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Pro gun rights essay

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architect essay The essays and articles below by seasoned thinkers provide a unique on-line resource for study. When these thoughts are read in combination with winning student essays, it is more then abundantly clear the pro gun rights scope and importance of the fact that architecture is a social art. Each year the Berkeley Prize Committee invites a distinguished professor or scholar in the field of amok perspective architecture or the related social sciences to essay, write about some aspect of the year#39;s Berkeley Prize topic. These essays serve several purposes: They are meant to essays from, help focus students#39; thoughts on the issues surrounding the year#39;s Question. They are a model for excellence in writing. They exhibit both how defined and how broad the range of possible response to pro gun, a Question. Anthony Schuman: Toward an Architecture of Solidarity. Architecture for the Public Good: A Photo Essay by the BERKELEY PRIZE Committee. Paul Broches: A Gentle Push Toward Design for Everyone. John Cary: 2011 Commencement Address, College of on the warrior ethos Environmental Design, University of California, Berkeley.

Benjamin Clavan: Creating Architectural Monuments. Charles Debbas: Zimbabwe Childcare Centers: A Collaboration between the International Child Resource Institute and Debbas Architecture. Tom Fisher: Public-Interest Architecture: A Needed and Inevitable Change. Lance Hosey: The role of the street in fostering social life. Nathan Koren: Architecture in Reverse: Building the Pyramid from the pro gun rights essay Top Down. Michael Pyatok: Personal Choices, Social Purpose. Mind Essay? David Salazar: studioMDA in New York City: Making Social Architecture a Reality. JUDITH LEE STRONACH UNDERGRADUATE TRAVEL SCHOLARSHIP winner Julian Daley on architects confronting poverty in Chile. Sophia Bannert#39;s winning BERKELEY PRIZE 2013 essay published on

A quick overview of 12 of the rights U.S. Pavilion exhibits at the Venice Architecture Biennale. Read about the current Venice Architecture Biennale and its theme of Common Ground that explores the relationship between construction and society and, as a result, the architect and society. Construction and Society From the current issue of ARCHITECT magazine, published in the United States in association with the gmat American Institute of rights Architects, a few words about the future of architectural discussion by the architectural critic for the NEW YORK TIMES that reinforces the idea that architecture is, ultimately, a social art. Social Agent/Expanding Architecture#39;s Discourse Jargon interferes with our appreciation of the dissertation and employee art that has perhaps the most impact on us. Why don#39;t we read about architecture? is the rights question asked by Allison Arieff in this recent online opinion piece - and yearly by the BERKELEY PRIZE. Arieff argues that jargon interferes with our appreciation of the art that has perhaps the most impact on us. (From the New York Times Opinionator blog ). Why Don#39;t We Read About Architecture The Curry Stone Design Prize was created to recognize that designers can be a force for improving people#39;s lives. Read about this year#39;s winners from around the world and how the prize not only rewards ingenuity, but it is also rewarding bottom up social change. (From Huffington Post#39;s IMPACT internet newspaper) Curry Stone Design Prize: Design with a Mission. The exhibition Design with the Other 90%: CITIES, organized by on motivation and employee performance the Cooper-Hewitt, National Design Museum, is currently on rights essay display through January 12, 2012 at the United Nations in New York City. Curator Cynthia Smith#39;s in-depth assessment, adapted from her catalogue essay, of the research that took her to Asia, Africa and Latin America explores innovations in humanitarian design and warrior describes how she found many examples of hybrid solutions that work to bridge the formal and informal city and to make the planet#39;s rapidly growing cities more just and essay humane. (From DESIGN OBSERVER, 10.20.11) . Read a review of mind essay this survey of Design for the Public Good from around the world in the New York Times.

In a shift from a time when New York City hired only the lowest bidders for civic projects, dozens of new city buildings have been designed by gifted architects. for the public good. One attempt at making city streets more pedestrian friendly by greening the hard cityscape quickly, cheaply, and creatively. One of the best summaries of the state of pro gun essay humanitarian design today, part of ARCHITECT magazine#39;s September 2011 issue on mind essay Natural Disasters: Architecture to the Rescue. BERKELEY PRIZE Committee Member John Cary on public-private art pieces. Pro Gun Rights Essay? Opinion piece by mind essay BERKELEY PRIZE Committee Member John Cary: Architect Barbie fails to address the very real gender gap in architecture.

Read the recent editorial, #39;Apple#39;s philanthropy needs a reboot#39;, co-authored by John Cary, a BERKELEY PRIZE Committee member. Read about pro gun rights essay, this United Nations effort to tie colleges around the world together in thesis proposal the pursuit of, among other ideals, the organization#39;s Millenium Development Goals. These precepts provide a foundation for the social art of architecture. Pro Gun Essay? It is not pretty, but here is some imaginative thinking about how to let cities grow naturally and incrementally. Read about an architect who has gained international fame by thinking about mind essay, design in its essence as first a social art. From one of the United States#39; premiere intellectual journals, an article about the pro gun essay need for more skyscrapers that barely addresses the issues of the day-to-day lives of persuasive essay all those who would be asked to call these new structures #39;home#39;. Eye-sores to rights essay, eye-catchers? A great audio piece about Privately Owned Public Open Spaces, little sacred spots scattered throughout the city, from the fabulous 99% Invisible. Contested semantics around calling the Cordoba a Mosque-Cathedral, and essays an asian american perspective the history of a place that has been sacred to two faiths.

Mad Men, the critically-acclaimed United State#39;s television series, is more than just a period piece about pro gun rights, Madison Avenue, New York in the 1960s. The social art of gmat analysis architecture hits the airwaves! A report on a current attempt to tie together sustainability and the social art of architecture in the Mid-East. The BERKELEY PRIZE is endorsed by the Department of Architecture, University of pro gun essay California, Berkeley.

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How to pro gun Write an Exceptional New-Grad Nursing Resume. Writing a new-grad nursing resume is a daunting task for most new-grads. The fear of essays warrior having no experience and being unqualified leaves many wondering what details to pro gun essay include. Mind Essay! Moreover, many new-grads wonder how to structure their nursing resume in a way that best conveys their current skill-set and value to prospective employers. As former recruiters, we reviewed thousands of new-grad resumes. In this blog post, we’ll draw on that experience to provide a comprehensive guide to creating an amazing nursing resume for new-grads. How to Structure Your New-Grad Nursing Resume. How you structure your resume has an pro gun rights essay, impact on its effectiveness.

Let’s first consider which headings to include on persuasive your resume. Rights! There are certain headings that every new-grad should include and other headings that will depend on whether or not you have any applicable details to include under those headings. Headings that every new-grad nursing resume should include (Required) Every new-grad resume should include the following headings (we’ll discuss why we recommend these headings and provide tips for proposal introduction each below): Summary Licenses and Certifications Education Clinical Rotations. Optional headings for pro gun essay your new-grad nursing resume. Each of the following headings should be considered and included based on whether or not you have relevant details to persuasive essay milk include: Work History Affiliations Volunteer Activities Honors and Awards Skills Summary Languages.

Now let’s take a look at pro gun, the ordering of the headings. Of course, your contact information should be at thesis proposal, the top of rights essay your resume. As usual, you should place the Summary as first heading on your resume. Next, include your Licenses and persuasive Certifications if you have already obtained them. However, if you have not already obtained them, then you may want to push this heading farther down the list under your Clinical Rotations. Next, include your Education followed by your Clinical Rotations. You will undoubtedly find many who recommend that you place your Work History first. Essay! Moreover, placing Work History before Education is the conventional standard.

As a result, it’s difficult for some to thesis proposal trust advice that recommends placing Education first. So, here’s our supporting argument… As a new-grad, you may not even have work experience. If you do, it’s most likely that you don’t have applicable work experience and pro gun rights essay even if you do have applicable experience, it’s most certainly not Registered Nursing work experience. You can’t obtain RN work experience without an RN license and essays on the you can’t get an RN license without first graduating from an accredited nursing program and essay passing the NCLEX. Moreover, your new-grad nursing resume should quickly convey that you are a new-grad. There is no point in trying to essays hide this fact. If employers are considering new-grads for an open position, then recruiters and hiring managers are going to be receptive to rights essay your situation.

If they’re not considering new-grads for analysis the opening and are instead requiring experience for pro gun essay the position, then they’re not going to be receptive to your situation. You’re not going to trick them by putting your CNA or EMT work experience ahead of your education. In fact, doing this could make your resume even less effective as reviewers receptive to new-grads may never even get to your new-grad status before passing on the resume. Perhaps more importantly, our recommendation is based on what was desired by the hiring managers we worked with. You will find corroboration for this recommendation from reputable sources all over the internet. For example, the sample new-grad resumes from California State University Chico and University of Texas San Antonio both have the headings listed in the order we recommend. Additionally, UC Davis Medical Center requires Education, Senior Preceptorship and Clinical Rotations on the resumes of all applicants to their nursing residency program. For further proof, let’s take a look at what a hiring manager had to say about new-grad resumes. As the dissertation on motivation and employee, Director of Workforce Development for pro gun Orange County Memorial Care University and a Board Member of the dissertation on motivation and employee, Association of California Nurse Leaders, Maria-Jean Caterinicchio, RN, MS said, “It (your resume) should state where you have done your clinicals and any certifications such as EKG and ACLS. You can also include any conferences you have attended beyond the classroom.” Your Clinical Rotations and Education are key components of your new-grad resume! That takes care of the 4 required headings.

The 6 optional headings can be ranked as you see fit. Remember, you should only essay, include these headings if you have substantial details to convey. And you may want to essays from an asian rank them in order of strength as they relate to pro gun rights the job in question. Mind Essay! For example, if you have experience working as a CNA in essay, a hospital setting, then your Work History should be given a higher ranking because it highly relates to perspective the job you’re applying for. Specific Details to Include on Your New-grad Nursing Resume. You’ll undoubtedly come across many people who recommend that new-grads use an Objective instead of essay a Summary on their resumes. The argument is that you really have nothing to summarize as a new-grad. Gmat Issue! However, we think that Objectives are an outdated resume heading that do nothing to advance your main objective of conveying why you’re the right person for the job. Moreover, you can include an objective within a summary if you’re intent on rights having one. Here are three articles from major publications that support summaries over objectives: Now, you may have heard that recruiters spend 6 seconds reviewing your resume.

While we doubt that they really spend that little time reviewing each resume, we certainly believe that the time they spend is american perspective very limited. Therefore, your goal is to make sure your resume can be easily scanned, starting with your Summary. You do not want recruiters getting stuck on your Summary by writing a big paragraph. Instead, use bullet points and pro gun try to keep each point at 1 to persuasive essay 2 lines . As for what to include in your Summary…It’s a good idea to state that you’re a new-grad. You might summarize your clinical rotations. You may point out rights, any special skills that you have, like second languages or computer skills. And, as mentioned previously, you may include an objective. We recommend listing each license and certification with the following information: Full name of the license or certification.

Full name of the issuing body of the license or certification. Expiration date of the license or certification if applicable. License or certification number if applicable. If your license is part of the Nursing Licensure Compact, then it should be indicated. Many nurses express privacy concerns over including their license numbers. On Motivation And Employee! Your nursing license number is made public through the state licensing board. It can easily be obtained using the basic information you provide on your resume. Pro Gun Rights! Adding it simply assists those recruiters and on the hiring managers who need to look it up for pro gun essay verification as a result of hospital/employer policy. Education for Your New-Grad Nursing Resume. You should display all of your relevant college education. So if you attended 2 colleges to attain your degree, then you should include them both.

Please do not include your high school education. We recommend including the following information for each pertinent education institution you attended: Full official name of the education institution. City and persuasive milk State Dates attended. Degree achieved. GPA if it was good. There are several other details in addition to these that you may want to include regarding your education. Essay! We’ve had many new-grads inform us that in their area, employers were interested in knowing their HESI or ATI scores. We recommend checking with your Nurse Educators or your school’s Career Guide to see what they recommend.

You may also wish to include relevant coursework and corresponding grades if you got an A. However, keep this brief and mind essay relevant to the job you’re applying for. Finally, you may wish to pro gun rights essay include any honors and awards you achieved if you would rather not place these items under their own heading. Clinical Rotations on gmat issue essays Your New-Grad Nursing Resume. Clinical Rotations are an extremely important part of your new-grad nursing resume. Pro Gun Essay! As illustrated above, hiring managers indicate that they want to see these details. Major teaching universities require that they be included on mind essay resumes submitted for their residency programs. Pro Gun Essay! We consider them the and employee, crux of your new-grad resume. At a minimum, you should include the following: Details to include about your clinical rotations.

Type of experience (Clinical Rotation, Senior Preceptorship, other). Start and end dates. Total number of hours worked. Name of the pro gun rights, hospital or institution. Dissertation And Employee! City and State. Pro Gun Rights Essay! Name of the unit/department (examples: Intensive Care Unit (ICU), Medical Surgical Unit (MS), Labor and proposal Delivery Unit (LD)). One common mistake to avoid when listing the name of the unit is listing the hospital specific unit name.

For example, the hospital specific unit name might be 3-West, but nobody outside the hospital knows what that means. Instead, list the type of unit it was as designated by the type of patients the unit took. In addition to the details above, we also recommend including the following information: Optional details to include about your clinical rotations. Facility type: Every facility has a technical designation. For example, most hospitals are “Acute Care Hospitals”.

Other designations include Long Term Care Facility, Long Term Acute Care Facility, Children’s Hospital, etc. Listing the facility type lets the pro gun essay, reader know without a doubt what the setting was. Number of beds in the facility. List the facility’s trauma designation if applicable. If the milk, facility was a teaching hospital, then include that information.

Number of beds on the unit you were assigned to. Trauma designation of the unit you were assigned to if applicable. Age range of the patients the unit cared for if applicable. Nurse to patient ratio on pro gun essay the unit. Type of essay charting system used at the facility and name of rights essay any EMR/EHR you gained experience with. The grade you received if it was an A.

As you may have noticed, many of the details we recommend are technical details pertaining to the facility and persuasive essay unit. These details convey so much about the setting you were in and the experiences you were exposed to with very few words. Pro Gun Rights Essay! So including them provides the essays from an asian, reader with a ton of useful information. Rights! Additionally, it demonstrates that you understand how import these details are to any healthcare organization, otherwise, you wouldn’t have listed them. Additional options for highlighting your clinical rotations. Finally, you may also wish to proposal introduction include specific details about the experience you gained while engaged with your clinical rotations. For example, did you have any experiences that might make you a more attractive candidate to the prospective employer? Did you learn anything specific about compassion for patients, team work, the importance of learning and pro gun essay growth as a new-grad RN? If you did, then try to offer the specifics to illustrate exactly what happened. You may also be able to relate your clinical rotation experience to mind essay specific goals or problems of the employer you’re applying to.

For example, maybe your research on the prospective employer turns up the fact that they’re seeking Magnet Status. If one of the facilities that you worked at during your rotations was seeking to achieve the pro gun, same goal, then you may be able to find some way to relate your experience to analysis essays it. Or, perhaps the prospective employer is trying to improve their HCAHPS score and one of the facilities you worked at essay, just achieved success with a similar endeavor. There are limitless possibilities with this option. The main idea is to try and relate your experience during clinical rotations to a real problem or goal faced by the prospective employer.

At this point, we’ve covered each of and employee performance our recommended required headings. Pro Gun! As you may have noticed, we’ve offered tons of options. So many that if you were to incorporate them all, then your resume would either be too crowded or too many pages. However, many of the details we offer are simply for your consideration. Introduction! It’s not required to include them all. Rights! So pick and choose the ones that work best for essays on the warrior you by essay researching the job in question and determining which details will be of most value to the prospective employer. Optional Details for Your New-grad Nursing Resume. As indicated above, each of the dissertation performance, following headings are optional for your new-grad resume.

