overall Pass Rate is 69.8%. Paper J. Cole! The February First Time Takers Pass Rate is 59.9% while the odessay arena, July First Time Takers Pass Rate is 73.6%. Research Paper J. Cole! The February Repeaters Pass Rate is 33.6% while the frederick douglass essay, July Repeaters Pass Rate is research paper 28.3%. With each reduction of 1% in the pass rate, an estimated 40 extra examinees will fail the exam in February (whereas in July, with each reduction of 1% in the pass rate, an estimated 110 extra examinees will fail the exam in odessay arena July). If you are a local domestic candidate, I ranked the research paper, 15 New York law schools based on odessay arena, their 5-year July pass rates (July 2010-July 2014) based on research paper on rebecca, First-time takers. NYU has the highest overall First-time taker pass rate at 95.6% and Touro has the lowest overall First-time taker pass rate at 74.0%. Basically, domestic white males under the age of 27 are the ones who score the frederick douglass syntax, best on the exam.
The further away you are from this demographic, the worse you tend to do on the exam. Interestingly, women to do somewhat better than men on the essay component (about 2 points on the MBE scale) and for men to do somewhat better than women on the MBE (about 5 points on the MBE scale) - this was observed consistently across racial/ethnic groups, and for first-time takers and repeat takers. To counter this, NCBE has added more women question writers for the MBE. I estimate that Feb 2017 results will be released on Wednesday 4/26/17 (NYBOLE has averaged 60 days for j. cole, the past few February pre-UBE exams and then NYBOLE was 3 days later than average with the J16 UBE exam, so I am predicting 63 days from the conspiracy theories essay, F17 exam date) Official New York bar exam results are posted on NYBOLE's website here. My chronicle of exam results release dates is below. FYI, since 1995, a total of 1,365,473 examinees took a bar exam in the U.S. and 927,017 passed, resulting in an overall nationwide pass rate of 67.9% (this means that by February 2017, there will have been 1,000,000+ new attorneys in the U.S. over a span of 22 years). From 2005 to present, the average number of days before the exam results release is 66 days for research on rebecca, a February exam and 100 days for a July exam. In the past, a notification of the Release Date was generally posted one day before the Exam Results Release Date, but since 2014, there has been no pre-notification. Following is a table of release dates for the NY bar exam from 2005 to present:
NYBOLE does not wait for wiesel, MPRE results to on rebecca j. cole, be released before sending out the exam results. For example, February 2014 NY bar exam results were released on April 24, 2014 even though March 2014 MPRE results were not released until April 29, 2014. With every administration, a few examinees awaiting results ask me whether email notices regarding admission may be a clue as to douglass syntax essay, whether they passed or failed the exam. Research On Rebecca! For example, I was told that the jfk assassination conspiracy theories, Third Department sent out their Admission to the New York State Bar on behalf of the Third Department to research paper on rebecca j. cole, only a small number of examinees on September 9, 2014 and then a second email was sent to all Third Department examinees on September 16, 2014. In another example, in the Second Department, examinees awaiting results receive an email entitled Notice To Second Department Applicants Anticipating Admission To The New York State Bar. While the email subject seems to suggest the odessay arena, examinee has passed, I am aware of examinees who received this email and subsequently found out they had failed.
These emails are sent by the Committees on Character and Fitness to anyone who recently sat for paper on rebecca, the New York State Bar Examination and do not have any bearing on whether an examinee passed or failed. I believe that the Committees on Character and modern literature Fitness for each Judicial Department do not become aware of who passed or failed the paper on rebecca, exam until the examinees do - when NYBOLE releases the trend forecasting, results. When results are released, all examinees receive the email with the results contained in an attached PDF file that will report whether the examinee passed or failed the exam. For example, for the July 2016 exam, all examinees received an email with the subject: July 2016 Bar Exam Results . The body of the email contained generic output that reported the examinee's BOLE ID and stated: Please read the paper on rebecca j. cole, attached notification from the wiesel essay, New York State Board of Law Examiners concerning your July 2016 bar examination results. Research Paper J. Cole! DO NOT RESPOND TO THIS EMAIL AS IT IS AUTOGENERATED. The name of the PDF attachment is the trend forecasting, examinee's BOLE ID (e.g. B10000000.pdf). The only way an examinee can tell if they passed or failed without reading the paper j. cole, PDF is from the size of the frederick douglass syntax essay, PDF - the passing PDF is about 24kb in size because it consists of 1 page while the failing PDF is on rebecca about 62kb in size because it consists of 3 pages. Release notification information for each administration from 2008 to present is odessay arena below (in reverse chronological order): The following was posted on NYBOLE's website at 12:00AM on Wednesday 4/26/17:
The following message was posted on the NY BOLE website between 12:00PM midnight Monday, April 25, 2016 and 12:05AM Tuesday, April 26, 2016 and examinees began receiving emails from NYBOLE shortly thereafter. J. Cole! As with July 2014-July 2015 exams, NYBOLE did not give a notice before the release of results on their website. * BAR EXAM RESULTS * The following message was posted on the NY BOLE website between 12:00PM midnight Monday, October 26, 2015 and research papers modern 12:05AM Tuesday, October 27, 2015 and research paper examinees began receiving emails from NYBOLE shortly thereafter. As with July 2014 and Feb 2015, NYBOLE did not give a notice before the release of results on their website, but www.newyorklawjournal.com posted an conspiracy theories essay article at 10:00PM Monday, October 26, 2015 (two hours before results were released) about the results being released on Tuesday, October 27, 2015. *BAR EXAM RESULTS* The results of the research j. cole, July 2015 New York State bar examination have been released to candidates who sat for the examination. The results were emailed to candidates at forecasting thesis the email address on on rebecca, file with the modern literature, Board. Please be advised that there may be some delays in receiving the paper j. cole, email depending on volume and security issues with individual email providers. Candidates who were successful on the bar examination must file the Application for papers, Admission to the Bar with the appropriate department of the Supreme Court, Appellate Division within three years of the October 27, 2015 notification of passing. A copy of the research on rebecca, Notice of Certification that is attached to the email must be filed with the Supreme Court, Appellate Division as part of the jfk assassination conspiracy, application for admission. Research Paper On Rebecca! The application for admission may be accessed by clicking on syntax essay, Admission Information in the table of contents on on rebecca, this website.
The results are also available to candidates by using the private lookup link below. The following message was posted on the NY BOLE website around 5:00PM on Monday, April 27, 2015 and examinees began receiving emails from NYBOLE shortly thereafter. Odessay Arena! As with July 2014, NYBOLE did not give a notice before the release of paper j. cole results. * BAR EXAM RESULTS * The results of the conspiracy theories essay, February 2015 New York State bar examination have been released to candidates who sat for the examination. The results were emailed to candidates at on rebecca the email address on file with the Board. Please be advised that there may be some delays in receiving the email depending on volume and conspiracy theories security issues with individual email providers.
The results are also available to candidates by paper on rebecca using the private lookup link below. If you were successful on the bar examination you must file your Application for Admission to the Bar with the appropriate department of the Supreme Court, Appellate Division within three years of the jfk assassination essay, April 27, 2015 letter notifying you that you passed the bar examination. A copy of the Notice of Certification that is attached to the email must be filed with the research, Supreme Court, Appellate Division as part of your application for i do, admission. Research Paper On Rebecca! The application for admission may be accessed by essay clicking on Admission Information in the table of on rebecca contents on this website. The following message was posted on the NY BOLE website around 12:00AM on Tuesday, October 28, 2014. Post! This is the research on rebecca, first time NYBOLE did not give a notice before the release of elie wiesel essay results and paper on rebecca j. cole only posted the following message: The results for jfk assassination conspiracy essay, candidates who sat for the July 2014 New York State bar examination have been sent to the last email address on file with the Board.
There may be some delays in paper j. cole receiving the email depending on jfk assassination conspiracy, volume and research paper j. cole security issues with individual email providers. The results are also available by using the douglass, private lookup link below. Candidates will be prompted to insert their unique BOLE ID and their Date of Birth to access their results online. Please note that, if you were successful on the bar examination, you must file your Application for research on rebecca j. cole, Admission to odessay arena, the Bar with the Appellate Division of the Supreme Court within three years of the research paper on rebecca j. cole, date of the letter notifying you that you passed the odessay arena, bar examination. A copy of the research on rebecca j. cole, Notice of how do Certification that is attached to the email must be filed with the Appellate Division as part of your application for admission. The following message was posted on on rebecca, the NY BOLE website around 4:00PM on Wednesday, April 23, 2014: The following message was posted on the NY BOLE website around 4:00PM on Tuesday, October 29, 2013: The following message was posted on the NY BOLE website around 3:30PM on Wednesday, May 1, 2013: IMPORTANT NOTICE FOR FEBRUARY 2013 TEST TAKERS. The results for the February 2013 New York State bar examination will be released on a research, May 2, 2013.
The results will be sent to research paper j. cole, the candidates by email to the address on file with the Board. Please note that there may be some delays in receiving the email depending on volume and security issues with individual email providers. The results will also be available to elie night, the candidates by using the private lookup link that will be available on this site on May 2. The public list of the names of the passing candidates will be available on this site on May 3, 2013. NO FURTHER INFORMATION REGARDING THE TIME OF RELEASE IS AVAILABLE. DO NOT CALL THE BOARD OFFICE. The following message was posted on the NY BOLE website around 9:00AM on Thursday November 1, 2012: --POSTED NOVEMBER 1, 2012. The following message was posted on the NY BOLE website around 1:00PM on Tuesday May 1, 2012: FEBRUARY 2012 BAR EXAM RESULTS WILL BE RELEASED ON WEDNESDAY, MAY 2, 2012. Candidates will be notified by email, and a private lookup will also be available on this homepage.
Due to volume . not recieve the email by 5PM EST on May 2, 2012, you may fax a request for a duplicate notice to be sent. Paper On Rebecca! Please include your BOLE ID and paper a valid email address. The following message was posted on the NY BOLE website around 10:00PM on Tuesday November 1, 2011: In April 2011, the NY BOLE website stated that the results for the February 2011 bar exam would be available mid-May 2011. On 4/25/11, the paper j. cole, NY Law Journal website posted that February 2011 scores were being released on frederick, 4/26/11. On 4/26/11, the following was posted on research j. cole, the NY BOLE website in the morning (examinees began to receive scores via email around 9:00AM): Important Notice(s) for February Bar Exam Applicants: The results from the frederick douglass essay, February 2011 bar exam were released electronically to the candidates on Tuesday, April 26, 2011. Candidates should check the account of the email address supplied to the Board in their application to sit for the bar exam.
Candidates that do not have access to their email may privately access their status at the link located below. Research Paper J. Cole! Candidates will need to frederick syntax, enter their BOLE ID Number and their date of birth to access their pass/fail status using the following link. Posted by NY BOLE on 11/5/10 in the afternoon. Examinees began to receive scores around 4:00PM: Notice to July 2010 Bar Examination Candidates. Results of the research on rebecca j. cole, July 2010 bar examination are being emailed to candidates beginning on November 5, 2010. It could take up to 24 hours for your results to be received and delivered by your email system. If you have not received your results by odessay arena 9:00AM on Monday, November 8, you may fax a request to the Board for a duplicate letter. Please include a current, working email address. You may also access your results by clicking here. You will need your BOLE ID.
If you were successful on the bar exam and certified for admission to the bar, the attachment in the email notice of research j. cole your results (“Notice of Certification”) must be sent to the Appellate Division as part of your application for admission. * The July 2010 results appeared unofficially on odessay arena, Above the Law on November 5, 2010. According to a Wall Street Jornal article dated November 8, 2010, the results of July's bar exam in New York were released early after someone culled part of the unreleased pass list from the paper, NY BOLE website and i do a research posted the names online. John McAlary, executive director of the j. cole, state Board of Law Examiners, said the board was preparing the names for release on Tuesday, November 9, 2010 and Wednesday November 10, 2010 when they learned that someone had leaked the names. NY BOLE decided it was fair to odessay arena, immediately send out the full results by e-mail. Whether you passed or failed, the email from NY BOLE contained the same subject line: Subject: NYS Bar Examination July 2010 Results. The contents of the pass email: The New York State Board of Law Examiners congratulates you on passing the New York State bar examination held on paper on rebecca j. cole, July 27-28, 2010. An official Notice of frederick essay Certification is paper on rebecca attached, which you will be required to send to the Appellate Division as part of your Admission Application. The attached notice will also contain your Multistate Bar Examination (MBE) scaled score.
Please note that a score will not be reported on syntax essay, the attached notice if you transferred an MBE score to New York from research paper j. cole another jurisdiction. DO NOT RESPOND TO THIS EMAIL AS IT IS AUTOGENERATED. The contents of the fail email: The New York State Board of Law Examiners hereby notifies you that you did not pass the New York State bar examination held on July 27-28, 2010. An official notice is attached and will include a breakdown of your scores. Applications for the February 2011 examination must be RECEIVED at jfk assassination conspiracy essay the Board office by no later than November 30, for candidates who failed the July 2010 examination. There is paper no provision for late filing.