You should decide whether or not to pro gun essay use them based on whether or not you have applicable details to provide for them. Let’s take a brief look at each of on the warrior them. If you have work history, which most college students these days do, then you should probably include some reference to rights essay it on your resume. Try your best to convey how the experience relates to nursing. This will be a lot easier to do if the on the warrior, experience was healthcare related. If all else fails, offer concrete examples of how you excelled at pro gun essay, time management, team work, compassion, service, collaboration, or communication. One important issue to consider regarding work history is stability.

Many college students work several jobs during their college career for any number of reasons. Too many short term stints may exhibit instability to prospective employers who are about to devote a large amount of resources to you. So you may want to explain short-term work stints or leave them off of your resume. You should definitely use the Affiliations heading if you are already a member of a professional organization related to nursing. For example, if you’re a member of the American Association of Critical Care Nurses, then prospective employers will want to know. You may also include relevant college organizations such as Sigma Theta Tau, or the Student Nurses Association. Of course, if the only organizations you belong to are scholastic, then you may choose to include them under your Education heading to save space. When listing your affiliations, consider including the amok essays from perspective, following details: Full name of the organization. Pro Gun Essay! Date joined. Your designation within the organization.

Any special duties. Organization conferences attended. Including Volunteer Activities is a great way to demonstrate compassion. Amok An Asian American! You may have volunteered for charity or at pro gun essay, a healthcare facility. Consider including the and employee performance, following details: Full name of the organization.

Dates of engagement. Quantify the number of hours volunteered. Description of duties and essay results you achieved if applicable. Any awards or recognition you received. If you have received many honors and awards, then giving them a special place on your resume may be warranted. The other option is to mix them in throughout your resume where applicable. Consider including the following details: Name or title of the award. Date received.

Organization received from. Significance of the award, or reason it was received. For most new-grads, a Skills Summary heading may not be warranted. Skills summaries are intended to thesis convey proficiency with specific skills. As a new-grad, you most likely haven’t achieved proficiency with any aspect of nursing.

However, if you have experience in a healthcare setting, then you may indeed be proficient with relevant skills. For example, you may be certified in phlebotomy or Crisis Prevention. In any case, if you haven’t achieved proficiency, then you may be better served by rights listing skills as details under the heading that pertains to where the skills were practiced. Additionally, you might consider utilizing a Skills Checklist during your job search. In case you’re not familiar, Skills Checklists are documents that allow healthcare professionals to analysis issue essays self-assess their skills pertaining to a specific profession or specialty within a profession. Pro Gun! They are commonly used by essays an asian american healthcare employers of all types to gauge their employees’ skill sets. BluePipes has over 100 comprehensive skills checklists that you can complete, save and download at your convenience. You can print them out and take them to job interviews in order to easily convey your level of expertise with hundreds of skills. Again, as a new-grad, it’s not advised to utilize a checklist for a nursing specialty like Intensive Care Unit because you most likely won’t have the required expertise. However, if you have experience as a CNA, Phlebotomist, or LPN, then you could use one of those checklists as a way to pro gun essay stand out from the crowd. These checklists are free to use on gmat analysis BluePipes.

So, join today to take advantage! A recent study by rights essay Wanted Analytics found that “bilingual” was the second most common skill listed on on motivation nursing job postings in the United States. If you speak multiple languages, then it’s definitely recommended that you include them under their own special heading! What Hiring Managers and Job Postings are Looking for pro gun essay in New-Grad RNs. It’s important to remember that experience, temperament, talents, and convictions vary from person to person. While all new-grads may share certain commonalities, they are all unique in their own ways. Similarly, it’s fine for new-grad resumes to share certain commonalities, but each should be unique in it’s own way.

As you’ve seen, we have strong opinions on the structure of your resume and mind essay we provide many recommendations on various details to pro gun include. However, we’re not writing the amok from an asian, resume for essay you. In fact, we strongly recommend against the boiler-plate phrases that have become so common as a result of online resume builders. So, when it comes to the meat of your resume, let the words of hiring managers and ethos job postings guide your efforts. In other words, find ways to relate your unique experiences to what hiring managers and job postings are looking for. Pro Gun Rights Essay! And always strive to essay milk provide concrete examples as opposed to rights essay generalizations. Assuming that you’re applying for essay milk a job through a job posting (as opposed to networking for a job), you should do your best to optimize your resume for the Applicant Tracking System (ATS).

We’ve covered how to do this in a previous blog post, so we won’t rehash it here. The bottom line is that you want to naturally include the key buzzwords and phrases used in the job posting in your resume. This way, you’re ranked higher by the ATS. Of course, you’re probably wondering what hiring managers are looking for! We’ve provided some examples above, but below are some direct quotes we found from interviews posted online. Pro Gun Rights Essay! These quotes validate what our own experience as recruiters taught us. “Knowing that new nurses are very green in thesis introduction, regards to pro gun their technical skills, we look to whether a nurse is on motivation and employee performance really ready to pro gun step into the profession. We are looking for those who are really interested in making life better for essays from an asian perspective people who are suffering.” Kimberly Horton, MSN, RN, FNP, DHA, Vice President and Chief Nursing Officer at rights essay, Mercy Hospital and Mercy Southwest Hospital in analysis essays, Bakersfield, California. “We expect our new nurse graduates to have the pro gun essay, basic fundamental nursing knowledge and we are also looking for essay compassion, a sense of teamwork, accountability and communication. Pro Gun Rights Essay! We look for an attitude of collaboration and communication.” Maria-Jean Caterinicchio, RN, MS, Director of Workforce Development for Orange County Memorial Care University and Board Member of the proposal, Association of California Nurse Leaders (ACNL) Always side on pro gun patient safety first.

Be open to feedback. Thesis Proposal Introduction! Use your resources, such as more experienced nurses, physicians and other members of your team. This will also help you build a support system. Always ask questions when you are unsure or don’t know something. Discuss your feelings and/or concerns with your unit leadership. From the first day on the job, be a team player. Essay! Greg Kingsley, RN, New Grad Nurse Recruiter, Emory Healthcare. With all of this in essay, mind, it’s important to remember that there is rights no one correct way to create your resume. We certainly hope this guide provides an idea of best practices as well as an idea of what you shouldn’t do. Perhaps most importantly, it’s important to remember that your resume is introduction just one facet of your job search. And while your resume is important, the rights essay, single most important thing you can do to gmat analysis land that first job, or any job for that matter, is NETWORK!

Estimates indicate 70% to 80% of all jobs are filled through networking. And it’s always best to operate with the “80-20 rule” in mind. Rights Essay! In other words, make sure that you’re focusing on networking as your main job-search activity because it’s most often the determining factor in success. From American Perspective! That’s why we created BluePipes in the first place…to give healthcare professionals a professional networking platform capable of rights essay providing unique career management tools designed to help them solve their unique career challenges. Join today, it’s free and easy!

5 Things that New Grad RNs and gmat analysis issue Experienced RNs Should Know About the rights, Job Market A New Grad RN recently shared their frustration with us. How to Write an Effective Nursing Resume Summary Writing an effective nursing resume summary is easier said than. 8 Things Every Nurse Ought to persuasive essay milk Know About Online Nursing Job Applications Applying online is the norm for nursing jobs. We provide. So my situation is a little different. I’ve been a Dental Assistant most of my life and decided to change careers. I have now achieved my RN. But it took me a lot longer than a traditional ADN program is supposed to take.

I had an pro gun, “issue” at the first school I started the nursing program at and ended up needing to find another school to complete the program. Dissertation And Employee Performance! Is this something I should include in my resume (as I see it as a negative thing) or how do I incorporate it to benefit my appearance? I don’t want to leave out info that can hurt me but I’m wondering if the info can hurt me if included. I agree with Kyle. List out your clinicals. Add a targeted bullet point under each one that relates to the job you are applying for. Learn about ATS. Pro Gun Rights Essay! Read the dissertation on motivation and employee, job posting.

What words are on rights there most? What qualifications MUST you have? What qualifications do they PREFER? All the ones you have – write them down. Yes, use their words. Also read their mission and values. Look through their website. Essays! Encorporate their values with yours.

A great place to do this is in your cover letter. What do you recommend to pro gun rights essay someone like me whose 19 years old. Has no work experience, this is my first career.. my resume would be completely blank pretty much. I know you said don’t include high school education.. buts that’s pretty much the only thing I’ve “accomplished” so far, I was an honor student, GPA 3.9, Received an gmat, award for academic excellence all 4 years, advanced diploma. And currently my GPA is pro gun rights essay 3.5, I haven’t graduated yet but will in OCT, 2016 with my associates degree in nursing. I’m applying to a new graduate residency program now, that will start in proposal, February. Please HELP! #128577; how can I make my resume better? Thanks for pro gun rights the inquiry Glenda. Essays Warrior! Most of the applicants to new graduate residency programs have similar circumstances. To make your resume stand out, be sure to include the details described above regarding your various experiences including clinical rotations and education.

You’re welcome to include your high school education. However, chances are it will not be considered. Rights! Just remember that most candidates are going to be in the same boat, so making sure you provide all the details hospitals like to thesis see (as described above) will help you stand out. I hope this helps! Great article! Finally people are talking about pro gun, New Graduate Registered Nurses and the job search!! The Struggle is VERY real for essays from new, old, reentry, and RN’s seeking a new specialty! Especially in oversaturated markets like California. I invite anybody who is seeking a job to join our Facebook Group RNInterview Tools. All are invited to rights share what worked for them, post questions, and seek support from amok essays an asian, others who understand.

Members are landing job offers all over and we could not be more thrilled. I definitely shared this article and have shared others from Blue Pipes in the past. Thank you for assisting all of pro gun us Nurses in our quest. Glad to hear the essay milk, article is useful and thanks for sharing, Melissa! Help! I just graduated in May 2016 and got hired as an RN in a hospital. Unfortunately, I resigned after a month as I felt so overwhelmed in the unit I was assigned to. Should I include that one month experience in my resume?

Thanks for sharing, Aleli and pro gun rights sorry to hear about the difficulties. Gmat! This is a tough situation. I believe most career consultants would recommend leaving the job off of your resume. Pro Gun Rights! This is and employee because you’ll most certainly be required to pro gun explain the introduction, short duration in any interview. Rights Essay! Moreover, the duration was so short that many employers wouldn’t even require an explanation for the gap in employment. That said, you may want to consider the instructions on job applications. Some hospitals have very stringent rules for entering work history on gmat essays their applications.

For example, they might require every employer for the past 7 years to be entered on the application regardless of duration and also require applicants to pro gun provide an explanation of mind essay any gaps in employment of greater than 1 month. There will be a signing statement in the application indicating you attest the information is accurate and complete. If they find out you left the job off the rights, application, it could result in a rescinded job offer. Mind Essay! Although the chances of this happening are slim. I hope this information helps!

Nursing is my second career. I taught elementary school before this. Should I include my education for that? Also, should I include teaching school in my work history? I taught for eight years in the same school, so it’s a good example that I can hold a job long term. Thanks! Congratulations on your new career, Priscilla. Previous work history and education are both optional for your new-grad nursing resume.

In your case, I highly recommend including them both as they are both excellent experiences to display. Pro Gun! However, be sure to keep them brief in order to highlight your nursing skills. I hope this helps! Hello, I was wondering how do I include my phlebotomy certification on my resume if it doesn’t have an expiration date? If you are formatting your own resume, you can simply add the license without expiration dates.

However, I’m wondering if you’re using BluePipes to amok from perspective format your resume? Please let me know if so. Rights! Thanks! Hi i’m just wondering do you have an example resume with all the information you have listed here for preview? thank you! My apologies, but we don’t have a sample. We’ll work on amok from an asian american creating though. Thanks!

How about pro gun, information on building a new-grad RN Cover letter? When listing previous certifications and licenses, should you list the initial date of obtainment or expiration/ renewal date? Also, regarding Applicant Tracking System, what is the rule regarding parenthesis ()? I ask because in my certifications I have ACLS, PALS, and a bunch of other alphabet soup acronyms. Should I use (ACLS) after Advanced Cardiac Life Support? Good questions! There are no steadfast rules, but we recommend listing the expiration dates.

On our resume builder, licenses are listed with both the essay, acronym and name. For example: ACLS – Advanced Cardiac Life Support. That said, most resume parsers are quite advanced these days, so they should be able to contextualize what is meant by “(ACLS)”. Pro Gun Rights! However, as illustrated above, it’s not necessary to use the parentheses if you don’t want to. I hope this helps! Help! I work in a long term care nursing facility as an RN for about a year and half now. This is my first nursing job and proposal nursing is rights essay my second career. What can you suggest in writing my resume? Are my clinical rotations still relevant?

Thanks. There isn’t a steadfast rule that applies to your question. Thesis! I think it’s fair to essay say that most recruiters and essays on the warrior ethos nursing career advisers would say that your clinical rotations shouldn’t be added to your resume after a year and a half of working in an LYC facility. That said, you might still list it in an effort to rights land a job in from an asian perspective, a new-grad training program.

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Three Phases of Resistance: How Hezbollah Pushed Israel Out of Lebanon. “Israel is a rapist enemy that we will continue to fight until the raped land is returned to its rightful owners” declared Hezbollah in the 1980’s, and initiated a violent struggle that would begin in pro gun rights essay 1982 and persist to amok an asian perspective this very day.[1] It was a struggle that would claim thousands of rights Lebanese and Israeli lives and eventually force Israel out of Lebanon after 18 years of occupation. It is dissertation on motivation a struggle that has been and still is subject to much scholarly work. Most of the literature, however, revolves around Israeli responses to Hezbollah’s guerrilla war and its failures in defeating the group.[2] Another significant part of the literature deals with the shifts in Hezbollah’s ideology and its variant of political Islam.[3] Conversely, this essay will assess Hezbollah’s strategy to rights liberate south Lebanon from Israel, in the period 1982-2000. While there are many explanations, I argue that Hezbollah’s strategy was successful in liberating south Lebanon mainly because of its ability to introduction secure a strategic relationship with a patron and arouse and maintain popular local support, as well as its novel methods of fighting the IDF in Lebanon and manipulating the rights essay Israeli public. I set out by defining the concept of strategy and place it in a Guerrilla context. I then proceed to analysis analyse the three distinct phases; 1982-1985, 1985-1990, and 1990-2000, and rights, ultimately draw conclusions on my main findings. A plethora of different definitions of strategy exist in the literature.

Most have assumptions by von Clausewitz or Liddell Hart at their core, and then proceed to add more layers. Clausewitz defined strategy as ‘the use of engagement for the object of war’, while Liddel Hart called it ‘the art of amok perspective distributing and essay, applying military means to fulfil the ends of a policy’.[4] Others, most notably, Edward Luttwak, in his work, ‘Strategy: The Logic of essay War and Peace’, argued for emphasising the operational level in between the strategic and the tactic level.[5] In a similar style, Michael Howard suggests strategy should be divided into four dimensions: the operational, logistical, social, and technological.[6] In its most basic form, strategy is divided into grand strategy, strategy and tactics.[7] For the pro gun rights essay purpose of this essay, however, I shall deal with three levels of strategy, namely grand strategy, strategy, and grand tactics. Grand strategy is the highest level of strategy, in which all the overarching aims are stated. Warrior. At this level, diplomatic, economic and political issues are factored in so as to support the realization of the aims of grand strategy. Pro Gun Essay. At the strategic level, a subset of goals is milk defined, which define the military and political goals. At this level, priorities and specific objectives are agreed upon, and economic resources as well as manpower are distributed accordingly. At the grand tactics level, choices are made as to which type of warfare is most likely to yield the desired goals of the military campaign, taking into account the prevalent conditions such as military and economic strength, as well as topography.[8] Often, as in the case of Luttwak, the operational level is pro gun essay included between the strategic and tactical level, and is commonly described as’ the theory of larger unit operations’, which plays a significant role in regular warfare.[9] Similarly, regular warfare is influenced heavily by tactics, i.e. the mind essay ‘military units attempt to push forward the goals of the campaign in the specific circumstances in rights which they find themselves.’[10] Both levels, however, relate mostly to the kind of warfare, which armed forces of nation-states conduct and are less relevant to Hezbollah’s guerrilla style.

Instead, the mind essay term ‘grand tactics’ will be employed. While strategy theory is rights essay useful for studying guerrilla movements, it arguably revolves around the essays warrior ethos conduct of pro gun state-to-state warfare. Since Hezbollah was, and strictly speaking still is, a non-state actor, a few key-points of strategy for persuasive, the non-state actor in irregular wars of resistance should be added. In his 1937 work ‘On Guerrilla Warfare’ – referred to pro gun as ‘the basis for today’s guerrilla forces’ -Mao Tse-tung puts forth his ideas on resistance strategy.[11] At this time Tse-tung was himself leading a resistance effort dedicated to liberating China from the Japanese invaders, and he was thus uniquely fit to advice other guerrilla movements in this art. Tse-tung’s manual for guerrilla warfare is essays on the ethos comprehensive, but these are the crucial points: For the resistance movement to be successful, it must achieve internal unity, then it must ‘arouse’ the people -that is gain the sympathy of the people- followed by the equipping of pro gun its forces and the establishing of bases. On the strategic level Tse-tung advises the guerrilla group to ‘adopt the policy of a protracted war’ in order to demoralize the enemy. On the essay milk grand tactics level, the pro gun rights essay guerrilla group must retain initiative, employ surprise attacks at the enemy rear and gmat analysis issue, generally seek to ‘deceive, tempt, and confuse the enemy’.[12]

In the essay following chapters, I will thus assess Hezbollah’s strategy in liberating south Lebanon on on motivation the three aforementioned levels of strategy from the school of conventional warfare, combined with the strategic teachings of rights essay Tse-tung’s guerrilla manual. While Hezbollah’s goals weren’t officially declared prior to 1985, the fighting for them began in 1982 when it emerged. As we shall see, the gmat analysis issue period 1982-1985 clearly displayed Hezbollah’s visions as well as its ability to perform guerrilla strategy and grand tactics. An analysis of Hezbollah’s strategy in liberating Lebanon would be incomplete without the period 1982-1985, taking into pro gun rights consideration that the movement in this period reached major strategic goals, such as the analysis issue essays ousting of Israel from most of Lebanon, achieved through novel grand tactics exemplified by rights essay the suicide car bombs. Phase One: Setting up Shop, 1982-1985. Formed in 1982, Hezbollah emerged as a result of three main factors:

Firstly, the Shia Muslims of Lebanon had long felt politically and essays, economically marginalized and dominated by other ethnic groups, mainly the Maronite Christians.[13] Secondly, the 1979 Iranian Revolution brought about a revolutionary regime in Tehran eager to export its brand of Islamic revolution to pro gun rights essay the Arab world.[14] Thirdly, and essay milk, perhaps most importantly, Israel had invaded Lebanese territory all the way up to Beirut, in rights an effort to destroy the PLO and install a friendly government.[15] As former Israeli Prime Minister, Ehud Barak, put it: “When we entered Lebanon… there was no Hezbollah. Essays An Asian. We were accepted with perfumed rice and essay, flowers by the Shia in the south. It was our presence that created Hezbollah.”[16] It was these three first factors that laid the fertile ground for proposal, Hezbollah to come into existence, but it was the decision of the rights essay main militant Shia group in dissertation on motivation and employee performance Lebanon, Amal, to pro gun compromise, that sparked action.

Angry that the Amal leader, Nabi Berry, had agreed to essays from american join a ‘national salvation committee’ under President Elias Sarkis – which included Israel’s Christian ally, Bashir Gemayel, Amal’s second in command, Hussain Mussawi, split from Amal. Along with other Islamists, he moved to the Bekaa Valley region, where forces of the pro gun rights Iranian Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC) had just set up camps. 5000 IRGC men had initially come to support their Syrian allies in the fight against Israeli forces. But when they arrived, the fighting between Syrian and Israeli forces in the Bekaa Valley had already ceased. Fearful of losing power in Syria and aware of the costs to gmat analysis issue equipment and manpower, Hafez al-Assad refused to let Tehran spark further war with Israel from Syrian territory.[17] Tehran and pro gun rights essay, Damascus did, however, agree that the Iranians would be permitted to set up a Lebanese resistance movement to fight the Israelis. Persuasive Essay Milk. In exchange for the Iranian toehold in Lebanon, the Syrians would receive an annual free 9 million tons of Iranian oil. Rights. Gradually, under the wings of IRGC, a ‘loose coalition’ of proposal former Amal members, Lebanese Dawa party, Lebanese Union of Muslim Students, and other small Shia factions were molded into essay an organization.[18] Still a loose coalition, various wings argued for different goals and different means. According to Naim Qassem, Hezbollah’s second in on the warrior command, this period from pro gun rights essay 1982-1985 was a phase in which the dissertation on motivation performance organization was still crystallizing a political vision.

One issue was clear, however: all factions agreed on the establishment of an Islamic State in Lebanon. [19] With the exception of the Islamist objective, a fully-fledged grand strategy was still only visible in the contours as the organization had yet to achieve internal unity and pro gun rights, was to a large degree an thesis introduction Iranian-controlled affair. As a first move, in an effort to establish bases (as professed by rights essay Tse-tung), the infant organization seized barracks and municipal offices in Baalbek and expelled soldiers of the Lebanese army. It became the headquarters for the IRGC in Lebanon. The first major operation followed soon after. ‘Who would want to blow themselves up’ laughed Bilala Sharara, a high-ranking member of Lebanese Fatah, when Imad Mughniyah requested explosives for his novel plan to amok essays from an asian attack Israeli targets with suicide car bombers.[20] Many were willing to die a martyr’s death, it turned out. In a surprise attack on the Israeli Defense Forces (IDF) headquarters in Tyre, southern Lebanon, a Hezbollah suicide car bomber killed 75 Israeli officials and an additional 14 Arab prisoners.[21] The suicide car bombs became the crown of rights Hezbollah’s grand tactics in mind essay its early years and it would pay off. In April 1983, the US embassy in pro gun Beirut a suicide car bomb left 73 people dead, including 16 Americans. In response, American diplomats increased efforts to reach a peace-deal between Lebanon and Israel. The peace deal was foiled by mind essay Hezbollah and rights essay, Syria.[22] Six months later, a double attack directed at a US Marines barracks and a French Paratroopers headquarter in Beirut killed 241 Americans and 58 French soldiers. The attack caused President Ronald Reagan to ‘redeploy’ and pull American troops from the Multinational Force in Lebanon (MNF), an persuasive milk international force tasked with improving Lebanese stability, which was then dissolved. [23] Within just a few months, Hezbollah’s grand tactics had paid off, and the goal of pushing the US and France out of Lebanon – still undeclared at this point – was achieved.

More attacks on Israeli targets soon followed. Over 600 Israeli servicemen were killed in suicide car bomb attacks between 1982 and 1985, almost three times as many would be killed in the ensuing 15 years.[24] This prompted Israel to withdraw from pro gun Beirut to the very south of Lebanon and keep a small 328-square-miles strip of land, which was retained for security purposes and aptly named ‘The Security Zone’. The attacks on Western and Israeli targets increased Hezbollah’s standing in the Shia environment and ensured Hezbollah growing support in the Shia-inhabited slums of essay milk Beirut. In sum, the grand strategy of Hezbollah was still in pro gun the making in this period, although it can be argued that Hezbollah did secure strategic alliances with Iran –and Syria to a degree- which ensured a steady stream of mind essay arms and funding. On a strategic level, the political goals of pushing out France and the US were achieved, as well as forcing Israel out of most of Lebanon. In terms of grand tactics, the novel idea of suicide car bombs was highly efficient in this period, and the attacks were carried out rights, professionally, taking the mind essay enemies by surprise, as advised by Tse-tung in his manual to guerrilla movements.

Phase Two: From Cat’s Paw to Lion’s Roar, 1985-1990. While Hezbollah in the early 1980s ‘existed less as a concrete organization than as a cat’s paw of Iran’, the period from 1985 to 1990 witnessed a stronger and more unified Hezbollah.[25] In the pro gun rights essay grand strategic theatre, Hezbollah made public their visions in a declaration called ‘An Open Letter to the Downtrodden in Lebanon and the World’. The declaration presented Hezbollah’s overarching goals in a ranked manner: Hezbollah vowed to fight a ‘progressive confrontation’ until achieving the goals of 1) expelling Israel from Lebanon, as a prelude to its total destruction, 2) expelling any American and essays an asian, French presence, thus ending colonial rule in Lebanon, 3) bringing the Phalangists to justice for pro gun essay, their crimes against Muslims and finally 4) installing an Islamic System as the system of government in Lebanon.[26] The only way to reach these goals was through ‘violence in the name of jihad’.[27] And violence kept engulfing Lebanon. Adding to Hezbollah’s grand tactics toolkit – which already included the successful suicide car bombs – the use of kidnappings and hijackings were introduced. With the collapse of the Lebanese army and in the absence of central government from February 1984, Hezbollah initiated a string of kidnappings. A month later, Americans, Britons, and French foreigners had been kidnapped.

Four years later, in 1988, a total of 80 foreigners had been kidnapped.[28] The kidnapping-tactic served a dual purpose: One the one hand, according to Ahmad Hamzeh, the kidnappings were ‘considered a form a terror that ultimately attacks men’s minds by convincing the people that the thesis proposal revolutionary movement or militant movement is powerful and the state is weak.’[29] It was thus a message to the Lebanese that they were better off supporting Hezbollah since the state had no power, as well as a way of showing the Israelis the magnitude of Hezbollah’s power and that they could continue their operations with impunity. On the other hand, the kidnappings would sometimes serve as a way to secure political goals. While Tehran didn’t control the kidnappings, the hostages’ fate was often ‘manipulated to serve the interests of pro gun rights essay Hezbollah’s sponsor, Iran.’[30] In one famous case, The Iran Contra Affair of 1986, it was revealed that the US was willing to trade arms to Iran in return for dissertation on motivation and employee performance, the release of Americans being held by Hezbollah in Lebanon.[31] Similarly, the hijackings of commercial airplanes, including those of the American Trans World Airlines (TWA) in 1985, and the Kuwaiti in 1984 and 1988, intended to achieve political goals. In both cases Hezbollah was trying to rights essay secure the mind essay release of pro gun Shia militants being held in Israel and Kuwait.[32] The hijacking of the American TWA was a huge success and resulted in the release of over essay 700 Shia prisoners from Israeli prisons, though Israel absurdly denied any connection between the pro gun rights prisoners’ release and the hostage-takers’ demands.[33] While Hezbollah enjoyed success in the struggle against dissertation on motivation the foreigners with the use of its new weapons– the kidnappings and hijackings –the domestic scene presented the group with two strategic threats: The fallout with the Shias in the south and the war with Amal. Having increasingly moved operations into south Lebanon during the 1980’s, Hezbollah found itself becoming more and more alienated with the inhabitants of the south, and risked losing the popular support of its environment, which the group depended on. Rights Essay. It wasn’t on accounts of anti-resistance sentiments, as the population was fully behind the attack on Israel. Instead, it was because the population had to bear the burden of the Israeli reprisal attacks, which laid houses waste and killed family members. Furthermore, the strict Islamist ways of Hezbollah meant that loud music, dancing, and alcohol consumption were banned, and even coffee shops closed down. [34] Hezbollah would later devise a strategy to cope with issues of lacking popular support in the south (this will be discussed in the next phase).

The other serious threat facing Hezbollah was the rivalry with the Syrian-backed militia, Amal. As Palestinian guerrillas began returning to Beirut from persuasive essay 1985 onward, Amal was determined not to let them regain the hold over Lebanon they enjoyed prior to essay the Israeli invasion in 1982. In an persuasive effort to eliminate PLO presence in Lebanon, Amal began attacking Palestinian militias in a bid for control of the Sabra and Shatila camps. On a matter of principle, Hezbollah opposed the attacks on the Palestinians and pro gun essay, came to their rescue. Adding fuel to the fire was the Amal decision to assist Israel and the UN in trying to amok essays an asian perspective find a high profile UN member, who had been kidnapped by a Hezbollah-affiliated group. [35] Finally, in rights essay 1988, it descended into essays from an asian all-out war between Hezbollah and Amal. Essay. The result was a devastating blow to Hezbollah, in which it lost scores of men and was expelled from south Lebanon and banned from milk attacking Israel. After a recuperation period of 6 months, Hezbollah went on the attack and were able to push Amal out of a number of pro gun areas. In the mind essay end Iran and Syria, supporting each their group, intervened and brokered a peace agreement between the pro gun rights two sides. Hezbollah would be allowed to single-handedly continue the resistance against dissertation and employee performance Israel in pro gun rights return for promising not to seek political domination in Lebanon or work towards establishing an Islamic State.[36] Further strengthening Hezbollah’s position was the conclusion of the Lebanese Civil War with the signing of the Taif Accords, which stipulated that all militias must be disbanded. Hezbollah signed the accord, but maintained their armed forces, justifying the move by referring to them as ‘Islamic resistance groups’, not militias, who were committed to liberating Lebanon from Israel’s occupation.[37]

In sum, this period from 1985-1990 was characterized by the public declaration of performance Hezbollah’s grand strategy, including liberating Lebanon from foreign powers and destroying Israel. Pro Gun Rights. The latter part of the period did, however, also exhibit the increasingly pragmatic approach of Hezbollah, in its promise to and employee Syria of disbanding or toning down its vision of pro gun essay establishing an essay Islamic State in pro gun essay Lebanon. On the strategic level, Hezbollah struggled to and employee performance keep its position of power in the face of growing dissatisfaction among south Lebanese inhabitants, as well as contend with the strong Shia rival group, Amal. On the grand tactics level, Hezbollah enjoyed success with the use of kidnappings and hijackings, using these as leverage against foreign powers to secure the rights essay release of fellow Shia militants. However, as we shall see in the next part, Hezbollah would have to introduce new tactics and new weapons to eventually force Israel out of from an asian american perspective Lebanon. Phase Three: The Sole Resistor, 1990-2000. This third and final period saw Hezbollah emerge as the main actor in the resistance against rights Israel[38]. It began to focus more on securing public support through social welfare, infrastructure building, and propaganda. New grand tactics were also devised, introducing the use of the roadside bomb, the anti-tank missiles and the Katuysha rockets. Finally, the end of the period demonstrated a Hezbollah with a keen eye towards the Israeli public.

With the end of the struggle against essays on the warrior ethos Amal and pro gun essay, the conclusion of the Lebanese Civil War, Hezbollah was free to continue the resistance against Israel. However, as mentioned, the group’s acts of resistance and the ensuing harsh Israeli reprisals coupled with the strict Islamic rules imposed on the public of essay milk south Lebanon, risked alienating Hezbollah from its core constituents. Hezbollah’s respond to this strategic threat was comprehensive: A social welfare and reconstruction program, the Jihad al-Binaa, financed by Iran, was initiated and would greatly increase the movement’s popularity.[39] Hezbollah was now running schools, hospitals and hosting cultural events, as well as supplying badly needed infrastructure such as sewage services, gas and electricity provision etc.[40] In 1992 alone, Hezbollah distributed more than 2,9 million dollars to some twenty thousand families, who were either bereaved or poor.[41] The focus on reconstruction was particularly visible following the Israeli bombing campaigns in rights essay 1993 and 1996.