You may apply online using the On-Line Application. The link to the Online Application is located on the Board?s homepage at i do www.nybarexam.org. If you choose to re-apply online, payment must be made by research j. cole Visa or MasterCard credit cards only; debit cards are not accepted. The application fee for U.S. educated JD graduates is jfk assassination $250 ($750 for foreign educated candidates under Section 520.6 of the Rules of the Court of j. cole Appeals). DO NOT RESPOND TO THIS EMAIL AS IT IS AUTOGENERATED. Despite snow, the frederick douglass essay, bar exam was not postponed on Day 2. Research Paper! Here is a synopsis of the February 2010 weather situation. The following was posted on the NY BOLE web site on April 26, 2010: The February 2010 NYS Bar Exam results will be issued on syntax, Tuesday, April 27, 2010. An email will be sent to paper j. cole, all candidates who have taken the February 2010 NYS Bar Examination with an attachment containing your examination results. A private lookup will be provided on this site to view your results in conjunction with the email containing your results.
DO NOT CALL THE BOARD OFFICES ABOUT THE TIME THEY WILL BE RELEASED. Posted by NY BOLE on 11/4/09 at around 3:00PM: Important Notice for papers post literature, JULY 2009 BAR Exam Takers: The results from the July 2009 bar examination will be made available to candidates, by e-mail, on November 5, 2009. You must ensure that you can accept emails from paper j. cole email@example.com. There will also be a link on this web site. to privately view your individual result by mid-day.
A list of the odessay arena, candidates who passed the research paper on rebecca, examination will be made available to douglass syntax essay, the general public on Friday, November 6, 2009. JULY 2009 BAR EXAM STATISTICS. From NY BOLE: Results from the February 2009 bar examination will be EMAILED to all candidates on Tuesday, May 5, 2009 to the email address currently on file with the Board. The email will include an attachment with your official results, which will be in Adobe PDF. Please note that exam results will be sent by email only; copies will NOT be sent by U.S. mail. A link will also be available on this site on May 5 where you may view your individual results. Please do not call the Board office to research paper on rebecca, obtain your exam results. Elie! You must wait until you receive the email or the link becomes available for exam results. A list of all passing candidates will be made available to on rebecca j. cole, the general public on this site on Wednesday, May 6, 2009. From NY BOLE: The July 2008 Exam private results lookup will be available online Friday November 14 2008 at 9:00 AM.
The general public lookup will be available Monday, November 17, 2008. From NY BOLE: The February 2008 bar exam results secure on-line candidate lookup was on Wednesday - May 7th at 9:00 AM EDT. For my exam, on research papers modern literature, Monday Nov 14, 2005, this was posted on nybarexam.org: July 2005 examination results will be available for candidate lookup on research j. cole, this site Thursday, November 17th at wiesel 9:00 AM EST. The scores were mailed Nov 16, 2005 and research arrived the 18th. Since 2005, there have been a number of trend changes to the exam that have impacted UBE examinees in New York: • In 2005, the passing score was increased from 660 to 665. • In 2007, NYBOLE stopped releasing raw MBE scores to failing examinees (knowing these scores could give some examinees a more effective study strategy) • In 2010, NYBOLE stopped accepting the transfer of MBE scores earned from a prior administration of the MBE in another jurisdiction. This was done despite NCBE's position that [s]ince the MBE scaled score is a standard score, it can be transferred to another jurisdiction for use in a later examination. • In 2011, NYBOLE raised the examination/credential review fee for research, foreign attorneys from $400 to $750. • In 2011, NYBOLE implemented a new policy where any applicant who has withdrawn from or failed to forecasting thesis, appear for paper j. cole, any two examinations must apply to the Board for wiesel night, permission to re-apply before applying for research on rebecca j. cole, a subsequent examination.
• In 2012, NYBOLE announced a new 50 hour pro odessay arena bono service requirement for passing examinees effective in paper 2015. • In February 2014, NCBE and NYBOLE stopped releasing MBE subscores on the Score Sheets. This means examinees no longer know how they did on MBE Constitutional Law, Contracts, Criminal Law/Procedure etc. NCBE’s March 2014 NCBE Bar Examiner Testing Column discusses why NCBE no longer provides this information to jurisdictions. According to NCBE, the reasons for the change were to conform to standard test practice and to reduce confusion. On the contrary, the sub-score information was incredibly useful in assessing an paper examinee’s weaknesses.
Put simply, the more information an examinee has about his performance, the paper j. cole, more effectively he can analyze it. • In 2015, the subject of Civil Procedure was added to the MBE. The subjects of UCC Article 3 Negotiable Instruments and Federal Jurisdiction were removed from the i do a research paper, essays/NYMC and the subject of research j. cole Administrative Law was added. • In 2016, NYBOLE switched to the UBE exam. • In 2016, with little notice, NCBE increased the number of experimental MBE questions from 10 to a research paper, 25, meaning only 175 MBE questions are scored. Most of these changes appear to have reduced the number of examinees sitting for the exam along with the percentage of examinees passing the exam. Many examinees have found my methods and materials effective. For example, following are unsolicited comments and testimonials from hundreds of research paper on rebecca j. cole examinees in regards to the site.
Most examinees subscribe because they were referred to jfk assassination, this site by research paper j. cole another subscriber - I regard these as the best testimonials. However, if you are unable to base your decision on odessay arena, the testimonial of a person you actually know and trust, you may find some insight from the paper, comments of thesis other examinees here. This web site, forum, and downloads from this site are merely opinion, advice or suggestions. By no means should you rely solely on j. cole, these assertions or advice. In other words, use your judgment and essay common sense. This information is intended to supplement your studying. The information contained on this site is by no means a replacement for research j. cole, common sense, studying and hard work. Trend Thesis! No representation is paper on rebecca j. cole made that any answer is correct or identifies or correctly responds to all of the issues raised by the corresponding question.
The analysis is deemed accurate and reliable, but no warranties are being made. In addition, keep in mind that past performance is not indicative of future results. This information on this site is for your personal and educational use. Because this site is intended for personal and educational use, do not disseminate, transmit, or duplicate any of the information contained on this site. Keep in mind that studying for a bar exam is a marathon, not a sprint. Accordingly, maintaining your stamina and motivation is trend thesis very important. As you study, don't neglect your state of mind.
Breaks are very important (about 10 minutes every hour) - put the time in but do not burn yourself out. I have seen examinees with scores as low as 530 pass on their next attempt, so nothing is impossible. If you find any problems with the site, please email me at firstname.lastname@example.org. Research! My backup email is email@example.com. If you found this site helpful, return the favor and research post modern donate blood. Go to research, The New York Blood Center or the Red Cross to find out how and where.
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Research Paper On Rebecca J Cole Crash The Movie – Nibukikan
Retail Resume: Sample and Complete Guide [+20 Examples] You're about to get a job in retail. One where you rub elbows with fun people. Spark off them. One with great perks like full health benefits. Or a concierge service for doing oil changes while you work. You want that retail job. But between you and paper, it, like CeCe Drake in forecasting, Pretty Little Liars , stands a wall of retail resumes 300 high. How will you get past that wall? You'll do it with a resume for research paper on rebecca retail that makes you stand out like a jumbotron.
A retail resume example that gets attention. Odessay Arena! How to write a basic retail resume. The best format for a retail clerk resume. Research On Rebecca! The best way to write skills and keywords on trend forecasting thesis a resume for retail. Here's a sample resume for retail made using our resume builder. Want to on rebecca, save time and have your resume ready in 5 minutes? Try our resume builder. It’s fast and easy to research post, use. Plus, you'll get tips and paper on rebecca, right vs. Jfk Assassination Conspiracy Theories! wrong examples while writing your resume.
See +20 resume templates and create your resume here. What's the Best Format for a Retail Resume? Picture a retail manager. Her name's Megan, and research paper, she's hiring. She's sitting in her office, wading through a sea of retail resumes. Nice potted philodendron. One thing that makes it easier? Errors. Typos, poor formatting, spelling mistakes, and bad grammar.
She gets to toss all those resumes in the rejects pile. Make it to the next level by thesis, choosing the research on rebecca j. cole best format for a retail resume. Pick a trusted layout like the how do paper reverse-chronological format. Research Paper On Rebecca J. Cole! It puts your best accomplishments up front. That's important, because Megan spends just six seconds looking at trend thesis, each resume. Use clear, legible fonts, big headings, and white space to give Megan's eyes a rest. Finally, save your retail clerk resume as a PDF. PDFs don't change from one computer to j. cole, the next . Pro Tip: Check the job posting to see if PDF retail resumes are prohibited.
Some Applicant Tracking Systems have a hard time with PDF resumes. How to Write a Resume Summary or Resume Objective. How can you get the hiring manager to spend more than a few seconds looking at wiesel, your retail resume? You can do it with a top notch resume summary or resume objective. A resume summary is for anyone with shelves full of j. cole experience. A resume objective works for i do a research paper applicants that need restocking.
See, most resumes say the same thing: I've got people skills. I'm experienced. Hire me. Instead, wake that manager. Paper On Rebecca! Shake her. Use specifics. Add details that engage her interest fast . See the luxury retail resume examples below: Enthusiastic retail clerk with 3+ years experience. Seeking to boost REI KPIs through proven skills in sales and customer loyalty.
Maintained 93% positive customer reviews and research literature, 21% above average repeat customer scores. Run own YouTube product knowledge channel with 1,500 views a month. Retail clerk with 3 years experience, seeking retail job. Paper! Skilled in conspiracy theories essay, sales, customer loyalty, and product knowledge. See the research paper on rebecca j. cole difference? The first retail resume sample shows you are a skilled surgeon behind that register. The second seats you on a throne of lies. Now.
What if you don't have that kind of experience? In that case, write an post modern, objective statement for paper on rebecca j. cole your retail associate resume. Two Entry Level Retail Resume Objective Examples. Do you lack experience? Does your basic retail resume look like an empty shelf? We'll fix that, starting with a resume objective statement. Objective statements work for entry-level retail workers, or anybody seeking a new niche. Hard-working retail associate, skilled in POS tech and inventory management. Seeking to increase sales and conspiracy essay, customer loyalty at Chiller Outfitters.
Built volunteer retail experience at Goodwill as cashier and restocker, receiving management commendation for research paper excellent customer communication. Entry-level retail associate with BA from Williams College. Seeking real world experience in retail. No experience yet but I'm very energetic. That second retail clothing resume example makes you look like a standee. The first one gets the hiring manager's attention. Why? Because it shows you can do retail duties, even though you haven't had a real-world retail job yet. Pro Tip: A couple days of volunteer experience looks great on a resume. Elie Wiesel! See the next section for tips on how to get it.
How to research, Describe Your Retail Experience. Is experience important on a retail resume? Only if you want the i do a research paper best retail jobs. You know. The ones with flex scheduling, onsite medical, and paper, deep discounts for employees. To get those jobs, write a retail clerk resume that wakes up the hiring manager like a date with Elf. Tailor your experience to the job description.
If you do, you'll stop being generic cornflakes and turn into the HR manager's best friend. List your most recent job near the top of your retail resume. Add 4-6 bullet points that show accomplishments. How to Describe a Retail Job on a Resume. Fulfilled all retail clerk duties in a high-end sales outlet. Handled customer-service including POS, sales, and trend thesis, inventory management. Maintained high-level product knowledge. Received 95% positive marks for conveying product features and benefits, as reported in research on rebecca, customer surveys. Built customer loyalty through fostering stronger relationships.
Retained average repeat-customer scores 21% higher than other associates. Used expert level communications skills to research post, zero in on paper on rebecca true customer needs. Overall 93% positive ratings from customers in jfk assassination conspiracy essay, post-sales surveys. Retail clerk at high-end sales outlet. Research On Rebecca J. Cole! Handled all day-to-day customer service retail duties. Frederick Douglass Essay! Ran POS system. Conducted daily sales. Big difference, right? With that first example, you could get a job selling magic wands at Ollivander's. But what about a retail associate resume with no experience ? How to j. cole, Write a Retail Resume with no Experience.
Here are two tips to stuff an empty resume like a Black Friday circular. First: Troll your past non-retail jobs to dig up hidden retail gems. Second: volunteer or take a temporary retail job. But I need money now. I don't have time to volunteer.
You don't have to spend months, or even a full week. Just a day or two will do. Hey, presto! Instant retail resume experience. Two Retail Resume Samples (No Experience) July 2017 - August 2017.
Served as retail associate in thriving Goodwill outlet. Managed all retail duties, including cashier work, restocking, and customer communication. Assisted with sorting and research papers post, inventorying donations. Improved efficiency of research j. cole donations processing by 55% over other current associates. Conspiracy Theories Essay! Maintained zero errors with the POS system. Commended by management for excellent customer communication. Ran cashier position. Cashed out register daily. Interacted with over paper on rebecca j. cole 200 customers per day.
Self-Employed College Student. Interacted with several customers per wiesel night weekend. Research On Rebecca J. Cole! Frequently upsold customers to hedge trimming and leaf raking. Retail Experience: None yet, but I'm a very fast learner. Other Experience: Waited tables, mowed lawns. Poof.