Each time, Hezbollah would move immediately to ethos the affected area and pro gun essay, commence the rebuilding of houses. Reportedly, every single home damaged or destroyed by the Israelis from 1991 onward, was rebuilt by Hezbollah, with the reconstruction commencing the day after an attack. According to Hezbollah’s second in persuasive essay command, Naim Qassem, this amounted to pro gun rights essay 17.212 homes rebuilt, in the period 1991-2005.[42] Qassem further explains that the social work ‘…served to relieve the Resistance of a considerable burden in assisting the populace in their endurance of thesis proposal Israeli aggression…’ and further ‘to enrich supporters’ confidence in the Party’s cause’[43] To further increase its chances of winning the pro gun essay hearts and minds of the issue population -vital to any resistance group- Hezbollah gradually established a wide-ranging propaganda machine: Al-Ahed , the essay newspaper, Al-Nour , the dissertation on motivation and employee radio station and most importantly, the pro gun essay TV-station Al-Manar .[44] Using these platforms, Hezbollah would often display Israeli destruction of Lebanese homes followed with pictures of Hezbollah rebuilding the very same homes. This meant that as Israeli attacks increased – and with it collateral damage and lost homes, Hezbollah grew more popular, which, according to Sergio Catignani, proved ‘crucial in winning the hears and minds of from an asian american local Shia population.’[45] The importance of Hezbollah’s propaganda efforts are underscored by pro gun the statements of Hezbollah leader, Hassan Nasrallah, asserting that victory would not have been achieved without Al-Manar.[46] However, as important as popular support is for from an asian american perspective, a guerrilla organization, it cannot on its own force an invader out. In Hezbollah’s case, the right kind of violence was needed. By the late 1980’s, Hezbollah had realized that the pro gun essay use of terror had largely served its purpose. Proposal Introduction. It had driven the enemy into retreat – Israel now controlled only a small strip of land in south Lebanon – and secured bases from which the guerrilla operations could be carried out.[47] Instead, the essay group began focusing more on ambushes, booby traps and short military engagements. While various new approaches to the military struggles and new weapons were introduced, the crucial additions to Hezbollah’s grand tactics toolkit were the ‘trinity’: The roadside bomb (RSB), the anti-tank missile, and the Katyusha rocket.

The RSB instilled fear in the minds of the Israeli soldiers and with good reason. In 1998, 60 RBS’s claimed the lives of sixteen Israeli soldiers and wounded another fifty, accounting for 30% of proposal IDF fatalities that year. Rights. The following year, the RBS was responsible for 75% of all IDF deaths, claiming 23 lives. The RSB wasn’t just an extremely lethal weapon; it furthermore had a deep psychological effect on Israeli soldiers. Earlier on, soldiers would take some comfort in the fact that they would be able to see the on the warrior ethos enemy attacking them. With the introduction of RSB’s, every patrol could prove lethal, as any rock along the road could potentially be an RSB.

This fear manifested, for instance, in pro gun rights essay soldiers walking by foot between villages in an effort to discover any ‘extra rocks’ on the way.[48] Similarly, the anti-tank missile, while less deadly than the RSB, caused the IDF great trouble. The Israeli-made Merkava tanks had previously been able to roam Lebanese soil with near-impunity and amok from an asian american perspective, were perceived within Israeli ranks as ‘key to military success’. With the introduction of the anti-tank missile in Hezbollah’s arsenal, this former bastion of safety and pride of the rights essay Israeli military had been rendered obsolete, causing a blow to Israel’s military prestige and morale. As Whitting concludes: ‘the weapon with which the IDF were most competent and comfortable in previous wars, became little more than a target of opportunity for Hezbollah forces’.[49] The last weapon of the trinity, the on motivation and employee performance Katyusha rocket, was a crude, notoriously inaccurate weapon, which cannot be said to be nearly as lethal as the RSB or the anti-tank missile.

However, while the two other weapons arguably tipped the scale in Hezbollah’s favour on the battlefield against the IDF, the Katyusha rockets were aimed at an entirely different target, namely, the Israeli civilian centres. More than 4000 Katyushas rained on pro gun Israeli northern towns in dissertation on motivation and employee performance the period 1990-2000. This forced Israeli northerners to spend days and nights in shelters, causing great financial damage to pro gun rights essay the region. [50] Even as the rockets managed to kill only seven civilians in this period, the thesis effect of forcing roughly a million Israelis into shelter even just few times a year had a huge impact on the Israeli public and in their confidence of the IDF and the politicians’ ability to protect them.[51] The persistent rocket attacks against Israeli civilians, despite its poor record in causing physical harm, bears testimony to the notion that Hezbollah was becoming increasingly aware of the Israeli public spirit. Indeed, the Israeli public was growing ever more dissatisfied with the war in Lebanon. The high cost in human life, with over 800 soldiers killed and at least as many wounded, had taken its toll on the public spirit.

The war in Lebanon, while enjoying popular support for many years, was still regarded as being a ‘war of choice’ and even an unjust one, at that. Adding to that, the Israeli society in itself was and still is extremely averse to casualties, be they civilian or military. Rights. [52] In 1997, one incident would be the straw that broke the camel’s back: While transporting Israeli soldiers to the Lebanese front, two helicopters crashed taking the lives of 73 men. Though not killed in dissertation performance combat or directly connected to Hezbollah, the incident made the rights question of continued presence in Lebanon resurface within the public debate.[53] Protest organizations, such as The Four Mothers, emerged and started asking questions: “[W]e were told that they had to be in analysis issue essays Lebanon and that’s all there was to it…. But the night of the helicopter disaster was a turning point for pro gun rights essay, us. Persuasive Essay Milk. Families very close to us lost their sons and essay, we realized that if not today, then tomorrow we too could lose ours. And we began to ask; Why?” [54]

Up until this point, 60% of the Israeli population had still supported the amok essays from an asian american Israeli presence in Lebanon. In just two years the pro gun essay mood of the dissertation on motivation public had turned and politicians reacted accordingly.[55] Ehud Barak, sensing that the Israeli public had had enough of the war, ran on a platform of withdrawal from Lebanon. Once elected Prime Minister, he took action. Even as the IDF was reporting increasing success in Lebanon – hitting more terrorist targets while suffering less casualties– and despite of the pro gun rights numerous warnings emanating from all corners of the IDF, Barak chose to unilaterally withdraw from Lebanon in May 2000.[56]

As Deputy Minister, Ephraim Sneh, candidly said at the time: ‘We are leaving because of problems with the ability of the Israeli public to stand firm. That is the whole truth. There is no point in pretending.’[57] In sum, the analysis issue main grand strategic aim of Hezbollah was partially achieved as it succeeded in provoking an Israeli withdrawal from pro gun Lebanon, but was unable to secure the goal of amok essays from an asian american Israel’s total destruction. On the strategic level, Hezbollah’s efforts to regain and rights essay, maintain the public support of mainly Shias in Lebanon were successful, and achieved through a combination of social welfare, infrastructure building and propaganda. In terms of grand tactics, the use of RBS’s, anti-tank missiles and essays on the ethos, Katyusha rockets proved immensely effective in rights combating and lowering the morale of the IDF, as well as swaying large segments of the Israeli public towards withdrawal. In this essay, I set out to assess Hezbollah’s strategy to liberate south Lebanon in the period 1982-2000. I divided the time-period into three distinct phases and analysed Hezbollah’s strategy on amok essays from american perspective three conventional levels; grand strategy, strategy, and grand tactics, and further added a set of essay guerrilla strategy key lessons composed by Mao-Tse-tung.

In the period 1982-1985, I found that Hezbollah’s grand strategy, bar for the establishment of an Islamic State in Lebanon, was still crystallizing. On this level I furthermore noted, that Hezbollah secured economic and strategic relationship with Iran, which would become crucial. Amok From Perspective. On the pro gun rights strategic level, Hezbollah managed to mind essay achieve the goal of forcing out rights, foreign armed forces as well as pushing Israel further south into the security zone. This aim – though not public at the time – was achieved through novel grand tactics inventions such as the american devastating suicide car bombs. In the period 1985-1990, Hezbollah declared its grand strategy, emphasizing the liberation of Lebanon and the destruction of Israel, as well as its commitment to establishing an pro gun rights Islamic State in Lebanon. In terms of strategy, Hezbollah faced several threats most notably in the face of the on motivation performance war with Amal and the lack of popular support. Hezbollah responded with pragmatism in rights essay dealing with Amal, and promised not to work towards an Islamic State, thus allowing it to continue with the main goal of resistance. On the grand tactics, Hezbollah skilfully employed new weapons such as the hijacking of planes and the kidnappings of foreigners. In the period 1990-2000, Hezbollah’s grand strategy saw a partial realization as Israel withdrew from Lebanon.

On the strategic level, the movement responded to failing popular support by mind essay providing social welfare, infrastructure coupled with a massive propaganda effort. On the rights essay grand tactics level, new weapons introduced such as the RSB, the anti-tank missile, and the Katyusha rocket proved vital in inflicting losses on the IDF and in instilling fear in essays warrior the Israeli population. Ultimately, I conclude that Hezbollah was successful in liberating Lebanon chiefly because of its skilfully employed, and often novel, grand tactics in facing the enemy on the battlefield, as well as its understanding of manipulating the pro gun rights war-weary Israeli public. On the domestic sphere, the dissertation on motivation and employee performance combination of essay social work, infrastructure building and massive propaganda efforts secured the group the popular support it depended on to carry out the resistance. Alagha, Joseph (2011), Hezbollah’s Documents: From the 1985 Open Letter to the 2009 Manifest (Pallas Publications) Blanford, Nicholas (2011), Warriors of God: Inside Hezbollah’s Thirty-Year Struggle Against Israel (Random House) Catignani, Sergio (2010), ‘ Israeli Counter-Insurgency Strategy and the Quest for persuasive essay milk, Security in the Israeli-Lebanese Conflict Arena’ , in Jones, Clive Catignani, Sergio, eds ., Israel and Hizbollah: An Asymmetric Conflict in Historical and Comparative Perspective (Routledge)

Davis, Thomas H. (1995), 40 Km Into Lebanon: Israel’s 1982 Lebanon Invasion (National Defense University Press) Gabrielsen, Iver (2013), ‘ Hezbollah’s Strategy and Tactics in the Security Zone from 1985-2000 ,’ Small Wars Journal. Last accessed 24.01.2014. Available at: Gleis, Joshua L. Berti, Benedetta (2012 ), Hezbollah and Hamas: A Comparative Study (The Johns Hopkins University Press) Hamzeh, Ahmad N. (2004 ), In the Path of Hizbullah (Syracuse University Press) Howard, Michael (1979), ‘ The Forgotten Dimensions of Strategy’ , Foreign Affairs, Vol. 57, No.5, pp.975-986. Jaber, Hala (1997 ), Hezbollah: Born with a Vengeance (Columbia University Press) Kaye, Dalia D. (2002), ‘ The Israeli Decision to Withdraw from Southern Lebanon: Political Leadership and Security Policy’ , Political Science Quarterly, Vol.

117, No.4, pp.561-585. Levitt, Matthew (2013), Hezbollah: The Global Footprint of the Party of God (Georgetown University Press) Luft, Gal (2000 ), ‘Israel’s Security Zone in Lebanon – A Tragedy ?’, Middle East Quarterly, September, pp.13-20. Luttwak, Edward (1987 ), Strategy: The Logic of rights War and Peace (Harvard University Press) Norton, Augustus R. (2007 ), Hezbollah: A Short History (Princeton University Press) Qassem, Naim (2005), Hizbullah: The Story from Within, translated from Arabic by warrior ethos Dalia Khalil (Saqi Books) Rolland, John. C. (2003), Lebanon: Current Issues and Background (Nova Publishers) Saad-Ghorayeb, Amal (2002), Hizbu’llah: Politics Religion (Pluto Press)

Sirriyeh, Hussain (2010), ‘ The Emergence of Hizbollah and the Beginnings of the Resistance, 1982-1985 ’ in Jones, Clive Catignani, Sergio, eds., Israel and pro gun rights essay, Hizbollah: An Asymmetric Conflict in Historical and Comparative Perspective (Routledge) Tse-tung, Mao (1937), On Guerrilla Warfare . Cited from Last accessed 24.01.2014. Available at: US Air Force (1965), The Dictionary of analysis issue essays Basic Military Terms . Last accessed 24.01.2014.

Available at: US Marine Corps (1989), Mao Tse-tung On Guerrilla Warfare , Fleet Marine Force Reference Publication. Pro Gun. Last accessed 24.01.2014. Available at: V. (1987), Levels and Dimensions of Strategy , The Adelphi Papers, 27:224, pp.34-38. Whitting, Christopher E. On Motivation. (2001), When David Became Goliath , Master’s thesis, US Army Command and rights, General Staff College. Last accessed 24.01.2014.

Available at: [1]Alagha (2011) p.48. [2]see for instance Davis (1995) [3]see for mind essay, instance Saad-Ghorayeb (2002) [4]quoted in rights Howard (1979) p.975.

[5]Luttwak (1987) p.91. [6]Howard (1979) pp.975-986. [7]V. (1987) Adelphi Papers p.34. [9] US Field Manual (I Adelphi papers) [10]V (1987) Adelphi Papers.

[11] US Marine Corps, Fleet Marine Force Reference Publication, FMFRP (1989) p.ii. [12]Tse-tung (1937) cited in [13]Sirriyeh (2010) p.40. [14]Levitt (2013) p.12. [15]Norton (2007) p.80. [16]Quoted in Levitt (2013) p.11.

[17]Blanford (2011) p.46. [19]Levitt (2013) p.11. [20]Blanford (2011) p.53. [21]Norton (2007) p.80. [24]Kaye (2002) p.570. [25]Norton (2007) p.71. [26]Alagha (2011) pp.43-44. [27]Sirriyeh (2010) p.44. [28]Hamzeh (2004) p.85. [30]Norton (2007) p.74. [32]Hamzeh (2004) p.84.

[33]Rolland (2003) p.189. [34]Jaber (1997) p.29. [36]Jaber (1997) pp.35-36. [37]Norton (2007) p.82. [39]Gleis Berti (2012) p.54. [40]Catignani (2010) p.75. [41]Jaber (1997) pp.149-150.

[42]Qassem (2005) p.83. [44]Whitting (2001) p.96. [45]Catignani (2010) p.78. [46]Gabrielsen (2013) p.5. [47]Hamzeh (2004) pp.86-87. [48]Whitting (2001) pp.82-85. [50]Luft (2000) p.14. [51]Whitting (2005) pp.85-86.

[52]Luft (2000) pp-15-16. [53]Kaye (2002) p.566. [55]Luft (2000) p.19. [56]Kaye (2002) pp.566-568. [57]Quoted in Luft (2000) p.19. Written by: David Sousa. Written at: King’s College London. Written for: Ahron Bregman. Date written: January 2014.

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a1 essays [ 1. Phenomenlogy and Pedagogic Hermeneutics; 2. Disconstruction and Personal Development; 3. Pro Gun Essay! Genealogy and Teleology; 4. The Textuality of Understanding and the Primordiality of Seeing (or Darsana); 5. Texualtiy and Intentionality ] Hermeneutics and Metaphysics 1. Proposal! Phenomenology and Pedagogic Hermeneutics. Rights Essay! A passage from ' Phenomenology and Sociology by on the, Thomas Luckmann (Ed) (Pp89) Phenomenology describes the constitution of our experiences by recourse to the most direct evidence available. Its criteria of pro gun rights essay verification differ, however, from those used to good purpose in social sciences. In contrast to the epistemologically naive observations and 'measurements' of more or less public events that we practice in the social sciences when we look for 'data', the 'data' of phenomenology are of a more elementary nature. We find them by inspection of our experiences. By using the on the methods of phenomenological 'reduction' we proceed step by step from rights essay, historically, biographically, socially and culturally concrete features of everyday experience to its elementary structures. This is a procedure that differs from the 'inductive' generalizations of empirical sciences.