That first retail resume sample could get you behind the register in the gift shop at Asgard. Elie Wiesel Night! Yet it wasn't hard to build. You already had retail experience from paper on rebecca j. cole previous jobs even if you had little to forecasting thesis, no store experience. And you did that volunteer gig in j. cole, a few days' time. Pro Tip: Retail clerk and trend forecasting thesis, retail associate are two keywords managers search for. Use the one that's listed in the job description in paper j. cole, your resume.
Now that you know how to trend, put experience on a retail salesman resume, pep it up with action words. Research Paper On Rebecca! Need some? See our guide: +80 Examples of Resume Action Words for Every Profession Is Your Education Section Cashing Out? It Might Be. The best thing about a career in retail? No one cares about your education. Right?
If you have one, use it to make your already good retail resume shine. It doesn't really matter if it's high school or college. The real gold's in the details. Pursued a passion for sociology coursework. Excelled in four years of Spanish classes. Placed secon d in the W.S.C.
Public Speaking Contest. As different as Sears and Sephora, right? The first sample shows actual useful retail training. But it wasn't any harder to make. Need an papers post modern, example to follow? Use the sample retail resume at the top of this article. Pro Tip: Don't have a college degree? Find accomplishments from high school that prove you have the research on rebecca skills shown in the job description. How to Put Skills on a Resume for a Retail Employee.
Remember our hiring manager, Megan? She's looking for how do i do a research paper skills on every retail resume she reads. But not just any skills. How can you know what skills to put on on rebecca j. cole a resume for retail? First, search the job description. Then, find more skills in other job offers online. Finally, use our list of thesis retail skills below. Pro Tip: Try to find out what POS system the hiring store uses. Research! Some POS systems, like Shopify, post free online tutorials . In half an hour of online viewing, you can add some nice flair to thesis, your retail resume.
The Real Secret to Putting Retail Skills on a Resume. Ready for the real magic? Don't just list your skills. Prove them in your experience and education sections. Let's take a sample retail resume job description. It values management skills , building customer loyalty , and increasing sales figures . Fulfilled daily retail manager duties , including scheduling, inventory management, problem solving, and taking disciplinary action. Increased sales figures by 75% over previous manager through better application of corporate devised promotions. Built customer loyalty through better deployment of on rebecca j. cole customer rewards programs through all retail clerks. Increased repeat business 23%.
Bam. With a professional retail resume like that, you could get a job running The Magic Box from Buffy the Vampire Slayer . Pro Tip: Once you've proven your skills in your experience section, do it in your education section too. Even listing a passion for night essay public speaking classes counts. How to Add Other Sections for an Effective Resume. Imagine you're a retail resume. You're in a pile of 300+ others, just like you. The only way to do that is by looking different. One great way is paper on rebecca other sections.
You know: hobbies, interests, activities, and volunteer work. Things that aren't work experience, education, or skills. But there's a special way to do it. You don't want to add generic info. That's like using camouflage when you want neon. Retail Resume Sample Other Sections. Basic First Aid CPR RiseUp Retail Industry Fundamentals Certification. Review products in own YouTube Channel. Odessay Arena! Get 1,500 views/month. Avid listener, The Advanced Selling Podcast. Regular reader of books about sales.
Organized a charity snowboard event for the local animal shelter. (2016) Help out once a month at the Summerville Food Pantry. Avid whitewater kayaker. Write and paper, publish short fiction stories. Poof. Essay! You just went from mannequin to manager material. Pro Tip: Are special retail certifications worth it? Don't agonize if you don't have one. Research J. Cole! That said, a certification proves you take retail seriously enough to put in forecasting thesis, extra effort.
Here's the research j. cole Most Common Myth About Cover Letters. Ready? Here it comes: Nobody reads cover letters anymore. The truth is 40% of hiring managers still consider cover letters mandatory. In other words, you need to write one for each and every retail resume you send. Don't be frightened. Retail cover letters are short and elie wiesel, easy. The best cover letters for paper j. cole retail jobs call the hiring manager by name. They say one detail you like about the company. They say two details about you that will help the company. (Pick the odessay arena best wins from research on rebecca your retail resume.)
They close with a call to action, like, I'd love to talk more with you about your needs. Pro Tip: After you send in your retail associate resume and cover letter, follow up! A well-timed thank-you email can remind the research papers hiring manager to on rebecca, take another look at research post literature, your resume. How to Add Contact Info to Your Resume. Do you really need help adding contact info to a basic retail resume? You already know to add your: Full Name Updated Phone Number Professional Email Address.
Karen Welihan, firstname.lastname@example.org - 857-869-2379. Use a professional email address. No RetailGirlDawnOfTheDead47798@yahoo.com. Then, think about Megan, our hiring manager. Research Paper On Rebecca! Let's say she likes your perfect retail resume for sales assistants. She wants to i do, know more about you. Give her a way. Add your LinkedIn profile, Twitter handle, or other online hangouts. Pro Tip: Is your Facebook profile clean enough for a hiring manager to see? Do some spring cleaning, with our guide to paper, cleaning up your online presence . A Sample Retail Resume Job Description.
Here's a sample job description for a retail resume. Why am I showing you this? Because I want you to think, as you read it, What are the keywords I'll hit in my resume? How will I tailor my own skills and accomplishments to fit? As a Shindlee's Retail Clerk, you'll bring magic to trend thesis, our customers. Shindlee's sales clerks provide outstanding customer service, exceed sales goals, and share superior product knowledge with customers. Properly use proprietary POS system technology. Determine customer needs based on on rebecca effective communication. Build and communicate expert knowledge of store products. Meet daily sales goals.
Pro Tip: To save time, build a couple bare bones retail resume templates you can tweak to jfk assassination, fit each job description. On Rebecca! The up-front work will pay off big. Want more tips to fit your retail management resume to wiesel essay, the job like a custom-crafted sales pitch? See our guide: 6 Tips on How to Tailor Your Resume to paper, a Job Description (Examples) Even with example retail resumes, making your own tailored version isn't easy. Start with the retail job description. Highlight all the skills and odessay arena, duties in it. Research Paper! This is a must for retail manager resumes and retail sales associate resumes alike. Prove you can walk the talk by salting those skills throughout your retail sales resumes.
Put them in your experience and education sections. Add other sections to your retail resume, like hobbies and interests. Other sections make you stand out like a clerk from the Emerald City's Wash Brush Up Co. Got questions or tips about how to make a great retail resume? Give us a shout in the comments section! Tom Gerencer is a founder and former owner of MediaNortheast Video Production and Training Without Boredom.
A full-time writer in a research, the fields of on rebecca j. cole personal finance and career advice, Tom lives in odessay arena, West Virginia with his wife Kathy, two children and research paper, a couple of ornery dogs.
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+30 Best Examples of What Skills to Put on a Resume (Proven Tips) Meet Jane. Jane is the research, CEO of Jane’s Addictive Sweets. She makes cupcakes. You like cupcakes, and frederick syntax essay, you want to work for her. How does Jane know that you are the person she’s been waiting for all her life?
A list of skills to put on a resume is research on rebecca as important as icing on a cupcake. Douglass! No one wants a cupcake without icing. No one. So, if you want a resume that will give you more interviews, you need to know what skills to put on research on rebecca j. cole a resume and how to describe them. Wiesel Night Essay! This article will show you: Where to put work skills on j. cole a resume. What skills to how do a research put on a resume to get you MORE interviews. How to list work-related skills on a resume. 31 best examples of how to put your skills on a CV ( right vs. wrong examples). INFOGRAPHIC that shows the most important resume skills. If you have any questions about paper, your resume skills, make sure to literature ask in a comment - I will be happy to answer.
What to Put on a Resume to Make it Stand Out. Apart from experience and research paper j. cole, education, you should consider putting your achievements, a resume summary, and key skills on your resume to make it stand out. Trend Forecasting! This article will show you how to put key skills on your resume. Here's an example of the wrong and the right way to put skills on research paper on rebecca a resume. Want to save time and have your resume ready in 5 minutes?
Try our resume builder. It’s fast and easy to use. Plus, you'll get tips while writing your resume. See templates and create your resume here. As you can see, the resume skills section and the resume summary are the forecasting thesis, most visible sections . That's because skills and qualifications are what employers look for , so these two sections should immediately grab the research on rebecca, attention of the douglass syntax essay, hiring manager. What are key skills for your resume? Key skills are work-related skills that you need to do a job. Paper On Rebecca! Most often, you can find key skills in how do i do paper, job descriptions. Where do you put skills on a resume?
Skills are so very, very important that they should show up all over your resume. Not just in the resume skills section. But, you do need a professional skills section, and it should be in research paper, a prominent place on a resume. You can also try putting your skills section in odessay arena, a side column. Also, make sure that a couple of your key skills appear in your resume summary (here's how to do that) and cover letter (read more) . Several should show up in your experience section. Sprinkle a couple through your education section. One of the reasons you will want to do this is something called Applicant Tracking Systems (ATS). More about research, that later. Odessay Arena! What Skills to on rebecca j. cole Put On a Resume - Hard and Soft Skills.
First, you need work-related skills. Not bow hunting skills or nunchuck skills. Real career skills. So, what are the best skills for a resume? Okay, the elie, first thing you need to know is that there are two different types of skill sets - hard skills and soft skills. Hard skills are not “skills that are hard to learn.” They are the technical skills and abilities you need to do a specific job. Research! For example, say you are applying for the position of forecasting thesis, dump truck driver. So, being able to drive is most likely the top hard skill you need to have to do the job.
Typical hard skills to list on a resume include things like computer skills or driving a dump truck. A hard skills list is especially important for professions such as engineering, IT, and medicine. Here's a list of 10 typical hard skills to include on on rebecca j. cole a resume: Data Analysis Copywriting Foreign Languages Accounting Computer Languages Mathematics Graphic Design Planning / Event Planning SEO / SEM Marketing Bookkeeping. A common way to describe soft skills is to call them “people skills” or “social skills.” Soft skills are often linked to personal qualities that make up a person’s “emotional intelligence.” They are special skills like communication, relationship building, and papers, creativity. List of 10 soft skills to include on a resume. See examples of how to j. cole describe them.
Communication Ability to Work Under Pressure Decision Making Time Management Self-motivation Conflict Resolution Leadership Adaptability Teamwork Creativity. Jfk Assassination Essay! The difficulty of teaching and defining soft skills for a job is the reason why a list of soft skills on a resume are valued. And if you have great soft skills on your resume , you will do better than a candidate who has nothing more than the research paper j. cole, required technical skills. For example, research by odessay arena, the National Association of Colleges and paper j. cole, Employers (NACE) shows that the forecasting thesis, key resume skills employers favor in new college graduate applicants aren’t the technical types of skills for a resume . So, what skills are the best to put on a resume? The most desirable skills for a resume are leadership and the ability to work on a team, with 77.8% of employers searching for both of these key skills among new college graduate hires. Research Paper J. Cole! Only 67.5% of jfk assassination conspiracy essay, employers will look for “technical skills.” So, when an on rebecca j. cole employer must choose between two applicants with identical technical skills, the candidate that has proven leadership skills (or other types of essay, soft skills) has a better chance. Sounds like becoming team captain of your lacrosse team as soon as possible is a good idea. First, you need to choose the best skills for your resume. This is the most daunting part of adding a resume skills section.
It may seem simple, but take a look at research paper j. cole the following example: I know how to use a computer. It’s a good hard skill. So I add “computer skills” to the bullet point list at the end of the resume. That’s great. Got it. But if you want to be more thorough, here are six easy tips to follow in order to make sure you have ALL of the douglass, good skills you need. So how do you decide which skills to put on your resume?
I'll show you how, but first - always remember to put your skills front and center . Here's an example of a template from our resume builder that properly showcases skills on a resume. 1. How to Make Your List of Job Skills Relevant to the Job Offer. What skills are relevant for a resume? Let’s put it this way. If you’re applying for research paper a position as a Marketing Manager, your ability to tie a cherry stem into a knot with your tongue is irrelevant. Proficient with Customer Relationship Management (CRM) software (Salesforce).
Tying cherry stems into knots. If you're changing your career from Sales Associate to Customer Service Representative, most of your Sales skills will become irrelevant. In that case, you'll want to jfk assassination make a list of abilities from your sales job that count as customer service skills on a resume. A good start is to make a master list of job skills and professionals strengths before matching them to business skills listed in the job description. Take a moment to think about all of the awesome things you can do. Make sure most of them are things to put on research j. cole a resume. If you're stuck, start with a general list of abilities as a warm up and then make a list of skills to trend add to research paper j. cole a resume. Which of these things could be your hard skills?
Can you prove them? Which of these could be your soft skills? Again, can you prove them? Are you a good listener? That’s a great soft skill. Can you use Microsoft Word?
That’s a very basic hard skill. Here is a sample of what a typical resume skills section might look like: Speak and write in fluent Spanish. Proficient in Microsoft Office including Excel and odessay arena, Powerpoint. Working knowledge of WordPress. Able to research j. cole manage and odessay arena, implement Social Media campaigns. Excellent written and verbal communication skills. Excellent editing skills. Research On Rebecca! Able to translate complex text into research papers easily readable material. Research On Rebecca! Maybe you have some of how do i do a research paper, these key skills . Maybe your skill set is paper completely different. We’ve put together examples for you ( see below ) to help you brainstorm so you don’t leave out any of your best skills for a resume.
Next, match your list to the resume skills listed in trend forecasting, the job description. All of the personal skills and paper on rebecca, talents you have can fall into one of three categories: Transferable Skills - the definition of transferable skills are key skills that you can take with you from one job to another. Examples: Microsoft Excel or Phone Etiquette Job-related Skills - job-related skills are the specific skills you need to do a certain job. Examples: Scuba Diving or Java Programing Adaptive Skills - adaptive skills are personal attributes or skills you use to survive life. How Do I Do Paper! Examples: Persuasion or Confidence. Why is this important? Because there are different ways to research on rebecca j. cole put work-related skills on your resume depending on odessay arena which category they fall under. Step 1: Go through the job description to find the job-related skills that are required for the position. Step 2: You should have most of these key skills.
Otherwise, you won’t be able to research paper on rebecca j. cole do the job. For this job, you need to frederick douglass be able to: Conduct webinars. On Rebecca J. Cole! Attend informal dinner meetings. Speak in front of large groups. Discuss and present software. Step 3: These job-related skills should go in your resume skills section and possibly in your resume objective or summary so an douglass syntax essay employer will see them right away. There should be evidence (work experience, education, training) that prove your ability to demonstrate these key skills on a resume . Pro Tip : You can also put these skills in bold , for example, conduct webinars . Using bold for keywords helps the draw the recruiter's eye while they are scanning, and will make you more memorable as well. Step 4: Next, look for all of the research on rebecca j. cole, adaptive and transferable skills that the employer wants on top of the regular job-related skills. Step 5: Sprinkle proof that you have these types of skills throughout your resume. Add a few with quantifiable proof to your professional skills list. Adaptive Skills for a Resume.
Transferable Skills for a Resume. 2. Research People Who Already Have the Job You Want. Once you’ve mined the job description for examples of professional skills to include on your resume, visit LinkedIn for a little bit of snooping. Trend Forecasting! Why do you want to peep on other professionals? Researching other professionals' strengths will let you know what skills and abilities are already valued in that profession. Add any duplicates of your skills to your resume skills section. Pro Tip : For future reference, you can also check out the courses, certificates, education, and research j. cole, skills sections to unlock new achievements. Now you know how to take your career to the next level with a similar course or training.
3. What Skills to Put on a Resume for Extra Value. Trend! Now ask yourself: Are any of your transferable skills and qualifications missing? Remember transferable skills are the universal skills that translate across jobs - like being proficient in Excel or Spanish. Good skills like Excel and Spanish are always relevant. If you missed any, add them even if they were not mentioned in the job description. 4. Research Paper! Add the Universal Skills That All Employers Want. I know I’m getting repetitive: Go back and check one more time to make sure you have EVERYTHING. Remember, most of the unique skills that you put on jfk assassination conspiracy theories your resume should be job-related skills taken from the job description and paper on rebecca, your best transferable skills. Jfk Assassination Theories Essay! Adding a couple of your best universally desired skills is research paper on rebecca a way of sweetening the deal, but don't overdo it or base your entire resume on how do i do these examples of skills.
Have a look at our resume skills list. Do you have any of them? 5. Research Paper J. Cole! Numbers and Facts Will Make You Stand Out From the jfk assassination theories essay, Crowd. Now, you're probably wondering how to put skills on on rebecca j. cole a resume to convince the recruiter you’re the best fit? Use facts and figures. Forget about odessay arena, superfluous adjectives. It’s as simple as that. J. Cole! Use proof to persuade to draw recruiter’s attention.
6. Beat the Bots By Adding Keyword Skills. Today, a lot of resumes are read by robots before they ever fall into how do i do human hands. That’s right. You worked hard on your resume, but a lot of research paper on rebecca, hiring managers won’t even bother to look at it before having R2-D2 run a scan on it. Douglass Syntax Essay! The software sorts through applicants’ resumes and research paper on rebecca j. cole, compares the resume skills you’ve listed to those found in the job description. To pass the inspection, you have to jfk assassination theories essay match a certain amount of these keywords.
You can visit Jobscan to see how well you've matched your resume to the job post. Around 70-80% of the skills on your resume need to research match the job description. Note, the odessay arena, percentage can differ depending on individual Human Resource departments. But, you can’t just pack your resume full of keyword skills to trick the bots. TheLadders say that Applicant Tracking Systems (ATS) are now able to research on rebecca j. cole contextualize the content of your resume. What does this mean?
The software can read your resume almost like a human. That doesn’t mean that keywords aren’t important. Keyword skills should appear throughout your resume. You just have to make sure that skill sets are added in a way that reflects your full experience learning, using, and working with those key skills. Pro Tip: You should label your resume skills section “Skills” so that any ATS program can easily identify it. Research Papers Post! Want more tips? Read our complete guide: 42 Amazing Resume Tips That You Can Use In 30 Minutes [Examples] The Technical Skills That Employers Desire the Most. On Rebecca J. Cole! The shift to a technology-based economy has made science, engineering, math, and IT skills some of the most in-demand skills for literature a resume among employers. So, what are the best technical skills for a resume?
LinkedIn made a list of the research, 25 top hard skills for odessay arena a resume in research j. cole, 2016 , and it’s all tech skills. The number one skill was “Cloud and Distributed Computing.” Technical skills are either something you have or you don’t, but they are always something that you can learn. Most people will only be required to have basic technical skills on their resumes like software skills - e.g., the ability to use Microsoft Office and Excel. Professional skills on a resume are the one thing that will quickly communicate to an employer that you are the right fit for odessay arena a job. And after you’ve proven that, the fact that you have listed universally desirable skills on your resume will put you ahead of the pack. That’s why it is important to: Carefully craft a good skills section for your resume. Research Paper On Rebecca J. Cole! Place key skills throughout your resume. How Do A Research! And now you know how! INFOGRAPHIC - Everything You Need To Know About Your Resume's Skill Section. The infographic featured below will show you the most desirable skills to put on j. cole a resume and how to showcase them.
Like the infographic? Feel free to share it or use it on your site. I'll be happy to write a personalized introduction for your blog. Odessay Arena! What skills should you put on a resume to get an upper hand? Leave a comment if you have any questions about what skills to put on a resume or how to add them. Natalie is paper j. cole a writer at Uptowork.
She loves writing about douglass syntax essay, resumes and eating tacos more than life itself. She spends her free time reading complicated novels and binge watching TV series.
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Cole, Rebecca J 1846–1922 - Dictionary definition of Cole, Rebecca
commis resume sample Sujets de dissertation et textes. Elaboration des cours. Auteurs et oeuvres. Ressources en ligne. Rsum n°1 : texte de Jean Cazeneuve , Guerre et Paix , 1995 Encyclopdia Universalis. Rsum n°2 (PSI, MP) : texte de Charles Nicolle , La Nature, conception et morale biologiques , 1934, Flix Alcan, p. Research On Rebecca J. Cole! 108-113. Rsum n°4 : texte de Samuel P. Theories! Huntington , Le choc des civilisations , 1996, Quatrime partie, Chapitre X, tr. Research! fr. Forecasting Thesis! J.-L. Paper On Rebecca J. Cole! Fidel, G. Elie Night! Joublain, P. Research Paper! Jorland et J.-J.
Pdussaud, Odile Jacob, 2007, p. Odessay Arena! 375-380. Rsum n°5 : Clausewitz , De la guerre , 1832, Chapitre 1, § 2 et 3, tr. On Rebecca J. Cole! fr. Forecasting! Nicolas Wacquet, Rivages poche, Petite Bibliothque, p. Paper! 19-22. Rsum n°6 : Carl Schmitt , La notion de politique , 1932, tr. Frederick Syntax Essay! Steinhauser, Champs Flammarion, 1992, p. Research J. Cole! 70-73. Rsumez le texte suivant en 100 mots (± 10%) : La recherche des causes de la guerre, telle qu'elle est apparue dj dans les efforts pour assurer la paix, conduit en dceler les fondements dans plusieurs domaines. Research! Il faut d'abord envisager la dimension sociale propre ce phnomne essentiellement collectif. Research Paper J. Cole! De ce point de vue, on research papers post, peut tudier les sources et les consquences du militarisme.
Herbert Spencer et Auguste Comte croyaient une volution faisant succder les socits industrielles aux socits militaires, celles-ci tant caractrises par des institutions qui subordonnent troitement l'individu la socit et tendent la tyrannie politique en mme temps qu' l'autarcie conomique. Paper! De nombreux polmologues placent aussi leur analyse sur l'aspect conomique des guerres. Frederick Syntax Essay! Ils citent de grandes crises conomiques et sociales qui n'ont entran aucune guerre, mais ils notent que les conflits arms, depuis la disparition de la guerre aristocratique, provoquent une transformation de la vie conomique dans les pays belligrants, de sorte que certaines difficults peuvent tre provisoirement rsolues par le rythme acclr de la consommation en matriel qu'impose l'tat de belligrance. Research On Rebecca! La guerre n'est d'ailleurs pas possible sans une certaine accumulation de puissance conomique, et la lassitude qui met fin certains conflits peut parfois tre attribue l'appauvrissement que finissent par produire les hostilits. Wiesel Essay! On peut faire une analyse du mme genre propos des aspects dmographiques de la guerre, laquelle les phnomnes de surpopulation ne sont pas toujours trangers. Research Paper! C'est pourquoi, selon Gaston Bouthoul, la principale fonction sociologique de la guerre serait d'tre, en mme temps qu'un exutoire aux impulsions collectives, un processus de « rquilibration dmo-conomique ». How Do! Quant l'aspect technique, dont on research paper on rebecca j. cole, a vu l'importance dans l'volution historique des guerres, il est remarquable aussi dans ses « retombes ». Trend Thesis! Les guerres, surtout dans la priode la plus rcente, ont probablement ht des dcouvertes, dont certaines ont eu des prolongements dans une utilisation pacifique.
Du point de vue politique enfin, il n'est pas douteux que la guerre ait, dans bien des cas, fortement contribu crer des tats et cimenter leur unit, au point que l'on peut considrer la guerre elle-mme comme un instrument de la politique, et c'est sous cet aspect que l'envisage surtout Karl von Clausewitz. Research! Il en dduit qu'elle doit tre faite avec toute la puissance de la nation, mais soumise aux intrts de celle-ci. L'ide que la guerre peut avoir des fonctions propres a conduit ainsi certains thoriciens en faire l'apologie. How Do Paper! Hegel voit en elle le moment o l'tat se ralise pleinement ; Joseph de Maistre la glorifie comme le moyen de fortifier la nature humaine ; Nietzsche trouve dans les vertus guerrires le meilleur aiguillon au dpassement de soi-mme ; plusieurs volutionnistes croient pouvoir tirer de la loi de slection naturelle une justification des pertes qu'engendre la guerre ; L. Paper! Gumplowicz voit dans la guerre la source de toutes les institutions et de la civilisation. Odessay Arena! D'autre part, les sociologues ont parfois compar la guerre la fte, en lui attribuant des fonctions analogues, notamment l'exaltation collective et le renversement des rgles habituelles.
Pourtant les arguments de divers ordres ne manquent pas contre les thories bellicistes. Paper! On peut, l'encontre de ceux qui prnent les vertus militaires, faire d'abord tat des statistiques qui prouvent la recrudescence de la criminalit la suite des guerres. Conspiracy! S'il est vrai que les grandes civilisations se sont rpandues par la force des armes, on paper j. cole, peut aussi allguer que c'est de la mme faon qu'elles ont disparu et aux progrs techniques et conomiques raliss sous son aiguillon, on odessay arena, peut opposer un calcul des « cots » de la guerre, qui sont de plus en plus levs mesure qu'elle devient plus totale. Paper On Rebecca J. Cole! Enfin s'il est vrai que la guerre prsente bien des caractres de la fte, elle en diffre en mme temps, du fait qu'elle oppose un groupe un autre et tend plus spcifiquement la destruction. On peut donc se demander si les alternances de paix et de guerre ne constituent pas un cycle universel, inhrent la nature des socits humaines. Jfk Assassination Conspiracy Theories! Les doctrines pessimistes, ici, trouvent dans l'histoire une longue suite de justifications. Research Paper J. Cole! Cependant, les optimistes peuvent rpondre que, dans les affaires humaines, les ncessits du pass ne sont jamais dfinitives et qu'en fin de compte les efforts pour tablir une paix assure, c'est--dire pour dgager l'humanit de cette dialectique guerre-paix, sont peut-tre maintenant la seule lutte qui vaille. Jean Cazeneuve , Guerre et Paix , 1995 Encyclopdia Universalis. Les guerres s'expliquent par le militarisme qu'encouragent certaines socits, par la tentation de rsoudre des difficults conomiques, et l'on a vu certaines d'entre elles acclrer le progrs technique ou contribuer renforcer des tats, ce qui justifie qu'elles aient trouv leurs dfenseurs ou qu'on ait  pu en faire un quivalent de la fte. Elie Wiesel Night Essay! Pourtant la guerre a laiss partout le got de la violence et des factures o les civilisations se sont puises ; ses analogies avec la fte s'arrtent cette śuvre de discorde et de mort.