Evidently, the result of issue inspection and essay 'reduction' can be communicated in gmat analysis, a further step to fellow-men. By recourse to evidence of the same kind on their part, they can be inter subjectively verified. This notion intersubjective verification, communicating and seeking confirmation(?) from fellow-men about the phenomenologically reduced elements of MY experience, creates problems for rights essay phenomenology as a science. For the notion of Others, fellow-men just as true and SAME in some ways as myself, exceeds phenomenological reduction unless we invoke the introduction notion of PARALLELISM which in turn presupposes the being-there of others just the same as myself. Also how does the notion of EVIDENCE that Husserl mentions in his writings on Phenomenology has applications or meaning in the context of the pro gun essay meaning of essay milk verification here? I see the problem in this way.

The self, exercising phenomenological reduction or what Husserl called 'eidetic reduction', does not require evidence for itself for in the perception of elementary structures of rights essay its consciousness, the essay 'elementariness' of them is rights essay, enough for self to be certain. Thesis Proposal Introduction! The evidences are required NOT FOR SELF but in the context of communicating to OTHERS who may disagree with them. Here again we come across the being-there of others just like myself as a PRESUPPOSITION of phenomenology. Rights! The notion of eidetic reduction and seeking inter subjective verification, the THEY also perceiving elementary structures in THEIR own experiences remains a PRESUPPOSITION that remains irreducible. The Other can protest, combat, disagree , ridicule , comes to blow with me etc. . I CANNOT reduce away such behaviours phenomenologically to elementary structures of my OWN experiences without denying the OTHERNESS of others. If I try to do that, then I become an idealist like the Indian Vedanties, where everything become kaRpitham, my mental construct without any substantial reality or simply REFLECTIONS of one Brahman through different contextualising factors that they call upathies. In Pedagogic Hermeneutics( or Hermeneutic Science, in the way I have articulated) we overcome this problem by accepting as a TRUTH the plurality of individuals jointly concerned with UNDERSTANDING the world, existence etc. and who MAY GO WRONG in their seeking. This possibility of being wrong, making mistakes etc. is AVOIDED by seeking continuously AGREEMENT with others. The act of communicating is actually an act INSTRUCTING. I learn through my hermeneutic interpretative movements, and UNDERSTANDING that I have gained becomes that which I communicate to an OTHER who MAY NOT agree.

But when there is LEARNING that which I communicate and mind essay because of which there is agreement, then it becomes possible that I am NOT MISTAKEN, that what I have understood and bold enough to communicate is pro gun essay, a TRUTH. On The Ethos! Between me and those who agree with me there is pro gun rights essay, SAMENESS of proposal introduction UNDERSTANDING. The possibility of this SAMENESS of understanding between individuals absolutely different and autonomous also makes that which is communicated OBJECTIVELY true, a stuff of the world out there and NOT a fiction of my mind. What I am saying here is that which is available in the notion of otta kaadci utti in the Last sutra of Marabiyal (` 400 B.C.) , one of the most important phrases the origins of which goes back to the school system of the Sumerian times. ( 2000 B.C.) The utti ( Sk ukti) here are textual interpretations that will bring about SAMENESS of SEEING and hence agreement. Thus emerges also the notion that TRUTH cannot be idiosynctratic or even the secret held within the closed doors of a bunch priests or recluses. TRUTH allows and sustains PUBLIC AGREEMENT and essay hence ASSENT by all who are capable of raising themselves to that level of cognitive functioning. Hermeneutics and Metaphysics 2. Disconstruction and Personal Development. Through the empirical studies of many TEXTS including the non-verbal drawings in Access Tests , I rediscovered what Tholkappiyar more than two thousand years ago discovered as an important structural element in every TEXTS viz. sequential organization that he called Athika«ra MuRaimai, an organization quite distinct from the Whole-Part relationship, the pakuthi-thokuthi that has played a central role in Western Hermeneutics. It is this which enabled me to see EPISODIZATION as something that is done by amok essays from, every author , including young children, who would execute a coherent TEXT that is COMPLETED and pro gun rights essay hence a WHOLE in some sense. But of course this is done UNCONSCIOUSLY but it is there in the TEXTS he brings forth for mind essay everybody to see only if they have the eyes to see. But what is this episodization, the verbalized form of 'episode'?

When X is pro gun, episodized there is simultaneously the allowing to essays from emerge an Y which is distinct from X and pro gun essay because of which episodization is terminating-initiating, the antam-aati of Meykandar , and hence DISCONSTRUCTION as distinct from Heidegger's destruction and Derrida's deconstruction. And to do this, X has to be seen as a WHOLE for otherwise its LACK cannot be seen and articulated. Persuasive Essay Milk! That which is episodized, the X, has to be seen as TOTALITY in order to see what is still wanting in it, what deficiency lurks within but still remains unnoticed. To episodize is to HIGHLIGHT this LACK and hence to push it down to the PAST, now as something that belongs to HISTORY and rights essay allow , in virtue of that, a Y to amok occupy the presence, be the CURRENT, the yngoing concern. Hence episodization ii 'depresencing', the pro gun dethroning the current, the ongoing , the presence as NO MORE so and replace it something NEW.

Episodization is inherently revolutionary. Thus what is episodized is pushed DOWN in the ladder of progress, of development and growth. But it is NOT vaporized , allowed to disappear into a NOTHINGNESS. It is retained in the current, the ongoing etc as that which has been ASSIMILATED, understood and already incorporated into the ongoing positively or negatively or as the Tamil Philosophers would say, as Akam or PuRam, as within the ongoing or exterior to it. Or as Parapakkam or Supakkam in the style AruNandi Sivacariyar, a famous Tamil Philosopher of the mind essay 13th cent.A.D. To episodize then, is to rights allow the presence of another WHOLE, a Gestalt more comprehensive and inclusive than that which has been episodized and pushed down now as belonging to the past. The UNDERSTANDING that remains unepisodizable in this sense is SUPAKKAM, the TRUTH. The Saiva Siddhanta Metaphysics was given this turn by Meykandar by gmat issue essays, his understanding that BEING is antam-aati: the Ground disconstrcution and regeneration . This competence to episodize also noted as a FUNDAMENTAL competence of self, the individual psyche, as its essence as observed by Meykandar who notes this by saying that the psyche in essence is the pro gun rights essay aintezuttu, the si-va-ya-na-ma, the cognitive demons that enables a psyche to episodize, consciously or unconsciously.

Now because episodization is SEQUENTIAL where the analysis issue deficiencies in the earlier are made good in the latter, we can note an ABSOLUTE END, the MUKTI as a situation where further episodizations are IMPOSSIBLE. When we arrive psychically at this way of Being, it informs us that that's the END , the rights essay CLOSURE, towards which we have been moving all along. But now finally it has ARRIVED, it has come HOME, the Viidu where the episodizing tendency is put t to rest, NOT allowed to show itself from thesis proposal introduction, within. Thus there is rights, STRUCTURE and GENESIS in the Pedagogic Hermeneutics that centres on episodization as the FUNDAMENTAL activity that all psychic entities practice, consciously or unconsciously. There is Global Structure and Local Structure of proposal that which is episodized. Pro Gun! The Global Structure puts it as belonging to History , to Tradition as a part of the grand World History. The Local Structure discloses the individual concerns, that with which a finite mind is concerned . In the Historical, there is SEQUENTIAL structure which can be a progress or the converse. Persuasive Milk! Where the deficiencies of that which is essay, episodized , the X, is understood and because of amok essays from american perspective which a Y that does not have that deficiency is allowed to be the PRESENCE, there is sequentiality along with PROGRESS or DEVELOPMENT. Here there is also a GENESIS: Y is generated from an X by the act of episodization. Rights! The genetic does not exist within the proposal introduction Local Structure, between X as a whole and its constituent structures., within Whole- Part relationships or as the Tamil philosophers would put it between avayavi and avayavam, the organismic whole and its organs.

The Genesis and Development or its converse is noted only within Sequential Organization, the Athikara MuRaimai of Tholkappiyar. Essay! The static structuralism does NOT disclose the movement that allows us to recognize Progress and Development or the ABSENCE of it. And here we see what distinguishes Hermeneutic Counselling from others. Persuasive! In Hermeneutic Counselling we allow, encourage, work for the confused and bewildered individual to EFFECT EPISODIZATION on his OWN UNDERSTANDING on his OWN so that the present understanding that's the source of worries pains , mental sickness etc. is episodized and in its place a new understanding, a Y , comes to prevail and along with it mental health and better clarity. It is NOT a total breakaway from the past but rather a disconstruction, the assimilating what can be into the present and discarding what cannot or should not be and this evaluated on the basis of TRUTH. It is actually a reconstituting self with less of the pro gun essay negative and more of the positive and auspicious. This applies not only Depth Psychology but also to the whole gamut of amok essays american perspective Human Sciences. Let me add here a bit : as far as I know the Vedantic thinking inspired by Sankara and as available in the Tamil philosophical texts such as Tattuvaamirtam, Amirtasaaram of Tattuvarayar (16th cent), the Kaivalya Navaneetam of Tandavaraa a CuvaamikaL, ( 14th or 15th cent ?) , the Vedanta IlakkaNam of I cuur Caccatanatar (19th cent) and so forth DO NOT articulate a metaphysics in terms of pro gun rights this kind of episodiazation or cangkaaram. The Sarva Darsana Cangraha of Vittiyaranya also does NOT understand the Indian philosophical systems in terms of Parapakkam and Suppakkam as is done by AruNandi Civaccariyar, the foremost pupil of Meykandar. While Namazvar does subscribe to this view, the Upaya Vedanta of Ramanuja does not and hence the essays from an asian perspective Sri Vaisnavisam failed to pro gun rights essay articulate the Camayaatiitam , that of transcending religions and become absolutely universal by becoming metaphysically PURE, something that gets very clearly articulated in KaNNudaiya VaLlal's ozivil Odukkam ' (13th cent) and on the warrior ethos the metaphyiscal verses of Thayumanavar ( 18th cent) Hermeneutics and Metaphysics 3. The Genealogy and Teleology.

The genealogical, how ideas originate and develop , in the Nietschean sense of the Genealogy of Morals is simultaneously TELEOLOGICAL, a notion that distinguishes the Greek West from the Dravidian East and perhaps along with it the whole of the East. But this, it must be stated immediately, is NOT for the world, for World History but for the episodizing subject. There is NO END as such for the World and towards which it is moving irrevocably , the Spirit is NOT trying to realize itself in World History as Hegel so boldly declared. The Spirit that has some kind of meaning in World History is NOT AT ALL a Spirit for imperfections of whatever kind are inconsistent with the Being of the Spirit. The Cosmos is the Dance of BEING and that too out of GRACE, a LOVE that is wholly and pro gun totally spontaneous, an essays on the warrior, overflowing that seeks nothing in return for BEING is Perfect, Complete in rights essay, Himself, the ParipuuraNam. However there is an END, an ABSOLUTE END as the distant horizon, the NOT-YET but which is ethos, a distinct POSSIBILITY for the episodizing self which is the MEANING of its EXISTENCE characterized by a sequential and genealogical structure. Pro Gun Rights Essay! The BEING-Present -AS-THE -WORLD, the Enlil of the Sumerians, the Purusha of Purusha Suktam, the VishNu of later times, the Sathaacivam of the Saivas , is not for Itself but for the infinite number of psychic entities ensnared in the historical flux , not knowing how to extricate themselves, i.e.. the notorious Samsara so widely present in on motivation, the Indian thinking. But BEING (or SIVA) being completely saturated (ParipuuraNam) is not only OUTSIDE the historical flux but also its Ground, the UNMOVED MOVER of Aristotle. This Unmoved Mover moves the pro gun rights essay world (understood metaphorically as a DANCE) in order to facilitate the psychic entities effect existential episodizations and through that escape from the snares that throws them into eternal historicity.

It is this way of being of BEING that the DANCE metaphor of Siva Nadaraja captures. Only THAT which is outside history but nevertheless IS in the world without being-in-it , can facilitate the fettered psychic entities to escape from the an asian american endless birth and death fostering historicity, the pro gun rights essay Samsara i.e.. attain the releasement. The notion of GENESIS here is on the warrior ethos, NOT simply morphological, biological, phylogenetic etc. as in the purely evolutionary accounts. What is peculiar here is that something NEW emerges because of existential episodization which involves the pro gun Destruction of the inherent IGNORANCE, the anjnjaanam, the proposal introduction Avidya . The Y that emerges because of the episodization, is such that there is now LESS Metaphysical Ignorance compared to X, that which is episodized and hence because of rights that less of ANavam in the interiority of the psychic entity. Because of this the genealogy is PROGRESSIVE and inherently TELEOLOGICAL because it moves towards the absolute destruction of IGNORANCE, of essays an asian american Avidya, of Anjnjaanam etc. But what kind of pro gun Progress that we are talking about here? The genealogy is not simply of morals but something more fundamental than that. It is inherently PURIFICATIONAL, each episodization makes the self LESS IMPURE and indirectly more ethically sensitive but finally transcending even the bipolar and amok essays from perspective judgmental disposition ( the IRUVINAI of Saiva Siddhanta), the bondage to Karma as such. Pro Gun Essay! As we progress we become less and gmat analysis issue essays less IMPURE and looking at essay, the same phenomenon positively, we become more and more Human and finally Spiritual with the divine sparks shining brilliantly as part of the personality.

The acts of episodization are then acts of self -cleansing, of absolving from essays american, within the delimiting fetters, the chains that imprison one into the interminable Samsara, the historicity. The kind of genealogy that Hermeneutic Counselling emphasizes and promotes TRANSFORMS the person so that he is a BETTER person , a better individual. Episodizing thus is NOT destruction, a dismantling or even deconstruction , a pure act of wanton dissipation but rather a DISCONSTRUCTION, a restructuring of Consciousness or Understanding that along with assimilating the Truths of the past also embodies something NEW as Gift from BEING, the ARUL of essay BEING. Thus Disconstruction involves UNFOLDMENT, the attainment of some thing NEW as a GIFT from BEING. The evolution of the on the psychic entities , the pro gun rights essay evolution of the mind, is that of UNDERSTANDING and hence hermeneutical . Only thos e whose understanding is eep and profound and of course an understanding which is also an understanding of TRUTH are the developed. The one who shines in such an understanding, the Civanjnam, is the true Teesikan, the illusrious ., the Brahmanah, who is the the Sattyakaama ( the essays ethos Truth lover) and rights who despite being born to a woman who didnot know who his father was ( because she slept with several men ), persists in saying what is true and because of Yajnavalkya called him a Brahmanah (Brihadaranyaaka Upanisad) A person is Higher only because he/she has a deeper and more profound understanding of thesis introduction Existence , whatever the birth. The UNDERSTADING is the criteria or laksanana that earns him a higher social standing. Pro Gun Essay! And this has nothing to with birth or lineage - it is purely a matter of mind essay individual achievements. Hermeneutics and Metaphysics 4. The Textuality of Understanding and the Primordiality of Seeing (or Darsana) What unites the Phenomenological Movement of the West initiated by Husserl with the Dravidian is the notion of return to the things themselves , a constant theme in the name of Iyal neRi, a return to the Natural which really means away from the secondary authorities of all sorts. The Natural World and Existence , the experiences that we have there is that which needs to be studied and essay understood for redeeming ourselves.

All the secrets that will evaporate our existential anguish is there in mind essay, the world . The scriptures that are unrelated or unrelatable to existence, to the personal and social themes, become purely meaningless mental exrecises. But in the Dravidian the things to which we must return including the pro gun essay experiences are appropriated as TEXTS ( in the extended sense ) and analysis essays which in turn are products of SEEING. We see this from the Sumerian times itself in their concern with language both the eme-gir, the rights essay written AND the eme-sal, ther spoken. Tolkaapiyar continues this in from an asian, terms of CeyyuL and Vazakkau. The most important thing here is the eme-sal or Vazakku that brings us t to he living stream of life, how things are in the world, as part of the LIVING process . It is the power of living language to make us be in pro gun rights, touch with LIVING process as opposed to the fossilized and dead. And it turns out that the primordial existential structure is seeing, that living is mind essay, seeing and that there is SEEING only because of a pre-existent SHOWING and pro gun rights essay whatever thus seen is retained as TEXTS to be further interpreted and understood.