La rcurrence des guerres peut paratre ainsi  fatale, mais les efforts pour tablir la paix sont aujourd'hui le seul combat lgitime. On peut distinguer plusieurs causes de la guerre. On Rebecca! Tout d'abord, il existe des causes sociales, conomiques et dmographiques, puis techniques / et enfin politiques. Certains penseurs estiment que la guerre remplit des fonctions bnfiques et en font l'apologie. Jfk Assassination! Nanmoins, tous / les arguments en sa faveur peuvent tre contredits. Paper On Rebecca J. Cole! En effet, la guerre n'est pas vertueuse mais accrot la criminalit ; / les tats se dveloppent mais surtout meurent pas elle ; elle est plus coteuse que profitable conomiquement, et loin d'tre / une fte, elle est une entreprise destructrice. La guerre n'est-elle pas cependant invitable ? Les optimistes ne le croient / pas, militant pour la paix universelle.
Vous rsumerez le texte suivant en 100 mots (± 10%) : […] la lutte entre hommes, la guerre, pour la nommer de son nom odieux, apparat tout d'abord comme un fait biologique normal, on essay, pourrait dire oblig. Paper J. Cole! Ses atrocits marquent peu dans le total des hcatombes naturelles. Mais l'homme n'appartient pas seulement l'ensemble des tres, il appartient son espce. Thesis! Elle a fait de lui un animal sociable. Paper On Rebecca J. Cole! L'homme ne peut se passer de l'homme. Frederick Douglass! Du clan aux nations, l'volution de l'humanit a rendu les humains de plus en plus solidaires. Paper! Un primitif pourrait survivre, vgter l'tat isol, un couple primitif se reproduire ; bien vite, priv du secours des autres, la ligne s'teindrait. Modern Literature! La division du travail, l'appui mutuel qu'elle exige sont devenus des ncessits d'existence pour les civiliss.
l'quilibre gnral et anarchique des tres s'est donc ajout, substitu dans ses parties contradictoires, un quilibre particulier : l'quilibre social humain. J. Cole! Il y eut d'abord quilibre de clans, puis de cits, de pays, enfin de nations. Trend Thesis! Les premiers groupements se sont faits par suite d'une origine ou de quelques origines communes ; les suivants relvent surtout d'vnements fortuits. On Rebecca J. Cole! Les groupes actuels que nous nommons nations sont dus l'assemblage d'individus qu'unissent des habitudes de vie, des gots et des dispositions pareils, des souffrances supportes en commun par les anctres, un sol familial ou d'adoption, cher celui qui y est n, profitable, ou bien refuge pour l'immigrant. Wiesel! ces liens s'ajoutent les ncessits conomiques dues au compartimentage, une somme d'intrts, bien des prjugs, enfin la contrainte des lois, l'impossibilit, pour un civilis, de n'tre pas inscrit au livre d'une nation, l'tat-civil. Paper On Rebecca! Au regard de ces liens accidentels et purement sociaux, la parent persistante de sang ne joue point le rle qu'on lui attribue ; le plus souvent, elle n'est qu'un prjug vaniteux. De quelque faon qu'elles se soient constitues, les nations s'opposent les unes aux autres dans la dfense de leurs intrts, et chacune poursuit, tant en elle-mme que dans ses rapports extrieurs, la conservation de son quilibre. Trend Forecasting! Cependant, malgr les tristes dissentiments des nations diffrentes, malgr leurs haines, leurs armes et leurs combats conomiques ou sanglants, il se fait, peu peu, lentement, un intrt gnral humain. Paper On Rebecca J. Cole! Le monde habitable est connu, quelques lacunes ngligeables prs. Odessay Arena! Sa carte politique est trace.
Les peuples non volus sont entrs dans la dpendance d'tats puissants. Paper J. Cole! Si les diverses nations se sparent encore par bien des traits, des habitudes, les traits, les habitudes, les biens que les hommes possdent en commun deviennent de plus en plus nombreux. Jfk Assassination Theories Essay! Si l'humanit n'est pas devenue uniforme (et il est dsirable qu'elle n'y parvienne jamais), une solidarit gnrale, humaine, s'tablit et, au-dessus des socits diffrentes, une socit encore lche, mais relle tend englober tous les hommes. Research Paper J. Cole! Un nouvel quilibre est donc en train de natre, l'quilibre gnral et artificiel humain. Que signifient les guerres au regard des divers quilibres auxquels sont assujettis les hommes ? Elles les perturbent tous, sans nul profit ni pour l'individu, ni pour la nation, ni pour l'humanit tout entire. Wiesel Essay! Ce sont des dsquilibres brutaux dont l'amplitude est si grande que l'oscillation compensatrice tarde se produire et que la rparation souvent ne rpare rien. Notre sensibilit d'tres volus, soustraits la barbarie journalire, condamne ces luttes homicides. Research On Rebecca J. Cole! Cependant, l'argument le plus puissant contre elles n'est pas, ne peut tre un argument moral. Trend Forecasting! La morale humaine accueille trop de prjugs. Research J. Cole! Son pass l'en a encombr. How Do! Elle continue de cder des passions traditionnelles.
Amour-propre, vanit, gloire, faux semblants de justice, faux sentiments de la valeur, de la volont, de l'nergie, mauvais emploi de ces vertus, pernicieuses utilisations de l'art, des lettres, de la philosophie, de l'loquence, tous ces ingrdients dtestables souillent notre personne morale. On Rebecca! Elle les reoit, s'y emptre, les subit ; elle se perd ou se complat dans leurs contradictions d'un peuple l'autre et dans chaque peuple. Jfk Assassination Conspiracy Theories! Rien attendre de forces contamines. Paper J. Cole! Un seul argument est valable, argument de la biologie, l'absurdit vitale des guerres, le trouble grave et inutile qu'elles portent l'quilibre particulier des nations et l'quilibre gnral de la socit humaine. La guerre n'est d'aucun profit ; la guerre ne rembourse pas.
Elle nuit la nation victorieuse autant qu' la dfaite. Jfk Assassination Conspiracy Theories Essay! Elle sme les ruines ; elle dtruit, alors que l'intrt de l'quilibre commande qu'on n'anantisse pas le bien d'efforts coteux. J. Cole! Jamais guerre n'amena de rsultats dfinitifs. Odessay Arena! Abattu, le peuple dfait se relve et, refait, abat son vainqueur. Research Paper On Rebecca J. Cole! Les frontires des grands tats tmoignent de ces reflux priodiques par les ruines dont chaque sicle s'enorgueillit, par le voisinage des champs de carnage, par l'affreuse illustration, parfois deux visages, de leurs noms.
Les guerres attentent donc, tout d'abord, l'quilibre des nations par l'ensemble des pertes. Modern! Elles y attentent en dtruisant les lments les plus vivaces et les plus forts, les jeunes gens. Research Paper J. Cole! Elles donnent le commandement aux vieillards. Douglass Essay! Un pouvoir snile est une monstruosit biologique. On Rebecca J. Cole! En mme temps, les guerres distraient les activits humaines de buts profitables. Frederick Syntax! Nul rgne, illustr par des victoires, n'a donn de gnies bienfaisants. Paper! Ces esprits ne lvent qu'aux champs pacifiques. Les guerres opposent leurs forces nfastes ce qui fait la sant, l'quilibre des socits : la justice qui n'en connat point d'innocente, au droit, branl dans ses fondements et qui codifie les pires inconsquences, la libert qu'on enchane, sans laquelle, physique ou spirituelle, l'organisme entier se rouille. Si les vertus, protectrices de l'quilibre, sont affectes, les mfaits destructeurs de cet quilibre trouvent, dans la guerre, des excuses et y florissent : le vol, la rapine, le meurtre, la lchet, la fourberie.
Tout attentat devient lgitime s'il est commis pour une patrie. Frederick Essay! Point d'abus, de monstruosits, que ne sanctifie une victoire. Paper J. Cole! Est-il surprenant qu'aprs la guerre on frederick douglass, assiste au relchement des valeurs humaines ? Cet abaissement traduit l'puisement de forces inutilement gches, le besoin de rparation, la longue convalescence ncessaire la contre-oscillation qui rtablira un quilibre, rendu, pour un temps au moins, prcaire. L'homme est dsarm devant le massacre mutuel des espces ; il ne l'a pas ordonn. Research On Rebecca! Il sait que, sans ce massacre, son existence, toutes les existences cesseraient. Research Modern! Il lui faut le subir. Research On Rebecca J. Cole! L'homme peut tout pour arrter les luttes entre les hommes.
Elles sont un crime pour sa conscience. Elie Wiesel Essay! Devant sa logique, elles constituent l'erreur la plus grave ; car il n'est point de catastrophe qui mette davantage en pril l'quilibre des individus humains, des socits humaines et de la collectivit des hommes. Charles Nicolle , La Nature, conception et morale biologiques , 1934, Flix Alcan, p. Research! 108-113. Certes, la guerre participe d'abord de la lutte entre espces et de l'ordre naturel. How Do I Do A Research! Cependant, l'homme est / un tre sociable, qui a petit petit substitu l'quilibre naturel un quilibre social gnral entre les hommes, / que la guerre vient remettre en cause. Pour arrter les guerres, rien ne sert par consquent d'invoquer la morale ; / il faut au contraire dnoncer leur absurdit totale : par les pertes qu'elles occassionnent, elles dtruisent la sant et l' / quilibre vital des individus, des nations et de la collectivit humaine dans son ensemble, sans qu'aucun profit n'en / soit retir. Vous rsumerez le texte suivant en 100 mots (± 10%) : […] lorsque l'tat, ou lorsque la religion veut [rduire la guerre] l'tat de servante ( ancilla theologi ), elle rsiste, quelquefois elle attaque, et de l des luttes qui peuvent tre et qui souvent ont t sanglantes. J. Cole! Cet tat de guerre suit de la diversit essentielle des lments ; la guerre, comme la diversit des lments, est ncessaire la vie ; les combats des partis, dans les limites de la constitution donne d'un peuple politique, font la vie de ce peuple. Trend! Il en est de mme l'extrieur. J. Cole! Les luttes des peuples d'une poque entre eux font la vie d'une poque ; nulle ne s'est coule sans guerre, nulle ne le pouvait. La guerre a sa racine dans la nature des ides des diffrents peuples, qui tant ncessairement partielles, bornes, exclusives, sont ncessairement hostiles, agressives, tyranniques : donc la guerre est ncessaire.
Voyons maintenant quels sont ses effets. Papers Post Modern! Si la guerre n'est autre chose que la rencontre violente, le choc des ides exclusives des diffrents peuples, il s'ensuit que dans ce choc l'ide qui sera plus faible sera dtruite par la plus forte , c'est--dire sera absorbe et assimile par elle ; or la plus forte ide dans une poque est ncessairement celle qui est le plus en rapport avec l'esprit mme de cette poque. Research On Rebecca J. Cole! Chaque peuple reprsente une ide ; les peuples diffrents d'une mme poque reprsentent diffrentes ides ; le peuple de l'poque qui reprsente l'ide le plus en rapport avec l'esprit gnral de l'poque, est le peuple appel dans cette poque la domination. Trend Forecasting Thesis! Quand l'ide d'un peuple a fait son temps, ce peuple disparat ; mais il ne cde pas facilement la place, il faut qu'un autre peuple la lui dispute et la lui arrache ; de l la guerre. Paper On Rebecca J. Cole! Dfaite du peuple qui a fait son temps ; victoire du peuple qui a le sien faire et qui est appel l'empire, voil l'effet certain et incontestable de la guerre : donc la guerre est utile. Messieurs, je ne viens pas ici faire l'apologie de la guerre ; la philosophie n'est d'aucun parti en ce monde ; elle ne fait l'apologie de rien, comme elle n'accuse rien ; elle aspire comprendre tout. How Do A Research Paper! Je ne fais pas l'apologie de la guerre, je l'explique. Research Paper J. Cole! Sa racine vous la connaissez, elle est indestructible ; ses effets, vous les connaissez, ils sont bienfaisants.
En effet, si ce sont les ides qui sont aux prises dans une guerre, et si celle qui l'emporte est ncessairement celle qui a le plus d'avenir, il fallait que celle-l remportt, et par consquent qu'il y ait guerre ; moins que vous ne vouliez empcher l'avenir, arrter la civilisation, moins que vous ne vouliez que l'espce humaine soit immobile et stationnaire. Essay! L'hypothse d'un tat de paix perptuel dans l'espce humaine est l'hypothse de l'immobilit absolue. On Rebecca J. Cole! Otez toute guerre, et au lieu de trois poques il n'y en aura qu'une ; car s'il n'y a pas destruction d'une poque et victoire de l'autre, il est clair que l'une ne cdera point la place l'autre, et qu'il n'y aura jamais qu'une seule et mme poque. Theories Essay! Bien plus, non seulement il n'y aura pas trois poques, mais mme dans une poque donne il n'y aura aucun progrs ; car les diffrences ne se fondront pas, et les diffrents peuples resteront ternellement dans l'abrutissement de l'ide exclusive qui les subjugue, et qui, bonne pour un temps, si elle ne se modifiait jamais, serait la condamnation de ce peuple une erreur perptuelle. Research On Rebecca! Ainsi un peuple n'est progressif qu' la condition de la guerre. Jfk Assassination Conspiracy Theories! Ce n'est pas moi qui le dis, c'est l'histoire : la guerre n'est pas autre chose qu'un change sanglant d'ides, coups d'pe et coups de canon ; une bataille n'est pas autre chose que le combat de l'erreur et de la vrit ; je dis vrit , parce que dans une poque donne une moindre erreur est vrit relativement une erreur plus grande ou une erreur qui a fait son temps ; la victoire et la conqute ne sont pas autre chose que la victoire de la vrit du jour sur la vrit de la veille devenue l'erreur d'aujourd'hui. Aussi, messieurs, quand deux armes sont en prsence, il se passe un bien plus grand spectacle que celui dont la philanthropie dtourne les yeux.
Elle ne voit que des milliers d'hommes qui vont s'gorger, ce qui est assurment un grand malheur. Paper On Rebecca J. Cole! Mais d'abord la mort est un phnomne qui n'a pas lieu seulement sur les champs de bataille ; et aprs tout, comme on research post modern literature, l'a dit, la guerre change assez peu les tables de mortalit. J. Cole! Et puis, ce n'est pas la mort qui est dplorable en soi ; c'est la mort injuste, injustement donne ou reue. Post Literature! Que mille cśurs qui battaient tout l'heure cessent de battre, c'est un fait bien triste ; mais qu'une goutte de sang innocent soit verse, c'est plus qu'un fait pnible, c'est un mal et un mal horrible. J. Cole! Un innocent qui prit doit mille fois plus exciter la douleur amre de l'humanit, que des armes de hros qui savent qu'ils vont la mort, et qui y vont librement pour une cause juste leurs yeux et qui leur est chre. Frederick Douglass Syntax! Il n'y a point d'iniquit dans les grandes batailles, il ne peut mme y en avoir ; car ce ne sont pas les hommes ni leurs passions qui sont aux prises, ce sont des causes, ce sont les esprits opposs d'une poque, ce sont les diffrentes ides qui, dans un sicle, animent et agitent l'humanit. Paper On Rebecca! Voil ce que la philanthropie ne voit pas, et ce qui a donn tant d'importance, tant d'intrt, tant de clbrit aux batailles. Victor Cousin , Cours de philosophie , 1840, 9e leon, p. Odessay Arena! 250-253. Nul ne peut matriser la guerre, car elle dcoule de la diversit inhrente aux socits humaines. Research Paper J. Cole! La guerre est donc / d'abord ncessaire et elle participe la vie des peuples et des poques.
Elle est ensuite utile, car en / mettant aux prises les peuples, elle fait se combattre les ides qu'ils incarnent, en faisant triompher une vrit nouvelle, et / en permettant ainsi le progrs de l'humanit. Par consquent, si la mort d'un innocent est tragique, la mort / sur le champ de bataille au nom de la justice ne saurait tre condamne que par une philanthropie aveugle. Rsumer en 200 mots le texte suivant. Jfk Assassination Conspiracy! Un cart de 10% en plus ou en moins sera accept. Les guerres entre clans, tribus, nations, communauts religieuses ou groupes ethniques diffrents ont t la rgle travers les poques et les civilisations, dans la mesure o elles s'enracinent dans les questions identitaires. Research! Ces conflits traduisent les particularismes et ne soulvent pas de problmes idologiques ou politiques plus larges susceptibles d'intresser directement des non-participants, bien qu'ils puissent, pour des groupes extrieurs, reprsenter un sujet d'inquitude sur le plan humanitaire. Elie Wiesel Night Essay! Ces affrontements tendent tre trs violents et sanglants parce qu'ils mettent en jeu des questions fondamentales d'identit.
En outre, ils ont tendance traner en longueur ; il arrive qu'ils soient entrecoups de trves ou d'ententes, mais en gnral ces dernires ne durent pas, et les combats reprennent. Research Paper J. Cole! D'autre part, en cas de victoire militaire dcisive de l'un des deux camps, les risques de gnocide sont plus levs lorsqu'il s'agit d'une guerre civile identitaire. Les conflits civilisationnels sont des conflits communautaires entre tats ou groupes appartenant des civilisations diffrentes. Douglass Syntax Essay! Des guerres civilisationnelles rsultent de ces conflits. On Rebecca J. Cole! Elles peuvent clater entre tats ainsi qu'entre groupes non gouvernementaux. Research Literature! Les conflits civilisationnels au sein d'un mme tat peuvent impliquer des groupes qui sont majoritairement localiss dans des zones gographiques distinctes, auquel cas le groupe qui n'a pas le contrle du gouvernement se bat en gnral pour obtenir l'indpendance et peut ventuellement se montrer prt accepter des compromis.
Les conflits civilisationnels au sein d'un mme tat peuvent galement impliquer des groupes qui sont gographiquement mlangs, auquel cas ce sont des relations perptuellement tendues qui drapent de temps en temps vers la violence, comme cela se produit entre hindous et musulmans en Inde ou entre musulmans et Chinois en Malaisie, ou encore cela peut donner lieu des combats proprement parler, notamment lorsque ce sont la dfinition mme et les frontires d'un nouvel tat qui sont en jeu, ainsi qu' des tentatives brutales pour sparer les peuples par la force. Les conflits civilisationnels sont parfois des luttes pour le contrle des populations. Research! Mais, le plus souvent, c'est le contrle du sol qui est en jeu. Odessay Arena! Le but de l'un des participants au moins est de conqurir un territoire et d'en liminer les autres peuples par l'expulsion, l'assassinat ou les deux la fois, c'est--dire par la « purification ethnique ». Research Paper On Rebecca J. Cole! Ces conflits ont tendance tre violents et cruels, les deux camps se livrant des massacres, des actes terroristes, des viols et des tortures. Essay! Le territoire en jeu reprsente souvent, pour l'un ou l'autre des deux camps, un symbole historique et identitaire trs marqu, une terre sacre sur laquelle ils estiment avoir des droits inalinables : ainsi la Cisjordanie, le Cachemire, le Nagorny-Karabakh, la valle de la Drina ou le Kosovo. Les guerres civilisationnelles prsentent un certain nombre de points communs avec l'ensemble des guerres communautaires. On Rebecca J. Cole! Ce sont des conflits qui s'ternisent. Wiesel Night Essay! Lorsqu'ils ont lieu au sein d'un mme tat, ils durent en moyenne six fois plus longtemps que les guerres entre tats. Research Paper On Rebecca J. Cole! Comme ils mettent en jeu des questions fondamentales d'identit et de pouvoir, on theories, a du mal les rsoudre par des ngociations ou des compromis. On Rebecca! Lorsque l'on parvient un accord, il n'est pas rare que certaines des parties d’un camp donn refusent d'y souscrire.
L'accord dure alors d'autant moins longtemps. Jfk Assassination Conspiracy! Les guerres civilisationnelles sont des guerres intermittentes qui peuvent passer de la violence la plus aigu la gurilla la plus larve et l’hostilit la plus latente, pour se rallumer ensuite brutalement. Research! Il est rare que les brasiers des haines communautaires soient totalement teints, sauf par le gnocide. I Do A Research! Du fait de leur tendance traner en longueur, les guerres civilisationnelles, tout comme les autres guerres communautaires, produisent en gnral de grands nombres de victimes et de rfugis. Paper On Rebecca! […] Nombre de ces guerres contemporaines sont simplement le dernier chapitre d'une longue histoire marque par des conflits sanglants, et la violence de cette fin de XX e sicle a rsist aux efforts pour y mettre fin de manire dfinitive. Wiesel Night! Au Soudan, par exemple, les combats ont clat en 1959, se sont prolongs jusqu'en 1972, lorsqu'on est parvenu un accord qui garantissait une autonomie relative du sud du Soudan, mais ils ont repris en 1983.
La rbellion des Tamouls au Sri Lanka a commenc en 1983 ; les ngociations de paix pour y mettre un terme se sont interrompues brutalement en 1991, mais elles ont repris en 1994, et on research on rebecca j. cole, est parvenu un accord de cessez-le-feu en janvier 1995. Douglass Essay! Quatre mois plus tard, les Tigres insurgs ont rompu la trve et se sont retirs des pourparlers de paix, si bien que la guerre a repris avec une violence redouble. On Rebecca! La rbellion des Moros aux Philippines a commenc au dbut des annes soixante-dix et s'est calme en 1976 aprs que l'on eut conclu un accord qui garantissait l'autonomie certaines rgions de Mindanao. Elie Wiesel Night Essay! Mais, en 1993, les explosions de violence n'taient pas rares et allaient en s'aggravant, aprs que les groupes insurgs ont rejet l'ensemble du processus de paix. Paper! Les dirigeants russes et tchtchnes sont parvenus un accord sur la dmilitarisation en juillet 1995 afin de mettre un terme aux hostilits qui avaient commenc au mois de dcembre prcdent. Odessay Arena! La guerre s'est interrompue pour quelque temps, mais elle a repris l'occasion des attaques tchtchnes contre des personnalits dirigeantes russes et prorusses, suivies de reprsailles russes, de l'incursion tchtchne au Daghestan en janvier 1996 et de l'crasante offensive russe dbut 1996. Les guerres civilisationnelles partagent avec les autres guerres communautaires les traits suivants : longueur dans le temps, niveau de violence lev et ambivalence idologique.
Elles en diffrent toutefois deux gards. Tout d'abord, les guerres communautaires peuvent clater entre groupes ethniques, religieux, raciaux ou linguistiques. Paper! Comme la religion est la principale caractristique identitaire des civilisations, les guerres civilisationnelles ont presque toujours lieu entre peuples appartenant des religions diffrentes. Frederick Douglass! Certains observateurs minimisent l’importance de ce facteur. Research On Rebecca! Ils insistent, par exemple, sur les facteurs ethniques, la langue commune, la coexistence pacifique dans le pass et le nombre lev de mariages croiss entre Serbes et musulmans en Bosnie, et ils cartent le facteur religieux en faisant rfrence ce que Freud appelait « le narcissisme des petites diffrences ». Syntax! Toutefois, ce point de vue est naf. Research Paper On Rebecca! L'histoire, depuis des millnaires, prouve que la religion n'est pas une simplement une « petite diffrence », mais la diffrence entre les peuples la plus profonde qui soit.
La frquence, l'intensit et la violence des guerres civilisationnelles sont nettement aggraves par les diffrences de foi religieuse. D'autre part, les autres guerres communautaires sont relativement localises et prsentent peu de risques de s'tendre jusqu' impliquer d'autres participants. Odessay Arena! En revanche, les guerres civilisationnelles clatent, par dfinition, entre groupes qui font respectivement partie d'ensembles culturels plus larges. Research On Rebecca! Dans un conflit communautaire ordinaire, le groupe A se bat contre le groupe B. I Do! Les groupes C, D et E n'ont aucune raison de s'impliquer, sauf si A ou B attaque directement leurs intrts. Paper J. Cole! Inversement, dans une guerre civilisationnelle, le groupe A1 se bat contre le groupe B1, et chacun des deux tente d'tendre la guerre et d'obtenir le soutien de ses proches « parents » savoir A2, A3 et A4 d'une part, B2, B3 et B4, d'autre part. Research Post Modern! Ces derniers leur tour s'identifient leur « parent ». Research Paper J. Cole! L'extension des transports et des communications dans le monde moderne a contribu mettre en place de telles connections, et donc « internationaliser » les guerres civilisationnelles.
Les migrations ont donn naissance des diasporas dans des tierces civilisations. Frederick Douglass Syntax Essay! Les communications permettent plus facilement aux parties en prsence d'appeler l'aide, et leurs « proches parents » d'apprendre immdiatement ce qui arrive leurs allis. Research! Le rtrcissement de la plante permet ainsi aux « groupes apparents » de fournir un soutien moral, diplomatique, financier et matriel aux parties en prsence. Samuel P. How Do I Do A Research Paper! Huntington , Le choc des civilisations , 1996, Quatrime partie, Chapitre X, tr. Research On Rebecca J. Cole! fr. Paper! J.-L. J. Cole! Fidel, G. Odessay Arena! Joublain, P. Research On Rebecca J. Cole! Jorland et J.-J. How Do Paper! Pdussaud, Odile Jacob, 2007, p. Research On Rebecca! 375-380.
Les guerres communautaires, mettant en jeu des questions identitaires, ont toujours constitu la norme dans l'histoire de l'humanit. Odessay Arena! / Lorsque ces guerres ont lieu entre groupes appartenant des civilisations diffrentes, elles deviennent des guerres civilisationnelles. On Rebecca J. Cole! / Celles-ci peuvent se drouler entre tats ou l'intrieur d'un mme tat, et ont gnralement pour but / le contrle d'un territoire symbole d'identit, par la mise en place d'une purification ethnique. Ces guerres partagent / plusieurs points communs avec les autres guerres communautaires : elles ont tendance s'terniser car rtives au compromis ; elles sont / extrmement violentes ; et enfin elles sont idologiquement ambivalentes. Nanmoins, deux caractristiques les en distinguent : premirement, dans les guerres civilisationnelles, / c'est la diffrence religieuse qui, plus que tout autre diffrence de nature culturelle, est le facteur dterminant ; et deuximement, / tandis que les guerres communautaires proprement dites se droulent localement, les guerres de civilisation ont une propension s'tendre / et prendre une dimension internationale. I Do A Research! En effet, les groupes culturellement proches tendent s'identifier l'un ou / l'autre des protagonistes et rejoindre ainsi le conflit, ce que facilitent d'autant plus les nouveaux moyens de / communication. Vous rsumerez le texte suivant en 100 mots (± 10 %). Vous indiquerez imprativement le nombre total de mots utiliss et vous aurez soin d'en faciliter la vrification en mettant un trait vertical tous les vingt mots. Research! Des points de pnalit seront soustraits en cas de non-respect du nombre total de mots ± 10 % utiliss.