The primordial act of seeing, the pratykasa ( , porutu-aksa = Su. ig-tag-ga), even concrete objects such as the trees and hills yonder are NOT seen in themselves but only as we are LED TO SEE and seeing thus fabricated generates an understanding that is retained as TEXTS. Otherwise we cannot explain why the same object is seen differently by different people, as so well sttested in studies of performance perception. Such TEXTS constitute our understanding, the consciousness and pro gun rights the continuous production of TEXTS, the movement of understanding , the flow of consciousness. But all such seeing-fabricated TEXTS have DUALITY of structure, the Surface and Deep and because of which they always IMPEL interpretative movements of understanding, the practice of UTTI , throwing one to Hermeneutics in that process. The hermeneutic way of Being is so close to us that only after noting repeated failures to fathom the human mind by other methods that we become self conscious about our hermeneutic bearings.

Our THINKING becomes genuine when a content of our understanding is secured as a TEXT and noting its Surface Structure features, venture through ontopretive movements ( = utti, Note: slightly diffferent from the common interpretive) to locate the elements in the Deep Structure that Agentively determine the the morphology of the analysis Surface Structure. Essay! The face of that person who sits in front of me is a TEXT, the swollen eyes tight-lipped mouth etc. are Surface features that point beyond themselves towards his Being as the mind essay Deep Structure elements that fabricates his countenance as such that I term in an impressionist way as sadness melancholy unhappy distressed etc. But I DO NOT UNDERSTAND him till I locate the elements of Deep Structure that may be unconscious , subconscious or even half-conscious etc. to pro gun rights the individual, the elements that eamin CONCEALED, the Tirobava. He knows he is sad , depressed etc. but is NOT SURE why he is so and even if he knows why he is so , he may NOT UNDERSTAND why he should be so. Essays! It is here that the rights need for ACCESS TESTS arises and along with all other tests , techniques and dream-like experiences that would disclose even vaguely the structure of the mind essay UNCONSCIOUS that contains within itself the agentive elements that remain the causal factors of pro gun rights his distress, melancholy etc. The Access Tests make visible the primordial SEEING that has on its own generated TEXTS that structure his understanding and through that creates his ways of Being in the world which sometimes happen to be the distress-type. The Counselor locates these D.S elements and gmat analysis issue makes the person concerned also SEE it and rights essay through that GAIN an understanding of the origins of own distress. This deeper understanding is the CURE for the malaise afflicting him Having UNDERSTOOD the real CAUSE of distress and Melancholy , a solution presents itself and which enables him to SEE differently and because of which UNDERSTAND existence differently.

Thus Hermeneutic Counselling centres on the notion of mind essay Engineering the SEEING, changing the way a person habitually sees and allow him to SEE truthfully so that no falsities enter into his understanding. Pro Gun Rights! Truth is the healer of all malaise and Hermeneutic Counselling is a form counseling that promotes this kind of introduction psychic healing. We should note here that Indian Darsanas or metaphysical systems and perhaps the whole of the fabrique of philosophic thinking in the East is for the purpose of this kind counseling, the pro gun rights upatesam. The Agamic tradition analyses the praxis of such a system into Tantra Kalai, (the ritual practices) , Mantra Kalai ( the recitation of proposal introduction mantra) nad Upatesa Kalai ( counseling). We should not fail to note that Bagavat Gita in essence , is actually a text in counseling using for this purpose the metaphysical insights of the very ancient Samkhya System. In order to elimate the doubts and uncertainties in pro gun rights essay, the mind of Arjuna, Counseling is done by Krishana , to CLARIFY his mind and through that make him continue with his course of actions without any uncertainties now.

Hermeneutics and Metaphysics-5. TEXUALITY AND INTENTIONALITY. We must keep to the notion that untill the very end understanding is TEXTUAL, in an extended sence of the word, and that too with the amok american primordiality of SEEING. Pro Gun Rights! The seeing, the darsana, generates an essays warrior ethos, understanding and that in turns generates a TEXT-- short stories poetry, essays , artistic productions, architecture, dance, dramas, in rights, short everything that is produced by man. We are using the notion the TEXT in a very large and extended sense by noting a similarity that prevails between the WRITTEN texts and the nonwritten, the verbal and mind essay nonverbal. Every product of man is a TEXT with its attendant DUALITY of structure. Pro Gun! We must also remember that all texts have TWO distinct kinds of organization: the whole-part and the sequential that Tolkappiyar called Pakuthi-vikuthi and Athikaara muRaimai. Dissertation On Motivation And Employee! Now with regard to Whole-Part relationship , it may be possible that the INTENTIONALITY of the author may NOT be available as as element of its structure.

But this NOT SO with respect to the sequential. The sequentiality discloses the decisions made by the author consciously or unconsciously and in this DISPLAYS his INTENTIONS. Thus viewed from this perspective all TEXTS are extentional-intentional where the extentional is the pro gun rights REPRESENTATIONAL and intentional disclosive of the mind of the author. Thus through reaching the intentional elements of dissertation and employee TEXT, say a letter written by a friend, we reach the mind of the individual and SEE through the extentional what the author really wants. My understanding of the intentional component of the letter and rights essay not say the language or the style of writing or the colour of the ink etc. makes me UNDERSTAND my friend and what kind of fellow he is : concerned, loving, caring, cynical, jealous, rude, cultivated, polite etc. In reading the letter we bypass the language etc. and LEAP towards the INTENTIONAL and thereby the on motivation and employee performance SELF of the person. Thus the intentional component of TEXTS become enormously important for psychology , not the pro gun psychology that conceptualise measures and ascertain but for a psychology that SEEKS to UNDERSTAND people -- what they are, how they actually feel respond react etc. Warrior Ethos! AS tirumular has said long ago: when we see the pro gun rights wood of an woodene elephant, the mind essay elephant receds to the background, and when we see the elephant the wood receds and becomes invisible -- it is there but not seen. The language in the same manner absents itself when the MEANING , the pro gun essay INTENTION is noted and grasped.

Now we must introduce a distinction between personal-intentions and transpersonal-intentions. For the TEXTS in addition to being the normal the ordinary , those that directly related to LIVING as such, there are the SCRIPTURAL , the analysis essays METAPHYSICAL where the concerns or ordinary life are forsaken for pro gun essay the sake of persuasive essay Mystical , Unconscious or the Metaphysical. Essay! Here too the two kinds of mind essay organizations are available- the pro gun rights essay whole-part and sequential. The SivapuraNam of Manikavasagar is NOT ordinary poetry of mundane life. Persuasive Milk! It transcends the mundane and discloses the mystical, that realm of understanding outside the normal and for which reason it is classified as mystical. But here too there is sequential organization. Whose intentionality is that is shown? There is NOTHING mundane though some may be personal . But the personal is submerged to allow the TRANSPERSONAL to display itself . The transpersonal is the same as BEING, the God . In metaphysical poetry, the individual will is submerged and the Divine Will is allowed to shine forth.

Through leaping towards the INTENTIONALITY of pro gun rights such metaphysical TEXTS we reach the DIVINE . Thus each reading of SivapuraNam - not simply reciting it mechanically but understanding it - is simultaneously the experiencing of the DIVINE and for which reason they also become religious. Such texts by their metaphysical qualities serve for us to reach the metaphysical and Divine within us. This applies to reading and understanding scriptural lore of any kind: they facilitate the submergence of the egoistic individual and enjoy the transpersonal DIVINE. In such transcendenses are born metaphysical insights and which later become systematised as coherent philosophies.

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essay notes macbeth Her language to Macbeth is the most potently eloquent that guilt could use. (56) Clark and Wright in their Introduction to The Complete Works of pro gun William Shakespeare interpret the main theme of the play as intertwining with evil and ambition: While in Hamlet and others of Shakespeare's plays we feel that Shakespeare refined upon mind essay and brooded over his thoughts, Macbeth seems as if struck out at a heat and imagined from first to last with rapidity and power, and a subtlety of workmanship. Then, after murdering the pro gun rights King, Macbeth comes to her with his hands all covered with blood and mind essay, carrying the grooms' daggers. Not only essay, that, but he's so unnerved that all he can do is look at his hands and talk about voices that he heard. She tries to be reasonable, saying, Why, worthy thane, / You do unbend your noble strength, to think (2.2.41-43), but he's paralyzed with horror. Finally, she has to do what he should have done.

She takes the daggers from milk him, carries them back to place them with. Essay on The Guilty of the Two in Macbeth. perpetration. Pro Gun Rights Essay? Her language to Macbeth is the most potently eloquent that guilt could use. (56) Clark and Wright in their Introduction to The Complete Works of William Shakespeare explain how guilt impacts Lady Macbeth: Having sustained her weaker husband, her own strength gives way; and in sleep, when her will cannot control her thoughts, she is gmat analysis issue essays piteously afflicted by essay the memory of one stain of blood upon her little hand. (792) The Tragedy of Macbeth opens in a desert place. Macbeth and thesis proposal introduction, Lady Macbeths Character Essay. We can immediately see by her reaction how ambitious Lady Macbeth herself is because she is not satisfied by Macbeth’s big promotion but wants even more power. She may also appear evil by the speed in which she decides killing is the answer. After being informed by a messenger that Macbeth is on her way, Lady Macbeth delivers a famous speech asking for rights essay, help of spirits to rid her of her natural feminine ways so that she can convince Macbeth to carry out the bloody deeds needed to take over the crown. Macbeth- the Evil of Lady Macbeth Essay. themselves, and that their fitness now. (I, vii, 47-53) She says Macbeth is a coward, but then appeals to his pride and manhood saying that when he had the courage to do it he was superhuman, and dissertation performance, ready to rights, create an opportunity.

Now when he has it, he shrinks back at the thought and will not do it. Lady Macbeth goes further to threaten him with her love, saying that if he does not do it she will not love him anymore. Moreover, Lady Macbeth is mind essay actively part of the pro gun crime that she urges her husband to. Essay on Macbeth and Lady Macbeth are Not Evil. his son, Malcolm, as his successor, Macbeth realises that, if he is to be king, then he must kill Duncan: The Prince of Cumberland!

That is a step on which I must fall down, or else o'erleap for in my way it lies. Stars hide your fires, let not light see my black and essays, deep desires. Pro Gun? (I.iv.49-52). When Lady Macbeth reads in her husband's letter of the witches' prediction, she, too, realises that Duncan must be killed for it to essay, come true. She thinks that Macbeth deserves to be great, and should murder. Essay Comparing Macbeth and Lady Macbeth. and his subject, Strong both against essay, the deed; then, as his host, who should against his murderer shut the door, Not bear the knife myself. (1.7.12) Macbeth is conflicted between his morals and his ambition. In stark contrast to her husband Lady Macbeth is not conflicted. Essay Milk? In the fifth scene of act one, she is rights reading a letter from Macbeth that describes his encounter with the witches. After she reads the letter she becomes excited and wants to aid her husband in anyway she can. She. Who is the Dominant Partner between Macbeth and Lady Macbeth?

As the more dominant and ruthless of the american perspective two, it is Lady Macbeth that devises the plan for killing Duncan, and tells Macbeth to “Leave all the rest with me.” This suggests that Lady Macbeth cannot rely on Macbeth to plan the killing of Duncan, as it is not in his gentle nature, but she knows that Macbeth will be easily persuaded to carry out her wicked plan. Pro Gun? After Macbeth kills Duncan he feels very guilty, and says, “will great Neptunes ocean wash this blood clean from. in a later revision ofMacbeth, inserting passages from mind essay his own play, The Witch. Macbeth's curse Macbeth is also known as 'The Scottish Play' due to a long-held superstition that the play has a curse upon it and that if anyone utters the word 'Macbeth' in a theatre, outside the context of a rehearsal or performance, tragedy will befall the production. The characters of Macbeth and Lady Macbeth are therefore referred to by a nickname, such as 'Mackers' and 'Lady Mackers' or similar. To remedy. evilmac Macbeth and Lady Macbeth Were Not Evil Essay. Macbeth and his mistress housekeeper also have their doubts during the proceedings of the murder. Lady Macbeth paces around the room saying that he won't commit the murder, instead of plotting their next move like a true evil-incarnate would do.

Macbeth also starts to pro gun, haunt himself; he says that he heard a voice say Sleep no more! Macbeth does murder sleep (II.II.49-50) And is so paralized by what he has done that he makes the gmat essays huge mistake of bringing the dagger back. Exploring the pro gun Actions of Macbeth that Backfired in Shakespeare#x27;s Macbeth. The irony in the murder of King Duncan is that Macbeth planned on becoming king in rightful manner by on the ethos earning the respect and the title by doing good things such as saving Malcolm but instead of pro gun getting closer to the throne by saving him, he got even further away from it since he was named prince which forced Macbeth to become king in an unrighteous way. Issue? As a result, the essay only choice that Macbeth had was to kill Duncan. Essays On The Warrior? The second murder that Macbeth has committed was also an essential component in. Lady Macbeth as a Wife and as a Woman in essay, William Shakespeare#x27;s Macbeth.

never shows her true personality. When Macbeth enters the scene, Lady Macbeth showers him with praise and salutations of his successes and gmat issue essays, his prophesised kingship. I think that she does this as she is very proud to have a husband who will make her queen. When Macbeth tells her that King Duncan comes her tonight, Lady Macbeth replies and when goes hence? I think that this is a test for Macbeth, as it will let Lady Macbeth know if she should tell him all about pro gun essay her. Essay on The Effect of Evil in Witches and Lady Macbeth on Macbeth. Macbeth, the thane of Glamis, a noble man of persuasive essay Scotland, a general in the Scotland King's army and a great warrior is self-satisfied with his position, until the pro gun rights three witches tell him in the third scene of the first act, All hail Macbeth, hail to amok essays an asian, thee, Thane of Cawdor.

All hail Macbeth, that shalt be king hereafter. Just after hearing this, Macbeth and Banquo, his noble friend and a general in the King's army receive a message from Ross that Macbeth has been. However, we also see here that Macbeth can be ruthless as the captain goes on to say ‘- disdaining Fortune- with brandished steel, which smoked with bloody execution’ He is describing how Macbeth was not merciful in the battle, how he killed with such a force that smoke was coming off the cold sword as he sliced at his warm victims. When King Duncan hears the success of the battle was largely due to Macbeths bravery he says in Act 1 scene 2-24 ‘Oh valiant cousin, worthy gentleman’ and Act 1 Scene. Androgyny in the Characters of Macbeth and Lady Macbeth Essay. The nothing of pro gun rights essay this line connotes absence, and in the language of early modern England this meant absence of a male phallus and the presence of female genitalia (Bevington 1090).

Therefore, this proclamation of Macbeth is dissertation and employee performance not merely an excuse for his strange behavior at the dinner table, but is also a symbolic representation that the cause of pro gun his downfall can be attributed to the 'woman' in him. Lamentation is an expression of thesis proposal introduction being powerless to effect one's own affective environment, and. Lady Macbeth Is Essentially the Villain in Macbeth Essay. Lady Macbeth begins her quest to achieve what she wants by using his ambition to be King, but as it goes along and he starts to have second thoughts she begins to play on his insecurities as a man. “Wouldst thou have that which thou esteem’s the rights essay ornament of life, and live a coward in thine own esteem, letting “I dare not” wait upon “I would, ” like the poor cat i' th' adage? “ Lady Macbeth persuades Macbeth with by gmat issue essays basically asking him if he will take the crown he desires badly, or will he live. contaminated by rights essay ambition, destiny’s supposed scheme, the temptation of introduction power and the conviction of pleasing his beloved but poisonous wife. As Shanley states, Macbeth would have resisted temptation if had he been left to himself, to the non-corrupted man he was before being exposed to the inducements of society. Opposed to Shakespeare’s usual heroes, Macbeth is absolutely aware of the malice present in the act that grants him the reign. He’s also conscious that most likely the succession of events will lead. murderer kills a person it is an extension of Macbeths inferiority complex. Macbeth believes that being able to kill whom ever he wants he is superior above anyone else and that Macbeth is able to be responsible in pro gun, the death of a child shows that he is dissertation not the same person as the beginning of the play his ego or his illness is now taking him over.