La guerre n'est rien d'autre qu'un duel amplifi. How Do Paper! Si nous voulons saisir comme une unit l'infinit des duels particuliers dont elle se compose, reprsentons-nous deux combattants : chacun cherche, en employant sa force physique, ce que l'autre excute sa volont ; son but immdiat est de terrasser l'adversaire et de le rendre ainsi incapable de toute rsistance. La guerre est un acte de violence engag pour contraindre l'adversaire se soumettre notre volont. Pour affronter la violence, la violence s'arme des inventions des arts et des sciences. Paper On Rebecca J. Cole! Elle se fixe elle-mme, sous le nom de lois du droit naturel, des restrictions imperceptibles, peine notables, qui l'accompagnent sans affaiblir fondamentalement sa force. Trend Forecasting! La violence, c'est--dire la violence physique (car il n'en existe pas de morale en dehors des notions d'tat et de loi), est donc le moyen . Research Paper J. Cole! Imposer notre volont l'ennemi en constitue la fin . Forecasting Thesis! Pour atteindre cette fin avec certitude nous devons dsarmer l'ennemi. Research! Lui ter tout moyen de se dfendre est, par dfinition, le vritable objectif de l'action militaire. Forecasting Thesis! Il remplace la fin et l'carte en quelque sorte comme n'appartenant pas la guerre elle-mme. Ainsi les mes philanthropiques pourraient-elles facilement s'imaginer qu'il existe une manire artificielle de dsarmer ou de terrasser l'adversaire sans causer trop de blessures, et que c'est l la vritable tendance de l'art de la guerre. J. Cole! Il faut pourtant dissiper cette erreur, aussi belle soit-elle.
Car, dans une entreprise aussi dangereuse que la guerre, les erreurs engendres par la bont sont prcisment les pires. How Do I Do! Puisque l'utilisation de la violence physique dans toute son ampleur n'exclut en aucune manire la coopration de l'intelligence, celui qui se sert de cette violence avec brutalit, sans pargner le sang, l'emportera forcment sur l'adversaire qui n'agit pas de mme. Research Paper J. Cole! Il dicte par l sa loi l'autre. Trend Forecasting! Tous deux se poussent ainsi mutuellement jusqu' une extrmit qui ne connat d'autre limite que le contrepoids exerc par l'adversaire. C'est ainsi qu'il faut envisager les choses, et c'est un effort vain, absurde mme, que d'carter la nature de l'lment brutal en raison de la rpugnance qu'il inspire.
Si les guerres des peuples cultivs sont bien moins cruelles et destructrices que celles des peuples incultes, cela tient la situation sociale de ces tats, aussi bien entre eux que chacun d'entre eux. Research On Rebecca J. Cole! La guerre rsulte de cette situation et des conditions qu'elle impose : celle-ci la dtermine, la limite et la modre. I Do Paper! Mais ces aspects ne font pas essentiellement partie de la guerre, ils n'en sont que les donnes. Research Paper On Rebecca! Il est donc impossible d'introduire dans la philosophie de la guerre un principe de modration sans commettre une absurdit. Le combat entre les hommes se compose en ralit de deux lments distincts : le sentiment hostile et l' intention hostile . Essay! Nous avons choisi le dernier de ces deux lments comme caractristique de notre dfinition car il est le plus gnral. Research! Mme l'emportement de haine le plus sauvage, le plus proche de l'instinct, n'est pas concevable sans intention hostile. How Do I Do Paper! En revanche, la plupart des intentions hostiles ne sont jamais, ou rarement, domines par l'hostilit des sentiments. On Rebecca J. Cole! Chez les peuples sauvages prdominent les intentions appartenant au domaine du cśur, chez les peuples civiliss, celles qui relvent de l'entendement. Frederick Syntax Essay! Cette diffrence ne tient cependant pas la sauvagerie et la civilisation en elles-mmes, mais aux circonstances concomitantes, aux institutions, etc. Research On Rebecca J. Cole! Elle n'est donc pas ncessairement prsente dans chaque cas particulier, mais elle l'emporte dans la majorit d'entre eux.
En un mot, mme les peuples les plus civiliss peuvent se dchaner l'un contre l'autre, enflamms par la haine. On voit par l combien il serait faux de ramener la guerre entre les nations civilises uniquement un acte rationnel de leurs gouvernements, et d'imaginer qu'elle se libre toujours davantage des passions : au point d'en arriver se passer des masses physiques des forces armes au profit de leurs seuls rapports thoriques, en une sorte d'algbre de l'action. La thorie commenait s'engager dans cette direction lorsque les vnements des dernires guerres en montrrent une meilleure. Odessay Arena! Si la guerre est un acte de violence, la passion en fait aussi ncessairement partie. Research On Rebecca J. Cole! Si la guerre n'en procde pas, elle y ramne pourtant plus ou moins. Papers Post Modern! Et ce plus ou moins ne dpend pas du degr de culture, mais de l'importance et de la dure des intrts antagonistes. Lorsque nous voyons que les peuples civiliss ne mettent pas leurs prisonniers mort et ne ravagent pas villes et campagnes, cela est d la place croissante que prend l'intelligence dans leur conduite de la guerre.
Elle leur a appris un emploi de la violence plus efficace que cette manifestation sauvage de l'instinct. L'invention de la poudre, le dveloppement continu des armes feu montrent suffisamment qu'en progressant la civilisation n'a absolument pas entrav ou dtourn la tendance sur laquelle le concept de la guerre, celle d'anantir l'ennemi. Nous ritrons notre thse : la guerre est un acte de violence, et l'emploi de celle-ci ne connat pas de limites. On Rebecca! Chacun des adversaires impose sa loi l'autre. Douglass Essay! Il en rsulte une interaction qui, selon la nature de son concept, doit forcment conduire aux extrmes. Clausewitz , De la guerre , 1832, Chapitre 1, § 2 et 3, tr. Paper! fr. Literature! Nicolas Wacquet, Rivages poche, Petite Bibliothque, p. Research! 19-22. La guerre prend la forme d'une lutte collective dont le but est, par la violence, de vaincre l'adversaire / afin de le dominer. Ds lors, il est vain de vouloir faire la guerre par la seule intelligence, en limitant / ainsi la violence, car on odessay arena, sera dfait par un ennemi sans scrupules. Toute guerre implique une intention hostile, / qui dcoule soit d'un sentiment d'hostilit, soit de motifs rationnels.
Cependant, la guerre civilise, quoique moins cruelle, ne s'oppose pas / pour autant la guerre sauvage. Research! Non seulement la civilisation n'a fait que rendre plus efficace la violence, mais / elle n'empche pas [par ailleurs] les dchanements de haine. Rsumer en 100 mots le texte suivant. Research Papers! Un cart de 10% en plus ou en moins sera accept. La guerre est une lutte arme entre units politiques organises, la guerre civile est une lutte arme au sein d'une unit politique (remise en question de ce fait). Research On Rebecca J. Cole! La caractristique essentielle d'une arme est d'tre un moyen de provoquer la mort physique d'tres humains. Frederick! l'exemple du mot ennemi , le mot lutte doit tre entendu ici dans son sens original et existentiel. Research Paper J. Cole! Ce n'est pas une simple concurrence que ce mot dsigne, ni la lutte purement intellectuelle de la discussion, ni cette lutte symbolique dans laquelle finalement chaque homme est de quelque manire engag tout instant puisque les choses sont ainsi faites, et que la vie humaine tout entire est un combat et tout homme un combattant. How Do I Do A Research Paper! Les concepts d'ami, d'ennemi, de combat tirent leur signification objective de leur relation permanente ce fait rel, la possibilit de provoquer la mort physique d'un homme. Research Paper On Rebecca J. Cole! La guerre nat de l'hostilit, celle-ci tant la ngation existentielle d'un autre tre. Elie Essay! La guerre n'est que l'actualisation ultime de l'hostilit. Paper On Rebecca! Ceci n'implique pas qu'elle soit chose courante, chose normale, ni d'ailleurs que l'on y voie une solution idale ou dsirable ; elle reste nanmoins prsente ncessairement sous forme d'une possibilit du rel tant que la notion d'ennemi garde son sens.
Les choses ne se prsentent donc nullement comme si l'existence politique n'tait qu'une guerre sanglante et chaque acte politique une opration militaire, comme si sans cesse chaque peuple face chaque autre peuple tait accul de faon permanente l'alternative ami ou ennemi, comme si la dcision politiquement bonne ne pouvait pas tre celle qui prcisment vite la guerre. Wiesel! La dfinition que nous donnons ici du politique n'est ni belliciste, ni militariste, ni imprialiste, ni pacifiste. Research Paper On Rebecca J. Cole! Elle n'est pas davantage une tentative de prsenter la guerre victorieuse ou la rvolution russie comme un idal social, car la guerre ou la rvolution ne sont ni un fait social, ni un fait idal. Forecasting Thesis! Quant au combat militaire considr en lui-mme, il n'est pas la poursuite de la politique par d'autres moyens, pour rappeler la faon, d'ailleurs inexacte, dont on research, cite habituellement le mot clbre de Clausewitz ; il a, en tant que guerre, son optique et ses rgles propres, stratgiques, tactiques et autres, qui supposent cependant toutes que la dcision politique, celle qui dsigne l'ennemi, est un fait donn pralable. Odessay Arena! Dans une guerre, les adversaires s'affrontent en gnral ouvertement comme tels, ils se distinguent mme normalement par leur uniforme, et de ce fait la discrimination de l'ami et de l'ennemi n'est plus un problme politique que le soldat au combat aurait rsoudre. On Rebecca J. Cole! D'o la justesse de cette remarque d'un diplomate anglais, qui prtend que l'homme politique est mieux entran au combat que le soldat parce que l'homme politique se bat toute sa vie, alors que le soldat ne le fait qu'exceptionnellement. How Do Paper! La guerre est loin d'tre l'objectif, la fin, voire la substance du politique, mais elle est cette hypothse, cette ralit ventuelle qui gouverne selon son mode propre la pense et l'action des hommes, dterminant de la sorte un comportement spcifiquement politique. C'est pourquoi le critre qui consiste en la discrimination de l'ami et de l'ennemi ne signifie nullement non plus qu'un peuple donn sera ternellement l'ami ou l'ennemi d'un autre peuple donn, ou qu'une neutralit n'est pas chose possible, qu'elle est un non-sens politique. On Rebecca! Simplement, comme tout concept politique, le concept de neutralit, lui aussi, reste subordonn l'hypothse dernire, celle de la possibilit effective d'un regroupement en amis et ennemis ; et s'il n'y avait plus sur terre que de la neutralit, ce serait la fin, non seulement de toute guerre, mais aussi celle de la neutralit elle-mme, tout comme c'est la fin de toute politique, y compris celle d'une politique visant viter le combat, ds lors que l'ventualit concrte du combat disparat.
Les seuls facteurs dterminants sont l'ventualit de la situation dcisive, c'est--dire celle du combat rel, et l'acte de dcider si cette situation est donne ou non. Or, le caractre exceptionnel de cette situation, loin d'en annuler l'importance dterminante, fonde prcisment celle-ci. Trend Forecasting! Si, de nos jours, les guerres ne sont plus aussi nombreuses et aussi communes que jadis, en revanche, l'emprise totale et l'normit de leur puissance de choc s'est accrue dans la proportion o elles se sont faites moins frquentes et moins banales, et peut-tre plus encore. Research! Le cas de guerre est rest, jusque dans le prsent, l'preuve dcisive par excellence. Frederick Douglass! En cette occasion comme en beaucoup d'autres, on research on rebecca, peut dire que c'est la situation d'exception qui revt une signification particulirement dterminante, rvlatrice du fond des choses. Theories! Car il faut qu'il y ait lutte relle pour que se manifeste la logique ultime de la configuration politique qui oppose l'ami et l'ennemi. Research On Rebecca! C'est dans la perspective de cette ventualit extrme que la vie des hommes s'enrichit de sa polarit spcifiquement politique.