The dead child apparition I believe represents the son. The first apparition represents Macduff telling Macbeth to beware of him for killing his son, he. Essay about Relationship Between Macbeth and Lady Macbeth. King Duncan. Lady Macbeth is the one that is mainly controlling her husband. She judges his manhood when she says that Macbeth’s ambition needs to match the actions. They would seem like a normal couple but actually they are both greedy. Macbeth is a respected general in pro gun, the kingdom and their position must be important if the king is to introduction, eat dinner at essay, their home. No matter who was strongest in their marriage, they were certainly in love with each other. However, it was Lady Macbeth who shows strength.

Shakespeare#x27;s Macbeth - The Powerful Lady Macbeth Essay. assassination plot. Essays Ethos? Although it is Macbeth who commits the essay actual deed of murder, it is thesis proposal Lady Macbeth who returns to Duncan's chamber and rights essay, smears the blood upon the grooms. Her self-control is superhuman; in essays an asian perspective, fact, Macbeth is terrified of rights essay it and her unfailing resourcefulness. Gmat Analysis Essays? In this example, Shakespeare demonstrates how much self control she has over the evil deed: A little water clears us of this deed: / How easy it is pro gun essay then! (II, ii, 66-67). In fact, Lady Macbeth tried to murder Duncan herself. Macbeth by on motivation and employee Shakespeare - Lady Macbeth and Themes Essay. just how she sees them fit and tells it like it is. Pro Gun Essay? With out her fortitude and milk, ambition, Macbeth would not have started his killing spree which would have kept him from becoming king of Scotland. Ambition, a strong desire to do or achieve something, is one of the central theme’s focused on in this work.

While the male characters are just as violent and prone to rights, evil as the women, the aggression of amok american perspective Lady Macbeth is essay more striking because it goes against essays on the ethos, prevailing expectations of how women ought to. shalt get kings, though thou be none”(Shakespeare 1:3 69). Pro Gun Rights? This means that Banquo will not be king, but his descendents in proposal, the future will. When the witches proclaim this prediction, Macbeth is also in the scene. Banquo’s prediction is still stuck into rights, Macbeth’s mind even when he becomes the mind essay new King of Scotland. Macbeth thinks that Banquo’s prediction is dangerous to pro gun rights, him since it means that there is a possibility that he cannot keep his kingship for long and that he cannot pass down his title to his. Similarities Between Macbeth Lady Macbeth – Essay. Even Macbeth does not dare to call upon the devil and evil spirits to kill his emotions to, free him of essays on the warrior ethos all capacity to feel, to empty him of all remorse. However Lady Macbeth did this and hence she proves that she has an ambition infinitely more vaulting than Macbeth. Though Lady Macbeth’s ambition may be more vaulting than Macbeth’s, both share the same purpose to pro gun essay, usurp the crown and use it for their own evil means: “If it were done when ‘tis done, ‘twere well it were done quickly”. It is here.

Macbeth and Lady Macbeth, a Dealike Butcher and a Fiend? Essay. a strong evidence of Macbeth acting out of his fear that the mind essay prophecies of the witches were to come true. Though he thinks that murdering the king is a seriously bad sin that cannot be forgiven, Macbeth’s wife has very different ideas. She believes that Macbeth is to kind hearted and loyal to carry out the deed. Pro Gun Essay? ‘Yet do I fear thy nature; it is too full o’ the milk of human kindness to from, catch the pro gun rights nearest way: thou wouldst be great; art not without ambition; but without the illness should attend it.’ She apprehends that it would be better to get the crown through truth and not doing the deed, but that. The Development of Lady Macbeth in William Shakespeare#x27;s Macbeth. Macbeth worries about the consequences of DuncanA’s death.

Religion and the consequences of sin were very important in ShakespeareA’s time, he speaks about the natural order of life on heaven and earth being ruined he uses alliteration in, A‘trumpet- tongued against the deep damnation of his taking off. And pity like a naked newborn babeA’ to on the, emphasise the imagery of anarchy in the heavens, he also uses the simile because there is nothing more pure, innocent and helpless. Macbeth: Describe Macbeth as a Tragic Hero Essay. milk of pro gun rights human kindness (Act 1, Sc 5) Lady Macbeth acknowledges that he has ambition but maintains that he lacks the evil that should attend it. Furthermore, Macbeth yearn for the crown but would as though he is riding high on essays the crest of the wave and pro gun, endures the potential to furthur but his flaw of incessant kindness prevents his yearning. It is those strong brave qualities that rise him high in not play foully for it. It is society and Lady Macbeth wishes he would apply them appropriatly. Their.

Macbeth And Lady Macbeth, A dealike Butcher And A fiend? Macbeth is portrayed as a brave soldier. Phrases such as Valour's minion, which means servant of courage and dissertation on motivation and employee performance, Bellona's bridegroom, which means the husband of war gives out a sense of Macbeth's superheroism. Macbeth and Banquo are also described by essay the captain as eagles and lions unafraid of the opposing army, who were compared to sparrows and hares. The witches made a prophecy that Macbeth was to become Thane of mind essay Cawdor, and pro gun, eventually king of Scotland. It was only after the first prophecy. Macbeth is not a Hero in dissertation and employee, William Shakespeare#x27;s Macbeth Essay. man to pro gun essay, have had so much blood in him? (314). When Macbeth becomes conscious of her hopeless condition he shows no pity or love.

He becomes angry with the doctor as to why he cannot cure her, however he never shows any further interest of her condition. When made aware of mind essay her suicide, he expresses no grief, claiming that it was inevitable. She should have died hereafter; There would have been a time for pro gun rights essay, such a word (320). Furthermore, Macbeth is not a tragic hero because he does not achieve. Essay about Supernatural in Shakespeare#x27;s Macbeth - Witches and Macbeth. in Best). Although he is not made physically impotent, Lady Macbeth challenges her husband's manhood by being more aggressive than he is, taunting him, and suggesting, When you durst do it, then you were a man(1.7.55).

Secondly, Lady Macbeth calls upon seemingly malevolent . spirits/ That tend on mortal thoughts (1.5.40-41) to aid her in from perspective, her plot to rights essay, overcome her husband's reluctance and to gmat analysis issue essays, force him to kill Duncan. Although devotedly loyal, she rejects her subordinate role as wife. The Change of Macbeth and Lady Macbeth in William Shakespeare#x27;s Play. Macbeth’s unwillingness shortly vanishes as he becomes “settled”, in spite of his guilt, and chooses to commit the crime of murdering the king. Immediately prior to the murder, however, Macbeth experiences a “fatal vision” when he sees a dagger before his eyes and asks the infamous question “is this a dagger I see before me?” The hallucination is “a dagger of the mind, a false creation” and pro gun essay, the first of many to come in which Macbeth’s subconscious guilt is expressed. Dissertation On Motivation And Employee Performance? An. Essay about The Images and Imagery of Shakespeare#x27;s Macbeth. Mr. Kenneth Muir, in his introduction to the play - which does not, by the way, interpret it simply from pro gun rights this point of view - aptly describes the cumulative effect of the imagery: The contrast between light and darkness is part of a general antithesis between good and evil, devils and dissertation performance, angels, evil and grace, hell and heaven . . Rights Essay? . and the disease images of IV, iii and in the last act clearly reflect both the evil which is a disease, and Macbeth himself who is the disease from which his country suffers. Both Macbeth and thesis proposal introduction, Lady Macbeth are striving towards masculinity.

The importance of masculinity to both of them is an rights issue of amok power. Lady Macbeth aspires to be a man so that she can show supremacy and be more of essay a ruler. Macbeth has a mental struggle with his masculinity, mostly because Lady Macbeth convinces him of killing Duncan to become king. Because Lady Macbeth cannot really become a man, she has to work vicariously through Macbeth, making him become king. To control Macbeth, she must use his. the honourable and persuasive, innocent side of Macbeth attempted to alert his mind that the rights actions that he was planning to milk, take are wrong and will only result in pro gun, negative consequences. Lady Macbeth plays an important role in thesis, this play because she provided a scheme which caused Macbeth to assassinate King Duncan. After Macbeth had killed King Duncan, he later regrets on his wrong doing, he feels an immense amount of guilt and sorrow for what he has done but Lady Macbeth on the other hand, proceeded to alter. These consequences start to affect Macbeth and Lady Macbeth, Macbeth is forced to pro gun rights, cover up his wrongdoings, by first killing King Duncan's chamberlains who are blamed for essays on the warrior ethos, the murder of King Duncan. I am in blood stepped in pro gun essay, so far that … returning were as tedious as go o'er.

This quote indicates that Macbeth has gone too far to stop in his bloodthirsty ways. Mind Essay? Banquo's murder and the failed murder of his son soon follow once Macbeth fears the truth could be exposed which is one of Macbeth's first. The third witch says that Macbeth will be the king. This is probably the pro gun most important part of the prophecy. The three witches and persuasive essay milk, the three parts of the prophecy show the wickedness and evil that is to come. The three witches are similar to the three Fates from Greek Mythology. Therefore, this prophecy could be false. The witches also seem to essay, always appear in essays from, stormy, weather. They also appear at times where Macbeth has to make choices. After Macbeth got his prophecy Banquo also got his. terrible thing bound to rights, happen to analysis essays, you.

And that?s exactly what happens to Macbeth. All of this killing could've been avoided if Lady Macbeth hand't pushed Macbeth into killing Duncan in the first place, I believe it was all her fault, being Thane of Cowdor just wasen't good enough she had to pro gun essay, be the most powerful person in Scotland under the king, Macbeth. She was greedy for more. What happens in amok essays, the end was the death of Macbeth. He was brutally killed by Macduf, the commander in chief of the english. Introduction to Research Methods Essay. Lecture 01: Introduction to pro gun, Business Research 15 ? EVERYTHING and ANYTHING that have no answers can be researched ! Lecture 01: Introduction to Business Research 16 Why the sun rises from the east? Astronomy ? Why plants need water? – Botany ? Why some people don’t like others? – Social (Discrimination) ? Why some workers are more productive than others? - Production ? What makes a consumer buy product A and not B? - Marketing ? Lecture 01: Introduction to essays, Business. fears are less than horrible imaginings” (1, III, 135-139). When Macbeth says this it shows how the witches predictions had him thinking about killing the king from the very beginning.

The witches’ super natural powers are used to tell Macbeth what he wants to see which is himself being king for his whole life. The third apparition tells Macbeth “Be lion-mettled, proud, and take no more who chafes, who frets, or where conspirers are. Macbeth shall never vanquished until great Birnam Wood to rights essay, high Dunsinane. Now that Macbeth has been utterly corrupted, Lennox is praying that the English rescue Scotland from on the warrior ethos their tyrant of a leader. Lennox describes Macbeth as having “a hand accursed” showing that any respect that he had for pro gun rights essay, him has now vanished. Macbeth has shed all of thesis introduction his supporters and has put the country that he once longed to rule in terrible suffering. Quotes with context only: 1. Act 5 Scene 1 Lines 75-77 Context: The doctor sees firsthand the sleepwalking, and pro gun, talking, and crying that.

Macbeth Text Response-This Deed, the Murder of King Duncan, Has Unanticipated Consequences for Both Macbeth and essay, Lady Macbeth. Discussed. scene 7, pg 28 lines 14-16). However, when Lady Macbeth reproves him for his cowardice, he responds, “I dare do all that may become a man/ who dares do more is none’ (Act 1, scene 7, pg 29 lines 50, 51), and he is rights convinced to go through with the plan. On the night of the assassination, Macbeth sees an on the warrior imaginary dagger, leading him to pro gun essay, Duncan’s chamber; the path to his destiny.

He commits the murder and return to his chamber where Lady Macbeth is waiting for gmat analysis issue essays, him. They both return back to bed. The Role of the Supernatural in Macbeth Essay. arrangement with the witches to meet them at rights, the 'Pit of Acheron' (a river in essays on the ethos, hell) to tell Macbeth his destiny 'And at the Pit of Acheron - Meet me I'th'morning'. She feels Macbeth has become too confident and promises to use witchcraft to ruin him 'he shall spurn fate, scorn death, and bear his hopes 'bove wisdom, grace, and fear'. The supernatural is also embraced by rights Lady Macbeth when she calls upon evil spirits to essays from american perspective, aid her in killing Duncan. The speech includes a.

Essay on Established Government in #x27;Macbeth#x27; steady decline of mental health. Pro Gun? He says, But whererfore could not I pronounce Amen? (Act2.Sc3.39-39) describing his belief that his tormenting guilt is the result of his exclusion from proposal introduction God's grace. Rights? Nature in Macbeth is thesis proposal often related to God, and pro gun, there are many examples of essays ethos God's anger. Macbeth describes Duncan's dead body, saying And his gash'd stabs look'd like a breach in nature / For ruin's wasteful entrance (Act2.Sc3.113-114). Pro Gun? And in mind essay, the description of the night of Duncan's death: Ah, good father. Uncontrolled Ambition in Macbeth Essay. Despite this belief, Macbeth ends up agreeing to kill Duncan. From the following, we learn that Macbeth himself strongly desires power on the border of the essay obsessive as it impairs his own judgement and analysis issue essays, corrupts it. It essentially motivates him to rights, towards something immoral and treasonous, taking control of his own actions.

After the killing of Duncan, he stews in paranoia and lives in constant fear because of his defiance, proving that it does not offer anything pleasantry. Next, after the murder. Essay on Importantce Of The Witches In Macbeth. Thane of Cawdor! / All hail, Macbeth, that shalt be king hereafter!” (I. iii. 50, 51). The witches did plant the introduction glory of being king in Macbeth’s head, yet it was his own ambition that led to the murder Duncan. The witches have no control over Macbeth. They can tell the future, and add temptation, yet in the end, it was Macbeth’s final decision to kill Duncan. Macbeth was not strong enough to resist the enticing glory, and he succumbed to the temptation. Macbeth was leery of the prophecy, yet. the woman did not share chestnuts with her (Shakespeare 1.3.101-104).

Before the witches speak to pro gun essay, Macbeth, Shakespeare shows us how easily the witches can decide to make one’s life miserable, and that they are masters at plotting and scheming. The witches enjoy meddling with people’s lives. Mind Essay? This is shown in Act Three when Hecate is speaking to the witches and speaks of “trade and traffic with Macbeth/In riddles and affairs of death” (Shakespeare 3.5.1453-1455). Pro Gun? It is out of Macbeth’s control that. Macbeth enters carrying a bloody dagger. Macbeth said he has done the on motivation and employee performance deed and if she had heard a noise. Lady Macbeth then reply that she heard the pro gun rights essay owl scream and amok essays from perspective, the crickets cry didn’t you say something? Lady Macbeth said that she heard Macbeth speak while he was coming down.

Macbeth then asks who’s sleeping in the second chamber. Lady Macbeth says Donalbain and Macbeth looks at pro gun essay, his hand saying this is introduction a sorry sight. Lady Macbeth told him that that’s a stupid thing to say. I’m guessing Macbeth. Essay on William Shakespeare#x27;s Macbeth. The witches recount to Macbeth three prophecies; that Macbeth will be thane of Cawdor, Thane of Glamis and King. These prophecies introduce Macbeth to ideas of greatness, but ultimately it is he who has to make his own decisions.

The witches could tell the future, they could add temptation and influence Macbeth. Rights Essay? They told Macbeth that he could become king so he became impatient and therefore tried to think of essays on the ways that he could become king quicker. But the pro gun rights essay witches cannot control. The Role of Witches in Macbeth Essay. Shakespeare wrote the play Macbeth for King James I. This was to make sure that Shakespeare would have a future of writing plays for the king. He favoured King James belief in the divine right of kings by defeating evil in the play and showing that when the rightful king was killed it was unnatural and made unnatural things happen. The language used in the play is essays not as we would speak today.

It is pro gun rights essay a lot more complex. “if chance will have me king, why chance may. Blood is also used to display the guilt in Lady Macbeth near the end of the analysis issue play. Essay? Throughout the play, Lady Macbeth is the one who tries to keep Macbeth sane and to keep from breaking. She tells him that he is a man and things around that nature to essays from an asian american, try and help him stay in control of rights himself. Lady Macbeth seems to accept Macbeth's actions, not showing any sign of remorse or guilt until the end when she sleepwalks and tells the story of the murder.

She reveals her guilt by stating, What, will these.

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Grammar and Style in British English: Acknowledging the sources of pro gun other writers’ words and ideas is important for essays from an asian american, two reasons. Firstly, it informs the pro gun reader who might wish to gmat analysis essays, consult. the source for himself and, secondly, it avoids plagiarism by discharging a moral and legal obligation to the original writer. But referencing is not. always necessary. When another writer’s work has merely been consulted rather than quoted or paraphrased, no text reference is required; it. need only be acknowledged in the bibliography. Deceased people are usually referred to in the past tense if their ideas are mentioned only briefly ( The early Greek philosopher, Thales, believed. all matter to be composed of water ), and in the present tense if their ideas are to be the subject of analysis or development ( Plato argues that the. political rulers, the Guardians, should lead lives of austerity and forbearance ).

Finally, the choice of referencing system will rarely be the writer’s. Most universities or their faculties will stipulate the system required, sometimes. with their own house variations, so that students should prefer the pro gun rights essay advice of their tutors to anything that follows here. The oldest of the thesis proposal three main systems, Oxford referencing is traditionally associated with the humanities. It uses superscripted (or less commonly. bracketed) numbers in the text that correspond to full citations found either in footnotes at essay, the bottom of the page or in a list called Notes located. between any appendices and the bibliography. Perspective? In texts with chapters, a separate list is given for each chapter, either collectively at the end of the. script or separately at the end of each chapter. Trevelyan writes: ‘The days that followed the flight of James saw even.

greater confusion in pro gun England than the months which preceded the. Restoration or those which ushered in the Civil War. Then there had. been too many claimants to legal authority; now there was no legal. authority at all’. 1 As Carr points out, however, writing history ‘is a. process of selection in terms of historical significance’. 2.

The two superscripted numbers direct the reader to the full citations. If footnotes are used, these citations appear in a smaller font beneath the last. line of text on amok essays from american perspective the page, sometimes separated by a horizontal line. Assume this sentence to be the last line of text on the page. 1 G. M. Trevelyan, England Under the essay Stuarts , Methuen, London, 1977, p. 429.

2 E. H. Carr, What is History? , Penguin, London, 1976, p. 105. Assume this sentence to be the last line of text on the page. 1 G. M. Trevelyan, England Under the Stuarts , Methuen, London, 1977, p. 429. 2 E. H. Carr, What is History? , Penguin, London, 1976, p. 105. Each text reference on essays from american a single page is rights, assigned a new number, even if the dissertation and employee performance source has been referenced earlier. For example, were a second. reference to Trevelyan to appear on our sample page following the pro gun rights reference to Carr, it would be numbered 3. Text numbering begins anew on. If Notes are used instead of footnotes, the full citations appear in the same font size as the text.

The Notes appear at the end of the script. immediately before the bibliography or (optionally in the case of books) at the end of each chapter 1. Dissertation On Motivation And Employee Performance? G. Essay? M. On Motivation Performance? Trevelyan, England Under the pro gun rights Stuarts , Methuen, London, 1977, p. 429. 2. E. H. Carr, What is History? , Penguin, London, 1976, p. 105. When the Notes appear in on the one list at the end of the script, numbering in the text does not begin anew on each page but continues throughout. the script. When the pro gun Notes are sectioned into chapters, numbering begins anew with each chapter. The Oxford system has three advantages over Harvard. Firstly, it creates minimal disruption to the text by allowing no other words to interrupt it;

any additional information, including authors’ names and essays, page references, appears in the footnotes or Notes. Secondly, in the case of rights essay footnotes. (but not Notes), citations are quickly consulted without the need to turn pages. And thirdly, the system allows the writer to do more than merely. reference sources by on motivation and employee, enabling her to transfer parenthetic information of her own out essay, of the text. Trevelyan writes: ‘The days that followed the flight of James saw even. greater confusion in England than the months which preceded the. Restoration or those which ushered in the Civil War. Then there had. been too many claimants to legal authority; now there was no legal. 1 G. M. Dissertation? Trevelyan, England Under the Stuarts , Methuen, London, 1977, p. 429.

Clearly, no. historian can record every event, even assuming there is concurrence on what constitutes. an event. He must necessarily, therefore, choose those events he considers to be significant. Among the disadvantages, however, is that the reader has no way of knowing which kind of note has been made until he consults it. He might, for. example, be uninterested in the sources but will want to read the author’s own comments.

This is an essay, easy enough task with footnotes, when all he. has to do is glance down the page, but highly inconvenient when the notes are at the end of the perspective chapter or script. As we shall see, with the Harvard. and Vancouver systems, all authorial asides are kept in the text. Another disadvantage of the Oxford system arises with multiple referencing of the same source.

For while the Harvard and Vancouver systems give. citations only once, the pro gun essay Oxford practice is to include a new citation every time a source is referenced. Analysis Essays? For example, the first reference to Trevelyan. might have appeared on page ten and the second on page 550. All the reader finds on the latter page is, Trevelyan, op. cit., p.128 . If he cannot.

remember the title of Trevelyan’s book, he then has to search back through the numbers, a particularly irksome task in the case of footnotes. In traditional Oxford referencing, moreover, the reader has to be acquainted with several Latin abbreviations such as ibid ., loc. cit . and pro gun rights, op.cit . Yet another disadvantage of footnotes is that a page can use so many that they take up more space than the principal text. Citations of additional books by the same author. Full citations are required. When citing an author’s work that has in turn been cited by another, a full citation of essay milk each work is required This is followed by in , then precisely the same information on the citing author. For example 1. James Fitzjames Stephen, Liberty, Equality, Fraternity , Chicago. University Press, Chicago, 1991, in Jonathan Wolff, Political. Philosophy (Revised Edition), Oxford University Press, Oxford, 2006, Citations of pro gun rights essay chapters in milk edited books. 1. Sir Isaiah Berlin, ‘Historical Inevitability’, in Patrick Gardiner (ed.),

The Philosophy of History , Oxford University Press, London, 1974, Citations of television and radio programmes. • title of article or document (in single quotation marks) Some Oxford house styles no longer use Latin expressions. Rights? A second citation of Trevelyan’s book, for gmat analysis essays, example, might simply be entered Some house styles have also discarded quotation marks for the titles of articles, italics for the titles of books and most of the capitalisation of. 1. G. M. Trevelyan, England under the stuarts, Methuen, London, 1977, p. 429. Internet (www) addresses might be bracketed. The Harvard referencing system is characteristically used in the natural and social sciences, but has increasingly become the preferred method. of other disciplines.

All that appear in the text are the pro gun rights essay author’s last name, the year of publication and, if relevant, the page number(s). Persuasive Essay? The. author’s initials are used only when they are necessary to distinguish him or her from another with the same last name. The information is. enclosed in round brackets. But the author’s name is not included in the brackets if it appears in the writer’s sentence Trevelyan (1977: 429) points out that, while there had been multiple claims. to legal authority immediately before the pro gun rights Restoration, after the flight of. James there was none at all. Trevelyan is part of the sentence and is not, therefore, bracketed. When the author’s name does not appear in the sentence, it must, of course,

appear in the brackets While there had been multiple claims to legal authority immediately before. the Restoration, after the flight of James there was none at all (Trevelyan, Note that the year of persuasive essay milk publication and the page numbers are separated by essay, a colon, and analysis, that no p. or pp. abbreviations precede the latter. Full. citations appear at the end of the script in pro gun essay a list headed References , Reference List or End-Text Citations and arranged alphabetically by. authors’ last names. 1. Berlin, Sir Isaiah (1974), ‘Historical Inevitability’. In Gardiner, Patrick.

(ed.) (1974), The Philosophy of History , London: Oxford University Press. 2. Carr, E. H. (1976), What is History , London: Penguin. 3. Mind Essay? Trevelyan, G. M. Pro Gun? (1977), England Under the Stuarts , London: Methuen. The Harvard reference list is easier to manoeuvre through than the footnotes or notes of the Oxford system, each source having only one citation. no matter how many references are made to it. Moreover, the reader is guaranteed immediate access to the author’s name in the text, information. that is provided by the Oxford system only if the writer chooses to include it. The drawbacks are that (a) the reader always has to turn pages to find. the citations, (b) the text suffers greater disruption by including the author and date, rather than simply a number, and (c) the system cannot.

accommodate the writer’s own incidental comments in essays on the the references. It is also a system more suited to essay, the sciences than the humanities, where. original publication dates are less important (as, for example, with the works of Livy, Hobbes or Jane Austen). No subsequent citations are required in the References; there is one reference only. In the text, a second reference to a work would be written. in the usual way: author, year of publication and page number(s). Citations of additional books by the same author. If a second book by ethos, the same author is cited and pro gun essay, it has been published in warrior a different year, the rights essay text references indicate the years in the usual way:

(Smith, 2007: 317) then (Smith, 2002: 46) . The full citations in the References are listed in mind essay order of their appearance in the text, regardless of pro gun essay the. dates of publication. If the second work was published in the same year as the first, the years are suffixed by sequential letters in the text: (Smith, 2009a: 218) then (Smith, 2009b: 173) . Each requires a full citation in the References. For example 1. Jones, J. Introduction? (2011a), Cultural Identity and rights essay, the Global Economy , Cambridge,

Massachusetts: Harvard University Press. 2. Jones, J. Essays Ethos? (2011b), One World , Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard. When citing a work that has in turn been cited in another, only the pro gun rights first work is amok an asian american perspective, referenced in the text. B oth sources, however, require full. citations in the References. For example, i f Jones has quoted Smith, only Smith's work is cited in the text (author and date). In the References, Jones's full citation appears after Smith's This is followed by pro gun rights, a full stop, the word In , then precisely the same information on the work in which the original citation appeared (i.e. Jones's). Essays From An Asian? In.

such cases, note that the page numbers are transferred from the text to the References. Citations of chapters in rights edited books. • volume and issue numbers (if applicable) (issue number in round brackets) Citations of television and radio programmes. • title of article or document (in single quotation marks) House styles are abandoning the practices of on motivation and employee performance italicising book titles and enclosing the titles of articles in quotation marks. The capitalisation of.

titles is also often minimised, with the initials letters of all but the essay first word in lower case. Internet (www) addresses might be bracketed. The Vancouver referencing system was established by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) which f ormed in essays that city. in 1978 and has become the standard system for medicine and clinical science. But it has also been adopted by pro gun rights essay, other disciplines where multiple. referencing is common. Such disciplines see a great deal of analysis issue authorial collaboration, so that the contributors to one medical article might number. as many as five or six. Since the inclusion of all the authors’ names in pro gun rights the text would be highly disruptive, the Vancouver system, like the Oxford, uses numbers in the text rather than the names and dates of the Harvard system. Essays American Perspective? Each cited text is assigned a reference number in order of its.

appearance and keeps that number for all future citations. Full citations are listed at the end of the script in a numerical Reference List. For example, if the first reference is pro gun, a book by thesis proposal introduction, Trevelyan, all subsequent references to pro gun rights essay, it will be indicated in the text by (1) . If it is cited only once, the page reference appears in the Reference List; if more than once, the page references appear in the text (otherwise a new number would have. to be assigned to the source every time it is cited). Text example of only essays warrior ethos one citation of a work Trevelyan (1) points out that, while there had been multiple claims to. legal authority immediately before the Restoration, after the flight of. James there was none at all.

There is only one citation, so the page reference will appear in the Reference List. Text example of pro gun rights essay multiple citations of a work Trevelyan (1, p. 429) points out mind essay, that, while there had been multiple claims. to legal authority immediately before the rights essay Restoration, after the flight of. James there was none at all. He further maintains (1, p. 512) that There is more than one citation, so the page references appear in thesis proposal introduction the text. The full citations in the Reference List at the end are then arranged numerically in order of appearance rather than alphabetically 1. Trevelyan, G. M., England Under the essay Stuarts , London: Methuen, 1977, 2. Carr, E. H., What is History? , London: Penguin, 1976, p. 105. 3. Berlin, Sir Isaiah, ‘Historical Inevitability’. Analysis Issue? In Gardiner, Patrick (ed.),

The Philosophy of History , London: Oxford University Press, 1974, As already mentioned, the most important advantage of the rights Vancouver system is its minimisation of thesis introduction text disruption with multiple referencing. Instead. of writing out the authors’ names every time they occur, as is required in pro gun rights essay the Harvard system, they are represented by their reference numbers The Oxford system, on the other hand, would require three more footnotes or three more entries in the Notes. Subsequent citations of a source are indicated in the text by the page number(s) after the persuasive reference number No subsequent citations are necessary in the Reference List. As for book citations above.

Then In followed by pro gun rights, the same information on the citing source. Citations of articles from edited books and journals. • title of article or chapter (in single quotation marks) Text reference numbers might be bracketed, superscripted or both, internet (www) addresses might be bracketed and the titles of articles might. be written without quotation marks.

Most of the following abbreviations, especially those in Latin, are used mainly with Oxford referencing, but others are common to all systems. Cf. or cf . On The? ( confer ) ‘compare’. Used to invite the reader to compare one source with another that contradicts it. If Smith is essay, quoted claiming that. the economy is improving but Jones claims that it is not, we can write after Smith’s quotation (cf. Essay Milk? C.Jones,) . The expression is often wrongly. used merely to mean ‘consult’. et al. ( et alii .) ‘and others’.

Used to indicate multiple authorship. Essay? When more than two authors have collaborated on the same work (some. referencing systems insist on more than six), only the first author is cited followed by et al . et seq. ( et sequentia ) ‘and the following pages’. On Motivation? For example, p.321 et seq . Essay? Less common today than f . (see next entry). Ibid. or Ib. Essays Ethos? ( ibidem ) ‘in the same place’ as the pro gun last referenced work. Used to avoid duplicating a full citation when the work is the same as the one. immediately before. For example, if a book by Jones is cited on two consecutive occasions, the second citation is indicated by mind essay, Ibid. followed by the.

page number(s), if different. But if one or more citations by other authors intervene, loc. cit. or op.cit. is chosen (see below). loc. cit. ( loco citato ) ‘in the passage already cited’. Used to avoid duplicating a full citation when it has appeared in a passage already cited ( Jones, loc. cit . ), but only if other sources intervene (see Ibid .). op. cit. Rights Essay? ( opere citato ) ‘from the work already cited’. As loc. cit. but in reference to a complete work (e.g. Ethos? a book) rather than a passage.

q.v. ( quod vide ) ‘which see’. Used in cross referencing to indicate that a word or an idea is explained elsewhere in the text (e.g. in a glossary). Website Disclaimers Creative Commons 2.0 licence - cc by nc nd.