Un monde d'o l'ventualit de cette lutte aurait t entirement carte et bannie, une plante dfinitivement pacifie serait un monde sans discrimination de l'ami et de l'ennemi et par consquent un monde sans politique. Frederick! Ce monde-l pourrait prsenter une diversit d'oppositions et de contrastes peut-tre intressants, toutes sortes de concurrences et d'intrigues, mais il ne prsenterait logiquement aucun antagonisme au nom duquel on research j. cole, pourrait demander des tres humains de faire le sacrifice de leur vie et donner certains le pouvoir de rpandre le sang et de tuer d'autres hommes. Carl Schmitt , La notion de politique , 1932, tr. Post Literature! Steinhauser, Champs Flammarion, 1992, p. J. Cole! 70-73. La guerre est une lutte arme entre ennemis, qui a lieu entre ou au sein de groupes politiques, et qui / pousse l'hostilit son stade ultime, savoir anantir l'autre physiquement. Bien que possdant ses rgles propres, elle / est un phnomne essentiellement politique, ce qui ne signifie pas qu'elle soit un idal politique, mais seulement que tout / pouvoir politique doit l'envisager comme un moyen parfois incontournable de parvenir ses fins. Par consquent, un monde sans / guerre, autrement dit o rgnerait une stricte neutralit, serait en ralit un monde sans ennemis et donc apolitique.
Vous rsumerez le texte en 100 mots (+ ou - 10 %) . Si l’on peut comparer la guerre un jeu, c’est parce qu’elle est d'abord une comptition, / dans laquelle les hommes se reconnaissent comme des gaux, et o la victoire est plus recherche pour la gloire / qu’elle procure que pour ses bnfices conomiques ou politiques. Une guerre ne se dfinit donc pas par le seul / usage de la violence, car toute guerre contient un lment ludique, associ des rgles, et un lment de brutalit. Jfk Assassination Theories! / Il est vrai nanmoins que nous courons dsormais le risque, avec les guerres contemporaines, de voir disparatre l’aspect ludique / au profit de la seule violence.
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From ‘Lives’ to ‘Modern Love’: Writing Personal Essays With Help From The New York Times. If you’re a regular Times reader, you’ve no doubt enjoyed, and maybe even taught with, some of the 1,000-plus personal essays from the research paper on rebecca j. cole, Magazine’s Lives column, which has run weekly for decades. But did you know that NYTimes.com also regularly features personal writing on everything from love and family to life on campus, how we relate to animals, living with disabilities and navigating anxiety? In this post we suggest several ways to inspire your students’ own personal writing, using Times models as “mentor texts,” and advice from our writers on everything from avoiding “zombie nouns” to how do i do a research, writing “dangerous” college essays. And since we’ve linked to research, but a fraction of the how do i do a research paper, thousands of engaging personal pieces published in on rebecca the paper over the years, we also invite you to add your own suggestions in conspiracy the comments. Seven Ideas to Inspire and Improve Personal Essays. A look at research paper on rebecca j. cole, apps that help you document your daily life, through words, pictures and social media. By KIT EATON and douglass syntax essay, DALLAS JENSEN on Publish Date January 6, 2016. Paper J. Cole. . Watch in Times Video » Research suggests that recording our run-of-the-mill, daily experiences, rather than just our highs and lows, could bring us unexpected joy. And there are apps you can use to make doing that easier. Read “How Keeping a Diary Can Surprise You” to learn more — and frederick douglass syntax, check out what other teenagers told us back in 2011 when we asked, Do You Keep a Diary or Journal? But don’t stop at just journaling.
Go back, read over what you wrote, look for research paper j. cole, patterns and think about what these “personal stories” reveal about you. Research Modern Literature. A recent article on the Well blog suggests that writing and editing stories about yourself can help you see your life differently, and research paper on rebecca, actually lead to conspiracy essay, behavioral changes: The concept is based on the idea that we all have a personal narrative that shapes our view of the world and ourselves. But sometimes our inner voice doesn’t get it completely right. Some researchers believe that by writing and then editing our own stories, we can change our perceptions of paper on rebecca j. cole ourselves and identify obstacles that stand in the way of better health. Read about how personal story editing helped 40 college freshman at Duke University who were struggling academically, then think about wiesel night essay how you can use the research paper j. cole, techniques yourself. 2. Use current events and issues as a jumping-off point.
That’s what we’ve done every school day since 2009 with our Student Opinion question: we find an interesting article in The Times, pose a question about it, and odessay arena, invite any teenager anywhere in the world to research on rebecca j. cole, answer it. In fact, we’ve just published a list of 650 of those questions that ask for essay, personal and narrative writing, on research, topics like sports, travel, education, gender roles, video games, fashion, family, pop culture, social media and more. Visit the collection to get ideas and to access related Times articles to help you think more about i do each. Then, ask you yourself, what issues and current events do you care most about? How do they impact your life? What personal stories can you tell that relate to them in some way? For instance, maybe the impact of technology on our lives concerns you. Research On Rebecca. In our collection of prompts, you can find nearly 50 different ways we’ve taken that topic on, each linked to a Times article or essay on forecasting, the topic.
For just one example, though, you might read Gary Shteyngart’s essay “Only Disconnect”: With each post, each tap of the screen, each drag and click, I am becoming a different person — solitary where I was once gregarious; a content provider where I at research paper on rebecca, least once imagined myself an essay artist; nervous and constantly updated where I once knew the world through sleepy, half-shut eyes; detail-oriented and productive where I once saw life float by like a gorgeously made documentary film. Does it surprise you to realize this essay was written in 2010? Do you think his observations are even more true today? What stories do you have to tell about life online?
Another excellent place to glean ideas is the paper j. cole, Op-Ed page, where writers respond to the news of the day with occasional personal essays. In this one, a classic from 1999, a teenager reacts to the Columbine school shootings — then blamed in part on school cliques that made some feel like outsiders — with an essay headlined, “Yes, I’m in a Clique.” Or read this week’s “How to Vote as an Immigrant and douglass syntax essay, a Citizen,” an Op-Ed by the novelist Imbolo Mbue about what it means to her to vote on November 8 and, for the first time, have “a say in America’s future.” Other great places to look for research on rebecca j. cole, ideas other than our daily Student Opinion question and the Op-Ed page? Check the Trending lists, or visit our monthly Teenagers in The Times series. Our lesson plan, Writing Rules! Advice From The Times on Writing Well, compiles nine guidelines from many different Times sources on everything from douglass, “listening to the voice in your head” to writing with “non-zombie nouns and verbs.” But for one-stop shopping on the personal essay in particular, you might just read “How to Write a Lives Essay,” in which the paper on rebecca j. cole, author asks the magazine’s editors for a “single, succinct piece of advice” for getting an essay published in odessay arena the long-running column devoted to paper, personal stories. Here are a few of the answers, but read the how do i do, whole post to see them all: • More action, more details, less rumination.
Don’t be afraid of implicitness. J. Cole. And the trend forecasting, old Thom Yorke line: “Don’t get sentimental. It always ends up drivel.” • Meaning (or humor, or interestingness) is in specific details, not in broad statements. • Write a piece in which something actually happens, even if it’s something small. • Don’t try to fit your whole life into one “Lives.” • Don’t try to research paper on rebecca, tell the whole story. • Do not end with the odessay arena, phrase “I realized that … ” • Tell a small story — an evocative, particular moment. • Better to research paper j. cole, start from something very simple that you think is interesting (an incident, a person) and expand upon it, rather than starting from a large idea that you then have to fit into an short essay. For example, start with “the day the Santa Claus in the mall asked me on a date” rather than “the state of affairs that is dating in an older age bracket.”
• Go to the outer limit of your comfort zone in frederick douglass revealing something about yourself. • Embrace your own strangeness. How can you apply any, or all, of these pieces of advice to an essay you’re writing? 4. Borrow an opening line for inspiration. Back in on rebecca 2011, we ran a contest that invited students to Use Opening Lines From the Magazine’s ‘Lives’ Column as Writing Prompts. Frederick Douglass Syntax. Contestants were allowed to write stories, essays, plays, memoirs or poetry, and on rebecca j. cole, could use lines like these: It’s impossible to look cool when you’re part of a tour group. (From “In Too Deep”) Mornings are not our best family moments . (From “Mother’s Little Helper”)
Cosmic forces have a way of turning up the modern, heat to research paper, make us change. Post Modern Literature. (From “The Tractor Driver or the Pothead?” ) After you look at the full list of first lines, jump over to read the work of our winners, and see how they took first sentences like “I am parked in a rental car in front of the research on rebecca j. cole, house where I grew up,” and made them their own. Around Valentine’s Day that same year, we invited students to use first lines from the jfk assassination conspiracy essay, weekly Modern Love column as “passion prompts,” and that time we showed them how to take the basic idea from the essay and adapt it for themselves: We went out to the house last month to celebrate Valentine’s Day. But then the house exploded. Sentence starter: We went to research paper on rebecca, [place and how do paper, time] to research paper, celebrate Valentine’s Day. Thesis. But then… It was just another Saturday night on Queens Boulevard two years ago when Eddie Ellis and Gladys Corcino pulled up beside each other at a red light near 65th Street. Sentence starter : It was just another [day/time of the week] on/in [location] when [name] and research on rebecca, [name]… Scroll through all our choices from papers post modern literature, these two posts, or find your own opening line from a more recent Times essay to inspire you. How can you adapt it and research paper, make it your own?
5. Use images to spur memories and ideas. We’re all about images as inspiration on syntax essay, this site, and this year we even have a new daily writing feature called Picture Prompts, and a lesson plan about teaching with images to go with it. Scroll through the feature, and research on rebecca, either follow the elie wiesel night, prompts we suggest, or use any of the paper, images that catch your interest to odessay arena, write whatever you like. What memories does it inspire? What personal connection to the content can you make? What stories from paper, your own life does it remind you of? Other great places to frederick syntax essay, find images in The Times? • Lens, a Times site for paper, photography, video and photojournalism.
• The Lively Morgue, a Tumblr of images from the Times archives. • Looking at conspiracy essay, Our Hometowns, a 2013 Lens project that asked, “What would happen if you asked high school students to help create a 21st-century portrait of the country by paper on rebecca turning their cameras on trend forecasting, their neighborhoods, families, friends and research paper j. cole, schools?” Clare Connaughton, a high school student from Mineola, N.Y., reads from her college application essay about how shopping at thrift stores with her mother has gone from necessity to cherished pastime. By Deborah Acosta on Publish Date May 9, 2014. Photo by Michael Nagle for The New York Times. Watch in Times Video » Our lesson plan, Getting Personal: Writing College Essays for the Common Application, helps students explore the open-ended prompts on the Common Application, then analyze Times pieces that might serve as models for their own application essays. For example, take this prompt: “ The lessons we take from failure can be fundamental to later success. Recount an incident or time when you experienced failure. How did it affect you, and what did you learn from the experience? ” Here are some first-person Times essays that could serve as models for writing about the theme of failure: • “A Rat’s Tale”: A writer discusses her failure to be the sister her brother wanted and what she learned.
• “Pancake Chronicles”: An entertaining account of a disastrous first job. • “A Heartbroken Temp at frederick douglass syntax essay, Brides.com”: After a groom changes his mind, his would-be bride, with “no money, no apartment, no job” takes a position at research, a wedding website. Another source of inspiration is Ron Lieber’s annual contest for the best college essays that address issues of money, work and social class. These essays, as he wrote in 2015, are “filled with raw, decidedly mixed feelings about parents and their sacrifices; trenchant accounts of the awkwardness of straddling communities with vastly different socio-economic circumstances; and odessay arena, plain-spoken — yet completely affecting — descriptions of what it means to make a living and a life in America today.” You can find them all, by year, here: 7. Learn from more Times models on popular themes. What we’ve compiled below is just a very, very small taste of the thousands of essays you can find in The Times on paper j. cole, these topics. Please preview any that you assign to students to make sure they are appropriate. Most of the selections below are from the long-running Modern Love column, and begin with some winners of their college essay contest. You might also want to read some observations from the editor on “How We Write About Love” and frederick douglass syntax, his selection of “The 10 Best Modern Love Columns Ever.” And a Few Extras that Don’t Fit Neatly Into Any of the Previous Categories . Places to Find Personal Essays in The New York Times.
Lives: A place for true personal essays, this column has been running weekly in the Magazine for decades. Modern Love: A series of paper on rebecca j. cole weekly reader-submitted essays that explore the joys and tribulations of love. On Campus: Dispatches from college students, professors and administrators on trend, higher education and university life. Ties: Essays on parenting and research on rebecca j. cole, family from Well. Essay series from The Opinionator (some no longer taking submissions): • The Couch: A series about psychotherapy.
• Private Lives: Personal essays from writers around the wiesel night essay, globe, on the news of the world and the news of individual lives. • The Stone: A forum for contemporary philosophers and other thinkers on issues both timely and timeless. • Draft: Essays by paper on rebecca j. cole grammarians, historians, linguists, journalists, novelists and others on the art of writing — from the comma to the tweet to the novel — and why a well-crafted sentence matters more than ever in the digital age. • Townies: A series about conspiracy life in New York — and occasionally other cities — written by on rebecca j. cole the novelists, journalists and essayists who live there. • Disability: Essays, art and frederick syntax essay, opinion exploring the lives of people living with disabilities. • Anxiety: This series explores how we navigate the worried mind, through essay, art and research on rebecca j. cole, memoir. • Menagerie: Explores the strange and diverse ways the human and trend forecasting, animal worlds intersect. Metropolitan Diary: Short anecdotes about life in New York City. Complaint Box: Discontinued in 2013, this column was part of the on rebecca j. cole, City Room blog and simply asked New Yorkers, “What Annoys You?” More of douglass syntax essay Our Lesson Plans on Writing Personal Pieces. We’re interested in your feedback on this page.
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